Entrepreneurship Education
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Entrepreneurship Education

Entrepreneurship education seeks to provide students with the knowledge, skills and motivation to encourage entrepreneurial success in a variety of settings.

Variations of entrepreneurship education are offered at all levels of schooling from primary or secondary schools through graduate university programs.[1][2]


Entrepreneurship education focuses on the development of skills or attributes that enable the realization of opportunity, where management education is focused on the best way to operate existing hierarchies. Both approaches share an interest in achieving "profit" in some form (which in non-profit organizations or government can take the form of increased services or decreased cost or increased responsiveness to the customer/citizen/client).

Entrepreneurship education can be oriented towards different ways of realizing opportunities:

  • The most popular one is regular entrepreneurship: opening a new organization (e.g. starting a new business).[3] The vast majority of programs on university level teach entrepreneurship in a similar way to other business degrees. However, the UK Higher Education system makes distinction between the creativity and innovation aspects, which it sees as a precursor to new venture development. Here Enterprise is defined as an ability to develop multiple ideas and opportunities that can be made real, and entrepreneurship is defined as the development of business acumen that can realise the full potential. This enables any discipline that is subject to the UK Higher Education's Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education's guidance, to offer subject-based entrepreneurial curriculum. [4] The European Commission set out a series of learning outcomes that address the need for European-wide perspectives on how such learning should be evaluated, and highlight the need for teacher development at all levels. [5] Best practice guidance for schools and teachers is also available via the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry's Entrepreneurship 2020 Unit. [6] Moreover, in 2015 the OECD partnered the European Commission to produce guidance for the development of skills and competencies for entrepreneurship. [7] An alternative approach is action-based entrepreneurship education programs.[8] This is sometimes also labelled as venture creation programs (VCP).[9] In these programs the students launch a new business as an integral part of the learning process. The most comprehensive VCP programs therefore also run a business incubator on site and operate over a long time period (e.g. 1-2 years).
  • Another approach is to promote innovation or introduce new products or services or markets in existing firms. This approach is called corporate entrepreneurship or Intrapreneurship, and was made popular by author Gifford Pinchot in his book of the same name. Newer research indicates that clustering is now a driving factor. Clustering occurs when a group of employees breaks off from the parent company to found a new company but continues to do business with the parent. Silicon Valley is one such cluster, grown very large.
  • A recent approach involves creating charitable organizations (or portions of existing charities) which are designed to be self-supporting in addition to doing their good works. This is usually called social entrepreneurship or social venturing. Even a version of public sector entrepreneurship has come into being in governments, with an increased focus on innovation and customer service. This approach got its start in the policies of the United Kingdom's Margaret Thatcher and the United States' Ronald Reagan.
  • Entrepreneurship is also being developed as a way of developing skills such as risk-taking and problem solving that facilitate achievement of life goals and in education.[10]

See also


  1. ^ [1] European Union Commission analyses entrepreneurship education in all education levels in Europe
  2. ^ [2] United Kingdom governmental push towards entrepreneurship education in different education levels
  3. ^ Miron-Shatz, T., Shatz, I., Becker, S., Patel, J., & Eysenbach, G. (2014). "Promoting business and entrepreneurial awareness in health care professionals: lessons from venture capital panels at medicine 2.0 conferences". Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(8), e184.
  4. ^ http://www.qaa.ac.uk/en/Publications/Documents/enterprise-entrepreneurship-guidance.pdf
  5. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/archive/documents/entrepreneurship-report-2014_en.pdf
  6. ^ Entrepreneurship Education: A Guide for Educators (2013) Brussels: European Commission -- DG Enterprise and Industry
  7. ^ http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/skills-for-entrepreneurship.htm
  8. ^ Rasmussen, Einar A.; Sørheim, Roger (2006-02-01). "Action-based entrepreneurship education". Technovation. 26 (2): 185-194. doi:10.1016/j.technovation.2005.06.012. 
  9. ^ "Venture Creation Programs List | We List Venture Creation Programs". vcplist.com. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/schools/can-instilling-a-sense-of-entrepreneurship-in-pupils-have-a-positive-effect-on-their-learning-9826864.html

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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