Essex, Vermont
Essex, VT Events Directory
 
About Essex, VT
Essex, Vermont
Town
Motto: "Crossroads of Chittenden County"[1]
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Essex, Vermont is located in the US
Essex, Vermont
Essex, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°30?7?N 73°5?38?W / 44.50194°N 73.09389°W / 44.50194; -73.09389Coordinates: 44°30?7?N 73°5?38?W / 44.50194°N 73.09389°W / 44.50194; -73.09389
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Incorporated June 7, 1763[1]
Area
 o Total 39.3 sq mi (101.8 km2)
 o Land 38.8 sq mi (100.6 km2)
 o Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation 486 ft (148 m)
Population (2010)
 o Total 19,587
 o Estimate (2015) 20,946
 o Density 534/sq mi (206.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 o Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 05451-05452
Area code 802
FIPS code 50-24175[2]
GNIS feature ID 1462091[3]
Website www.essex.org

Essex is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. With an estimated population of 20,946 in 2015,[4] Essex is the 2nd largest municipality in the U.S state of Vermont. It is home to the village of Essex Junction, which includes the state of Vermont's busiest Amtrak station and largest private employer, GlobalFoundries. Vermont Route 289 crosses the town from east to west.

History

Town vote to merge Revote
District 2006-11-07 2007-01-23
Yes No Yes No
6-1 (outside village) 1,283 2,319 690 2,528
6-3 (outside village) 365 822
6-2 (within village) 2,728 1,026 2,009 362
Townwide totals 4,376 4,167 2,699 2,890
Village vote to accept No revote
required,
result was
uncontested.
  2,922 1,085

The town was incorporated on June 7, 1763,[1] named after the Earl of Essex.[5]

The village of Essex Junction was formed--within the town of Essex--on November 15, 1892. The village was formed to provide services (such as sidewalks, water, and sewers) to the villagers that the rest of the, mostly rural, town citizens did not want, and did not want to pay for.

As the town outside the village developed, they gradually added similar services for themselves, and by 1958, the first hints of merger showed up in a voter petition. Since then a series of votes (often contentious) had defeated or passed merger in each community, but never at the same time in both (which was required by the state legislature for them to sign off on the merger).

This temporarily changed on November 7, 2006, when merger passed in the town as a whole, and in the village. The town as a whole (including the village) got to vote once on the merger, and the village, separately, got to vote in a second ballot to accept the merger if it passed the townwide vote. This was confusing enough that the regional paper misreported the results as a defeat of the merger, based solely on the vote results outside the village.[6] The next day the correct results were reported in both the town's paper,[7] and as a correction in the regional paper.[8]

On December 6, 2006, a petition to reconsider the merger was submitted to the town. The petition contained signatures totaling more than 5 percent of registered voters, which is the threshold required to force a re-vote.[9] The revote was held on January 23, 2007, with a result that overturned the merger by 191 votes, rejecting the current merger proposal.[10]

If the results had stood, a multi-year merger process would have resulted in a new "Town of Essex Junction" replacing the current governments of the town of Essex and the village of Essex Junction.

Geography

Essex is located in central Chittenden County, bordered on the south by the Winooski River. Neighboring municipalities are Colchester to the west, Milton at the northwest corner, Westford to the north, Underhill at the northeast corner, Jericho to the east, Williston to the south, and the city of South Burlington to the southwest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Essex has a total area of 39.3 square miles (101.8 km2), of which 38.8 square miles (100.6 km2) is land and 0.50 square miles (1.3 km2), or 1.26%, is water.[11]

The village of Essex Junction is located in the southwestern part of the town.[12]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,587 people and 7,322 households in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 91.6% non-Hispanic White, 1.5% Black or African American, 3.2% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 1.7% of the population. The population density was 534 people per square mile (184.4/km2). There were 7,170 housing units at an average density of 183.8 per square mile (71.0/km2). There were 7,013 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,441, and the median income for a family was $65,794. Males had a median income of $45,428 versus $27,426 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,854. About 1.8% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

The Harriet Farnsworth Powell Museum is located in Essex. The museum is housed in a former two-room schoolhouse, and includes a collection of costumes, school items, and local memorabilia.[1][15]

Government

Essex comprises three Vermont Legislature districts (seats): District 8-2 includes Essex Junction[16] (a semi-independent village within the town), and Districts 8-1[17] & 8-3 cover the remainder of the town outside the village (although District 8-3 also includes the town of Westford[18]). The village and town each operate separate fire departments, libraries, parks departments, and municipal services, and contain separate school districts for grades K-8. The governments operate a unified police department and the unified Essex High School.

Education

There is one school district in the town of Essex, educating 3,500 students in 2009:[19] the Essex Westford School District.

The Essex Westford School District funds and supervises Essex High School, Summit Street School, Fleming School, Albert D. Lawton School, the Hiawatha School, The Center for Technology, Essex, Westford School, Essex Elementary, Founders Memorial School and Essex Middle School.[19] Essex Middle School contains a "school within a school". In 2009, 87 students from 4th grade to 8th grade began to study in an alternative environment called the "Edge Academy" that allows them a say in how and what they study.[20] Busing is run for all schools. Essex High School (EHS) provides busing for those who live in Essex town, South Hero, Grand Isle, North Hero and Georgia, but not for Essex Junction, Westford or Isle La Motte. There is also busing for Westford School.

Media

The Essex Reporter is a weekly newspaper published in town, covering news in Essex and the surrounding communities in Chittenden County.[21] It has a weekly circulation of 8,800 copies.[22]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Vermont's Circumferential Highway (Vermont Route 289 or "The Circ") courses through Essex, and the section within Essex's jurisdiction has been completed. However, further construction of the highway has been halted in surrounding communities by court action from environmental protesters.

Bus service is provided by Chittenden County Transportation Authority.

Rail

Amtrak, the national rail passenger system, provides daily service from its station in Essex Junction, operating the Vermonter train between St. Albans, Vermont and Washington, D.C. In 2008, a study indicated that the cheapest method for one person to get to New York City from "Burlington" (Essex Junction), was by train at $48 one way. It was also the longest, taking an estimated 9 hours and 25 minutes.[23][24]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Town of Essex Vermont". Town of Essex Vermont. Retrieved 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions by County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ "Profile for Essex, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved 2012. 
  6. ^ Welch, Victoria (2006-11-08), "Essex Defeats Merger 2-1", Burlington Free Press .
  7. ^ Tyler, George (2006-11-09), "Merger Wins: Confusion over vote count", Essex Reporter .
  8. ^ Welch, Victoria (2006-11-09), "Essex merger moves forward: An apology to our Essex readers", Burlington Free Press .
  9. ^ Welch, Victoria (2006-12-07), "New rift emerges in Essex merger", Burlington Free Press 
  10. ^ Welch, Victoria (2007-01-24), "This time, Essex rejects merger" (- Scholar search), Burlington Free Press [dead link].
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Essex town, Chittenden County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2015. 
  12. ^ Official map by the United States Census Bureau; Chittenden County listed on page 3. Accessed 2009-08-22.
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ "Champlain Valley Region Vermont Historical Societies". Vermont Living Magazine. Retrieved 2012. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ a b [4]
  20. ^ Ryan, Matt (3 September 2009). "Academy school take role in learning". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 2B. 
  21. ^ "The Essex Reporter". The Essex Reporter. Retrieved 2012. 
  22. ^ "The Essex Reporter". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2012. 
  23. ^ Assuming $4 per gallon ($1 per liter) gasoline and 20 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 24 mpg-imp) when comparing to auto
  24. ^ McKean, Dan (August 17, 2008), Which way?, Burlington Free Press 
  25. ^ "Bert Abbey Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2012. 
  26. ^ "William B. Castle". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2012. 
  27. ^ Peter Hirschfeld, Vermont Press Bureau, Steven Cray to Serve as Next Adjutant General of Vermont National Guard Archived 2013-03-05 at the Wayback Machine., February 21, 2013
  28. ^ "Linda K. Myers". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 2012. 

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Essex,_Vermont



 


US Cities - Things to Do