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Fajr-5C GPS guided surface-to-surface missile
|Place of origin||Iran|
|Used by||See Operators|
|Wars||2006 Lebanon War|
Syrian Civil War
|No. built||somewhere around 100 systems|
|Weight||1,500 kg (System)|
90 kg (HE Content)
175 kg (Warhead)
915 kg (Rocket)
|Length||10.45 m (Launcher)|
6.485 m (Rocket)
|Width||2.54 m (Launcher)|
|Height||3.34 m (Launcher)|
|Elevation||0 to 57 degrees|
|Traverse||45 degrees left and right|
|Rate of fire||4-8 seconds|
|Effective firing range||68-75 km|
The Fajr-5 (Persian: -?, "Dawn") is an Iranian 333 mm artillery rocket MLRS developed in the 1990s with a range of 75 kilometers (50 mi). Most Fajr-5 rockets are unguided; in 2017 Iran introduced a variant, the Fajr-5C, which adds GPS guidance.
The latest production of the Fajr-5 is installed on a new 6×6 forward control chassis and the platform is now integrated into a complete weapon system rather than an individual launcher. To provide a more stable firing platform four hydraulically operated stabilizers are lowered to the ground before firing. The new chassis has improved cross-country mobility and the forward control fully enclosed cab provides space for the driver and two passengers. Another fully enclosed cabin to the immediate rear of the cab houses the remainder of the crew.
In May 2006, Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization developed an upgraded version of the Fajr-5 with an improved chassis. AIO says that a radar can be added to give the system the capability to track and engage naval targets.
The primary role of this artillery rocket system is the engagement of land targets. The Fajr-5 is normally fired from a truck launcher, but it can be fired individually.
Fajr-5 MRLS can be networked together.
Iran produces a two-stage Fajr-5 with a length of 9 m and range of 190 km. This variant is launched from TELs similar to Zelzal rockets, which only have the capacity for a single rocket.
Fajr-5 rockets can likely carry submunitions or chemical weapons.
In February 2017, Iran revealed a guided version of the Fajr-5, similar to the Chinese SY300. It has a firing accuracy of 250 m when using INS and 50 m using GNSS, with range from 40-130 km (25-81 mi).
Iran supplied a number of Fajr-5s to Hezbollah in Lebanon beginning in 2002. Sources disagree on whether Hezbollah used Fajr-5 rockets in the 2006 Lebanon War, in part because at the time they were confused with similar Khaibar-1 rockets.
As of 2011, the best estimate for the number of Fajr-5 pieces manufactured was "somewhere around 100" or less.
In November 2012 during Operation Pillar of Defense, Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad fired Fajr-5 rockets towards Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. One hit an apartment block in Rishon LeZion. The commander of the Iranian Guard said that Iran did not supply Gaza with a Fajr-5 missile but transferred the technology to manufacture it to the Palestinians.