|Fayette County, Kentucky|
Robert F. Stephens Courthouse Complex in Lexington
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette|
|o Total||286 sq mi (741 km2)|
|o Land||284 sq mi (736 km2)|
|o Water||1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.7%|
|o Density||1,087/sq mi (420/km2)|
Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 295,803, making it the second-most populous county in the commonwealth. Its territory, population and government are coextensive with the city of Lexington, which also serves as the county seat.
Fayette County is part of the Lexington–Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Fayette County--originally Fayette County, Virginia--was established by the Virginia General Assembly in June 1780, when it abolished and subdivided Kentucky County into three counties: Fayette, Jefferson and Lincoln. Together, these counties and those set off from them later in that decade separated from Virginia in 1792 to become the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
Originally, Fayette County included land which makes up 37 present-day counties and parts of 7 others. It was reduced to its present boundaries in 1799. The county is named for the Marquis de LaFayette, who came to America to support the rebelling English colonies in the American Revolutionary War.
As of the census of 2000, there were 260,512 people, 108,288 households, and 62,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 916 people per square mile (354/km²). There were 116,167 housing units at an average density of 408 per square mile (158/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.04% White, 13.48% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 3.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 108,288 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.90% were non-families. 31.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 14.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $53,264. Males had a median income of $36,166 versus $26,964 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,109. About 8.20% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
Schools in the county are operated by Fayette County Public Schools.
Unlike almost all of the rest of Kentucky, Fayette County has trended towards the Democratic Party in recent years rather than away from them. Between 1964 and 1996 it always voted for the Republican nominee; since this election, it has predominantly seen close results for the two parties. In 2016, Hillary Clinton won the county by the biggest margin since Lyndon Johnson in 1964, although it was one of only two counties in the entire Commonwealth to vote for her, the other being Jefferson County, home to the city of Louisville.