Fayette County, Kentucky
Fayette County, KY Events Directory
 
About Fayette County, KY
Fayette County, Kentucky
Robert F. Stephens Courthouse, Fayette County Kentucky.jpg
Robert F. Stephens Courthouse Complex in Lexington
Map of Kentucky highlighting Fayette County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1780
Named for Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Lexington
Largest city Lexington
Area
 o Total 286 sq mi (741 km2)
 o Land 284 sq mi (736 km2)
 o Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 o (2015) 314,488
 o Density 1,087/sq mi (420/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lexingtonky.gov

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 295,803,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Kentucky. Its territory, population and government are coextensive with the city of Lexington, which also serves as county seat.[2]

Fayette County is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Fayette County was one of the original three counties created from the former Kentucky County, Virginia, by the Virginia Act in 1780, along with Jefferson and Lincoln counties. Together they separated from Virginia in 1792 to become the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Originally, Fayette County included land which makes up 37 present-day counties and parts of 7 others. It was reduced to its present boundaries in 1799. The county is named for the Marquis de LaFayette, who came to America to support the rebelling English colonies in the American Revolutionary War.[3][4]

On January 1, 1974, Fayette County merged its government with that of its county seat of Lexington, creating a consolidated city-county governed by the Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government.

Geography

Sycamore tree in Fayette County, Kentucky

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 284 square miles (740 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 260,512 people, 108,288 households, and 62,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 916 people per square mile (354/km²). There were 116,167 housing units at an average density of 408 per square mile (158/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.04% White, 13.48% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 3.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 108,288 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.90% were non-families. 31.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 14.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $53,264. Males had a median income of $36,166 versus $26,964 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,109. About 8.20% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public high schools

Schools in the county are operated by Fayette County Public Schools.

Private middle and elementary schools

Private high schools

Colleges and universities

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 41.7% 56,894 51.2% 69,778 7.1% 9,643
2012 48.3% 60,795 49.3% 62,080 2.4% 2,991
2008 46.9% 59,884 51.7% 66,042 1.4% 1,722
2004 52.9% 66,406 46.2% 57,994 0.9% 1,176
2000 51.7% 54,495 44.8% 47,277 3.5% 3,705
1996 46.3% 42,930 47.1% 43,632 6.6% 6,102
1992 43.9% 41,908 40.1% 38,306 16.0% 15,320
1988 59.0% 48,065 39.9% 32,554 1.1% 906
1984 63.6% 51,993 35.4% 28,961 1.0% 792
1980 49.2% 35,349 42.5% 30,511 8.3% 5,957
1976 54.1% 35,170 43.1% 28,012 2.8% 1,807
1972 66.5% 42,362 31.1% 19,828 2.3% 1,476
1968 49.5% 24,948 33.6% 16,902 16.9% 8,523
1964 42.4% 25,317 57.3% 18,739 0.3% 136
1960 60.4% 25,169 39.6% 16,478 0.0% 0
1956 61.4% 21,904 38.0% 13,547 0.7% 232
1952 54.7% 17,376 44.9% 14,275 0.4% 138
1948 41.9% 10,959 50.5% 13,202 7.6% 1,988
1944 44.1% 10,857 55.2% 13,567 0.7% 174
1940 44.0% 12,514 55.7% 15,834 0.3% 84
1936 44.1% 11,544 55.1% 14,428 0.8% 203
1932 42.5% 11,847 56.6% 15,765 0.9% 257
1928 65.1% 16,988 34.7% 9,065 0.2% 39
1924 52.2% 11,755 46.3% 10,433 1.5% 331
1920 45.7% 11,032 53.6% 12,926 0.8% 181
1916 46.0% 5,472 53.3% 6,348 0.8% 89
1912 37.8% 4,060 49.0% 5,268 13.2% 1,414

Communities

Hemp production was a major crop

City

Unincorporated communities

Historically black hamlets

  • Bracktown
  • Cadentown
  • Jimtown
  • Smithtown
  • Little Georgetown
  • Pralltown

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Midway College - Lexington Campus". Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links

Coordinates: 38°02?N 84°28?W / 38.04°N 84.46°W / 38.04; -84.46


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Fayette_County,_Kentucky



 

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