(c. 3.3 Ma - 300 ka)
(300-45 ka) Upper Paleolithic
? Stone Age
The Federmesser culture or Federmesser group is a tool-making tradition of the late Upper Palaeolithic era, of the Northern European Plain from Poland (where the culture is called Tarnowian and Witowian) to northern France and Britain, dating to between 14,000 and 12,800 years ago. It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested as being part of the more generalized Azilian culture.
It used small backed flint blades, from which its name derives (Federmesser is German for "penknife," referring to goose quill feathers), and shares characteristics with the Creswellian culture in Britain.
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