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A festival marketplace is a realization by James W. Rouse and the Rouse Company in the United States of an idea conceived by Benjamin C. Thompson of Benjamin Thompson and Associates for European-style shopping markets taking hold in the United States in an effort to revitalize downtown areas in major US cities during the late 20th century.
Festival marketplaces were a leading downtown revitalization strategy in American cities during the 1970s and 1980s. The guiding principles are a mix of local tenants instead of regional or national chain stores, design of shop stalls and common areas to energize the space, and uncomplicated architectural ornament in order to highlight the goods.
List of festival marketplaces
- Aloha Tower Marketplace -- Honolulu, Hawaii
- Arizona Center -- Phoenix, Arizona
- Bandana Square -- Saint Paul, Minnesota
- Bayside Marketplace -- Miami, Florida
- Catfish Town -- Baton Rouge, Louisiana
- Cray Plaza -- Saint Paul, Minnesota
- Faneuil Hall -- Boston, Massachusetts
- Festival Market -- Lexington, Kentucky
- Ghirardelli Square -- San Francisco, California
- Harborplace -- Baltimore, Maryland
- Jack London Square -- Oakland, California
- Jackson Brewery -- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Jacksonville Landing -- Jacksonville, Florida
- Navy Pier -- Chicago, Illinois
- Pier 39 -- San Francisco, California
- Portside Festival Marketplace -- Toledo, Ohio
- Riverwalk -- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Sixth Street Festival Marketplace -- Richmond, Virginia 
- South Street Seaport -- New York City, New York
- Saint Anthony Main -- Minneapolis, Minnesota
- St. Louis Union Station -- St. Louis, Missouri
- Station Square -- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Tower City Center -- Cleveland, Ohio
- Underground Atlanta -- Atlanta, Georgia
- Union Station -- Indianapolis, Indiana
- Union Station -- Washington, D.C.
- Water Street Pavilion -- Flint, Michigan
- Waterside -- Norfolk, Virginia
- West End Marketplace -- Dallas, Texas
- Westfield Horton Plaza -- San Diego, California
- ^ Maitland, Barry (1990). The New Architecture of the Retail Mall. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. pp. 25-26. ISBN 1854548158.
- ^ Jossi, Frank (February 2, 2012). "Bandana Square in St. Paul". Finance & Commerce. Minneapolis, MN - via NewsBank.
- ^ McRae, Sharon (June 29, 1986). "Catfish Town two years old". The Advocate. Baton Rouge, LA - via NewsBank.
- ^ Marx, Paul (2008). Jim Rouse: Capitalist/Idealist. University Press of America. p. 192. ISBN 0761839445.
- ^ http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vcu-cab/vircu00046.document
- ^ Mack, Linda (August 20, 2002). "Benjamin Thompson". Star Tribune. "Thompson designed Minneapolis' first festival marketplace , the first part of St. Anthony Main in the early 1980s."
- ^ Ledbetter, Erik. "Rethinking Adaptive Reuse, or, How Not to Save a Great Urban Terminal". Railway Preservation News. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved .
- ^ Blueprints Magazine Spring 1988 cover Archived 2007-04-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ Brown, Steve (February 8, 2014). "Downtown Dallas' historic West End Marketplace eyed by developers for new hotel". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved .