Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Blackbuck antelope in Texas.jpg
A blackbuck at the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Date opened 1984
Location Glen Rose, Texas
Coordinates 32°10?50?N 97°47?47?W / 32.180556°N 97.796389°W / 32.180556; -97.796389Coordinates: 32°10?50?N 97°47?47?W / 32.180556°N 97.796389°W / 32.180556; -97.796389 [1]
Land area 1,700 acres (6.9 km2)[2]
No. of animals 1000+[2]
No. of species 50[2]
Memberships AZA,[3]WAZA[4]IRF[5]C2S2[5]ZAA[5]EWA[5]

Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is an endangered species research and conservation center near Glen Rose, Texas. The facility has over 1,000 animals from 50 species.[6] Guided and self-guided tours of the center are the main attractions.[7]

Areas, activities and attractions

One of the main attractions at Fossil Rim is a 9.5 mi (15.3 km) driving tour.[8]

Animal Species

Fossil Rim Wildlife Center houses approximately 1100 animals in 50 species, of which 16 are endangered

Addax Cottontail rabbit Raccoon
Addra gazelle Emu Red deer
American bison Fallow deer Red-crowned crane
Aoudad Gemsbok Red wolf
Arabian oryx Giraffe Roan antelope
Attwater's prairie chicken Greater kudu Sable antelope
Axis deer Grévy's zebra Sandhill crane
Blackbuck Hartmann's mountain zebra Scimitar oryx
Black rhinoceros Jackrabbit Waterbuck
Blesbuck Maned wolf White-nosed coati
Blue wildebeest Mexican wolf White rhinoceros
Bongo Nine-banded armadillo Whitetail deer
Bontebok Ostrich
Cheetah (African) Przewalski's horse

Conservation and rehabilitation of species

The first mission of the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is the conservation of species through scientific research, responsible management of natural ressources, professionnal training and public education.

Conservation Centers for Species Survival

The Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is one of the five founding organisation of the Conservation Centers for Species Survival (C2S2), a consortium created to develop programs for the sustanability of endangered species. The center brings the expertise of many large-scale zoological and environnemental institutions to adress issues related to the conservation of endangered species througt study, management and recovery plans. The central office of the consortium is in the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center.[9]

Scimitar Onyx

Fossil Rim Wildlife Center participated in the reproduction and rehabilitation program of the Scimitar-horned Oryx in Chad and the rest of sub-saharan Africa. The species is extinct in the wild since the 80's (poaching, loss of habitat and political strife are some of the causes of its decline), but a worldwide breeding program helped the restoration of the species. A first herd of 25 beasts was released in Chad in April 2016 with collars giving their position via satellite to follow them in their habitat. The Fossil Rim helped in the evaluation of the collar on their own herd inside the park to make sure the animals would not be incapacitated by them.[10][11]

Attwater's prairie-chicken

The center participates in a program to rehabilitate the Attwater's prairie-chicken, a small groose native of the coastal plains of Louisiana and Texas, now one of the most endangered bird specie in America. Fossil Rim Wildlife Center and five other zoo initiated a breeding program for the specie in 1992. Between 170 and 175 birds are released in the wild every year, from which half of it were breed in the center. Even if the species has not grown in the wild, the project prevented complete extinction.[12][13]


The center has one of the most successful cheetah breeding program in the world, with more than 135 feline bread and raise there.[14]


The center was first an exotic herding ranch acquired by a Texan businessman from the oil industry named Tom Mantzel. He bought the ranch in 1973 and renamed it Fossil Rim Wildlife Ranch. The project was at first a weekend retreat for Mantzel, but it soon became a full-time occupation. Concerned by the extinction of species, Mantzel started experiment with breeding of endangered species in 1982 with Grevy's zebras. Fossil Rim was the first ranch to participate in the Species Survival Plan, an initiative partenered with the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), and the succès with the zebras prompt the association to continue its work with Fossil Rim.

Mantzel decided to open the zoo to the public in 1984: with the oil crash, he was in dire need of funding to continue his breeding program. With a small team, he built a road along the 1,400 acres of land and opened a snack bar and a souvenir shop. He also brought a few more animals to bring in the public, Grant's zebras, ostriches and reticulated giraffes.

A volunteer program was developped to help with the visits, and the park started his education mission. In 1985, more endangered species were brought to the ranch, African scimitar-horned oryx. It's at that time that the park got the permission from the U.S. governement to import cheetah for a breeding program, one of the most successful project of the center. But even with the success, the maintenance cost were still too high and in 1987, Mantzel start looking for parteners.

Jim Jackson and Christine Jurzykowski were looking for a venture to engage themselve in conservation, planning to open a marine park in Martinnique. Learning that they were seeking information from the Fossil Rim Ranch, Mantzel approached the couple to ask them if they would be interested to partner with him to save the park, giving operationnal fund for the park. But seeing te foreclosure as imminent, they decided to buy the ranch, which became the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center on May 7, 1987.[15][16]


Panorama of Fossil Rim Wildlife Center, taken from The Overlook Cafe balcony.
Panorama of Fossil Rim Wildlife Center, taken from The Overlook Cafe balcony.


  1. ^ "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b c "About Us". Fossil Rim Wildlife Center. Retrieved 2010. 
  3. ^ "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". AZA. Retrieved 2012. 
  4. ^ "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". WAZA. Retrieved 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center". Retrieved 2013. 
  6. ^ "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center". Fossil Rim Wildlife Center. Retrieved 2013. 
  7. ^ "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center". Fossil Rim Wildlife Center. Retrieved 2010. 
  8. ^ "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center". Retrieved 2010. 
  9. ^ "About C2S2". Conservation Centers for Species Survival. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "25 SCIMITAR-HORNED ORYX TO BE REINTRODUCED TO THE WILD IN CHAD". Smithsonian Insider. 2016-04-13. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Simitar-Horned Oryx". Conservation Center for Species Survival. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Attwater's prairie-chicken". Conservation Centers for Species Survival. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ Campbell, Steve (2013-04-13). "Texas wildlife center works to save nearly extinct bird". Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Touring Texoma: Fossil Rim/Dinosaur Valley". Texoma's. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "History". Fossil Rim Wildlife Center. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ Kimble, Amanda (2014-05-17). "Fossil Rim Wildlife Center celebrates 30 years". Glen Rose Reporter. Retrieved . 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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