Frederick County, Maryland
Frederick County, MD Events Directory
 
About Frederick County, MD
Frederick County, Maryland
County
Frederick County
Downtown Frederick in June 2014
Downtown Frederick in June 2014
Flag of Frederick County, Maryland
Flag
Official seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Seal
Nickname(s): "Frederick", "FredCo", "Fredneck"[1]
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Country
State  Maryland
Founded June 10, 1748
Seat Frederick
Government
 o Executive Jan H. Gardner
Area
 o Total 1,730 km2 (667 sq mi)
 o Land 1,700 km2 (660 sq mi)
 o Water 19 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 o Total 247,591
 o Density 145/km2 (375/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 o Summer (DST) EDT (UTC)
ZIP 21705, 21709, 21714, 21717, 21759, 21762, 21775, 21792
Area code(s) 240, 301
Congressional districts 6th, 8th
Website http://www.FrederickCountyMD.gov/

Frederick County is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 240,336.[2] The county seat is Frederick.[3]

Frederick County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Like other outlying sections of the Washington metropolitan area, Frederick County has experienced a rapid population increase in recent years.[4][5] The county is sometimes associated with Western Maryland, depending on the definition used. It borders the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia.

The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. It has also been the home to several important historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Chris Rose, Zach Taylor, Matt Bennett, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. Taney, and Barbara Fritchie.

Etymology

The namesake of Frederick County and its county seat is unknown, but it probably was either Frederick, Prince of Wales or Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.[6]

History

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southernmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 667 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 660 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (1.1%) is water.[9] It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of land area.[10]

Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The county's two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge. The Middletown Valley lies between them.

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

Demographics

Frederick County has experienced a rapid increase in population in recent years, including that of minority groups.[4][5]

2000 census

The summary statistics for Frederick County from the U.S. Census 2000 are provided to compare and contrast with the more current data from U.S. Census 2010. The following table includes the total persons, sex and self-designated ethnicity based on U.S. Census 2000; additional details are archived at the Maryland State Government website.

2000 CENSUS TOTAL POPULATION: 195,277

Male: 96,079 (49.2%) Female: 99,198 (50.8%)

ETHNICITY AS PERCENT TOTAL POPULATION: White: 176,965 (90.6%) Black or African American: 13,605 (7.0%) American Indian and Alaskan: 1,083 (0.6%) Asian: 4,066 (2.1%) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 156 (0.1%) Some other ethnicity: 2,434 (1.2%) The total (all races) of those self-identifying as Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4%, and those persons who were white alone made up 88.1%.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 233,385 people, 84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 353.5 inhabitants per square mile (136.5/km2). There were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 136.5 per square mile (52.7/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 81.5% white, 8.6% black or African American, 3.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. The total (all races) of those self-identifying as Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.3%, and those persons who were white alone made up 77.8% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 17.4% were Irish, 12.1% were English, 7.2% were Italian, and 6.3% were American.[18]

Of the 84,800 households, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age was 38.6 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $81,686 and the median income for a family was $95,036. Males had a median income of $62,494 versus $46,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,172. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[19]

2014

The United States Census Bureau estimates Frederick County's population at 245,322, marking a 5.1% increase since 2010.[2] The racial makeup was estimated to be the following in 2014: 75% White (47.0% Non-Hispanic White), 9.7% Black, 4.6% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 2.8% Two or more races, and 8.7% were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.[2]

Law, government, and politics

Until 2014, Frederick County was governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in the state of Maryland.

Charter government

Effective December 1, 2014, Frederick County transitioned to a "charter home rule government".[20] The voters approved this governmental change on the November 6, 2012 election with 62,469 voting for the transition and 37,368 voting against.[21]

A county executive is responsible for providing direction, supervision, and administrative oversight of all executive departments, agencies, and offices. A county council will also be elected, made up of seven members: five based on district and two at-large.[21]

Jan H. Gardner was elected the first Frederick County Executive in 2014.[22]

County Executive
  Name Affiliation Term
  Jan H. Gardner Democratic 2014--

The members of the first Frederick County Council for the term beginning 2014 are:[23][24]

County Council
  Name Affiliation District Region First Elected
  Bud Otis Unaffilliated At-large At-large 2014
  Billy Shreve Republican At-large At-large 2014
  Jerry Donald[25] Democratic 1 Braddock Heights, Middletown, Brunswick 2014
  Tony Chmelik Republican 2 Monrovia, Urbana, New Market, Mount Airy 2014
  M.C. Keegan-Ayer Democratic 3 Frederick, Clover Hill 2014
  Jessica Fitzwater Democratic 4 Frederick, Ballenger Creek, Linganore 2014
  Kirby Delauter Republican 5 Myersville, Emmitsburg, Thurmont 2014

The Frederick County State's Attorney, elected November 2, 2010, is Republican Charlie Smith. Smith was reelected in 2014.[23]

The sheriff of Frederick County is Republican Chuck Jenkins.[23]

The Executive Director for the Frederick County Office of Economic Development is Laurie Boyer.

Frederick County's fire and rescue service is handled by a combination career and volunteer service delivery system. Frederick County employs over 300 firefighters. Volunteers of the 26 volunteer fire and rescue corporations number approximately 750 active operational members. Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Medical Services, including Advanced Life Support are handled by both volunteers and the career staff. Frederick County has a Maryland State Police Medevac located at the Frederick Municipal Airport and is designated "Trooper 3". Trooper 3 handles calls all throughout the state, but provides immediate assistance to local police, fire and rescue services.

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 47.4% 59,522 45.0% 56,522 7.7% 9,633
2012 50.2% 58,798 47.1% 55,146 2.7% 3,171
2008 49.6% 55,170 48.6% 54,013 1.8% 2,003
2004 59.6% 59,934 39.3% 39,503 1.2% 1,157
2000 57.7% 45,350 39.1% 30,725 3.3% 2,586
1996 52.8% 34,494 38.4% 25,081 8.8% 5,728
1992 48.4% 31,290 33.8% 21,848 17.9% 11,553
1988 65.3% 32,575 34.2% 17,061 0.5% 231
1984 68.7% 29,606 31.1% 13,411 0.2% 96
1980 56.3% 22,033 34.8% 13,629 8.9% 3,468
1976 55.2% 17,941 44.8% 14,542
1972 69.5% 19,907 28.7% 8,235 1.8% 509
1968 51.9% 13,649 31.6% 8,316 16.5% 4,348
1964 38.9% 9,264 61.1% 14,548
1960 57.5% 13,408 42.5% 9,910 0.0% 1
1956 65.4% 14,387 34.6% 7,619
1952 64.9% 14,562 35.0% 7,851 0.2% 38
1948 57.8% 9,934 41.5% 7,142 0.7% 121
1944 57.1% 11,367 42.9% 8,528
1940 48.0% 10,485 51.6% 11,255 0.4% 93
1936 46.8% 9,500 52.9% 10,722 0.3% 64
1932 39.6% 7,144 59.3% 10,686 1.1% 194
1928 62.6% 12,569 36.9% 7,406 0.6% 114
1924 49.4% 8,441 45.3% 7,740 5.4% 925
1920 54.6% 9,559 44.2% 7,747 1.2% 212
1916 47.6% 5,725 50.7% 6,094 1.7% 207
1912 24.8% 2,813 48.8% 5,545 26.4% 3,002
1908 52.7% 5,966 45.6% 5,158 1.7% 192
1904 52.8% 5,788 45.7% 5,004 1.5% 164
1900 51.3% 6,391 46.7% 5,820 2.0% 246

Frederick is traditionally a strong Republican county. No Democratic presidential candidate has won Frederick County since Lyndon Johnson's 1964 landslide. However, both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton have come close to reclaiming the county in the past three presidential elections: John McCain won by only 1,157 votes out of over one hundred thousand in the 2008 election.

In state-level elections, Republicans in Frederick rebounded to more historical levels in the 2010 Maryland Gubernatorial & Senatorial Elections, giving the Republican Ehrlich/Kane ticket 55% to Democrat O'Malley/Brown's 45. Frederick voters also supported Republican Senate challenger Eric Wargotz over incumbent Democratic Senator Barbara Milkulski by a margin of 51-46, even as Mikulski was winning statewide by a landslide 61-37. Despite its conservative reputation, Frederick County voted in favor of Maryland Question 6, which legalized same-sex marriage in Maryland. In the 2014 Maryland Gubernatorial race Republican Larry Hogan won Frederick County strongly with 63 percent of the vote compared to Democrat Anthony Brown's 35 percent.[27]

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported for each type of offense.

Economy

The United States Census Bureau has reported the following data for Frederick County.[30]

Metric Frederick County Maryland
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2013 dollars), 2009-2013 $36,917 $36,354
Median household income, 2009-2013 $84,570 $73,538
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009-2013 6.1% 9.8%
Private nonfarm establishments, 2013 5,955 135,4211
Private nonfarm employment, 2013 83,799 2,182,2601
Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2012-2013 1.1% 1.4%
Nonemployer establishments, 2012 16,843 442,314
Total number of firms, 2007 21,430 528,112
Black-owned firms, percent 5.9% 19.3%
Asian-owned firms, percent 3.3% 6.8%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2007 3.6% 4.9%
Women-owned firms 31.1% 32.6%
Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000) 3,003,696 41,456,097
Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000) 1,252,142 51,276,797
Retail sales, 2007 ($1000) 3,066,281 75,664,186
Retail sales per capita, 2007 $13,629 $13,429
Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000) 356,482 10,758,428
Building permits, 2013 1,220 17,918

According to the Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development, the following are the principal employers in Frederick County. This list excludes U.S. post offices and state and local governments, but includes public institutions of higher education.[31]

Employer Employees
(Nov. 2014)[31]
Fort Detrick
(including Frederick National Laboratory
for Cancer Research)
4,600
Frederick Memorial Healthcare System 2,696
Wells Fargo Home Mortgage 1,881
Leidos Biomedical Research 1,836
Bechtel 1,578
Frederick Community College 1,055
State Farm Insurance 900
Walmart/Sam's Club 700
AstraZeneca 595
Lonza Walkersville 520
Hood College 519
Mount St. Mary's University 511
UnitedHealthcare 500
McDonald's 499
Giant Food 490
Way Station 480
Costco Wholesale 452
Life Technologies 450
NVR 450
Wegmans Food Markets 445
Home Depot 444
Plamondon Companies 400
Stulz Air Technology Systems 375
Weis Markets 363
RR Donnelley 359
YMCA of Frederick County 350
Canam Steel 333
Giant Eagle 330
Homewood Retirement Centers 300
Toys "R" Us 260
Trans-Tech 260

Frederick County leads Maryland in milk production; the county's dairy herds account for one-third of the state's total.[32] However, the dairy market is unstable, and the Frederick County, like the state more broadly, has lost dairy farms.[33]

Communities

Map of urban areas in Frederick County
Frederick, the county seat and largest community in Frederick County.

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Reed, Dan (May 25, 2010). "Frederick is "Fredneck" No More". Greater Greater Washington. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Frederick County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ a b "Population Change in Suburban Maryland" (PDF). George Mason University. Retrieved 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Metropolitan sprawl puts urban in suburban". 2012. Retrieved 2014. 
  6. ^ "Frederick County, Maryland - Government". Maryland State Archives. March 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008. 
  7. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  8. ^ "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Frederick News-Post Local Section". The Frederick News-Post. Archived from the original on March 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ "Charter Government Transition". Frederick County, MD Government. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  21. ^ a b Depies, Lori (18 March 2013). "Charter Government and Transition: What it means to you and to Frederick County" (PDF). Retrieved 2014. 
  22. ^ McManus, Kevin (November 5, 2014). "Gardner Elected Frederick County's First Executive". WFMD-AM. Frederick, Maryland: Aloha Station Trust, LLC. 
  23. ^ a b c "Election Summary Report Gubernatorial General Election, Frederick County, Maryland, November 4, 2014: Summary For Jurisdiction Wide, All Counters, All Races, Unofficial Results, Early Voting, Polling Place, and Absentee 1 Canvass" (PDF). Frederick County Board of Elections. November 6, 2014. 
  24. ^ "2014 Council Districts" (pdf). Frederick County Board of Elections. November 19, 2013. 
  25. ^ Rodgers, Bethany (15 November 2014). "Donald takes County Council seat by 25 votes". Frederick News-Post. Retrieved 2014. 
  26. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  27. ^ http://www.frederickcountymd.gov/DocumentCenter/View/277460
  28. ^ "2014 Annual Report". Frederick County Sheriff. Retrieved 2016. 
  29. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. Retrieved . 
  30. ^ State & County QuickFacts, Frederick County Archived July 10, 2011, at WebCite, Maryland, United States Census Bureau.
  31. ^ a b Major Employers in Frederick County, Maryland, Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development.
  32. ^ Maryland at a Glance: Agriculture, Maryland Manual (April 2015).
  33. ^ Associated Press, Frederick County Dairy Farm Closes Its Doors (October 1, 2012).

References

External links

Coordinates: 39°28?N 77°24?W / 39.47°N 77.40°W / 39.47; -77.40


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