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RATP Group
State-owned company
Industry Public transport
Founded January 1, 1949; 69 years ago (1949-01-01) in Paris, France
Headquarters 54, Quai de la Rapée
75012 Paris
, France
Area served
Worldwide, with significant Île-de-France involvement
Key people
Catherine Guillouard (CEO)
Revenue EUR5.56 billion (2015)
Number of employees
59,667 (2015)
Parent Government of France
Subsidiaries RATP Dev
Ixxi
SEDP
Telcité
Promométro
Logis-Transports
Website ratp.fr/en

The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France. Formed in 1949, it has its origins as the city's public transport operator. Its logo represents, in a stylized version, the Seine's meandering through the Paris area as the face of a person looking up.

Today, RATP is still responsible for most of the public transport in Paris the rest if the Île-de-France region, including the Paris Métro, tram and bus services and part of the Réseau Express Régional (RER) network. In the Île-de-France region, RATP carries about 3 billion passengers per year.[1]

The RATP's Paris operations are still a major part of the business, but its operations have now extended to include businesses around the globe. They include involvement in the operation of bus, tram, rapid transit and inter-city rail services in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. RATP Group is currently the world's fifth largest operator in the public transport sector.[]

History

RATP headquarters

The RATP was created on 1 January 1949 by combining the assets of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (CMP), which operated the Paris Métro, and the Société des transports en commun de la région parisienne (STCRP), which operated the city's bus system.

Earlier, the CMP had absorbed the Société du Chemin de Fer Électrique Nord-Sud de Paris in 1930 and the Ligne de Sceaux in 1937, which extended commuter rail to the suburbs. The STCRP had been created on 1 January 1921 by the merger of about half a dozen independent bus and streetcar operators in the Paris area. By the time the STCRP was merged into the RATP, all of its streetcars had been replaced by bus routes.

In the early years of the 21st century, a partnership with the Transdev group resulted in RATP acquiring a minority shareholding in that group, with its many worldwide transport operations. However, in 2009, the Caisse des dépôts et consignations, the majority owner of the Transdev group, started negotiations with Veolia Environnement to merge Transdev with Veolia Transport. As part of the resulting agreement, made in May 2010, it was agreed that the RATP Group would take over ownership of some of Transdev's operations in lieu of cash payment for its holdings in Transdev. This had a considerable impact on RATP's international profile.[2][3][4]

On 1 August 2011 the RATP Group purchased Stagecoach Metrolink's contract to operate the Metrolink light rail system in Greater Manchester, England until July 2017.[5] Two years later, in 2013 RATP purchased the nearby long-established coach company, Selwyns Travel, a National Express operator.

Presidents

The last CEOs of the RATP were Anne-Marie Idrac, Pierre Mongin and Élisabeth Borne. The actual president of the RATP, Catherine Guillouard, was nominated on 2 August 2017.[6]

Operations in Paris

Two MP 05 train sets of Paris Métro Line 1 at Bastille station.
RATP tram on tramway line T3a at Porte de Versailles.
RATP bus near the Gare du Nord.

In Paris, RATP operates, under its own name, on behalf of the Île-de-France Mobilités (IDFM), the Paris region transit authority. RATP's services constitute, in their own right, a multi-mode public transportation infrastructure, but also contribute to a larger multi-mode system extending out into the surrounding Île-de-France communities.

RATP's services in the Greater Paris area include:

Paris bus route 341 was RATP's first line equipped with 100% electric full-size buses (starting June 2016).[11]

Operations outside Paris

RATP Dev (Dev being a contraction of Développement[12]), a 100% subsidiary of the RATP Group created in 2002, provides operations and maintenance of passenger transport services outside of the "historical" RATP network in the Greater Paris area although it also operates some specialised services within Paris. RATP Dev is present in 14 countries, namely Algeria, China, France, India, Italy, Morocco, the Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland the United Kingdom, and the United States. Wholly and partly owned operations include the following:[13][14][15]

Operations in France

International operations

Heavy rail

Metro and tramway

Bus and coach

Other

Former operations

References

  1. ^ "Le trafic de la RATP reprend des couleurs". Mobilicites. 2011. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ "Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Veolia Transport. Archived from the original on 2009-07-27. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "Completion of the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Transdev. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "The new scale of the RATP Group". RATP. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". Railway Gazette International. 2 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Décret du 2 août 2017 portant nomination de la présidente-directrice générale de la Régie autonome des transports parisiens - Mme GUILLOUARD (Catherine), retrieved  
  7. ^ Île-de-France Mobilités - Omnil (9 October 2016). "Caractéristiques du réseau, accessibilité et intermodalité" (in French). Retrieved 2018. 
  8. ^ The figure of "302" (stations) does not include the fictional Montmartre funicular station. The latter is indeed considered as a metro station by RATP and statistically attached to line 2, which explains why RATP announces 303 stations and not 302.
  9. ^ Orlyval is part of the "historic" RATP network but operated by RATP Dev, on behalf of RATP.
  10. ^ Line T4 is operated by SNCF and line T11 is operated by Transkeo.
  11. ^ "La RATP inaugure sa première ligne de bus standard 100% électrique" (in French). 1 June 2016. Retrieved 2018. 
  12. ^ "Company Overview of RATP Développement S.A." Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "RATP Group". RATP Group. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  14. ^ "Our Subsidiaries". RATP Group. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "The new scale of the RATP Group" (PDF). RATP Group. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ "RATP Dev renouvelé à Bourges" (in French). 13 June 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ "Présentation du délégataire, Moulins Mobilité, filiale de RATP DEV" (in French). Retrieved 2018. 
  18. ^ "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Lorient" (in French). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ "RATP Dev renouvelée à La Roche-sur-Yon" (in French). 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  20. ^ "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Vannes face à Transdev" (in French). 30 September 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  21. ^ "RATP Dev reconduit à Vienne" (in French). 8 October 2013. Retrieved 2018. 
  22. ^ "Vierzon; France - A more appealing, consistent transit system". Retrieved 2018. 
  23. ^ "RATP Dev exploitera le réseau de bus de Boulogne-sur-Mer" (in French). 12 December 2012. Retrieved 2018. 
  24. ^ "Un nouveau directeur chez Mouvéo à Épernay" (in French). 7 February 2016. Retrieved 2018. 
  25. ^ "RATP Dev exploitera le réseau de bus d'Aix-les-Bains à partir de 2015" (in French). 17 December 2014. Retrieved 2018. 
  26. ^ "RATP Dev renouvelée pour l'exploitation du réseau TAC, transports d'Ardenne Métropole" (in French). 10 July 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ "RATP Dev va exploiter le réseau de transport de Laon" (in French). 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2018. 
  28. ^ "Valenciennes : la RATP va remplacer Transvilles" (in French). 19 November 2014. Retrieved 2018. 
  29. ^ "La RATP réussit son Mondial avec le Gautrain" (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  30. ^ "RATP Dev Italia - La Ferroviaria Italiana" (in Italian). Retrieved 2018. 
  31. ^ a b "RATP Dev se renforce en Algérie et se voit confier l'exploitation et la maintenance des futurs projets de tramway algériens, en partenariat avec l'EMA et l'ETUSA" (PDF) (in French). 24 May 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  32. ^ "Ouargla tramway inaugurated". 25 July 2017. Retrieved 2018. 
  33. ^ "Sidi Bel Abbès tramway inaugurated". 31 July 2017. Retrieved 2018. 
  34. ^ "Le tramway de Sétif est dans la place" (in French). 11 May 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  35. ^ "Tucson Sun Link streetcar opens". 25 July 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  36. ^ "Le tramway de Washington opéré par RATP Dev est en service" (in French). 29 February 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  37. ^ "RATP Dev - GEST - tramway de Florence" (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  38. ^ "Casa Transports et RATP Dev scellent un nouveau contrat d'exploitation du tramway et du bus" (in French). 16 September 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  39. ^ a b "RDTA website". Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  40. ^ "RATP Dev apporte son expertise pour la ligne 1 du métro de Manille" (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  41. ^ "Hong Kong tram celebrates 110 years". Retrieved 2014. 
  42. ^ "Victoire pour Keolis et RATP Dev au Qatar" (in French). 7 December 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  43. ^ "Air Decker History". Retrieved 2018. 
  44. ^ "RATP Dev Italia - Autolinee Toscane" (in Italian). Retrieved 2018. 
  45. ^ "Austin (Texas) renouvelle sa confiance à RATP Dev pour l'exploitation de son réseau de bus" (in French). Retrieved 2016. 
  46. ^ "RATP Dev Italia - Cilia Italia" (in Italian). Retrieved 2014. 
  47. ^ "D.C. Circulator will be privatized under a proposed $141M deal". 4 June 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  48. ^ "McDonald Transit/RATP Dev to operate Fla. transit service". 14 February 2017. Retrieved 2018. 
  49. ^ "RATP Dev acquiert une nouvelle société de bus à Londres" (PDF) (in French). 28 April 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  50. ^ "RATP Dev London - About us". Retrieved 2018. 
  51. ^ "RATP Dev et SAPTCO remportent l'appel d'offres pour le futur réseau de bus de Riyad" (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  52. ^ "Bus et métro de Ryad : Ratp Dev veut tenter le grand chelem" (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  53. ^ "High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh - Projects - (2) Riyadh Bus Project". Retrieved 2018. 
  54. ^ "RATP Dev USA Acquires California Based Roadrunner Management Service". 14 May 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  55. ^ "RATP Dev USA remporte la gestion du réseau de transport de Santa Maria en Californie" (PDF) (in French). 7 June 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  56. ^ "RATP Dev UK - Our UK Subsidiaries - Selwys". Retrieved 2016. 
  57. ^ "Metrolink operator RATP swoops for Selwyns Travel". 18 March 2013. Retrieved 2018. 
  58. ^ "More of the same for Selwyn's coaches". 3 May 2011. Retrieved 2016. 
  59. ^ French moves in London Archived 2014-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Bus & Coach Professional 6 May 2010
  60. ^ "RATP Dev USA Selected to Manage Yuma County, Arizona's Transit Service". 5 June 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  61. ^ "À New York, la RATP promène des touristes en bus à impériale" (in French). 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  62. ^ "La RATP s'offre le champion des bus touristiques londoniens" (in French). 11 September 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  63. ^ "RATP Dev se diversifie avec l'exploitation du téléphérique du Salève" (in French). Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  64. ^ "RATP - Padam. Une offre sur-mesure en minibus" (in French). 12 July 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  65. ^ "New ride-to-work service in Bristol uses minibuses you can hail with an app". 29 July 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  66. ^ "Delivery of São Paulo Metro Line 4 - Brazil's first passenger rail public-private partnership" (PDF). Retrieved 2018. 
  67. ^ "CCR exerce direito de compra de participação da RATP na ViaQuatro" (in Portuguese). 23 October 2015. Retrieved 2018. 
  68. ^ "Brésil : Alstom et RATP Dev dans le nouveau tramway de Rio" (in French). 7 June 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  69. ^ "Shenyang Tramway Network operated by RATP Dev and Transdev enters service". Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  70. ^ "Transdev and RATP Dev win contract to operate tramway network in Shenyang, China". 26 April 2013. Retrieved 2014. 
  71. ^ "Prêt à Partir fait route vers le sud" (in French). 28 June 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  72. ^ "Fullington Auto Bus Once Again Fully Family-Owned". 28 December 2017. Retrieved 2018. 
  73. ^ RATP Dev starts Open Tour with 15 buses in NYC Metro Magazine 15 May 2014
  74. ^ "RATPs Extrapolitan quits New York sightseeing" Buses Magazine issue 751 October 2017 page 19
  75. ^ "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2018. 
  76. ^ "Southern Rail operator to take over the running of Metrolink network". 18 January 2017. Retrieved 2017. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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