The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France. Formed in 1949, it has its origins as the city's public transport operator. Its logo represents, in a stylized version, the Seine's meandering through the Paris area as the face of a person looking up.
Today, RATP is still responsible for most of the public transport in Paris the rest if the Île-de-France region, including the Paris Métro, tram and bus services and part of the Réseau Express Régional (RER) network. In the Île-de-France region, RATP carries about 3 billion passengers per year.
The RATP's Paris operations are still a major part of the business, but its operations have now extended to include businesses around the globe. They include involvement in the operation of bus, tram, rapid transit and inter-city rail services in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. RATP Group is currently the world's fifth largest operator in the public transport sector.
The RATP was created on 1 January 1949 by combining the assets of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (CMP), which operated the Paris Métro, and the Société des transports en commun de la région parisienne (STCRP), which operated the city's bus system.
Earlier, the CMP had absorbed the Société du Chemin de Fer Électrique Nord-Sud de Paris in 1930 and the Ligne de Sceaux in 1937, which extended commuter rail to the suburbs. The STCRP had been created on 1 January 1921 by the merger of about half a dozen independent bus and streetcar operators in the Paris area. By the time the STCRP was merged into the RATP, all of its streetcars had been replaced by bus routes.
In the early years of the 21st century, a partnership with the Transdev group resulted in RATP acquiring a minority shareholding in that group, with its many worldwide transport operations. However, in 2009, the Caisse des dépôts et consignations, the majority owner of the Transdev group, started negotiations with Veolia Environnement to merge Transdev with Veolia Transport. As part of the resulting agreement, made in May 2010, it was agreed that the RATP Group would take over ownership of some of Transdev's operations in lieu of cash payment for its holdings in Transdev. This had a considerable impact on RATP's international profile.
On 1 August 2011 the RATP Group purchased Stagecoach Metrolink's contract to operate the Metrolink light rail system in Greater Manchester, England until July 2017. Two years later, in 2013 RATP purchased the nearby long-established coach company, Selwyns Travel, a National Express operator.
The last CEOs of the RATP were Anne-Marie Idrac, Pierre Mongin and Élisabeth Borne. The actual president of the RATP, Catherine Guillouard, was nominated on 2 August 2017.
Operations in Paris
In Paris, RATP operates, under its own name, on behalf of the Île-de-France Mobilités (IDFM), the Paris region transit authority. RATP's services constitute, in their own right, a multi-mode public transportation infrastructure, but also contribute to a larger multi-mode system extending out into the surrounding Île-de-France communities.
RATP's services in the Greater Paris area include:
- The Paris Métro system of mostly underground rapid transit lines, which run throughout the city, with some lines extending somewhat beyond the city boundaries. The Métro has 16 lines with 219 km (136 mi)) of track and 302 stations. Two metro lines are fully automated and driverless: line 1 (since 2012) and line 14 (since its opening in 1998).
- Orlyval, the automated metro shuttle connecting Antony station (RER B) and Orly Airport.
- Parts of the RER, the Paris regional express rail network that runs mostly underground in the centre of Paris and overground in the rest of the region. RATP owns and operates line A (except the Nanterre-Préfecture - Cergy-le-Haut and Nanterre-Préfecture - Poissy branches) and line B (except the part north of Gare du Nord), both together representing approximately 115 km (71 mi) and 66 stations. The rest of the RER network is operated by SNCF.
- Eight out of ten lines of the Paris tram system (T1, T2, T3a, T3b, T5, T6, T7, T8) totalizing 97.5 km (60.6 mi) and 175 stops.
- The extensive Paris city bus system (351 lines with a total length of 3,861 km (2,399 mi)), including the night buses of the Noctilien network.
- Two BRT lines: the Trans-Val-de-Marne (TVM, 19.7 km (12.2 mi)) and line 393 (11.7 km (7.3 mi)).
- The Montmartre funicular.
Paris bus route 341 was RATP's first line equipped with 100% electric full-size buses (starting June 2016).
Operations outside Paris
RATP Dev (Dev being a contraction of Développement), a 100% subsidiairy of the RATP Group created in 2002, provides operations and maintenance of passenger transport services outside of the "historical" RATP network in the Greater Paris area although it also operates some specialised services within Paris. RATP Dev is present in 14 countries, namely Algeria, China, France, India, Italy, Morocco, the Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland the United Kingdom, and the United States. Wholly and partly owned operations include the following:
Operations in France
- Agglobus, the urban bus network of Bourges in the Cher department (since 2011, renewed for the 2017-2022 period)
- Aléo, the urban bus network of Moulins in the Allier department
- Cars Jacquemard, a coach operator in the Eure department
- Cars Perrier, one of the operators of the Sqybus network serving the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines suburb near Paris
- The CTRL network of Lorient Agglomération in the Morbihan department (for the 2018-2022 period)
- Com'Bus, Yvelines and Val-d'Oise departments
- The Impulsyon urban bus network of La Roche-sur-Yon in the Vendée department (since 2010, renewed for the 2017-2023 period)
- The Kicéo urban bus network of Vannes in the Morbihan department (for the 2017-2023 period)
- Lignes de Vienne et agglomération (L'va) in and around Vienne in the Isère department (since 2011)
- Le Vib in Vierzon in the Cher department (since 2011, renewed in 2015 for 8 more years)
- The Marinéo urban bus network of Boulogne-sur-Mer in the Pas-de-Calais department (for the 2013-2020 period)
- Mouvéo, the urban bus network of Épernay in the Marne department (since 2016)
- Ondéa, the urban bus network of Aix-les-Bains and its surroundings in the Savoie department (2015-2020)
- PAM 91, 92, 93 and 95, paratransit in the Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-d'Oise departments (Greater Paris area)
- The STIVO urban bus network in Cergy-Pontoise
- Transports annemassiens collectifs (TAC), urban bus network covering the Agglomeration community of Annemasse - Les Voirons (joint control with TPG)
- Transports de l'agglomération de Charleville-Mézières (TAC), urban bus network of Charleville-Mézières and Sedan in the Ardennes department (since 2012, renewed for the 2017-2024 period)
- Transports urbains laonnois (TUL), the urban bus network of Laon in the Aisne department (for the 2016-2022 period)
- The Transvilles multimodal network in and around Valenciennes, including the Valenciennes tramway (since 2015)
- Three express coach routes using the A14 motorway, in the Greater Paris area.
Metro and tramway
- Algiers Metro, Algiers, Algeria (since 2011)
- Tramway networks in the Algerian cities of Algiers (since 2012), Oran (since 2013), Constantine (since 2013), Sidi Bel Abbès (since 2017), Ouargla (since 2018) and Sétif (since 2018)
- Sun Link Streetcar, Tucson, Arizona, United States (since 2014)
- DC Streetcar, Washington, D.C., United States (since 2016)
- Florence tramway, Florence, Italy (since 2010)
- Casablanca LRT, Casablanca, Morocco (since 2012, contract renewed in 2017 until the end of 2029)
- RATP Dev Transdev Asia (RDTA), a joint venture with Transdev, operating:
Bus and coach
- Air Decker, bus service connecting Bristol Airport with Bath, United Kingdom (since 2011)
- Anqing Zhongbei in Anqing, China as part of RATP Dev Transdev Asia (RDTA)
- Autolinee Toscane, a coach operator in Tuscany, Italy
- Capital MetroBus in Austin, Texas (79 routes, 250 buses, 21 million passengers/year, since 2012, renewed in 2015)
- Cilia Italia, Lazio, Italy
- DC Circulator, Washington, D.C. (six routes and 72 vehicles, since 2018)
- LakeXpress, Lake County, Florida (seven fixed routes, paratransit and 54 vehicles, management contract since 2017)
- London, United Kingdom: through its three subsidiaries London United, Quality Line (acquired as Epsom Coaches in April 2012) and London Sovereign (acquired in April 2014), RATP Dev is one of London bus operators on behalf of Transport for London (TfL) with a total of 70 routes and approximately 1,200 vehicles over eleven depots
- Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (since 2014 set-up of the capital's future urban bus network with approximately 1,000 vehicles over three depots, and operations and maintenance for a duration of 10 years starting 2016, 20% share of a consortium with SAPTCO)
- Roadrunner, California (fixed routes, paratransit, airport shuttles, charter and black car services, >200 vehicles, acquired in 2018)
- Santa Maria Area Transit (SMAT), Santa Maria, California (management contract since 2018)
- Selwyns Travel (92 vehicles based in Manchester, Runcorn and St Helens, United Kingdom)
- Yellow Buses, a bus operator in Bournemouth, United Kingdom
- Yuma County Area Transit, Arizona (fixed routes and paratransit, since 2018)
- ^ "Le trafic de la RATP reprend des couleurs". Mobilicites. 2011. Retrieved .
- ^ "Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Veolia Transport. Archived from the original on 2009-07-27. Retrieved .
- ^ "Completion of the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Transdev. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved .
- ^ "The new scale of the RATP Group". RATP. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved .
- ^ "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". Railway Gazette International. 2 August 2011.
- ^ Décret du 2 août 2017 portant nomination de la présidente-directrice générale de la Régie autonome des transports parisiens - Mme GUILLOUARD (Catherine), retrieved
- ^ Île-de-France Mobilités - Omnil (9 October 2016). "Caractéristiques du réseau, accessibilité et intermodalité" (in French). Retrieved 2018.
- ^ The figure of "302" (stations) does not include the fictional Montmartre funicular station. The latter is indeed considered as a metro station by RATP and statistically attached to line 2, which explains why RATP announces 303 stations and not 302.
- ^ Orlyval is part of the "historic" RATP network but operated by RATP Dev, on behalf of RATP.
- ^ Line T4 is operated by SNCF and line T11 is operated by Transkeo.
- ^ "La RATP inaugure sa première ligne de bus standard 100% électrique" (in French). 1 June 2016. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Company Overview of RATP Développement S.A." Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "RATP Group". RATP Group. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Our Subsidiaries". RATP Group. Retrieved .
- ^ "The new scale of the RATP Group" (PDF). RATP Group. Retrieved .
- ^ "RATP Dev renouvelé à Bourges" (in French). 13 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "Présentation du délégataire, Moulins Mobilité, filiale de RATP DEV" (in French). Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Lorient" (in French). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "RATP Dev renouvelée à La Roche-sur-Yon" (in French). 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Vannes face à Transdev" (in French). 30 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "RATP Dev reconduit à Vienne" (in French). 8 October 2013. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Vierzon; France - A more appealing, consistent transit system". Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev exploitera le réseau de bus de Boulogne-sur-Mer" (in French). 12 December 2012. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Un nouveau directeur chez Mouvéo à Épernay" (in French). 7 February 2016. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev exploitera le réseau de bus d'Aix-les-Bains à partir de 2015" (in French). 17 December 2014. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev renouvelée pour l'exploitation du réseau TAC, transports d'Ardenne Métropole" (in French). 10 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "RATP Dev va exploiter le réseau de transport de Laon" (in French). 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Valenciennes : la RATP va remplacer Transvilles" (in French). 19 November 2014. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "La RATP réussit son Mondial avec le Gautrain" (in French). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "RATP Dev Italia - La Ferroviaria Italiana" (in Italian). Retrieved 2018.
- ^ a b "RATP Dev se renforce en Algérie et se voit confier l'exploitation et la maintenance des futurs projets de tramway algériens, en partenariat avec l'EMA et l'ETUSA" (PDF) (in French). 24 May 2012. Retrieved 2012.
- ^ "Ouargla tramway inaugurated". 25 July 2017. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Sidi Bel Abbès tramway inaugurated". 31 July 2017. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Le tramway de Sétif est dans la place" (in French). 11 May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Tucson Sun Link streetcar opens". 25 July 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Le tramway de Washington opéré par RATP Dev est en service" (in French). 29 February 2016. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "RATP Dev - GEST - tramway de Florence" (in French). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Casa Transports et RATP Dev scellent un nouveau contrat d'exploitation du tramway et du bus" (in French). 16 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ a b "RDTA website". Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "RATP Dev apporte son expertise pour la ligne 1 du métro de Manille" (in French). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Hong Kong tram celebrates 110 years". Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Victoire pour Keolis et RATP Dev au Qatar" (in French). 7 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "Air Decker History". Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev Italia - Autolinee Toscane" (in Italian). Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Austin (Texas) renouvelle sa confiance à RATP Dev pour l'exploitation de son réseau de bus" (in French). Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "RATP Dev Italia - Cilia Italia" (in Italian). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "D.C. Circulator will be privatized under a proposed $141M deal". 4 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "McDonald Transit/RATP Dev to operate Fla. transit service". 14 February 2017. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev acquiert une nouvelle société de bus à Londres" (PDF) (in French). 28 April 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "RATP Dev London - About us". Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev et SAPTCO remportent l'appel d'offres pour le futur réseau de bus de Riyad" (in French). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Bus et métro de Ryad : Ratp Dev veut tenter le grand chelem" (in French). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh - Projects - (2) Riyadh Bus Project". Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev USA Acquires California Based Roadrunner Management Service". 14 May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev USA remporte la gestion du réseau de transport de Santa Maria en Californie" (PDF) (in French). 7 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "RATP Dev UK - Our UK Subsidiaries - Selwys". Retrieved 2016.
- ^ French moves in London Archived 2014-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Bus & Coach Professional 6 May 2010
- ^ "RATP Dev USA Selected to Manage Yuma County, Arizona's Transit Service". 5 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "À New York, la RATP promène des touristes en bus à impériale" (in French). 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "La RATP s'offre le champion des bus touristiques londoniens" (in French). 11 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "RATP Dev se diversifie avec l'exploitation du téléphérique du Salève" (in French). Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "RATP - Padam. Une offre sur-mesure en minibus" (in French). 12 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "New ride-to-work service in Bristol uses minibuses you can hail with an app". 29 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "Delivery of São Paulo Metro Line 4 - Brazil's first passenger rail public-private partnership" (PDF). Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "CCR exerce direito de compra de participação da RATP na ViaQuatro" (in Portuguese). 23 October 2015. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Brésil : Alstom et RATP Dev dans le nouveau tramway de Rio" (in French). 7 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "Shenyang Tramway Network operated by RATP Dev and Transdev enters service". Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Transdev and RATP Dev win contract to operate tramway network in Shenyang, China". 26 April 2013. Retrieved 2014.
- ^ "Prêt à Partir fait route vers le sud" (in French). 28 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Fullington Auto Bus Once Again Fully Family-Owned". 28 December 2017. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ RATP Dev starts Open Tour with 15 buses in NYC Metro Magazine 15 May 2014
- ^ "RATPs Extrapolitan quits New York sightseeing" Buses Magazine issue 751 October 2017 page 19
- ^ "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ "Southern Rail operator to take over the running of Metrolink network". 18 January 2017. Retrieved 2017.