A glove compartment or glovebox or glovie is a compartment built into the dashboard, located over the front-seat passenger's footwell in an automobile, often used for miscellaneous storage. The name derives from the original purpose of the compartment, to store gloves. They were sometimes in a box on the floorboard near the driver, hence the alternate moniker of a "glovebox". In most vehicles, the glove compartment closes with a latch, with the option of being locked with a key (often desirable when using valet service, or when parking while the convertible top is down, or when the compartment contains a mechanism to open the trunk).
In Barbados, South Africa, Zimbabwe, as well as parts of Southern Minnesota and Northwest Wyoming, the glove compartment is commonly referred to as a "cubby-hole".
Driving gloves were considered necessary equipment in early cars, many of which lacked a hard top, to prevent the cooling effect of fast-moving air from numbing drivers' hands. Gloves are still considered necessary equipment on motorcycles for the same reason, although, unlike cars, most motorcycles do not have glove boxes.
In some vehicles, the inside of the compartment's door may have an indented area for holding cups when open, and a section for holding a pen or pencil. In some newer cars, the glove compartment is temperature controlled, allowing for its use as a cooler. In others, such as the Toyota Yaris hatchback, multiple glove compartments are provided.
According to the BBC Four program Penelope Keith and the Fast Lady (Aaron Syer), Dorothy Levitt first coined the phrase glove compartment as she advised motorists to carry a number of pairs of gloves to deal with many eventualities.
In the past, glove compartments typically contained an internal light, which automatically turned on when the box was opened, facilitating the finding of materials therein. During the 2000s, many manufacturers, started omitting the glove compartment light to cut costs, even in luxury vehicles. To date, aftermarket parts manufacturers have not provided solutions for this omission.