Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
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Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Golog Prefecture

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Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Eastern Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Eastern Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
Prefecture seatMaqên County (Dawu)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-QH-26
Websitewww.guoluo.gov.cn

Golog (Golok[1] or Guoluo) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: ?; pinyin: Gu?luò Zàngzú Zìzhìzh?u; Tibetan: Wylie: Mgo-log Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) is an autonomous prefecture occupying the southeastern corner of Qinghai province, People's Republic of China. The prefecture has an area of 76,312 km2 (29,464 sq mi) and its seat is located in Maqên County.

Geography

Golog Prefecture is located in the southeastern part of Qinghai, in the upper basin of the Yellow River. Gyaring Lake and Ngoring Lake on the western edge of the prefecture are considered to be the source of the Yellow River. However, these lakes do receive water from rivers that flow from locations even further west, in Qumarleb County of the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

The lay of the land of the prefecture is largely determined by the Amne Machin mountain range (max elevation 6,282 m), which runs in the general northwest- to-southeast direction across the entire prefecture, and beyond. The existence of the ridge results in one of the great bends of the Yellow River, which first flows for several hundreds of kilometers toward the east and southeast along through the entire Golog Prefecture, along the southern side of the Amne Machin Range, until it reaches the borders of Gansu and Sichuan; it and then turns almost 180 degrees and flows toward the northwest for 200-300 km (120-190 mi) through several prefectures of the northeastern Qinghai, forming a section of the northeastern border of the Golog prefecture.

Several sections of the Sanjiangyuan ("Sources of Three Rivers") National Nature Reserve are within the prefecture.

Climate data for Maqên County
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
12.8
(55)
17.8
(64)
21.9
(71.4)
22.5
(72.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
21.5
(70.7)
12.8
(55)
10.9
(51.6)
26.3
(79.3)
Average high °C (°F) -0.5
(31.1)
1.6
(34.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.6
(54.7)
14.8
(58.6)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
9.1
(48.4)
4.1
(39.4)
0.7
(33.3)
8.8
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -11.9
(10.6)
-8.8
(16.2)
-4.0
(24.8)
0.9
(33.6)
5.0
(41)
8.2
(46.8)
10.2
(50.4)
9.5
(49.1)
6.4
(43.5)
0.9
(33.6)
-6.3
(20.7)
-11.1
(12)
-0.1
(31.9)
Average low °C (°F) -21.4
(-6.5)
-17.7
(0.1)
-11.6
(11.1)
-6.2
(20.8)
-1.3
(29.7)
2.7
(36.9)
4.6
(40.3)
3.6
(38.5)
1.1
(34)
-4.5
(23.9)
-13.8
(7.2)
-20.2
(-4.4)
-7.1
(19.3)
Record low °C (°F) -33.1
(-27.6)
-31.9
(-25.4)
-29.1
(-20.4)
-20.0
(-4)
-12.8
(9)
-6.0
(21.2)
-4.0
(24.8)
-5.5
(22.1)
-7.5
(18.5)
-17.8
(0)
-26.6
(-15.9)
-33.1
(-27.6)
-33.1
(-27.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.8
(0.11)
4.3
(0.169)
8.2
(0.323)
19.4
(0.764)
55.3
(2.177)
99.4
(3.913)
115.1
(4.531)
92.5
(3.642)
79.5
(3.13)
32.1
(1.264)
3.5
(0.138)
1.6
(0.063)
513.7
(20.224)
Source: China Meteorological Administration,[2]

Demographics

Amdo Golok Tibetans in 1944 with their distinct clothing

According to the 2000 census, Guoluo has 137,940 inhabitants with a population density of 1.81 inhabitants/km².

Ethnic groups in Guoluo, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 126,395 91.63%
Han 9,096 6.59%
Hui 1,529 1.11%
Salar 329 0.24%
Tu 302 0.22%
Others 289 0.21%

Subdivisions

The prefecture is subdivided into six county-level divisions: six counties:

Map
Golog mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Maqên County
(Maqin County)
M?qìn Xiàn rma chen rdzong
Maqên Zong
51,245 13,636 3.75
2 Baima County
(Banma County)
B?nm? Xiàn ? pad ma rdzong
Baima Zong
27,185 6,452 4.21
3 Gadê County
(Gande County)
G?ndé Xiàn ? dga' bde rdzong
Gadê Zong
34,840 7,143 4.87
4 Darlag County
(Dari County)
Dárì Xiàn dar lag rdzong
Tarlag Zong
30,995 15,385 2.01
5 Jigzhi County
(Jiuzhi County)
Ji?zhì Xiàn ? gcig sgril rdzong
Jigzhi Zong
26,081 8,696 2.99
6 Madoi County
(Maduo County)
M?du? Xiàn ? rma stod rdzong
Madoi Zong
11,336 25,000 0.45

Transport

Construction for Golog Airport began in September 2012 and the airport opening date is 1 July 2016.[3]

3,000 km (1,900 mi) of new roads are expected to be built by 2015.[4]

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3
  • B. Horlemann: Modernization Efforts in Golog: A Chronicle, 1970-2000 (PDF), in: Amdo Tibetans in Transition: Society and Culture in the Post-Mao Era. Edited by Toni Huber. 2: 241-67, 2002.
  • Gangs Phrug. A Modern Golok Tibetan Family History. 2015. https://archive.org/details/HappyHappy_201502.
  • Historical photographs of the Golok Tibetans in Wikicommons

References

  1. ^ "Flooded Tibet: struggling to adapt to the new reality". Central Tibetan Administration. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved . On 30 August 2017, a massive landslide buried nine people in Golok Machen region of north eastern Tibet.
  2. ^ ?(1981-2010?) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ "?14 2015". Carnoc. 2012-09-15. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "China to invest 3.5b yuan for Tibetan roads". Chinadaily. 2012-09-01. Retrieved .

External links

Coordinates: 34°07?N 99°19?E / 34.117°N 99.317°E / 34.117; 99.317


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Golog_Tibetan_Autonomous_Prefecture
 



 

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