Goshen Town Hall, in the village of Goshen
Location of New York in the United States
|o Town Supervisor||Douglas Bloomfield (R)|
|o Town Council|
|o Total||43.93 sq mi (113.78 km2)|
|o Land||43.64 sq mi (113.03 km2)|
|o Water||0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)|
|o Estimate (2016)||13,980|
|o Density||320.33/sq mi (123.68/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|o Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Settlement began around 1714, even though plans for its settlement were made around 1654. The town was established in 1789. In 1830, part of Goshen was used to form the new Town of Hamptonburgh, and, in 1845, another part was used to form the Town of Chester.
The region was important in the development of harness racing.
In 2007, Michael Kohn, a Goshen Volunteer firefighter, started the fire that destroyed a house at 113 Webster Ave. Kohn pleaded guilty to arson and was sentenced to five to fifteen years in prison. 
In 2014, Devin Giordano and Jennifer Molyneaux murdered Helen Mills in her Goshen home. The pair pleaded guilty to second-degree murder in 2015. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.0 square miles (113.9 km²), of which, 43.8 square miles (113.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.27%) is water.
As of the Census of 2000, there were 12,913 people, 4,074 households, and 2,912 families residing in the town. The population density was 294.5 people per square mile (113.7/km²). There were 4,320 housing units at an average density of 98.5 per square mile (38.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.69% White, 6.72% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.36% of the population. Goshen is also home to a Yiddish speaking community, which operates several farms in the area.
There were 4,074 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. The gender makeup of the town was relatively equal, as for every 100 females, there were 100.4 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $60,066, and the median income for a family was $71,497. Males had a median income of $50,768 versus $32,648 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,275. About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.