Great Blizzard of 1899
Get Great Blizzard of 1899 essential facts below. View Videos or join the Great Blizzard of 1899 discussion. Add Great Blizzard of 1899 to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Great Blizzard of 1899
Great Blizzard of 1899
"Snowballing" (snowball fight on the steps of the Florida Capitol, February 10 1899).jpg
Snowball fight on the steps of the Florida State Capitol in Tallahassee on February 1899.
Type Winter storm
Formed February 10, 1899 (1899-02-10) [1]
Dissipated February 14, 1899 (1899-02-14)
Areas affected United States, particularly east of the Rocky Mountains

The Great Blizzard of 1899 also known as the Great Arctic Outbreak of 1899 and the St. Valentine's Day Blizzard, was an unprecedented winter weather event that affected most of the U.S., especially areas east of the Rocky mountains. On February 11, Swift Current in what is now Saskatchewan reported a record-high barometric pressure of 31.42 inches of mercury (1,064 mb).[2]:1

Arctic cold

Temperature map of the United States during the storm

For the 1895-2017 period in the contiguous U.S.:

  • February 1899 was the second-coldest February (behind only 1936).[3]
  • December 1898 through February 1899 was the third coldest meteorological winter (behind the coldest 1978/79 and the second-coldest 1935/36).[4]
  • February 1899 was the coldest February in Kansas, Missouri, and Wyoming.[5]

The following low temperatures occurred during the last ten days of January and the first three weeks of February:[6]

Northeast

Connecticut

16th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[7]

Delaware

Ninth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[8]

Maine

28th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[10]

Maryland

Eighth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[12]

Massachusetts

25th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[14]

New Hampshire

33rd-coldest February, 1895-2017.[16]

New Jersey

11th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[18]

New York

25th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[21]

Pennsylvania

12th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[25]

Rhode Island

14th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[30]

Vermont

37th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[31]

Northern Rockies and Plains

Montana

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[33]

Nebraska

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[38]

North Dakota

Fourth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[44]

South Dakota

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[47]

Wyoming

Coldest February, 1895-2017.[51]

Northwest

Idaho

19th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[55]

Oregon

14th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[58]

Washington

11th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[60]

Ohio Valley

Illinois

Sixth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[65]

Indiana

Seventh-coldest February, 1895-2017.[71]

Kentucky

Third-coldest February, 1895-2017.[75]

Missouri

Coldest February, 1895-2017.[80]

Ohio

Tenth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[84]

Tennessee

Fourth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[90]

West Virginia

Eighth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[95]

South

Arkansas

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[99]

Kansas

Coldest February, 1895-2017.[103]

Louisiana

Fourth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[108]

Mississippi

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[113]

Oklahoma

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[116]

Texas

Third-coldest February, 1895-2017.[119]

Southeast

Alabama

Fifth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[128]

District of Columbia

Florida

51st-coldest February, 1895-2017.[133]

Georgia

22nd-coldest February, 1895-2017.[140]

North Carolina

12th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[146]

South Carolina

20th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[150]

Virginia

Sixth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[153]

Southwest

Arizona

37th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[157]

Colorado

Second-coldest February, 1895-2017.[161]

New Mexico

Ninth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[166]

Utah

26th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[168]

Upper Midwest

Iowa

Third-coldest February, 1895-2017.[170]

Michigan

Fifth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[175]

Minnesota

Fifth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[181]

Wisconsin

Fourth-coldest February, 1895-2017.[187]

West

California

47th-coldest February, 1895-2017.[193]

Nevada

52nd-coldest February, 1895-2017.[198]

Winter weather

On February 12, snow flurries were reported in some areas from New Orleans eastward to Fort Myers and Tampa, Florida.[1] The storm crossed the Florida peninsula and intensified as it moved rapidly up the east coast.[2]High Point, North Carolina recorded 10-12 inches (250-300 mm) of snow.[3] Washington, D. C. recorded a single-day snowfall of 20.5 inches (520 mm), which was a record for the time. (On January 28, 1772, 36 inches (91 cm) of snow fell in the Washington area during the "Washington and Jefferson Snowstorm"; however that was before official record-keeping began.[201])

On February 19, ice floes were reported to be moving out of the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico.[2]:48 On February 14, New Orleans dropped to 6 °F (-14.4 °C), an all-time record.[111] The previous day, the city experienced its coldest-ever Mardi Gras low temperature of 7 °F (-13.9 °C). The Rex parade was delayed while snow was removed from the route.[202][203]

The low temperature in Miami, Florida on February 14 dropped to 29 °F (-1.7 °C). The city has recorded a lower temperature only three times since record-keeping began on September 6, 1895.[204]

Casualties, damages, and inconveniences

The Great Arctic Outbreak of 1899 had disastrous impact across many areas of the continental U.S. and Cuba as people, livestock, and wildlife succumbed to the frigid cold.

U.S. bird populations were decimated across the nation. Henderson County, Tennessee saw nearly the complete extinction of its bluebird population [205] and Culpeper County, as well as most northern and central Virginia counties lost nearly all of its quail, having to import new birds in the late teens and 1920s to repopulate the areas.[206] Pine Warblers were also especially decimated.

Some of the bird species affected:[207]

It has been estimated that over 100 people died. In Brooklyn, 31 year-old Mary Goodwin was frozen to death and a thinly clad, unidentified woman in The Dalles, Oregon was found frozen to death in a hallway in an attempt to find warmth. Mail carriers Palmer and Hawkins of New York were thought to have drowned attempting to deliver the mail. It is believed that their boat, overturned by the high winds, was crushed by the floating ice.[208]

Crops were ruined, and orchards were utterly destroyed in Georgia.[209] Walla Walla, Washington's majority of wheat was frozen out, with Eureka flat seeing the most damage.[210]

Traffic was brought to a complete standstill in all parts of the country. Barges in the Mississippi, which was in some parts entirely frozen through, and Great Lakes were brought to a complete standstill by ice. Traffic across all railroads were delayed or paralyzed indefinitely and steamers and liners were likewise delayed.[211]

References

  1. ^ Griffin, Melissa (February 11, 2015). "The Great Blizzard of 1899". WeatherSTEM. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv "Forecasts and Warnings" (PDF). Monthly Weather Review. February 1899. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ "February, Average temperature, Contiguous U.S". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  4. ^ "December through February, Average temperature, Contiguous U.S". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  5. ^ "February, Average temperature, Kansas, Missouri, Wyoming (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  6. ^ Kocin, Paul J.; Weiss, Alan D.; Wagner, Joseph J. (December 1988). "The Great Arctic Outbreak and East Coast Blizzard of February 1899". Weather and Forecasting. 3 (4): 306, 308-309, 311-313. Bibcode:1988WtFor...3..305K. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1988)003<0305:TGAOAE>2.0.CO;2. 
  7. ^ "February, Average temperature, Connecticut (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  8. ^ "February, Average temperature, Delaware (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  9. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Newark Univ Farm, DE; Climatological Data for Wilmington Area, DE - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Philadelphia/Mount Holly. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ "February, Average temperature, Maine (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  11. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Gardiner, ME - February 1899 and for Portland Area, ME - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Boston, MA. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ "February, Average temperature, Maryland (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  13. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Baltimore Area -- Hagerstown 1 E, MD -- Solomons, MD". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Baltimore/Washington. Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ "February, Average temperature, Massachusetts (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Boston Area, MA and for Milton Area, MA; Climatological Data for Worcester Area, MA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Boston, MA. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ "February, Average temperature, New Hampshire (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  17. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Concord Area, NH - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Boston, MA. Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ "February, Average temperature, New Jersey (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  19. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Atlantic City Area, NJ - February 1899; Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Trenton Area, NJ". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Philadelphia/Mount Holly. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Weather Bureau (1902). Report of the Chief of the Weather Bureau. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2018. Table Showing the Lowest Temperatures (in Degrees Fahrenheit) Recorded 
  21. ^ "February, Average temperature, New York (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  22. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Albany Area, NY - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Albany, NY. Retrieved 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Buffalo Area, NY - February 1899 -- Rochester Area, NY - February 1899 -- Watertown, NY - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Buffalo, NY. Retrieved 2017. 
  24. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for New York - Central Park Area, NY; Climatological Data for West Point, NY - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, New York, NY. Retrieved 2017. 
  25. ^ "February, Average temperature, Pennsylvania (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  26. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Erie Area, PA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Cleveland, OH. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Hamburg, PA and for Philadelphia Area, PA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Philadelphia/Mount Holly. Retrieved 2017. 
  28. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Middletown-Harrisburg Area, PA and for State College, PA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, State College, PA. Retrieved 2017. 
  29. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Pittsburgh Area, PA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pittsburgh, PA. Retrieved 2017. 
  30. ^ "February, Average temperature, Rhode Island (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  31. ^ "February, Average temperature, Vermont (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  32. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Burlington Area, VT - February 1899 and for Northfield, VT - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Burlington, VT. Retrieved 2017. 
  33. ^ "February, Average temperature, Montana (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  34. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Big Timber, MT -- Billings Water Treatment Plant, MT -- Ekalaka, MT". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Billings, MT. Retrieved 2017. 
  35. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Butte Bert Money Airport, MT - February 1899 and for Kalispell Glacier Airport, MT - February 1899; Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Missoula Area, MT". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Missoula, MT. Retrieved 2018. 
  36. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Chinook, MT -- Great Falls, MT -- Havre Area, MT; Climatological Data for Helena, MT - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Great Falls, MT. Retrieved 2017. 
  37. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Glasgow Area, MT". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Glasgow, MT. Retrieved 2018. 
  38. ^ "February, Average temperature, Nebraska (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Alliance 1WNW, NE -- Bridgeport, NE -- Kimball 2NE, NE -- Lodgepole, NE -- Scottsbluff Area, NE". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Cheyenne, WY. Retrieved 2017. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "State Climate Extremes Committee - Records". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2017. 
  41. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Culbertson, NE". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Goodland, KS. Retrieved 2018. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Hay Springs, NE -- Imperial, NE -- North Platte Area, NE -- North Valentine Miller Field, NE". National Weather Service Forecast Office, North Platte, NE; Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Springview 2 NW, NE. Retrieved 2017. 
  43. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Lincoln Area, NE and for Omaha Area, NE". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Omaha/Valley, NE. Retrieved 2017. 
  44. ^ "February, Average temperature, North Dakota (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  45. ^ a b c d e f g "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Ashley, ND -- Bottineau, ND -- Dickinson Exp Station, ND -- Jamestown State Hosp, ND -- Mohall, ND -- Williston Area, ND; Climatological Data for Bismark Area, ND - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Bismark, ND. Retrieved 2018. 
  46. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Fargo Area, ND -- Grand Forks Area, ND -- Minnewaukan, ND". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Grand Forks, ND. Retrieved 2018. 
  47. ^ "February, Average temperature, South Dakota (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  48. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Aberdeen Area, SD -- Bowdle, SD -- Highmore 1 W, SD -- Kennebec, SD -- Watertown Regional AP, SD". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Aberdeen, SD. Retrieved 2018. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Camp Crook, SD -- Hot Springs, SD -- Oelrichs, SD; Climatological Data for Rapid City WBO, SD - February 1899 and for Spearfish, SD - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Rapid City, SD. Retrieved 2018. 
  50. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Sioux Falls Area, SD". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Sioux Falls, SD. Retrieved 2017. 
  51. ^ "February, Average temperature, Wyoming (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  52. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Basin, WY and for Lovell, WY; Climatological Data for Yellowstone Park Mammoth, Wyoming - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Western and Central Wyoming. Retrieved 2017. 
  53. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Cheyenne, WY". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Cheyenne, WY. Retrieved 2017. 
  54. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Evanston 1 E, WY - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Salt Lake City, UT. Retrieved 2017. 
  55. ^ "February, Average temperature, Idaho (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  56. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Lewiston Area, ID - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Spokane, WA. Retrieved 2017. 
  57. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Riggins, ID". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Missoula, MT. Retrieved 2018. 
  58. ^ "February, Average temperature, Oregon (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  59. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Corvallis State University, OR -- Forest Grove, OR -- Salem Area, OR". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Portland, OR. Retrieved 2018. 
  60. ^ "February, Average temperature, Washington (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  61. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Pullman Area, WA; Climatological Data for Spokane Area, WA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Spokane, WA. Retrieved 2017. 
  62. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Seattle Area, WA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Seattle, WA. Retrieved 2017. 
  63. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Tri-Cities Area, WA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pendleton, OR. Retrieved 2017. 
  64. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Vancouver 4 NNE, WA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Portland, OR. Retrieved 2018. 
  65. ^ "February, Average temperature, Illinois (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  66. ^ a b c Jim Angel, state climatologist (2007). "Historical Climate Data: Temperature Extremes for Station 110055 ALBION, IL -- Station 112736 ELGIN, IL -- Station 118147 SPARTA 1 W, IL". Illinois State Water Survey. Retrieved 2018. 
  67. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Aurora, IL -- Chicago Area, IL -- Elgin, IL (2007-2017) -- Ottawa 5SW, IL; Climatological Data for Elgin, IL - February 1899 and for Joliet, IL - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Chicago, IL. Retrieved 2018. 
  68. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Champaign 3S, IL -- Palestine, IL -- Peoria Area, IL -- Springfield Area, IL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Central Illinois. Retrieved 2018. 
  69. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Fairfield Radio WFIW, IL and for Mt Vernon 3 NE, IL; Climatological Data for Mt Vernon 3 NE, IL - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Paducah, KY. Retrieved 2018. 
  70. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Nashville 1 E, IL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, St. Louis, MO. Retrieved 2017. 
  71. ^ "February, Average temperature, Indiana (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Anderson Sewage Plant, IN -- Bloomington Indiana Univ, IN -- Columbus, IN -- Indianapolis Area, IN -- Oolitic Purdue Ex Frm, IN -- Shelbyville Sewage Plant, IN -- Vincennes 4 E, IN -- Washington 1 W, IN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Indianapolis, IN. Retrieved 2017. 
  73. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Angola, IN -- South Bend Area, IN -- Fort Wayne Area, IN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Northern Indiana. Retrieved 2017. 
  74. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Evansville Area, IN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Paducah, Kentucky. Retrieved 2017. 
  75. ^ "February, Average temperature, Kentucky (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  76. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Ashland, KY". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Charleston, WV. Retrieved 2017. 
  77. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Bowling Green Warren County Airport, KY -- Georgetown Water Wks, KY -- Lexington Area, KY -- Louisville Area, KY". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Louisville, KY. Retrieved 2017. 
  78. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Henderson 8 SSW, KY and for Hopkinsville, KY". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Paducah, Kentucky. Retrieved 2017. 
  79. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Maysville Wastewater Treatment Plant, KY". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wilmington, OH. Retrieved 2017. 
  80. ^ "February, Average temperature, Texas (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  81. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Columbia Area, MO -- Jefferson City WTR PL, MO -- St Charles Elm Point, MO -- St Louis Area, MO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, St. Louis, MO. Retrieved 2017. 
  82. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Kansas City Area, MO -- Maryville 2E, MO -- Oregon, MO -- Sedalia Water Plant, MO. -- Warrensburg 4NW, MO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Kansas City/Pleasant Hill. Retrieved 2017. 
  83. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Marble Hill, MO and for Poplar Bluff, MO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Paducah, KY. Retrieved 2017. 
  84. ^ "February, Average temperature, Ohio (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  85. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Akron Area, OH -- Cleveland Area, OH -- Toledo Area, OH". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Cleveland, OH. Retrieved 2018. 
  86. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Bellefontaine, OH -- Celina 3 NE, OH -- Cincinnati Area, OH -- Circleville, OH -- Columbus Area, OH -- Dayton Area, OH -- Hillsboro, OH -- Portsmouth-Sciotoville, OH -- Waverly, OH". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wilmington, OH. Retrieved 2018. 
  87. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for McArthur, OH and for McConnellsville LK 7, OH". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Charleston, WV. Retrieved 2017. 
  88. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Napoleon, OH". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Northern Indiana. Retrieved 2018. 
  89. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Zanesville Area, OH". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pittsburgh, PA. Retrieved 2017. 
  90. ^ "February, Average temperature, Tennessee (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  91. ^ a b c d e f g "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Carthage, TN -- Clarksville WWTP, TN -- Franklin Sewage Plant, TN -- McMinnville, TN -- Murfreesboro 5N, TN -- Nashville Area, TN -- Tullahoma, TN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Nashville, TN. Retrieved 2018. 
  92. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Chattanooga Area, TN -- Elizabethton, TN -- Knoxville Area, TN -- Newport 1 NW, TN -- Rogersville 1 NE, TN -- Tellico Plains, TN; Climatological Data for Knoxville Area - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Morristown, TN. Retrieved 2017. 
  93. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Jackson Exp Sta, TN and for Memphis Area, TN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Memphis, TN. Retrieved 2018. 
  94. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Sewanee, TN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Huntsville, AL. Retrieved 2017. 
  95. ^ "February, Average temperature, West Virginia (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Beckley Area, WV -- Buckhannon, WV -- Glenville, WV -- Hamlin, WV -- Huntington Area, WV -- Marlinton, WV -- Philippi, WV -- Weston, WV". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Charleston, WV. Retrieved 2017. 
  97. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Moorefield 1 SSE, WV and for Upper Tract, WV". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Baltimore/Washington. Retrieved 2017. 
  98. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Morgantown Area, WV -- New Cumberland L/D, WV -- Parsons 1 NE, WV". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pittsburgh, PA. Retrieved 2017. 
  99. ^ "February, Average temperature, Arkansas (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  100. ^ a b c d e f g h "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Amity 2 SE, AR -- Brinkley, AR -- Camden 1, AR -- Conway, AR -- Hardy, AR -- Little Rock Area, AR -- Newport, AR -- Pine Bluff, AR". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Little Rock, AR. Retrieved 2018. 
  101. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Corning, AR -- Jonesboro Area, AR -- Pocahontas 1, AR". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Memphis, TN. Retrieved 2017. 
  102. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Fayetteville Exp Sta, AR and for Fort Smith Area, AR". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tulsa, OK. Retrieved 2018. 
  103. ^ "February, Average temperature, Kansas (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  104. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Abilene, KS -- Concordia Area, KS -- Lawrence, KS -- Manhattan, KS -- Topeka Area, KS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Topeka, KS. Retrieved 2018. 
  105. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Atchison, KS and for Olathe 3E, KS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Kansas City/Pleasant Hill. Retrieved 2018. 
  106. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Dodge City Area, KS -- Meade, KS -- Pratt, KS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Dodge City, KS. Retrieved 2018. 
  107. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Fall River Lake, KS -- Norwich, KS -- Sedan, KS -- Wellington, KS -- Wichita Area, KS -- Yates Center, KS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wichita, KS. Retrieved 2017. 
  108. ^ "February, Average temperature, Louisiana (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  109. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Alexandria, LA -- Franklin 3 NW, LA -- Jennings, LA -- Lafayette Regional AP, LA -- Lake Charles Area, LA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Lake Charles, LA. Retrieved 2017. 
  110. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Bastrop, LA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Jackson, MS. Retrieved 2017. 
  111. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Baton Rouge Area, LA and for New Orleans Audubon, LA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, New Orleans/Baton Rouge, LA. Retrieved 2017. 
  112. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Minden, LA -- Plain Dealing, LA -- Ruston LA Tech, LA -- Shreveport Area, LA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Shreveport, LA. Retrieved 2017. 
  113. ^ "February, Average temperature, Mississippi (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  114. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Aberdeen, MS and for Booneville, MS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Memphis, TN. Retrieved 2017. 
  115. ^ a b c d e f g h "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Brookhaven City, MS -- Canton 4N, MS -- Hattiesburg 5SW, MS -- Kosciusko, MS -- Louisville, MS -- Meridian Area, MS -- Natchez, MS -- State University, MS". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Jackson, MS. Retrieved 2017. 
  116. ^ "February, Average temperature, Oklahoma (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  117. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Beaver, OK". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Amarillo, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  118. ^ a b c d e f g "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Guthrie 5S, OK -- Healdton 3 E, OK -- Newkirk 5NE, OK -- Norman 3SSE, OK -- Oklahoma City Area, OK -- Perry, OK -- Stillwater 2 W, OK; Climatological Data for Norman 3SSE, OK - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Norman, OK. Retrieved 2017. 
  119. ^ "February, Average temperature, Texas (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  120. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Amarillo Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Amarillo, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  121. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Austin Area, TX and for San Antonio Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Austin/San Antonio, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  122. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Brenham, TX -- College Station Area, TX -- Conroe, TX -- Danevang 1 W, TX -- Galveston Area, TX -- Houston Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Houston, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  123. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Brownsville Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Brownsville, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  124. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Corpus Christi Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Corpus Christi, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  125. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Dallas-Fort Worth Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Fort Worth, TX. Retrieved 2017. 
  126. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for El Paso Area, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, El Paso Area. Retrieved 2017. 
  127. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Marshall, TX". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Shreveport, LA. Retrieved 2017. 
  128. ^ "February, Average temperature, Alabama (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  129. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Birmingham Area, AL -- Montgomery Area, AL -- Oneonta, AL -- Talledega, AL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Birmingham, AL. Retrieved 2018. 
  130. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Mobile Area, AL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Mobile/Pensacola. Retrieved 2017. 
  131. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Muscle Shoals Area, AL -- Scottsboro, AL -- Valley Head, AL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Huntsville, AL. Retrieved 2017. 
  132. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Washington Area, DC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Baltimore/Washington. Retrieved 2017. 
  133. ^ "February, Average temperature, Florida (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  134. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Tampa Area, FL -- Inverness 3 SE, FL -- Plant City, FL -- Saint Leo, FL -- Tarpon Spgs Sewage Pl, FL -- Bartow 1SE, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tampa Bay, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  135. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Tallahassee Area, FL -- De Funiak Springs 1 E, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tallahassee, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  136. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Gainesville Area, FL -- Jacksonville Area, FL -- Federal Point, FL -- Lake City 2 E, FL -- Live Oak, FL -- Ocala, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Jacksonville, FL. Retrieved 2018. 
  137. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Key West Area, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Key West, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  138. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Miami Area, FL -- West Palm Beach Area, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Miami-South Florida, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  139. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Orlando Area, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Melbourne, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  140. ^ "February, Average temperature, Georgia (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  141. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Atlanta Area, GA -- Columbus Area, GA -- Rome Area, GA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Peachtree City, GA. Retrieved 2017. 
  142. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Augusta Area, GA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Columbia, SC. Retrieved 2017. 
  143. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Blakely, GA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tallahassee, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  144. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Savannah Area, GA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Charleston, SC. Retrieved 2017. 
  145. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Waycross 4 NE, GA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Jacksonville, FL. Retrieved 2018. 
  146. ^ "February, Average temperature, North Carolina (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  147. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Chapel Hill 2 W, NC -- Fayetville (PWC), NC -- Raleigh Area, NC -- Taboro 1 S, NC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Raleigh, NC. Retrieved 2017. 
  148. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Charlotte Area, NC -- Greenville-Spartanburg Area, NC -- Hendersonville 1 NE, NC -- Highlands, NC -- Monroe 2 SE, NC -- Salisbury, NC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Greenville-Spartanburg, NC. Retrieved 2017. 
  149. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Wilmington Area, NC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wilmington, NC. Retrieved 2017. 
  150. ^ "February, Average temperature, South Carolina (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  151. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Columbia Area, SC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Columbia, SC. Retrieved 2017. 
  152. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Santuck, SC". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Greenville-Spartanburg, NC. Retrieved 2017. 
  153. ^ "February, Average temperature, Virginia (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  154. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Bedford, VA -- Hot Springs, VA -- Lynchburg Area, VA -- Wytheville 1 S, VA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Blacksburg, VA. Retrieved 2017. 
  155. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Charlottesville 2W, VA -- Dale Enterprise, VA -- Staunton Water Treatment Plant, VA -- Warrenton 3 SE, VA -- Woodstock 2 NE, VA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Baltimore/Washington. Retrieved 2017. 
  156. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Norfolk Area, VA; Climatological Data for Richmond Area, VA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wakefield, VA. Retrieved 2017. 
  157. ^ "February, Average temperature, Arizona (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  158. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Phoenix Area, AZ". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Phoenix, AZ. Retrieved 2017. 
  159. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Prescott, AZ -- Williams, AZ". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Flagstaff, AZ. Retrieved 2018. 
  160. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Tucson Area, AZ". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tucson, AZ. Retrieved 2017. 
  161. ^ "February, Average temperature, Colorado (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  162. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Breckenridge Area, CO -- Denver Area, CO -- Fort Collins Area, CO; Climatological Data for Boulder, CO - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Denver-Boulder, CO. Retrieved 2017. 
  163. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Colorado Springs Area, CO -- Lamar Area, CO -- Las Animas, CO -- Pueblo Area, CO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pueblo, CO. Retrieved 2017. 
  164. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Mancos 1SW, CO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Grand Junction, CO. Retrieved 2017. 
  165. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Wray, CO". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Goodland, KS. Retrieved 2018. 
  166. ^ "February, Average temperature, New Mexico (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  167. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Albuquerque Area, NM - February 1899 and for Roswell Area, NM - February 1899; Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Clayton Area, NM". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Albuquerque, NM. Retrieved 2017. 
  168. ^ "February, Average temperature, Utah (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  169. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Heber, UT -- Logan Utah St U, UT -- Salt Lake City Area, UT -- St. George, UT". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Salt Lake City, UT. Retrieved 2017. 
  170. ^ "February, Average temperature, Iowa (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  171. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Cedar Rapids No 1, IA and for Iowa City, IA; Climatological Data for Dubuque, IA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Quad Cities. Retrieved 2017. 
  172. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Des Moines Area, IA; Climatological Data for Waterloo Area, IA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Des Moines, IA. Retrieved 2017. 
  173. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for New Hampton, IA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, La Crosse, WI. Retrieved 2018. 
  174. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Sioux City Area, IA and for Spencer Area, IA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Sioux Falls, SD. Retrieved 2017. 
  175. ^ "February, Average temperature, Michigan (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  176. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Ann Arbor U of Mich, MI -- Detroit Area, MI -- Flint Bishop Intl Ap, MI -- Howell WWTP, MI -- Saginaw Area, MI; Climatological Data for Owosso WWTP, MI - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Detroit/Pontiac. Retrieved 2018. 
  177. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Baldwin, MI -- Battle Creek Kellogg AP, MI -- Big Rapids Waterworks, MI -- Grand Rapids Area, MI -- Hart 3 WSW, MI -- Hastings, MI -- Ionia 2SSW, MI -- Muskegon Area, MI -- South Haven, MI; Climatological Data for Lansing Area, MI - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Grand Rapids, MI. Retrieved 2017. 
  178. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Frankfort 2NE, MI -- Lake City Exp Farm, MI -- Manistee 3SE, MI -- Sault Ste Marie Area, MI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Gaylord, MI. Retrieved 2018. 
  179. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Newberry Correctional Facility, MI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Marquette, MI. Retrieved 2018. 
  180. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Three Rivers, MI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Northern Indiana. Retrieved 2017. 
  181. ^ "February, Average temperature, Minnesota (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  182. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Bemidji, MN -- Bemidji Municipal AP -- Detroit Lakes 1 NNE, MN -- Park Rapids Municipal AP, MN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Grand Forks, ND. Retrieved 2017. 
  183. ^ a b c "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Brainerd, MN and for Tower 1 2S, MN; Climatological Data for Duluth Area, MN - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Duluth, MN. Retrieved 2017. 
  184. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Caledonia, MN and for Grand Meadow, MN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, La Crosse, WI. Retrieved 2017. 
  185. ^ a b c d e f "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Long Prairie, MN -- Milaca, MN -- Milan 1 NW, MN -- Minneapolis-St Paul Area, MN -- Saint Cloud Area, MN -- Zumbrota, MN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Twin Cities. Retrieved 2017. 
  186. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Pipestone, MN". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Sioux Falls, SD. Retrieved 2017. 
  187. ^ "February, Average temperature, Wisconsin (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  188. ^ a b c d e f g h "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Chilton, WI -- Green Bay Area, WI -- Manitowoc, WI -- New London, WI -- Oshkosh, WI -- Shawano 2SSW, WI -- Stevens Point, WI -- Wausau Area, WI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Green Bay, WI. Retrieved 2018. 
  189. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Eau Claire Area, WI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Twin Cities. Retrieved 2017. 
  190. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Hayward Area, WI and for Spooner Ag Research Station, WI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Duluth, MN. Retrieved 2017. 
  191. ^ a b c d e "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Madison Area, WI -- Milwaukee Area, WI -- Port Washington, WI -- Racine, WI -- Waukesha, WI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Milwaukee/Sullivan. Retrieved 2018. 
  192. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Medford, WI and for Neillsville 3ESE, WI". National Weather Service Forecast Office, La Crosse, WI. Retrieved 2018. 
  193. ^ "February, Average temperature, California (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  194. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Berkeley, CA - February 1899 and for San Francisco Downtown, CA - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, San Francisco Bay Area/Monterey. Retrieved 2018. 
  195. ^ a b c d "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Fresno Area, CA -- Los Angeles Downtown/USC, CA -- Pomona/Fairplex, CA -- Santa Barbara, CA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Haxnard, CA. Retrieved 2018. 
  196. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for San Diego Area, CA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, San Diego, CA. Retrieved 2017. 
  197. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Yreka, CA". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Medford, OR. Retrieved 2017. 
  198. ^ "February, Average temperature, Nevada (statewide)". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2018. 
  199. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Carson City, NV - February 1899 and for Reno Area, NV - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Reno, NV. Retrieved 2018. 
  200. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Climatological Data for Elko Area, NV - February 1899". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Elko, NV. Retrieved 2017. 
  201. ^ National Weather Service, Mid Atlantic Winters - SNOW, WIND, ICE, AND COLD
  202. ^ "2013 Mardi Gras Climatology". National Weather Service. January 6, 2013. 
  203. ^ "Weather Service Marks Centennial of Benchmark Cold Wave". NOAA News. February 9, 1999. 
  204. ^ "NOAA Online Weather: Lowest Min Temperature by Day for Miami Area, FL". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Miami-South Florida, FL. Retrieved 2017. 
  205. ^ Coggins, Allen, R. (2012). Tennessee Tragedies: Natural, Technological, and Societal Disasters in the Volunteer State. Knoxville: Univ. Tennessee Press. p. 80. ISBN 9781572338418. 
  206. ^ Johnston, Donnie (January 3, 2011). "Culpeper Part of State Plan to Restore Quail". The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved 2017. 
  207. ^ Wayne, Arthur T. (April 1899). "Destruction of Birds by the Great Cold Wave of February 13 and 14, 1899". The Auk. 16: 197-198 - via JSTOR. 
  208. ^ "Severe Storm". Daily Capital Journal. February 13, 1899. Retrieved 2017. 
  209. ^ "More Slides Feared". The Dalles Daily Chronicle. February 14, 1899. Retrieved 2017. 
  210. ^ "Wheat Badly Damaged". The Dalles Daily Chronicle. February 14, 1899. Retrieved 2017. 
  211. ^ "Terrible Havoc By Blizzards". The Dalles Daily Chronicle. February 14, 1899. Retrieved 2017. 

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Great_Blizzard_of_1899
 



 

Top US Cities