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Greene County, Illinois
Greene County, IL Events Directory
 
About Greene County, IL

Greene County, Illinois
Image Greene County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Greene County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Carrollton
Largest city White Hall
Area
 o Total 546 sq mi (1,414 km2)
 o Land 543 sq mi (1,406 km2)
 o Water 3.3 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%
Population
 o (2010) 13,886
 o Density 26/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 13th
Central: UTC-6/-5

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 13,886.[1] Its county seat is Carrollton.[2]

It has a notable archaeological area known as the Koster Site, at which evidence of more than 7,000 years of human habitation has been excavated. Exhibits of artifacts from the site are displayed at the Center for American Archeology in Kampsville, Illinois.

History

Greene County is named in honor of General Nathanael Greene, a hero of the Revolutionary War.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 543 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather

Carrollton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
34
16
 
 
1.8
 
 
40
20
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
64
42
 
 
4.3
 
 
74
52
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
 
87
65
 
 
2.8
 
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
 
78
54
 
 
2.6
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
32
 
 
2.6
 
 
39
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carrollton have ranged from a low of 16 °F (-9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of -26 °F (-32 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in May.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Greene County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,886 people, 5,570 households, and 3,777 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 25.6 inhabitants per square mile (9.9/km2). There were 6,389 housing units at an average density of 11.8 per square mile (4.6/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 30.7% were German, 14.7% were Irish, 13.3% were English, and 12.1% were American.[13]

Of the 5,570 households, 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, and 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 41.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,450 and the median income for a family was $52,049. Males had a median income of $38,185 versus $27,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,107. About 11.8% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 74.2% 4,145 21.6% 1,205 4.2% 235
2012 61.2% 3,451 35.9% 2,023 2.9% 163
2008 52.4% 3,053 45.0% 2,619 2.6% 154
2004 58.7% 3,559 40.5% 2,457 0.9% 52
2000 54.3% 3,129 43.2% 2,490 2.6% 148
1996 37.8% 2,245 46.1% 2,734 16.1% 955
1992 34.0% 2,391 45.0% 3,164 21.0% 1,477
1988 50.6% 3,136 48.7% 3,020 0.8% 47
1984 61.0% 4,057 38.5% 2,563 0.5% 35
1980 59.3% 4,224 36.6% 2,607 4.1% 289
1976 47.4% 3,706 51.8% 4,057 0.8% 64
1972 62.1% 4,673 37.6% 2,824 0.3% 24
1968 51.2% 3,944 40.1% 3,094 8.7% 670
1964 39.6% 3,128 60.5% 4,781
1960 53.8% 4,487 46.1% 3,847 0.1% 10
1956 54.6% 4,718 45.2% 3,909 0.2% 19
1952 55.0% 5,019 45.0% 4,106 0.1% 7
1948 47.1% 3,639 52.2% 4,035 0.7% 53
1944 49.7% 4,261 49.8% 4,268 0.5% 45
1940 44.3% 4,840 55.1% 6,015 0.6% 70
1936 37.1% 3,916 61.7% 6,510 1.1% 118
1932 30.6% 2,857 68.0% 6,347 1.4% 131
1928 51.1% 4,299 48.4% 4,076 0.6% 46
1924 39.7% 3,527 52.4% 4,648 7.9% 703
1920 48.0% 3,685 49.2% 3,776 2.9% 222
1916 35.6% 3,400 64.4% 6,150 0.0% 0
1912 17.0% 831 57.4% 2,801 25.5% 1,244
1908 37.2% 2,004 58.6% 3,159 4.2% 226
1904 40.1% 1,959 54.3% 2,649 5.6% 272
1900 35.5% 2,131 63.1% 3,785 1.4% 81
1896 36.9% 2,365 62.1% 3,983 1.0% 65
1892 35.2% 1,967 56.2% 3,146 8.6% 481

As one of the most northerly "southern" counties in Illinois, Greene County was rock-ribbed Democratic for the seventy years after the Civil War, which it opposed as a "Yankee" war. Not until considerable anti-Catholic sentiment against Al Smith turned many voters to Herbert Hoover did the county support a Republican presidential nominee. However, with the coming of World War II, opposition to American involvement led to gains for Wendell Willkie and Thomas E. Dewey, although apart from the 1960 election - also influenced by Catholicism - Greene was a bellwether county throughout the period from 1928 to 2004.

In recent years, like most of downstate Illinois, opposition to the Democratic Party's liberal views on social issues, along with economic problems, has caused very rapid swings toward the Republican Party. Hillary Clinton's 2016 tally of 21.6 percent of the county's vote is fifteen percent worse than any Democrat before 2010.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143. 
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carrollton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 39°21?N 90°23?W / 39.35°N 90.39°W / 39.35; -90.39


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Greene_County,_Illinois
 



 

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