Gulfport, Mississippi
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About Gulfport, MS
Gulfport, Mississippi
City
City of Gulfport
Highway sign along U.S. Route 90
Highway sign along U.S. Route 90
Motto: Where Your Ship Comes In
Location of Gulfport in the State of Mississippi
Location of Gulfport in the State of Mississippi
Gulfport is located in Mississippi
Gulfport
Gulfport
Gulfport is located in the US
Gulfport
Gulfport
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°24?6?N 89°4?34?W / 30.40167°N 89.07611°W / 30.40167; -89.07611Coordinates: 30°24?6?N 89°4?34?W / 30.40167°N 89.07611°W / 30.40167; -89.07611
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Harrison
Incorporated July 28, 1898
Government
 o Type Mayor, 7 Member Council
 o Mayor Billy Hewes (R)
Area
 o City 64.2 sq mi (166.4 km2)
 o Land 56.9 sq mi (147.4 km2)
 o Water 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 o City 67,793
 o Estimate (2016)[2] 72,076
 o Rank US: 476th
 o Density 1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
 o Urban 208,948 (US: 175th)
 o Metro 382,516 (US: 137th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 o Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 39501-39503, 39505-39507
Area code(s) 228
FIPS code 28-29700
GNIS feature ID 0670771
Website City of Gulfport

Gulfport is the second largest city in Mississippi after the state capital, Jackson. It is the larger of the two principal cities of the Gulfport-Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area,[3] which is included in the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, Mississippi Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city of Gulfport had a total population of 67,793. Gulfport is co-county seat with Biloxi of Harrison County, Mississippi. Gulfport is also home to the US Navy Atlantic Fleet Seabees.[4]

History

Steamer loading resin in Gulfport, 1906
U.S. President Gerald Ford visited Gulfport during his 1976 reelection campaign

An early settlement near this location, known as Mississippi City, appeared on a map of Mississippi from 1855.[5] Mississippi City was the county seat of Harrison County from 1841 to 1902, but is now a suburb in east Gulfport.[6][7]

Gulfport was incorporated on July 28, 1898. Gulfport was founded by: William H. Hardy[8] who was president of the Gulf and Ship Island Railroad (G&SIRR) that connected inland lumber mills to the coast, and later on, joined by Joseph T. Jones who later took over the G&SIRR, dredged the harbor in Gulfport, and opened the shipping channel to the sea. In 1902, the harbor was completed and the Port of Gulfport became a working seaport that now accounts for millions of dollars in annual sales and tax revenue for the state of Mississippi.

In 1910, the U.S. Post Office and Customhouse was built. The Gulfport Post office was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[9]

In March 1916, Mayor George M. Foote announced that the Andrew Carnegie Corporation was going to place a Carnegie Library[10] in Gulfport.

On August 17, 1969 Gulfport and the Mississippi Gulf Coast was hit by Hurricane Camille. By central pressure, Camille was the second strongest U.S. land falling hurricane in recorded history. The area of total destruction in Harrison County, Mississippi was 68 square miles (180 km2).[11] The total estimated cost of damage was $1.42 billion (1969 USD, $9 billion 2012 USD).[12] This made Camille the second-most expensive hurricane in the United States, up to that point (behind Hurricane Betsy).[13] The storm directly killed 143 people along Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

In December 1993, the City annexed 33 square miles (85 km2) north of Gulfport making it the second largest city in Mississippi.

Hurricane Katrina

Damage to Marine Life Oceanarium and Casinos at port facility

On August 29, 2005, Gulfport was hit by the strong eastern side of Hurricane Katrina. Much of the city was flooded or destroyed in one day by the strong, hurricane-force winds which lasted over 16 hours and a storm surge exceeding 28 feet (9 m) in some sections.[11]

Hurricane Katrina damaged over 40 Mississippi libraries, gutting the Gulfport Public Library, first floor, and breaking windows on the second floor, beyond repair, requiring total reconstruction.[12]

The Sun Herald newspaper in Biloxi-Gulfport, under the executive editor Stanley R. Tiner, won the 2006 Pulitzer Prize in journalism for its Katrina coverage.

The local ABC television affiliate, WLOX, won The Peabody Award for its Hurricane Katrina coverage.[13]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 64.2 sq mi (166.4 km2), of which 56.9 sq mi (147.4 km2) is land and 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2) (11.40%) is water.

Gulfport, Mississippi (map center) is east of Long Beach, west of Biloxi, along the Gulf of Mexico.

Climate

Gulfport has a humid subtropical climate, which is strongly moderated by the Gulf of Mexico. Winters are short and generally warm, cold spells do occur, but seldom last long. Snow flurries are rare in the city, with no notable accumulation occurring most years. Summers are generally long, hot and humid, though the city's proximity to the Gulf prevents extreme summer highs, as seen farther inland. Gulfport is subject to extreme weather, most notably tropical storm activity through the Gulf of Mexico.

Climate data for Gulfport, Mississippi (Gulfport-Biloxi Int'l), 1981-2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 60.9
(16.1)
62.8
(17.1)
69.7
(20.9)
77.0
(25)
83.8
(28.8)
89.1
(31.7)
90.5
(32.5)
90.6
(32.6)
87.2
(30.7)
79.8
(26.6)
71.1
(21.7)
62.6
(17)
77.1
(25.1)
Average low °F (°C) 41.6
(5.3)
43.3
(6.3)
50.0
(10)
58.0
(14.4)
66.3
(19.1)
72.4
(22.4)
74.3
(23.5)
74.4
(23.6)
69.6
(20.9)
59.5
(15.3)
49.3
(9.6)
42.5
(5.8)
58.4
(14.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.68
(68.1)
4.11
(104.4)
4.87
(123.7)
4.52
(114.8)
4.33
(110)
7.72
(196.1)
6.40
(162.6)
6.48
(164.6)
5.06
(128.5)
3.66
(93)
4.69
(119.1)
4.54
(115.3)
59.05
(1,499.9)
Average precipitation days 8.4 8.3 9.0 6.3 6.4 11.4 13.3 14.5 7.5 9.4 8.9 10.5 113.9
Source: NOAA[14]

Demographics

According to the census of 2010, there were 67,793 people residing in the city. The population density was 1,191.4 people per square mile (459.9/km²). The city had 50,825 or 74.97% of its population at the age of 18 and above. The racial makeup of the city was 56.86% White, 36.07% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.69% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 2.13% from other races, and 2.73% from two or more races. Results show that 5.19% of the population was Hispanic/Latino of any race.

There were 31,602 housing units at an average density of 555.4 per square mile (214.4/km²). The city had 83.24% of housing units occupied. There were an average of 2.57 persons living in each occupied housing unit.

Comparing the 2000 and 2010 Census, the population of the city went down while the total number of housing units rose. This can be attributed to Hurricane Katrina, which destroyed housing and displaced people. New housing development has continued with a mixture of redevelopment from hurricane damage, though not all of the displaced population returned.

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,943 households out of which 32.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.07.

In Gulfport, the population dispersal was 26.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,779, and the median income for a family was $39,213. Males had a median income of $29,220 versus $21,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,554. 17.7% of the population and 14.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.8% of those under the age of 18 and 13.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Gulfport is the location of Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport. The airport suffered extensive damage due to Hurricane Katrina. A major renovation project is for the most part completed and it has resumed commercial air service. New airlines are being regularly added.

Economy

Top employers

According to Gulfport's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[17] the top employers in the city were:

Arts and culture

Tourism

From its beginnings as a lumber port, Gulfport evolved into a diversified city. With about 6.7 miles (10.7 kilometers) of white sand beaches along the Gulf of Mexico, Gulfport has become a tourism destination, due in large part to Mississippi's Coast Casinos. Gulfport has served as host to popular cultural events such as the "World's Largest Fishing Rodeo," "Cruisin' the Coast" (a week of classic cars), and "Smokin' the Sound" (speedboat races). Gulfport is a thriving residential community with a strong mercantile center. There are historic neighborhoods and home sites, as well as diverse shopping opportunities and several motels scattered throughout to accommodate golfing, gambling, and water-sport tourism.

Education

Upstairs in Gulfport Public Library

The City of Gulfport is served by the Gulfport School District and the Harrison County School District. The Jefferson Davis Campus of Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College is also located in Gulfport.[18]

Before Hurricane Katrina, William Carey University had a satellite campus in Gulfport, but in 2009, the University moved to their new Tradition Campus, constructed off Mississippi Highway 67 in north Harrison County.[19]

The Gulf Park Campus of the University of Southern Mississippi is located in Long Beach, just west of Gulfport. In 2012, repairs and renovations to campus buildings were still in progress following devastation by Hurricane Katrina.[20]

Media

Gulfport's local newspaper is The Sun Herald. It is also served by two television stations, the ABC affiliate WLOX and CBS on WLOX-DT2, the Fox affiliate WXXV, WXXV Digital signal on Channel 25.2 as NBC 25 NBC affiliate, and WXXV Digital signal on Channel 25.3 as The Gulf Coast CW CW+ affiliate. There are also seven radio stations in the Gulfport area.[21]

Infrastructure

Air

Gulfport/Biloxi and the Gulf Coast area is served by the Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport.

Military installations at the airport include:

Law enforcement

State and Federal

  • MEMA
  • FEMA

Gulfport Police

The Gulfport Police Department has 170 sworn personnel and 80 civilian staff to serve the city.

U.S. Coast Guard

The U.S. Coast Guard operates 9 boats out of the port of Gulfport 4 of which are Patrol Boats. The Gulfport station has 110 members which include Active, Reserve and Coast Guard Auxiliary who respond to an average of 300 search and rescue cases annually.

Fire protection and EMS

Gulfport Fire Department

The Gulfport Fire Department was founded in 1908 and currently provides fire suppression, HAZMAT response, and technical rescue services within the city limits of Gulfport, Mississippi . The GFD operates out of 11 active stations and is staffed by professional firefighters.[22] The GFD works in conjunction with American Medical Response for EMS related emergencies.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, Mississippi Combined Statistical Area
  4. ^ "Home". Seabee.navy.mil. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Sketch II Showing the Progress of the Survey in Section No. 8, 1846 - 1855". United States Coast Survey. 1855. 
  6. ^ "Mississippi's Harrison County Coast at the Turn of the Twentieth Century". Loblolly Writer's House Site. 2006. 
  7. ^ "Mississippi City". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  8. ^ "M380 Hardy (William H. and Sallie J.) Papers". Lib.usm.edu. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Download". Nrhp.focus.nps.gov. 2014-04-28. Archived from the original on 2010-12-04. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ [1] Archived 2011-03-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Gary Tuchman, Transcript of "Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees" (2006-08-29) 19:00 ET, CNN, CNN.com web: CNN-ACooper082906: GARY TUCHMAN, CNN Correspondent: Responds to Anderson Cooper that it felt like it would never end, saying winds were at least 100 miles per hour in Gulfport for seven hours, between about 7:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. For another five or six hours, on each side of that, they [Gulfport] had hurricane-force winds over 75 miles per hour; much of the city [Gulfport, Mississippi, in Harrison County] of 71,000 was then under water.
  12. ^ "Hurricane Katrina Related Damages to Public Libraries in Mississippi" (September 2005), Mississippi Library Commission, web:ALA-Katrina Archived 2007-10-31 at the Wayback Machine..
  13. ^ "WLOX-TV Wins Prestigious Peabody Award For Hurricane Katrina Coverage - WLOX.com - The News for South Mississippi". WLOX.com. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved 2013. 
  16. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "City of Gulfport, Mississippi" (PDF). Gulfport-ms.gov. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "Tradition Campus | William Carey University". Wmcarey.edu. 2009-08-19. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-26. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ "Radio Stations in Gulfport MS". ontheradio.net. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ gulfport-ms.gov. "Gulfport-MS.gov | The Official Web Site for the City of Gulfport Mississippi". Gulfport-MS.gov | The Official Web Site for the City of Gulfport Mississippi. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ "The city of Gulfport honors Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf". WLOX13. Retrieved 2013. 
  24. ^ John H. Lang, History of Harrison County, Mississippi Dixie Press, 1935, p. 135
  25. ^ "Ronald Reagan: Nomination of Thomas H. Anderson, Jr., To Be United States Ambassador to Barbados". Presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved . 
  26. ^ "From 'Katrina Kid' To Nebraska Quarterback: Tommy Armstrong Beats The Odds". The Huffington Post. Retrieved . 
  27. ^ "Jerome Phillip Barkum". databaseFootball.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-14. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved . 
  29. ^ "Timmy Bowers". NBA Development League. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  30. ^ "Rod Davis". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  31. ^ "Brett Favre". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  32. ^ "Hardy (William H. and Sallie J.) Papers". The University of Southern Mississippi -- McCain Library and Archives. Retrieved 2013. 
  33. ^ "Josh Hayes". AMA Pro Racing. Retrieved 2013. 
  34. ^ University of Mississippi News: Attorney Boyce Holleman Remembered By Sons with $100,000 Gift to Law School Retrieved 2014-05-16.
  35. ^ Port of Gulfport (USA) / Mississippi State Port Authority (ID: 36200). Port of Gulfport (USA). p. 2. 
  36. ^ "Matt Lawton Stats". AMA Pro Racing. Retrieved 2013. 
  37. ^ Billy Hathorn, "Challenging the Status Quo: Rubel Lex Phillips and the Mississippi Republican Party (1963-1967)", The Journal of Mississippi History XLVII, November 1985, No. 4, p. 240-264
  38. ^ "Brittney Reese". USA Tack & Field. Retrieved 2013. 
  39. ^ "STUART ALLEN ROOSA (COLONEL, USAF, RET.)". NASA. Retrieved 2013. 
  40. ^ "#12 Tiffany Travis". University Athletic Assoc., Inc. Retrieved 2013. 
  41. ^ "Natasha Trethewey". Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 2013. 
  42. ^ "Tim Young". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2013. 

External links



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