H%C4%81%CA%BBena State Park
H??ena State Park
Ha?ena State Park
Ke?e Beach from the Kalalau Trail
North Shore Kauai
North Shore Kauai
Location Hawaii, U.S.
Nearest city Hanalei, Hawaii
Coordinates 22°13?15?N 159°34?42?W / 22.22083°N 159.57833°W / 22.22083; -159.57833[1]
Area 230 acres (93 ha)
Governing body Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources
www.hawaiistateparks.org/parks/hawaii/Index.cfm?park_id=8

H??ena State Park is a state park located on the north shore of the Hawaiian island of Kaua?i. It is often referred to as the "end of the road" and marks the end point of the Kuhio Highway.[2] The park provides access to beaches, trails, and several ancient Hawaiian sites, including sea caves estimated to be more than 4,000 years old. Archaeological sites associated with the hula, including a heiau (shrine) dedicated to Laka, are located above the park's beaches.[3]

Description

A little over an hour's drive from Lihue and 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Hanalei, Hawaii, the 230-acre park is at the terminus of the Kuhio Highway (Hawaii Route 560) at 22°13?15?N 159°34?42?W / 22.22083°N 159.57833°W / 22.22083; -159.57833Coordinates: 22°13?15?N 159°34?42?W / 22.22083°N 159.57833°W / 22.22083; -159.57833.[4]

The small parking lot was not large enough to accommodate all the visitors, so an overflow parking lot was built. Though the beach has a relatively safe lagoon, very strong currents have been reported at the bay, especially in the winter. Amenities at the park include pay phones, picnic tables, restrooms and outdoor showers.[1]

Limahuli Stream enters the ocean at the eastern edge of the state park. To the south of the park, Makana mountain soars above Limahuli Garden and Preserve in the valley.[5] Just before the K??? beach is the Kalalau Trail trailhead, an 11-mile (18 km) foot path that is the only land access into the N? Pali Coast State Park. The area surrounding the beaches is vegetated by ironwood trees, coconut palms, ti, and guava.

Beaches

Ha?ena, looking west
  • K??? Beach is located at the western edge of the park.[6] This beach is located west from "Tunnels Beach" (aka "Makua Beach" at Haena Point),[7] which refers to the large waves that are thought to be ideal for surfing.[8] K??? Beach has a unique reef lagoon, which allows the water to be calm and attractive for snorkeling and swimming.[9] Beyond the reef, however, very strong currents, especially in the winter, have been reported. In Hawaiian, K??? literally translates to "avoidance", referring to stories in Hawaiian mythology about the goddess Pele and Lohi?au.[10]
  • H??ena Beach is located just to the east of Ha?ena State Park. Haena is Hawaiian and literally translates to "red hot".[11] The beach is located at: 22°13?17?N 159°33?41?W / 22.22139°N 159.56139°W / 22.22139; -159.56139.[12]

External links

References

  1. ^ a b "H?'ena State Park". Hawaii State Parks web site. Retrieved 2010. 
  2. ^ Luci Yamamoto (2006). Kaua'i. Lonely Planet. p. 154. ISBN 978-1-74059-096-9. 
  3. ^ John R. K. Clark (2004). "lookup of K??? ". in Hawai'i Place Names: Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 2010. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: H??ena State Park Retrieved October 13, 2010.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Limahuli Stream
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: K?'? Beach Retrieved October 13, 2010.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tunnels Beach
  8. ^ John R. K. Clark (2004). "lookup of Tunnels ". in Hawai'i Place Names: Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 2010. 
  9. ^ Kauai County Visitors Bureau
  10. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of K??? ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 2010. 
  11. ^ Pukui, Mary Kawena. Place Names of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-0524-0.
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: H?'ena Retrieved October 13, 2010.

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