Hammer Throw
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Hammer Throw
Scottish hammer throw illustration from Frank R.Stockton's book "Round-about Rambles in Lands of Fact and Fancy"
The traditional Highland games version of event
The contemporary version of the Hammer Throw
World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka - Victory Ceremony for Hammer Throw with winner Ivan Tsikhan (middle)
Irish born American John Flanagan in the hammer throw competition at the Summer Olympics 1908 in London

The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions (see Competition section below for details).

Men's Hammer Throw Final - 28th Summer Universiade 2015
Safety net for hammer throw

History

With roots dating back to the 15th century, the contemporary version of the hammer throw is one of the oldest of Olympic Games competitions, first included at the 1900 games in Paris, France (the second Olympiad of the modern era). Its history since the late 1960s and legacy prior to inclusion in the Olympics have been dominated by European and Eastern European influence, which has affected interest in the event in other parts of the world.

The hammer evolved from its early informal origins to become part of the Scottish Highland games in the late 18th century, where the original version of the event is still contested today.

While the men's hammer throw has been part of the Olympics since 1900, the International Association of Athletics Federations did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 summer games in Sydney, Australia, after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.

Competition

The men's hammer weighs 16 pounds (7.26 kg) and measures 3 feet  inches (121.3 cm) in length, and the women's hammer weighs 8.82 lb (4 kg) and 3 ft 11 in (119.4 cm) in length.[1] Like the other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the implement the furthest.

Although commonly thought of as a strength event, technical advancements in the last 30 years have evolved hammer throw competition to a point where more focus is on speed in order to gain maximum distance.

The throwing motion involves about two swings from stationary position, then three, four or very rarely five rotations of the body in circular motion using a complicated heel-toe movement of the foot. The ball moves in a circular path, gradually increasing in velocity with each turn with the high point of the hammer ball toward the target sector and the low point at the back of the circle. The thrower releases the ball from the front of the circle.

As of 2015 the men's hammer world record is held by Yuriy Sedykh, who threw 86.74 m (284 ft 6 in) at the 1986 European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart, West Germany on 30 August.

The world record for the women's hammer is held by Anita W?odarczyk, who threw 82.98 m (272 ft 2 in) during the Kamila Skolimowska Memorial on 28 August 2016.

All-time top 25

Men

  • Updated August 2015
Rank Mark Athlete Location Date Ref
1 86.74 m (284 ft 6 in)  Yuriy Sedykh (SUN) Stuttgart 30 August 1986
2 86.04 m (282 ft 3 in)  Sergey Litvinov (SUN) Dresden 3 July 1986
3 84.90 m (278 ft 6 in)  Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR) Minsk 21 July 2005
4 84.86 m (278 ft 4 in)  Koji Murofushi (JPN) Prague 29 June 2003
5 84.62 m (277 ft 7 in)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR) Seville 6 June 1992
6 84.51 m (277 ft 3 in)  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) Grodno 9 July 2008
7 84.48 m (277 ft 1 in)  Igor Nikulin (SUN) Lausanne 12 July 1990
8 84.40 m (276 ft 10 in)  Jüri Tamm (SUN) Banská Bystrica 9 September 1984
9 84.19 m (276 ft 2 in)  Adrián Annus (HUN) Szombathely 10 August 2003
10 83.93 m (275 ft 4 in)  Pawe? Fajdek (POL) Szczecin 9 August 2015 [2]
11 83.68 m (274 ft 6 in)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN) Zalaegerszeg 19 September 1998
12 83.46 m (273 ft 9 in)  Andrey Abduvaliyev (SUN) Sochi 26 May 1990
13 83.43 m (273 ft 8 in)  Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS) Adler 10 February 2002
14 83.40 m (273 ft 7 in)  Ralf Haber (DDR) Athens 16 May 1988
15 83.38 m (273 ft 6 in)  Szymon Zió?kowski (POL) Edmonton 5 August 2001
16 83.30 m (273 ft 3 in)  Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN) Lahti 14 July 2004
17 83.04 m (272 ft 5 in)  Heinz Weis (DEU) Frankfurt 29 June 1997
18 83.00 m (272 ft 3 in)  Balázs Kiss (HUN) Saint-Denis 4 June 1998
19 82.78 m (271 ft 7 in)  Karsten Kobs (DEU) Dortmund 26 June 1999
20 82.69 m (271 ft 3 in)  Krisztián Pars (HUN) Zürich 16 August 2014
21 82.64 m (271 ft 1 in)  Günther Rodehau (DDR) Dresden 3 August 1985
22 82.62 m (271 ft 0 in)  Sergey Kirmasov (RUS) Zalaegerszeg 30 May 1998
82.62 m (271 ft 0 in)  Andriy Skvaruk (UKR) Kiev 27 April 2002
24 82.58 m (270 ft 11 in)  Primo? Kozmus (SVN) Celje 2 September 2009
25 82.54 m (270 ft 9 in)  Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS) Krasnodar 13 May 1992

Non-Legal Marks

  • Ivan Tsikhan of Belarus also threw 86.73 on 3 July 2005 in Brest, but this performance was annulled due to drugs disqualification.

Women

  • Correct as of August 2017.[3]
Rank Mark Athlete Date Location Ref
1 82.98 m (272 ft 2 in)  Anita W?odarczyk (POL) 28 August 2016 Warsaw [4]
2 79.42 m (260 ft 6 in)  Betty Heidler (DEU) 21 May 2011 Halle
3 78.80 m (258 ft 6 in)  Tatyana Lysenko (RUS) 16 August 2013 Moscow
4 78.69 m (258 ft 2 in)  Aksana Miankova (BLR) 18 July 2012 Minsk
5 77.68 m (254 ft 10 in)  Zheng Wang (CHN) 29 March 2014 Chengdu
6 77.33 m (253 ft 8 in)  Zhang Wenxiu (CHN) 28 September 2014 Incheon
7 77.26 m (253 ft 5 in)  Gulfiya Agafonova (RUS) 12 June 2006 Tula
8 77.13 m (253 ft 0 in)  Oksana Kondratyeva (RUS) 30 June 2013 Zhukovskiy
9 76.90 m (252 ft 3 in)  Martina Hra?nová (SVK) 16 May 2009 Trnava
10 76.85 m (252 ft 1 in)  Malwina Kopron (POL) 26 August 2017 Taipei [5]
11 76.83 m (252 ft 0 in)  Kamila Skolimowska (POL) 11 May 2007 Doha
12 76.77 m (251 ft 10 in)  Gwen Berry (USA) 6 May 2017 Oxford [6]
13 76.72 m (251 ft 8 in)  Mariya Bespalova (RUS) 23 June 2012 Zhukovsky
14 76.66 m (251 ft 6 in)  Volha Tsander (BLR) 23 June 2006 Minsk
15 76.63 m (251 ft 4 in)  Yekaterina Khoroshikh (RUS) 23 June 2006 Zhukovsky
16 76.62 m (251 ft 4 in)  Yipsi Moreno (CUB) 9 September 2008 Zagreb
17 76.56 m (251 ft 2 in)  Alena Matoshka (BLR) 12 June 2012 Minsk
18 76.33 m (250 ft 5 in)  Darya Pchelnik (BLR) 29 June 2008 Minsk
19 76.21 m (250 ft 0 in)  Yelena Konevtseva (RUS) 26 May 2007 Sochi
20 76.17 m (249 ft 10 in)  Anna Bulgakova (RUS) 24 July 2013 Moscow
21 76.07 m (249 ft 6 in)  Mihaela Melinte (ROU) 29 August 1999 Rüdlingen
22 76.05 m (249 ft 6 in)  Kathrin Klaas (DEU) 10 August 2012 London
23 75.73 m (248 ft 5 in)  Amanda Bingson (USA) 22 June 2013 Des Moines
75.73 m (248 ft 5 in)  Sultana Frizell (CAN) 22 May 2014 Tucson
25 75.68 m (248 ft 3 in)  Olga Kuzenkova (RUS) 4 June 2000 Tula

Notes

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 77.40 m:

  • Anita W?odarczyk also threw 82.87 m (2017), 82.29 m (2016), 81.77 m (2016), 81.74 (2016), 81.63 m (2017), 81.27 m (2016), 81.08 m (2015), 80.85 m (2015), 80.79 m (2017), 80.73 m (2017), 80.69 m (2017), 80.42 m (2017), 80.40 m (2016), 80.31 m (2016), 80.26 m (2016), 79.80 m (2017), 79.73 m (2017), 79.72 m (2017), 79.68 m (2016, 2017), 79.67 m (2016), 79.62 m (2016), 79.61 m (2016), 79.58 m (2016), 79.48 m (2016), 79.45 m (2016), 79.39 m (2016), 79.27 m (2017), 79.23 m (2017), 79.07 m (2017), 79.06 m (2017), 78.76 m (2014), 78.69 m (2016), 79.63 m (2017), 78.59 m (2017), 78.54 m (2016), 78.52 m (2017), 78.46 m (2013), 78.35 m (2017), 78.30 m (2010), 78.28 m (2015), 78.24 m (2015), 78.22 m (2013), 78.17 m (2014), 78.16 m (2015), 78.14 m (2016), 78.10 (2016), 78.00 m (2017), 77.99 m (2017), 77.96 m (2009), 77.77 m (2017), 77.73 m (2015), 77.70 m (2016), 77.67 m (2017), 77.66 m (2014), 77.60 m (2012).
  • Tatyana Beloborodova also threw 78.51 m (2012), 78.15 m (2013), 77.80 m (2006), 77.41 m (2006).
  • Aksana Miankova also threw 78.19 m (2012).
  • Betty Heidler also threw 78.07 m (2012), 78.00 m (2014), 77.53 m (2011), 77.40 m (2011).

Non-Legal Marks

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
 John Flanagan (USA)  Truxtun Hare (USA)  Josiah McCracken (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
 John Flanagan (USA)  John DeWitt (USA)  Ralph Rose (USA)
1908 London
details
 John Flanagan (USA)  Matt McGrath (USA)  Con Walsh (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Matt McGrath (USA)  Duncan Gillis (CAN)  Clarence Childs (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Patrick Ryan (USA)  Carl Johan Lind (SWE)  Basil Bennett (USA)
1924 Paris
details
 Fred Tootell (USA)  Matt McGrath (USA)  Malcolm Nokes (GBR)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Pat O'Callaghan (IRL)  Ossian Skiöld (SWE)  Edmund Black (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Pat O'Callaghan (IRL)  Ville Pörhölä (FIN)  Peter Zaremba (USA)
1936 Berlin
details
 Karl Hein (GER)  Erwin Blask (GER)  Fred Warngård (SWE)
1948 London
details
 Imre Németh (HUN)  Ivan Gubijan (YUG)  Robert Bennett (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 József Csermák (HUN)  Karl Storch (GER)  Imre Németh (HUN)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Hal Connolly (USA)  Mikhail Krivonosov (URS)  Anatoliy Samotsvetov (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Vasily Rudenkov (URS)  Gyula Zsivótzky (HUN)  Tadeusz Rut (POL)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Romuald Klim (URS)  Gyula Zsivótzky (HUN)  Uwe Beyer (EUA)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Gyula Zsivótzky (HUN)  Romuald Klim (URS)  Lázár Lovász (HUN)
1972 Munich
details
 Anatoliy Bondarchuk (URS)  Jochen Sachse (GDR)  Vasiliy Khmelevskiy (URS)
1976 Montreal
details
 Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Aleksey Spiridonov (URS)  Anatoliy Bondarchuk (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Jüri Tamm (URS)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Juha Tiainen (FIN)  Karl-Hans Riehm (FRG)  Klaus Ploghaus (FRG)
1988 Seoul
details
 Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Jüri Tamm (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Andrey Abduvaliyev (EUN)  Igor Astapkovich (EUN)  Igor Nikulin (EUN)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Balázs Kiss (HUN)  Lance Deal (USA)  Oleksandr Krykun (UKR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Nicola Vizzoni (ITA)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR)
2004 Athens
details
 Koji Murofushi (JPN) Not awarded[7]  E?ref Apak (TUR)
2008 Beijing
details
 Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR)[8]  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)[8]
2012 London
details
 Krisztián Pars (HUN)  Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Koji Murofushi (JPN)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Dilshod Nazarov (TJK)  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)  Wojciech Nowicki (POL)

Women

World Championships medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Zdzis?aw Kwa?ny (POL)
1987 Rome
details
 Sergey Litvinov (URS)  Jüri Tamm (URS)  Ralf Haber (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Yuriy Sedykh (URS)  Igor Astapkovich (URS)  Heinz Weis (GER)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)  Igor Astapkovich (BLR)  Tibor Gécsek (HUN)
1997 Athens
details
 Heinz Weis (GER)  Andriy Skvaruk (UKR)  Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS)
1999 Seville
details
 Karsten Kobs (GER)  Zsolt Németh (HUN)  Vladyslav Piskunov (UKR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Koji Murofushi (JPN)  Ilya Konovalov (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)  Adrián Annus (HUN)  Koji Murofushi (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Markus Esser (GER)  Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)  Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Libor Charfreitag (SVK)
2009 Berlin
details
 Primo? Kozmus (SLO)  Szymon Zió?kowski (POL)  Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
 Koji Murofushi (JPN)  Krisztián Pars (HUN)  Primo? Kozmus (SLO)
2013 Moscow
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Krisztián Pars (HUN)  Luká? Melich (CZE)
2015 Beijing
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Dilshod Nazarov (TJK)  Wojciech Nowicki (POL)
2017 London
details
 Pawe? Fajdek (POL)  Valeriy Pronkin (ANA)  Wojciech Nowicki (POL)

Women

Season's bests

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Hammer Throw - Introduction". IAAF. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ Phil Minshull (9 August 2015). "Fajdek throws 83.93m in Szczecin". IAAF. Retrieved 2015. 
  3. ^ "All-time women's best hammer throw". IAAF. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ "Wlodarczyk extends hammer world record in Warsaw". IAAF. 28 August 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  5. ^ "Women's Hammer Final Results" (PDF). 2017.taipei. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ Todd Hefferman (6 May 2017). "Saluki Hall of Famer Berry breaks American hammer throw record". thesouthern.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ 2004 Olympic Hammer Throw Medalists. Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  8. ^ a b Engeler, Elaine (June 10, 2010). "CAS Reinstates Medals for Hammer Throwers". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved . 

External links


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