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|Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque|
Front view of the Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque
|Completed||October 16, 2008|
|Minaret height||62-metre (203 ft)|
The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque (Russian: , Mechet Akhmata Kadyrova; Chechen: ? ? ?) is located in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. It is one of the largest mosques in Russia and is officially known as "The Heart of Chechnya" (Russian: , Serdtse Chechni; Chechen: ).
The mosque is named after Akhmad Kadyrov, the mufti of the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the first president of the Republic of Chechnya, who commissioned its construction from the mayor of Konya. The mosque design with a set of 62-metre (203 ft)-tall minarets is based on the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul.
The mosque is located on the picturesque bank of the Sunzha River in the middle of a huge park (14 hectares) and is part of an Islamic architectural complex, which in addition to the mosque, consists of the Russian Islamic University, Kunta-Haji, and the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the Republic of Chechnya.
The mosque was built based on the classical Ottoman style. The central hall of the mosque is covered with a huge dome (diameter - 16 meters, height - 32 m). The height of the four minarets is 62 meters making them some of the highest minarets in southern Russia. The Exterior and interior walls of the mosque are made of marble, travertine, while the interior is decorated in white marble.
The area of the mosque is 5000 square meters and has a capacity of more than ten thousand people. The same number of the faithful can pray in the mosque adjacent to the gallery and the area of summer.
As a basis of architecture used in the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.
During the construction of the mosque of the latest technologies have been used.
Exterior and interior walls of the mosque are marble - travertine, and the temple interior richly decorated with white marble, which is mined in Marmara Adasi island in the Sea of Marmara (Turkish province of Balikesir).
Painted Mosque masters from Turkey. For patterned painting used synthetic and natural colors with special additives, so that, according to experts, the mosque will keep the color scheme in the next 50 years. To write patterns, and verses (texts) from the Quran masters used deposition of gold the highest standard.
The mosque is set 36 chandeliers. His forms are reminiscent of the three holy sites of Islam - 27 of them mimic the mosque Qubbat Al-Sahra in Jerusalem, 8 are made on the model of the mosque Rovzat-Nebevi in Medina and the biggest, Chandelier 8-meter repeats in forms Kaaba shrine in Mecca. The collection took several tons of bronze, 2.5 kg of the highest standard of gold and more than 1 million pieces. Chandeliers are Chechen ornament, which is specially selected designers. Chandeliers made of Swarovski crystals Turkish firm «USTUN AVIZE».
The prayer niche in the wall of the mosque - mihrab (8 meters high and 4.6 meters wide), made of white marble, facing towards Mecca, indicating the direction of the faithful in prayer. The very niche creates the illusion of an infinite recess intersecting spaces. Inside the mosque used the art of calligraphy. Verses from the Koran skillfully woven into the overall pattern of the architectural decoration of the mosque. Summary of the main dome of the mosque is crowned Surah 112 "Ikhlas" (cleansing), which translates as "He - Allah, single, eternal God. He is not begotten and has not been born, and there is none equal to Him ".
The concept of lighting Grozny mosque was made of three layers. First level - floodlighting, providing even illumination of the lower buildings and minarets. The second level - accent lighting of architectural elements of the building. The third level - festive lighting. This lighting solution allows you to visually raise the height of the minarets and make dynamic lighting the central dome.
The area of the mosque is 5000 m², height of minarets - 63 meters. The total area of the Islamic Center - 14 acres.
The temple has a high seismic resistance. The adjacent area has multiple fountains, broken destinations, alley.
In 2013, Russia held a competition "Russia 10", designed by popular vote to select the ten visual symbols of Russia. Once at the end of the second round the mosque took the second place, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov declared that removes the mosque "Heart of Chechnya" to participate in the competition. Take such a step head of Chechnya forced the election results, which in his opinion did not correspond to the actual number of votes cast. "We have every reason to be confident that the votes cast for the mosque" Heart of Chechnya "millions, not taken into account, despite the fact that the money came to the accounts of the operators of" MegaFon "and" Beeline "," - said Kadyrov. Almost throughout the voting Mosque "Heart of Chechnya" in the lead among the participants, but on the last day gave way to the first place of the Kolomna Kremlin. For "Heart of Chechnya" has been given more than 36.8 million votes, Kolomna Kremlin - almost 37.5 million.
Head of the republic Ramzan Kadyrov, offended by the results of voting on the Internet, announced a boycott of the federal mobile operators "Beeline" and "Megaphone". After that, unknown in Grozny threw offices of these companies in Grozny eggs. the official site of the mosque Launched in 2012 and it is a unique opportunity to listen to and watch the sermons of imams of the mosque. Also, twice a day, being a live broadcast from the mosque (On the resources available for both PCs and mobile devices, given the opportunity to get information about Islam.
In this mosque, ten thousand Muslims can pray at a time. This means that the statement of mosque being the largest in Russia is not true, as e.g. Makhachkala Grand Mosque in Dagestan has space for 15,000 to 17,000 worshipers.
In 2015, Gabon issued a commemorative coin with the image of CHF 1,000 mosques and Akhmat Kadyrov .