Heike Drechsler
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Heike Drechsler
Heike Drechsler
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0819-002, Heike Drechsler.jpg
Drechsler at long jump
Personal information
Birth name Heike Gabriela Daute[1]
Nickname(s) Heike Spix[1]
Nationality Germany
Born (1964-12-16) 16 December 1964 (age 52)[1]
Gera, Thüringen, East Germany[1]
Height 181 cm (5 ft 11 in)[1]
Weight 68 kg (150 lb)[1]
Sport
Sport Track and field
Updated on 30 June 2015.

Heike Gabriela Drechsler German pronunciation: ['ha?.k? ga.b?i'e.la 'dks.l?] née Daute (born 16 December 1964) is a German and previously East German former track and field athlete. She is one of the most successful female long jumpers of all time and also had several successes in sprint disciplines. She is the only woman who has won two Olympic gold medals in the long jump (1992 and 2000).

Biography

Drechsler was born in Gera, Thuringia, then East Germany. As a teenager she was active in the Free German Youth (FDJ) and in 1984 she was elected to the Volkskammer of East Germany.

Initially a very competitive long jumper early in her career as a teenager, Drechsler made a transition into the world of elite sprinting in 1986 at the age of 21. She married Andreas Drechsler in July 1984 and competed as Heike Drechsler from then on. She was coached by Erich Drechsler, her father-in-law.[2]

In addition to her Olympic success, Drechsler won two World Championships in the long jump (1983 and 1993), as well as gold medals in the long jump and the 200 m sprint in the World Indoor Championships 1987. She also had numerous successes in European and German championships. Drechsler's greatest rival in the long jump was Jackie Joyner-Kersee, with whom she was also very good friends.

In 1986, Drechsler twice equalled Marita Koch's 200 metres sprint (21.71 seconds) world record and set two long jump world records and equalled one in 1985 and 1986. As of 2000, she had more than four hundred long jump competitions with results over seven meters, more than any other female athlete.

According to an article written by Ron Casey (an Australian statistician), In 1986 Drechsler made significant improvements to her 100 m and 200 m times. In one season she went from an 11.75-second 100 m to 10.91 seconds. Her 200 m time improved from 23.19 seconds to 21.71 seconds (equaling the world record) in the 1986 season.

Her 21.71 second performance for 200 m was run into a head wind of -0.8 m/s. By comparison, Marita Koch's 21.71 second runs in 1979 and 1984 had tail winds of +0.7 m/s and +0.3 m/s respectively.

Drechsler's 200 m performance of 21.71 seconds into a head wind (-0.8 m/s) is one of the fastest ever run by a woman in the history of track and field.

Several German websites, including her own, claim that Heike Drechsler was voted "Athlete of the Century" in 1999 by the IAAF. This is not quite correct: she was put on the "shortlist",[3] but the award was given to Fanny Blankers-Koen.[4]

Personal Records

Long Jump

1983: 7.14 m (23 ft 5 in) in Bratislava / (Juniors)
1985: 7.44 m (24 ft 5 in) in East Berlin
1986: 7.45 m (24 ft  in) in Tallinn
1988: 7.48 m (24 ft  in) in Neubrandenburg[5]
1992: 7.63 m (25 ft  in) in Sestriere[5]

Drechsler's 1992 jump in Sestriere was made with a tailwind of 2.1 meters per second, just 0.1 m/s over the allowable level of 2.0 m/s to be considered a world record; it was also performed at an altitude of greater than 1000 meters above sea level, which is the level beyond which marks are designated to have been achieved "at altitude." The jump is 11 cm longer than the current world record.

200 metres

1986: 21.71 seconds in Jena[6][7][8]
1986: 21.71 seconds in Stuttgart[6][8]

Heptathlon

1981: 5891 Points (Junior)
1994: 6741 Points in Talence

Doping allegations

There were many accusations of drug use while she competed for East Germany. She has never failed a drug test during her career; it is to be noted however that all East German athletes competing abroad were tested before departure to avoid getting caught[9] In 2001, the BBC claimed she has admitted to unknowingly taking prohibited substances in the early 1980s under orders from her team doctors.[10]

In 1991, after the fall of East Germany, Brigitte Berendonk and Werner Franke found several theses and dissertations quoting former GDR doping researchers in the Military Medical Academy Bad Saarow (MMA). The basis of the work reconstructed state-organized doping practices involving many well-known GDR athletes, including Heike Drechsler. Indications were that Heike Drechsler used high doses of Oral Turinabol plus more testosterone ester injections before competitions from 1982 to 1984.[11] In 1993, Drechsler challenged Brigitte Berendonk, accusing her of lying in a lawsuit.[12] In the case, the full annual dosage schedules, and charts of the development of sport performance as a function of the dosage amount, were released. Drechsler lost the lawsuit.[13][14]

Gallery

Heike Daute in 1984 
Heike Daute in 1984 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Heike Drechsler". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. ^ Heike Drechsler. Sporting Heroes. Retrieved on 2014-04-11.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ a b http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/toplists/inout=o/age=n/season=0/sex=W/all=y/legal=A/disc=LJ/detail.html IAAF All time stats
  6. ^ a b ""Ewige" Bestenliste der deutschen Leichtathletik". leichtathletik.de. 27 September 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  7. ^ "National Lists of Germany (Men)". apulanta.fi. Retrieved 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Track and Field all-time". alltime-athletics.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/athletics/specials/european_athletics/2082599.stm BBC
  11. ^ Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents - From Scientific Research to Cheating. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-540-53742-2, p. 125, Table 7
  12. ^ ? Cf Uwe Mueller / Grit Hartman: Forward and forget it! Kader, spies and accomplices - The dangerous legacy of the SED dictatorship, Berlin 2009, p. 215
  13. ^ ? Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents - From Scientific Research to Cheating. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-540-53742-2, p. 122, Fig 6
  14. ^ ? Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents - From Scientific Research to Cheating. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-540-53742-2, p. 133, Figure 11

External links


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