Help:IPA/Navajo
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Help:IPA/Navajo

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Navajo pronunciations in like2do.com resource articles, based on the pronunciation guide at "Native Languages."

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
? ' the catch in uh-oh
p b spill[1]
t ch child
t?' ch' a glottalized version of ch
t d stay[2]
t? dl somewhat like atlas
ts dz cats
k g skate[3]
? gh no English equivalent
h h he[4]
h? hw blowing out a candle, or as in which
t? j teacher
k? k king
k' k' somewhat like bike, with glottalization
k?' kw' liquid with glottalization
l l lake
? ? no English equivalent
m m man
n n nice
s s sad
? sh shell
t? t "t" in tie
t' t' somewhat like right with glottalization
t t? no English equivalent
t?' t?' no English equivalent
ts? ts cats with aspiration
ts' ts' somewhat like cats with glottalization
w w was
j y yellow
z z was
? zh garage, pleasure
Oral vowels
IPA Orthography English approximation
a? a somewhat like bra with low tone
a? á somewhat like bra with high tone
a:? aa long "a" in bra with low tone
a:? áá long "a" in bra with high tone
e? e met with low tone
e? é met with high tone
e:? ee long "e" in met with low tone
e:? éé long "e" in met with high tone
i? i[5] see with low tone
i? í see with high tone
i:? ii long "ee" in see with low tone
i:? íí long "ee" in seet with high tone
o? o somewhat like go[6] with low tone
o? ó somewhat like go with high tone
o:? oo long "o" with low tone
o:? óó long "o" with high tone
Nasal vowels
IPA Orthography English approximation
ã? ? nasal "a" for bra with low tone
ã? nasal "a" for bra with high tone
ã:? long nasal "a" for bra with low tone
ã:? ? long nasal "a" for bra with high tone
?? ? nasal "e" for met with low tone
?? nasal "e" for met with high tone
?:? long nasal "e" for met with low tone
?:? ? long nasal "e" for met with high tone
?? ? nasal "ee" for see with low tone
?? nasal "ee" for see with high tone
?:? long nasal "ee" for see with low tone
?:? ? long nasal "ee" for see with high tone
õ? ? nasal "oa" for coat with low tone
õ? nasal "oa" for coat with high tone
õ:? long nasal "oa" for coat with low tone
õ:? ? long nasal "oa" for coat with high tone

Notes

  1. ^ "Native Languages" website
  2. ^ "Native Languages" website
  3. ^ "Native Languages" website
  4. ^ "Native Languages" says it can be realized also as the raspy x, somewhat like the "h" in he.
  5. ^ "Native Languages" says it can be realized also as the "i" in sit (?.
  6. ^ The Navajo /o/ is identical to no English vowel, but the nearest equivalents are the vowel of coat (for most English dialects) and the vowel of saw.

References

  • "Navajo pronunciation and spelling guide". Native Languages of the Americas. 2012. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Navajo
 



 

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