Hennepin County, Minnesota
Hennepin County, MN Events Directory
 
About Hennepin County, MN
Hennepin County, Minnesota
County
Hennepin County
Hennepin County Government Center 5.jpg
The Hennepin County Government Center, located in the county seat of Minneapolis. Its stylized letter "H" shape serves as the logo for Hennepin County.
Logo of Hennepin County, Minnesota
Logo
Map of Minnesota highlighting Hennepin County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 6, 1852[1]
Named for Louis Hennepin
Seat Minneapolis
Largest city Minneapolis
Area
 o Total 607 sq mi (1,572 km2)
 o Land 554 sq mi (1,435 km2)
 o Water 53 sq mi (137 km2), 8.7%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 1,232,483
 o Density 2,082/sq mi (804/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.hennepin.us

Hennepin County ( HEN-?-pin) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,152,425.[2] It is the most populous county in Minnesota and the 35th-most populous county in the United States; more than one in five Minnesotans live in Hennepin County. Its county seat is Minneapolis,[3] the state's most populous city. The county is named in honor of the 17th-century explorer Father Louis Hennepin.[4]

Hennepin County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The center of population of Minnesota is in Hennepin County, in the city of Minneapolis.

History

Hennepin County was created in 1852 by the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. Father Louis Hennepin's name was chosen because he originally named St. Anthony Falls and recorded some of the earliest accounts of the area for the Western world. Hennepin County's early history is closely linked to the establishment of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony.[5] The history of Hennepin County is cataloged at the Hennepin History Museum, located in Minneapolis.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 607 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (8.7%) is water.[6] Hennepin is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils, and is one of only two Minnesota counties with more than 75% of its area in savanna soils (the other is Wright County).

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[7]

The highest waterfall on the Mississippi River, the Saint Anthony Falls (discovered by Louis Hennepin) is in Hennepin County next to downtown Minneapolis, but in the 19th century, the falls were converted to a series of dams. Barges and boats now pass through locks to move between the parts of the river above and below the dams.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data
Located across the street from the Government Center, the Hennepin County Public Safety Facility serves as the county jail

2010

As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,152,425 people, 475,913 households, and 272,885 families residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% White, 11.8% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 3.4% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. 6.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2010-2015 American Community Survey, the largest ancestry groups were German (26.3%), Norwegian (12.6%), Irish (10.8%), and Swedish (8.3%).[13]

2000

At the 2000 Census, there were 1,116,200 people, 456,129 households, and 267,291 families residing in the county. The population density was 774/km² (2,005/mi²). There were 468,824 housing units at an average density of 325/km² (842/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.53% White, 8.95% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 4.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 456,129 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.40% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county 24.00% of the population was under the age of 18, 9.70% was between 18 and 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,711, and the median income for a family was $65,985 (these figures had risen to $60,115 and $79,970 respectively as of a 2007 estimate) Accounting for inflation, these figures rise again to $76,202.87 for individuals, and $92,353.46 for households, adjusted for 2014 dollars.[14] Males had a median income of $42,466 versus $32,400 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,789. About 5.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Hennepin County is the wealthiest county in Minnesota and one of the 100 highest-income counties in the United States.

Besides English, languages with significant numbers of speakers in Hennepin County include Arabic, Hmong, Khmer, Lao, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Vietnamese.[15]

Law and government

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 28.2% 191,770 63.1% 429,288 8.7% 58,919
2012 35.3% 240,073 62.3% 423,982 2.4% 16,010
2008 34.8% 231,054 63.4% 420,958 1.8% 11,768
2004 39.4% 255,133 59.3% 383,841 1.2% 8,007
2000 39.3% 225,657 53.6% 307,599 7.1% 40,590
1996 33.2% 173,887 54.4% 285,126 12.5% 65,293
1992 30.6% 179,581 47.5% 278,648 21.9% 128,390
1988 44.6% 240,209 54.4% 292,909 1.0% 5,444
1984 48.0% 253,921 51.5% 272,401 0.6% 2,912
1980 38.6% 194,898 47.4% 239,592 14.0% 70,882
1976 43.8% 211,892 53.3% 257,380 2.9% 14,106
1972 51.6% 228,951 46.5% 205,943 1.9% 8,464
1968 41.8% 170,002 54.1% 220,078 4.2% 16,944
1964 39.0% 154,736 60.8% 241,020 0.2% 971
1960 51.3% 198,992 48.5% 188,250 0.2% 939
1956 55.0% 183,248 44.8% 149,341 0.2% 523
1952 53.5% 180,338 46.1% 155,388 0.4% 1,415
1948 42.9% 121,169 53.8% 151,920 3.2% 9,145
1944 43.7% 116,781 55.7% 148,792 0.7% 1,747
1940 45.5% 122,960 53.7% 145,168 0.8% 2,230
1936 33.1% 81,206 58.8% 144,289 8.1% 19,985
1932 41.9% 91,087 54.8% 119,234 3.3% 7,245
1928 60.2% 125,472 38.8% 80,851 1.0% 2,124
1924 59.0% 101,120 6.3% 10,806 34.7% 59,401
1920 64.6% 90,517 20.6% 28,911 14.8% 20,741
1916 40.8% 27,957 53.1% 36,395 6.1% 4,204
1912 29.6% 14,379 32.0% 15,530 38.3% 18,596[17]
1908 58.7% 27,787 34.2% 16,169 7.1% 3,357
1904 73.7% 31,437 13.4% 5,708 12.9% 5,503
1900 62.4% 26,902 33.6% 14,498 3.9% 1,695
1896 55.5% 26,786 42.5% 20,515 2.0% 987
1892 49.9% 20,603 39.9% 16,448 10.2% 4,209

Commissioners

Like all counties in Minnesota, Hennepin is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Hennepin, Ramsey, Dakota, Anoka and St Louis counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of approximately equal population. In Hennepin the county commission appoints the medical examiner, county auditor-treasurer and county recorder. The sheriff and county attorney are also elected on a nonpartisan ticket. The county government's headquarters are in downtown Minneapolis in the Hennepin County Government Center. The county oversees the Hennepin County Library system (which merged with the Minneapolis Public Library system in 2008), and Hennepin County Medical Center.

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings. Commissioners as of January 3, 2017

District Commissioner In office since Current term expires in January
1st Mike Opat 1993 2021
2nd Linda Higgins 2012 2019
3rd Marion Greene 2014 2019
4th Peter McLaughlin 1991 2019
5th Debbie Goettel 2017 2021
6th Jan Callison (chair) 2009 2021
7th Jeff Johnson 2009 2021

Key staff

Hennepin County's normal operations are coordinated by the County Administrator David Hough, Deputy County Administrator for Health and Human Services Jennifer DeCubellis, Assistant County Administrator for Operations Judy Regenscheid, Assistant County Administrator for Human Services Rex A. Holzemer, Assistant County Administrator for Public Works Carl Michaud, and Assistant County Administrator for Public Safety Mark Thompson. Under Administrator Hough's leadership, the number senior management positions in the county has grown by 40%.

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Economy

Hennepin County has major economic centers in downtown Minneapolis and Bloomington.

Mall of America

The Mall of America is located in the southernmost portion of the county in the city of Bloomington. The Mall is the largest in the United States and 31st largest in the world, if the indoor amusement park is not counted. Including the park, Nickelodeon Universe, the Mall is largest on the continent and 12th largest in the world. The famous shopping center contributes to the City of Bloomington having more jobs per capita than Minneapolis. Bloomington is also home to several large corporations, including HealthPartners and Ceridian.

Target Field

In August 2006, the Board voted 4-3 to levy a 0.15% sales tax within the county to fund the majority of the cost of a baseball stadium for the Minnesota Twins. Legislation passed by the Minnesota Legislature in the waning hours of the 2005-2006 session, and signed by Governor Tim Pawlenty, authorized the county to levy the tax without a voter referendum. It also created the Minnesota Ballpark Authority which constructed and manages the stadium on behalf of the county. The tax will be in effect for 30 years, with clauses allowing it to be increased by the board of commissioners. The stadium, Target Field, opened in April 2010.

Education

Colleges and universities in the county include:

Culture

The Hennepin History Museum, established in 1957, provides exhibits related to the history of the county. Records of Hennepin County are available for research use. They include school records, district and municipal court files, county attorney files, Hennepin County Sheriff records, birth and death records, marriage records, tax lists, and agency history records.

Communities

Cities

Unorganized territory

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155. 
  5. ^ JoEllen Haugo and Mary Jo Laakso (2001). "History of Minneapolis". Minneapolis Public Library. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "2015 American Community Survey". 
  14. ^ "Inflation Calculator". www.dollartimes.com. 
  15. ^ "Welcome Languages." Hennepin County Public Library. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. 
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 11,489 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 5,820 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 668 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 619 votes.

External links

Coordinates: 45°00?N 93°28?W / 45.00°N 93.47°W / 45.00; -93.47


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Hennepin_County,_Minnesota



 

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