Hesston, Kansas
Hesston, KS Events Directory
 
About Hesston, KS
Hesston, Kansas
City
Alliman Center on Hesston College campus
Alliman Center on Hesston College campus
Motto: "Harvest The Good Life"[1]
Location within Harvey County and Kansas
Location within Harvey County and Kansas
KDOT map of Harvey County (legend)
KDOT map of Harvey County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°8?21?N 97°25?46?W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944Coordinates: 38°8?21?N 97°25?46?W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944[2]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Harvey
Township Emma
Founded 1886[3]
Government
 o Type Mayor-Council
 o Mayor David Kauffman
 o City Admin Gary Emry
Area[4]
 o Total 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 o Land 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 o Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,480 ft (451 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 o Total 3,709
 o Estimate (2016)[6] 3,803
 o Density 950/sq mi (370/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 o Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67062
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-31600[2]
GNIS feature ID 0477759[2]
Website hesstonks.org

Hesston is a city in Harvey County, Kansas, United States.[2] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,709.[7] Hesston is home of Hesston College.

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

1915 Railroad Map of Harvey County

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1872, Harvey County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Hesston.

A post office was established as Elivon on February 10, 1873, then moved near the current city site on April 24, 1878.[8]

In 1886, Hesston was founded and named after the Hess brothers who owned the land where a depot on the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built.[3][9] The post office was renamed to Hesston on December 16, 1887. Due to the railroad, Hesston became an important regional shipping point.[10]

20th century

Hesston 5670 round baler

In 1909, the Mennonite Church founded the Hesston College, because many of the early settlers were Mennonite farmers.

In 1947, Lyle Yost founded the farm equipment company Hesston Manufacturing Company.[11] In 1991, AGCO Corporation purchased the company. In the 1960s, John Regier founded the lawn mower company Excel Industries.[12]

In 1981, the Dyck Arboretum of the Plains was founded at the Hesston College.

On March 13, 1990, a large portion of Hesston was damaged by an F5 tornado during a tornado outbreak. A total of 226 homes and 21 businesses were destroyed, and several were swept completely from their foundations. 20 farms were torn apart in rural areas outside of Hesston. Light debris from Hesston was found 115 miles (185 km) away in Nebraska. One person died and 59 people were injured. After passing through Hesston, the tornado increased to an "extreme F5" near the city of Goessel. The severity of the damage left behind by this tornado led some meteorologists to believe that the Goessel tornado was among the strongest ever documented at that time.[13][14]

21st century

On February 25, 2016, Hesston became the scene of a mass shooting in which three people were killed and twelve others injured at an Excel Industries building. Prior to that shooting, other shooting incidents occurred at the nearby city of Newton and also Old U.S. Route 81,[15] in which two people were wounded.[16][17] The shooter was identified as Excel employee Cedric Larry Ford, who was killed by responding police officers.[18][19][20]

Geography

Hesston is located at 38°8?21?N 97°25?46?W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944 (38.139097, -97.429550).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.90 square miles (10.10 km2), all of it land.[4]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hesston has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[21]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 3,709 people, 1,345 households, and 972 families residing in the city. The population density was 951.0 inhabitants per square mile (367.2/km2). There were 1,433 housing units at an average density of 367.4 per square mile (141.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 1.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.

There were 1,345 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 3,509 people, 1,227 households, and 904 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,353.2 people per square mile (523.1/km²). There were 1,308 housing units at an average density of 504.4 per square mile (195.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.56% White, 1.48% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 1.25% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.[23][24]

There were 1,227 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 14.3% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $42,585, and the median income for a family was $51,474. Males had a median income of $39,891 versus $26,424 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,138. About 3.9% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The two largest companies in Hesston are AGCO (Hesston Corp) and Excel Industries (Hustler).

In 1947, Lyle Yost founded the farm equipment company Hesston Manufacturing Company. In 1955, it introduced the first commercially available self-propelled windrower, then in 1967 it introduced the first hydrostatic drive windrower. In 1978, it introduced the first large square baler, then in 1988 it introduced the first totally automatically large round baler.[25] In 1974, the Hesston Company commissioned its first belt buckles,[26] which became popular on the rodeo circuit and with collectors. The company's controlling stake was sold to Italian corporation Fiat Trattori in 1977. The remainder of the company was purchased in 1987 by the same firm.[11] In 1991, the American-based equipment manufacturer AGCO Corporation purchased Hesston Corporation and later expanded the manufacturing facilities.

In 1960, John Regier founded the lawn mower company Excel Industries.[12] The company manufactures Hustler and Big Dog mowing equipment.[27]

Arts and culture

Government

The Hesston government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Monday of each month at 6pm.[28]

  • City Hall, 115 E Smith.

Education

Mary Miller Library at Hesston College (2007)

Primary and secondary education

Hesston is part of unified school district 460.[29] It has three schools:

  • Hesston High School, 200 N. Ridge Road, Hesston.
  • Hesston Middle School, 100 N. Ridge Road, Hesston.
  • Hesston Elementary School, 300 E. Amos, Hesston.

College

Media

F-5 Tornado over Hesston in March 1990

Print

Newspaper

Radio

Hesston is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[30] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television

Hesston is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[31]cable tv by Allegiance Communications, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Interstate I-135 and highway US 81 pass through Hesston.

Hesston is serviced by a branch of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad operating between McPherson and Newton, where it connects to the BNSF Railway.

Utilities

Notable people

References

  1. ^ City of Hesston, Kansas http://www.hesstonks.org. Retrieved 2009-05-22
  2. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Hesston, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  3. ^ a b Harvey County history; Harvey County Historical Society.
  4. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  8. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  10. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 840. 
  11. ^ a b Voorhis, Dan. "Lyle Yost, founder of Hesston Industries, dies at age 99". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Hustler History; Excel Industries.
  13. ^ Thomas P. Grazulis (July 1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991. St. Johnsbury, Vermont: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. ISBN 1-879362-03-1. 
  14. ^ Michael Smith (April 20, 1990). "Kansas twister might be the strongest ever recorded". Fort Scott Tribune. unknown: Fort Scott Tribune. Retrieved 2013. 
  15. ^ Spurney, Blake (February 25, 2016). "Update: 9 PM Press Conference On Hesston Shooting". The Hesston Record. Retrieved 2016. 
  16. ^ "4 killed, 14 injured in Hesston, Kansas shooting spree". FOX News. February 25, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  17. ^ Berman, Mark; Miller, Michael E. (February 25, 2016). "Kansas gunman kills three people and injures 14 people, sheriff says". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016. 
  18. ^ "4 dead, 14 injured in Kansas shooting, shooter ID'd". Russia Today. February 25, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  19. ^ "Gunman Among 4 Dead, 14 Hurt in Kansas Workplace Shooting". NBC New York. February 25, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  20. ^ Eversley, Melanie (February 25, 2016). "Multiple dead plus shooter after Kansas shootings; up to 20 injured". USA Today. Retrieved 2016. 
  21. ^ Climate Summary for Hesston, Kansas
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - 2000 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
  24. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - 1990 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
  25. ^ Hesston agricultural product history
  26. ^ Hesston Belt Buckle History
  27. ^ Hesston firm Excel Industries making great strides in global expansion; The Wichita Eagle; July 10, 2013.
  28. ^ Hesston - Directory of Public Officials
  29. ^ Hesston USD 460
  30. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
  31. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.
  32. ^ Lyle Yost, Founder of Hesston Industries, Dies At Age 99; The Wichita Eagle; April 6, 2012.

Further reading

City
  • Hesston, Kansas, 1886-1986; Murray Bandy; 1988.
  • Anatomy of a Town: Hesston, Kansas; Mary Hess; 1976; ISBN 978-0806203409.
College
  • A School on the Prairie: A Centennial History of Hesston College, 1909-2009; John Sharp; 2009; ISBN 978-1931038645.
  • A Pillar of Cloud the Story of Hesston College; Mary Miller; 1959; ASIN B000JEMKR8.
Hesston Corp
  • Factory on the Plains: Lyle Yost and the Hesston Corporation; Billy Mac Jones; Wichita State University; 1987; ASIN B0006EQOU0.

External links

City
Newspaper
Schools
Historical
1990 Tornado
Maps

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