Hollywood Cemetery (Richmond, Virginia)
Hollywood Cemetery
Hollywood Cemetery-With Skyline and River.jpg
Details
Established 1849
Country United States
Website www.hollywoodcemetery.org
Find a Grave Hollywood Cemetery
Hollywood Cemetery
Location 412 S. Cherry St., Richmond, Virginia
Coordinates 37°32?10?N 77°27?30?W / 37.53611°N 77.45833°W / 37.53611; -77.45833Coordinates: 37°32?10?N 77°27?30?W / 37.53611°N 77.45833°W / 37.53611; -77.45833
Area 130 acres (526,000 m2)
Built 1860
Architect Pratt, William H.
NRHP reference # 69000350[1]
VLR # 127-0221
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 12, 1969
Designated VLR September 9, 1969[2]

Hollywood Cemetery is a large, sprawling cemetery located next to Richmond, Virginia's Oregon Hill neighborhood at 412 South Cherry Street. Characterized by rolling hills and winding paths overlooking the James River, it is the resting place of two United States Presidents, James Monroe and John Tyler, as well as the only Confederate States President, Jefferson Davis. It is also the resting place of 28 Confederate generals, more than any other cemetery in the country; these include George Pickett and J.E.B. Stuart.[3]

History

The Harvie family plot.

The land that Hollywood Cemetery currently stands on was once part of William Byrd III's estate. Later, it was owned by the Harvie family and was known as "Harvie's Woods."[3] William H. Haxall was one of the original founders of Hollywood Cemetery. In the spring of 1847, two citizens of Richmond, Joshua J. Fry and William H. Haxall, while on a visit to Boston, visited Mount Auburn, a beautiful cemetery near that city. They were impressed by the solemn grandeur of the place and resolved that they would, on their return to Richmond, propose the establishment of a rural cemetery near the city. It was through their original efforts and the subsequent cooperation of local citizens that Hollywood Cemetery was created. On June 3, 1847, Haxall, Fry, William Mitchell Jr., and Isaac Davenport Sr. purchased from Lewis E. Harvie, who sold under a deed of trust from Jacqueline B. Harvie for the sum of $4,075, a certain portion of the lots or parcels of land in the town of Sydney, in the County of Henrico, together with "the privileges and appurtenances to the belonging, which said portion is adjoining to Clarkes Spring and contains by survey forty-two acres, three roods, but of which one rood, known as Harvie's rood, or graveyard, with free ingress and egress to the said graveyard is reserved." This purchase was made with the design of establishing a rural cemetery.,[4]

In the late 1840s, William Haxall, William Mitchell Jr. and Joshua Fry hired John Notman (architect of Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia) to design the cemetery in the rural garden style. Its name, "Hollywood," came from the holly trees dotting the hills of the property.[3] Oliver P. Baldwin[5] delivered the dedication address in 1849.[6]

James Monroe was reinterred from New York City to the "President's Circle" section of Hollywood cemetery on July 4, 1858 due to the efforts of Governor Henry A. Wise.[3]

In 1869, a 90-foot (27 m) high granite pyramid was built as a memorial to the more than 18,000 enlisted men of the Confederate Army buried in the cemetery.

In 1890, a chapel was constructed next to the entrance of the cemetery. This chapel now serves as the cemetery office. In 1915, the original entrance was closed and the present one was opened to better facilitate cars.[3]

Hollywood Cemetery is one of Richmond's major tourist attractions. There are many local legends surrounding certain tombs and grave sites in the cemetery, including one about a little girl and the black iron statue of a dog standing watch over her grave.[7] Other notable legends rely on ghosts haunting the many mausoleums. One of the most well-known of these is the legend of the Richmond Vampire.

A place rich in history, legend, and gothic landscape, Hollywood Cemetery is also frequented by many of the local students attending Virginia Commonwealth University.

There are two very good histories of Hollywood Cemetery:

John O. Peters, Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery (2010). Mary H. Mitchell, Hollywood Cemetery (1999).


List of notable interments and their families

Pyramid, built as a memorial to Confederate enlisted men.

(Note: This is a partial list.)

Use the following alphabetical links to find someone.

A

B

  • William Barret (1786-1871), American businessman, tobacco manufacturer considered wealthiest man in Richmond
  • Benjamin Barrett, Artist, poet, writer
  • Frances Hayne Beall (ca. 1820-?), wife of Lloyd James Beall, daughter of South Carolina Senator Arthur Peronneau Hayne
  • Lloyd James Beall (1808-1887), American military officer and paymaster of U.S. Army, Colonel Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps for the entire length of the War
  • Edyth Gertrude Carter Beveridge (1862-1927), Journalist, photojournalist
  • Frederic W. Boatwright (1868-1951), President of the University of Richmond (1895-1946)
  • Kate Langley Bosher (1865-1932), Author, suffragette
  • Thomas Alexander Brander (1839-1900), Confederate officer, leader of the United Confederate Veterans
  • John Fulmer Bright (1877-1953), American politician, physician
  • William W. Brock Jr. (1912-2003), Brigadier General: World War II, Principal of Richmond's famed Thomas Jefferson High School for 18 years
  • John M. Brockenbrough (1830-1892), Confederate Army colonel and brigade commander at Gettysburg
  • Dave Brockie (1963-2014) Musician, painter, author, and actor. Brockie portrayed Oderus Urungus, the lead singer of the Metal band Gwar
  • Benjamin Thomas Brockman (1831-1864), Merchant and Confederate officer
  • Charles Bruce (1826-1896), American businessman, builder of Staunton Hill, father of Charles Morelle Bruce and United States Senator William Cabell Bruce

C

D

Jefferson Davis grave at the Hollywood Cemetery

E

  • Tazewell Ellett (1856-1914), U.S. Representative from Virginia
  • Joseph Black Elliott, Sr. (1904-1988), Executive Vice-President/Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in charge of Consumer Product Division
  • James Taylor Ellyson (1847-1919), Lieutenant Governor of Virginia (1906-1918)

F

  • Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953), was an American journalist and historian. He was the author of definitive biographies of George Washington and Confederate General Robert E. Lee. There is also a local high school that bears his name.

G

Lewis Ginter's grave at Hollywood Cemetery

H

  • James Dandridge Halyburton (1803-1879), U.S. and Confederate judge, Eastern District of Virginia (1843-1865)
  • David Bullock Harris (1814-1964), Confederate Colonel
  • John Harvie (1742-1807), American lawyer and builder, delegate to the Continental Congress, Signer of The Articles of Confederation
  • William Wirt Henry (1831-1900), lawyer, member of the General Assembly of Va., president of the Am. Historical Association (1890-1891)
  • Louis Shepard Herrink (1892-1965), lawyer and law teacher
  • Henry Heth (1825-1899), U.S. Army officer and Confederate general, participated at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • Ambrose Powell Hill, Jr. (1825-1865), Confederate General
  • Eppa Hunton (1822-1908), U.S. Representative and Senator, Confederate brigadier general

I

  • John D. Imboden (1823-1895), lawyer, teacher, Virginia legislator, Confederate cavalry general and partisan fighter

J

  • Edward Johnson (1816-1873), U.S. Army officer and Confederate general, American Civil War.
  • Mary Johnston (1870-1936), American novelist and women's rights advocate.
  • David Rumph Jones (1825-1863), U.S Army officer and Confederate General, American Civil War.
  • Samuel Jones (1819-1887), U.S. Army, Confederate General, American Civil War.

K

L

  • John Lamb (1840-1924), U.S. Congressman (1897-1913).
  • Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905), Confederate cavalry general, Governor of Virginia, diplomat, U.S. Army general in Spanish-American War and the nephew of General Robert E. Lee.
  • Thomas M. Logan (1840-1914), Confederate General
  • James Lyons (1801-1882), American politician, Confederate congressman

M

Monroe's grave at Hollywood Cemetery. John Tyler's grave is visible in the background.
  • Hunter McGuire (1835-1900), Confederate Army surgeon who amputated General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's arm after Jackson was mistakenly shot by Confederate soldiers at Chancellorsville . (Despite McGuire's efforts, Jackson later died of pneumonia.) After the war, McGuire founded the Virginia College of Medicine, and was president of the American Medical Association.
  • Angus William McDonald (1799-1864), American military officer and lawyer in the U.S. state of Virginia and colonel in the Confederate States Army
  • Walter Scott McNeill (1875-1930), law teacher.
  • David Gregg McIntosh (1836-1916), Lawyer, Confederate officer
  • John Marshall (1823-1862), editor of the Jackson Mississippian and Austin Star-Gazette. Appointed a Colonel in the Texas Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War, he was killed in action at the Battle of Gaines Mill.
  • John Young Mason (1799-1859), U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1844-1845, 1846-1849), U.S. Attorney General (1845-1846).
  • Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873), World Renown American oceanographer, scientist, author, and educator. First superintendent of the U.S. Navy Observatory.
  • William Mayo (ca. 1685-1744), Colonial civil engineer
  • David J. Mays (1896-1971) author and lawyer
  • Robert Merhige (1919-2005), Federal judge
  • John Lucas Miller (1831-1864), Attorney, Confederate colonel
  • Polk Miller (1844-1913), American pharmacist and musician.
  • Willis Dance Miller (1893-1960), Justice, Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals (1947-1960).
  • John K. Mitchell,(1811-1889), Confederate Navy commodore during the American Civil War, see USS Alpha (1864)
  • Samuel Phillips Mitchell (1815-1866), merchant and silversmith, Mitchell & Tyler Silver Company, supplier of Confederate Army, younger brother of William Mitchell, Jr.
  • William Mitchell, Jr. (1795-1852), one of the original purchasers of land for Hollywood Cemetery, merchant and silversmith, Taft & Mitchell before establishing his own silversmith business that he grew to be largest in Virginia and eventually became Mitchell & Tyler.
  • James Monroe (1758-1831), fifth President of the United States
  • Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (1768-1830), U.S. First Lady, wife of James Monroe
  • Richard Channing Moore (1762-1841), Second Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Virginia (1814-1841)
  • Samuel P. Moore (1813-1889), Confederate Surgeon General
  • Eileen Bridget McCarthy Mott (1950-2013) Active in the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond.
  • Mary-Cooke Branch Munford (1865-1938), civic leader.

O

P

George Pickett's grave

R

  • John Randolph (1773-1833), American politician, leader in Congress from Virginia
  • William Francis Rhea (1858-1931), Virginia lawyer, judge, and U.S. Congressman
  • Dr. William Rickman (1731-1783), Director of hospitals for the Continental Army of Virginia. Devoted husband to the daughter of President Benjamin Harrison, Miss Elizabeth Harrison.
  • Conway Robinson (1805-1884), lawyer and legal scholar.
  • Hilton Rufty (1909-1974), pianist, composer, teacher
  • Edward H. Russell (1869-1956), first President of Mary Washington College (now University of Mary Washington)

S

T

Tyler's grave at Hollywood Cemetery

V

W

Y

  • Thomas Yates

Gallery

See also

Media related to Hollywood Cemetery (Richmond, Virginia) at Wikimedia Commons

References

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e National Park Service. "Hollywood Cemetery and James Monroe Tomb". Retrieved 2014. 
  4. ^ https://www.hollywoodcemetery.org/william-h-haxall; Source of information: Library of Virginia Digital Collection; LVA Titled Files: Survey Report, Hollywood Cemetery: March 23, 1937; research by Malcolm T. Earley.
  5. ^ Oliver Perry Baldwin (1810-1878.
  6. ^ Alfred L. Brophy, "The Road to the Gettysburg Address," Florida State University Law Review 43 (2016):831-905.
  7. ^ Civil War Field Trips
  8. ^ [1] CWGC casualty record.

External links


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Hollywood_Cemetery_(Richmond,_Virginia)



 

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