Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
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Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Huangnan Prefecture

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Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
Prefecture seatTongren County
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-QH-23

Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: ?; traditional Chinese: ?; pinyin: Huángnán Zàngzú Zìzhìzh?u; Tibetan: Wylie: rma lho bod rigs rang skyong khul) is an autonomous prefecture of eastern Qinghai, China, bordering Gansu to the east. The prefecture has area of 17,921 km2 (6,919 sq mi) and its seat is in Tongren County.

Demographics

According to the 2000 census, Huangnan has 214,642 inhabitants with a population density of 11.98 inhabitants/km² (31.03 inhabitants/sq. mi.).

Ethnic groups in Huangnan, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 142,360 66.32%
Mongol 29,071 13.54%
Hui 16,411 7.65%
Han 16,194 7.54%
Tu/Monguor 8,445 3.93%
Salar 1,530 0.71%
Others 631 0.31%

Climate

Climate data for Tongren County(1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
21.6
(70.9)
27.0
(80.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.0
(95)
34.2
(93.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.9
(66)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.1
(46.6)
2.7
(36.9)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) -6.6
(20.1)
-3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
7.8
(46)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61)
12.0
(53.6)
6.3
(43.3)
0.1
(32.2)
-5.1
(22.8)
6.1
(42.9)
Average low °C (°F) -12.2
(10)
-9.2
(15.4)
-3.9
(25)
1.4
(34.5)
5.8
(42.4)
9.1
(48.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
1.4
(34.5)
-5.4
(22.3)
-10.6
(12.9)
0.5
(32.8)
Record low °C (°F) -22.6
(-8.7)
-19.5
(-3.1)
-15
(5)
-9.3
(15.3)
-3.7
(25.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.3
(39.7)
2.3
(36.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
-10.5
(13.1)
-16.4
(2.5)
-21.5
(-6.7)
-22.6
(-8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.098)
3.9
(0.154)
11.0
(0.433)
22.6
(0.89)
58.0
(2.283)
64.5
(2.539)
80.4
(3.165)
70.8
(2.787)
65.1
(2.563)
25.9
(1.02)
3.1
(0.122)
0.8
(0.031)
408.6
(16.085)
Source: China Meteorological Administration,[1]

Subdivisions

The prefecture is subdivided into 4 county-level divisions: 3 counties and 1 autonomous county:

Map # Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
Huangnan mcp.png
1 Tongren County Tóngrén Xiàn Official:
( or )
thung rin rdzong
Tungrin Zong
92,601 3,465 26.72
2 Jainca County
(Jianzha County)
Ji?nzh? Xiàn gcan tsha rdzong
Jainca Zong
55,325 1,712 32.31
3 Zêkog County
(Zeku County)
Zékù Xiàn rtse khog rdzong
Zêkog Zong
69,416 6,494 10.68
4 Henan Mongol Autonomous County
Hénán M?ngg?zú
Zìzhìxiàn
? rma lho sog rigs
rang skyong rdzong

Malho Sogrig
Ranggyong Zong
39,37 6,250 6.29

Rongwo Monastery

Huangnan is home to Rongwo Monastery, a Gelug monastery initially established in 1341 in Amdo on the Rongwo River.[2][3]

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

Coordinates: 35°31?36?N 102°00?50?E / 35.5267°N 102.014°E / 35.5267; 102.014

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Huangnan_Tibetan_Autonomous_Prefecture
 



 

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