The Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Inserm, French pronunciation: [insm]) is the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research.
Inserm was created in 1964 as a successor to the French National Institute of Health.
The Inserm is the only public research institution solely focused on human health and medical research in France. It is a public institution with a scientific and technical vocation under the dual auspices of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Research. Inserm consists[when?] of 339 research units, run by 6,500 permanent staff members. Eighty percent of Inserm research units are embedded in research hospitals of French universities.
INSERM´s CEO is chosen by decree upon a proposal of the Ministers of Health and Research, advised by a review committee.
Until 12 June 2018, INSERM´s CEO was Yves Lévy. By June 21st, eight candidates will be nominated, of which only two are publicly known, namely Philippe Froguel and Jessica Zucman-Rossi, while Yves Levy is expected to run again.
In May 2017 President Emmanuel Macron appointed Lévy´s wife, Agnès Buzyn as minister of health. Levy was criticized for the obvious conflict of interest. On May 29, 2017, a decree was issued that the French prime minister would carry out acts related to INSERM.
Each year, Inserm awards three researchers in three major distinct categories. The Grand prix de l'Inserm recognizes major advancements in biology for an active researcher of the institution, the Grand prix d'honneur recognizes a French public institution's researcher whose contributions have had a major impact in science, and the Prix étranger (Foreign Prize) awards a foreign researcher for their particular contributions to biomedical research. In addition the Inserm has internal awards for engineers and young researchers.
|Year||Grand prix||Prix d'honneur||Prix étranger|
|2017||Edith Heard||Claude-Agnès Reynaud and Jean-Claude Weill||Marie-Paule Kieny|
|2016||Jean-Laurent Casanova||Catherine Barthélémy||Linda Fried|
|2015||Pier-Vincenzo Piazza||Étienne-Émile Baulieu||Peter Piot|
|2014||Anne Dejean||William Vainchenker||Leszek Borysiewicz|
|2013||Stanislas Dehaene||Daniel Louvard||Ogobara Doumbo|
|2012||Philippe Sansonetti||Jean-Paul Soulillou||Ingrid Grummt|
|2011||Alain Prochiantz||Ethel Moustacchi||Susan Gasser|
|2010||Didier Raoult||Eliane Gluckman||Denis Duboule|
|2009||Yehezkel Ben-Ari||Nicole Le Douarin||Nora Volkow|
|2008||Alain Fischer||Alim-Louis Benabid||Tomas Lindahl|
|2007||Christine Petit||Pierre Ducimetière||Mina Bissel|
|2006||Pierre Corvol||Ketty Schwartz||Zhu Chen|
|2005||Bernard Malissen at the CIML||Jacques Glowinski||David P. Lane|
|2004||Jean-Marc Egly||Pierre Chambon||Harvey Alter|