|Location||Indian Wells, California, United States|
|Operator||Charlie Pasarell and Raymond Moore (PM Sports Management)|
Stadium 1: 16,100Stadium 2: 8,000
|Surface||Hard (Plexipave), Outdoors|
|Opened||March 2000 (March 3, 2014 expansion)|
|Construction cost||$77 million ($11 million 2014 expansion)|
The Indian Wells Tennis Garden is a tennis facility in Indian Wells, near Palm Springs, California, in the Coachella Valley. The 16,100-capacity Stadium 1 is the largest stadium at the tennis complex, and the second largest outdoor tennis stadium in the world (after the Arthur Ashe Stadium at the US Open). It is the home of the BNP Paribas Open (previously the Pacific Life Open), a joint event of both the men's ATP World Tour and the women's WTA Tour, and constitutes the fifth largest tournament in the world, held each year in March. The Indian Wells Tennis Garden also hosts junior and adult United States Tennis Association events year-round In addition to these large events, during the week members are able to use the courts for recreational play and the Tennis Garden sets up matches for individuals who want to play. Additionally, the venue offers clinics and there are professionals on staff available for a fee.
The $77 million facility was built in March 2000, and was designed by Rossetti Associates Architects. It was a result of former #1 US Player, tournament chairman and owner of the BNP Paribas Open, Charlie Pasarell, partnering with Raymond Moore, to privately raise the money to fund the $77 million development. When Pasarell and his partners first purchased 88 acres of sand in the middle of the Coachella Valley, many doubted its ability to attract people, as all other major tournaments are located in large metropolitan areas, such as Paris, London, New York City, and Melbourne. However, future owners have shared and built on Passarell's vision for the Center. In 2006, Indian Wells Tennis Garden was bought by a group of private investors including Tennis Magazine owners George Mackin and Bob Miller, Pete Sampras, Chris Evert, Billie Jean King, Greg Norman, Charlie Pasarell, and Raymond Moore. In December 2009, Larry Ellison, co-founder and CEO of Oracle Corporation, became the new owner of both the Indian Wells Tennis Garden and the BNP Paribas Open. A long-term tennis enthusiast, Ellison continually invests in upgrading the facility, including a new, permanent Stadium 2 with 8,000 seats, two 19,000 square foot shade structures, 29 world-class courts, 23 lighted courts, upgraded locker rooms and fitness areas, 108-seat press room and 18 broadcast booths, eight acres of outdoor exposition space and 54 acres of outdoor parking.
In total, the Tennis Garden contains 29 tennis courts, including a 16,100-seat Stadium 1, 11 match courts, 6 practice courts, and 2 Har-Tru clay courts on 88 acres (360,000 m2). Stadium 1 is the second largest tennis-specific stadium in the world.
As well as tennis, the venue has hosted concerts by artists such as The Eagles, The Who, Tom Petty, Andrea Bocelli, and RBD. The NBA has played three pre-season exhibition games at Indian Wells, with all these events involving the Phoenix Suns. The first game featured the Suns against the Denver Nuggets on October 11, 2008; the NBA's first outdoor game since September 1972. On October 10, 2009 the Suns played the Golden State Warriors and on October 9, 2010 the game featured the Suns and the Dallas Mavericks.
The Indian Wells Masters, also known by its currently sponsored name BNP Paribas Open, has been held at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden since 2009. Prior to that it was home to the Pacific Life Open and the Indian Wells Masters tennis events. The tournament is held annually at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in the second week of March. The tournament is a ATP World Tour Masters 1000 on the ATP World Tour and a Premier Mandatory on the WTA Tour. The tournament also helps local charities with donations, and the tennis stars themselves sometimes help out.
After the conclusion of the 2013 BNP Paribas Open, the Tennis Garden underwent an expansion, including a new permanent Stadium 2 with a capacity of 8,000 and containing three new restaurants overlooking the court, a new Tennis Garden Village (18,000 sq ft), and additional seating to the outer and practice courts. A grand entrance to the tennis grounds on Washington St with a new box office and an additional 2,000 paved parking spots were also constructed during the expansion. There are now numerous video walls throughout the Tennis Garden with new information towers. The expansion was complete by the start of the 2014 BNP Paribas Open.