|Inferior hypogastric plexus|
The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (Pelvic plexus labeled at bottom right.)
Lower half of right sympathetic cord. (Hypogastric plexus labeled at bottom left.)
|Latin||plexus hypogastricus inferior|
|Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy|
The inferior hypogastric plexus is a paired structure, with each situated on the side of the rectum in the male, and at the sides of the rectum and vagina in the female. For this reason, injury to this structure is a known complication of pelvic surgeries and may cause urinary dysfunction and specifically urinary incontinence. Urodynamics will reveal a poorly compliant bladder, with bladder neck incompetence, and fixed external sphincter tone  .
Contributions to the plexus include:
At the points of junction of these nerves small ganglia are found.
From these plexuses numerous branches are distributed to the viscera of the pelvis.
They accompany the branches of the internal iliac artery.