Ishikawa Prefecture ( Ishikawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Ch?bu region on Honshu island. The capital is Kanazawa.
Ishikawa was formed in 1872 from the merger of Kaga Province and the smaller Noto Province.
Ishikawa is on the Sea of Japan coast. The northern part of the prefecture consists of the narrow Noto Peninsula, while the southern part is wider and consists mostly of mountains with the prefecture's chief city, Kanazawa, located in the coastal plain. The prefecture also has some islands, including Notojima, Mitsukejima, Hegurajima.
As of 1 April 2012Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Noto Hant? Quasi-National Parks; and five Prefectural Natural Parks.
, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as
Eleven cities are located in Ishikawa Prefecture:
Map of Ishikawa Prefecture
These are the towns in each district:
Ishikawa's industry is dominated by the textile industry, particularly artificial fabrics, and the machine industry, particularly construction machinery.
Ishikawa Prefecture has an area of 4,185 km² and, as of 1 April 2011
, it has a population of 1,166,643 persons.
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) is high quality and traditionally decorated with gold dust.
The area is noted for arts and crafts and other cultural traditions:
- The art of Noh was introduced to the area during the rule of the fifth Maeda lord Tsunanori and was refined into the style of Kaga hosho.
- The tea ceremony was introduced in 1666 when Maeda Toshitsune invited Senbiki Soshitsu of Urasenke to Kanazawa.
- Kutani ware (Kutani yaki) is a bright colored glaze like Chinese porcelain.
- Ohi teaware (?hi yaki) is a pottery with a style unique to Kanazawa.
- Nyotaimori or naked sushi is said to have originated in Ishikawa Prefecture.
- Kaga silk (Kaga y?zen) is made with complicated silk print technique with an intentional rough look (wabi-sabi).
- Kanazawa lacquerware (Kanazawa shikki) is high quality lacquerware traditionally decorated with gold dust.
- Kanazawa gold leaf (Kanazawa haku) is produced with a technique of beating gold into wafer-thin sheets.
- Kaga mizuhiki is ribbon-like decoration made from glued Japanese paper (washi).
- Kaga inlay crafts (Kaga z?gan) are made with a combination of thin flat and thread metal inlays.
- Gojinjo Daiko is a Japanese drum, a Wajima city cultural heritage (since 1961) as well as an Ishikawa Prefecture intangible cultural heritage (since 1963).
- Abare Festival is reputed the most 'fierce' festivals of Noto, Ishikawa.
Shirayone Senmaida, where designated as a World Agricultual Herritage site in Wajima
The most popular destination in Ishikawa is Kanazawa. Tourists can get to Ishikawa by plane via either the Komatsu or Noto airports. Popular sites include:
- Kitaro Nishida, philosopher, founder of the Kyoto School of philosophy, from Kahoku.
- Ky?ka Izumi, author of novels, short stories, and kabuki plays, from Kanazawa.
- Mur? Saisei, poet and novelist in modern Japanese literature from Kanazawa.
- Sh?sei Tokuda, author from Kanazawa.(Izumi, Muro, and Tokuda are known as the Three Famous Literary Persons in Ishikawa)
- Takeshi Kaga, an actor in Japan who is probably best known internationally for his portrayal of Chairman Kaga in the Japanese television show Iron Chef produced by Fuji TV, is from Ishikawa.
- Hideki Matsui, a current player for the New York Yankees, was born and raised in Neagari Town (now Nomi City), Ishikawa. He gained fame as a baseball player while attending high school in Kanazawa.
- Daisuke Nakata, a trampolinist who has competed in the Olympics in the past, is from Ishikawa.
Ishikawa has a number of universities:
- Kanazawa University
- Hokuriku University--a small liberal arts university with a School of Pharmacy and a School of Future Learning that gives instruction in Business, Economics, and Foreign Language (Chinese and English).
- Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing University
- Ishikawa Prefectural University
- Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
- Kanazawa College of Art
- Kanazawa Gakuin University
- Kanazawa Institute of Technology
- Kanazawa Medical University
- Kanazawa Seiryo University
- Kinjo Junior College
Expressways and toll roads
- Kanazawa Port (International container hub port)
- Nanao Port
The prefectural assembly building in the prefectural government building complex in Kanazawa
The current governor of Ishikawa is Masanori Tanimoto who was first elected in 1994 and has been reelected for a sixth term in the gubernatorial election in March 2014. Tanimoto is currently one of two governors who are in their sixth term nationwide, the other being Masaru Hashimoto of Ibaraki. Tanimoto is only the fourth governor of Ishikawa since 1947 when prefectural governors became elected offices, as predecessor Y?ichi Nakanishi had held the governorship even longer than Tanimoto, winning his first election in 1963 and then serving eight consecutive terms until his death in 1994.
The prefectural assembly of Ishikawa has 43 members and is elected in unified local elections (last round: 2011) in 15 SNTV electoral districts - six single-member, five two-member, one three-member, two four-member districts and the Kanazawa City district that elects 16 members. As of February 26, 2014, the LDP prefectural assembly caucus has 25 members and no other group has more than four members.
In the National Diet, Ishikawa is represented by three directly elected members of the House of Representatives and two (one per election) of the House of Councillors. Additional members from the prefecture may be elected in the proportional representation segments of both houses: the Hokuriku-Shin'etsu proportional representation block in the lower house, the proportional election to the upper house is nationwide. After the Diet elections of 2010, 2012 and 2013, the five directly elected members from Ishikawa districts are all Liberal Democrats, namely:
- in the House of Representatives
- in the House of Councillors
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ch?bu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Kanazawa" in p. 467, p. 467, at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2012.
- ^ http://www.pref.ishikawa.jp/shiko-kinbun/1536236_e.pdf The Forth High School Memorial Museum of Cultural Exchange, Ishikawa
- ^ 47 News/Ky?d? Ts?shin, March 16, 2014: ?6? 2
- ^ Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly: members by caucus Archived March 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese)
Coordinates: 36°38?N 136°39?E / 36.633°N 136.650°E