Ivy Hill, Newark, New Jersey
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Ivy Hill, Newark, New Jersey

Ivy Hill is a neighborhood of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. It is a diverse neighborhood in the city's West Ward bordering South Orange, Maplewood and Irvington. The Ivy Hill neighborhood is often considered a section of the Vailsburg area.[1]

Ivy Hill Apartments


The Ivy Hill area had been part of the South Orange Township known as Maplewood until 1890 when the city of Newark bought this land. In 1926, another 110 acres (0.45 km2) was annexed by Newark. In the 1960s, novelist Philip Roth in his book American Pastoral, described the community as family-oriented and safe.[1]


Ivy Hill has up to three schools and an Annex which had been a Ukrainian School and which later became the Mount Vernon School for two years and then for one year Vailsburg middle School.[]

Mt. Sinai Congregation

The Ivy Hill area is home to the Mt. Sinai Congregation and Jewish Senior Center. Several hundred Russian Jews live in the area.[2][3]

Ivy Hill Park

In 1927, the City of Newark designated land for the formation of Ivy Hill Park on Manor Dr. to accommodate the recreational needs of Maplewood, Newark, South Orange and Irvington. The park acreage is 18.96.[4] Due to a 25-year, no-cost lease agreement between Seton Hall University and Essex County Parks for one acre of University tennis courts, this brings the total number of courts in the park to 10. In exchange, the County rehabilitated the tennis courts and allows Seton Hall University use of the park's facilities.[5] The area hosts softball competitions.[6]

Ivy Hill Park also includes hard surface tennis courts, softball/baseball fields, a combination football/soccer field, a lighted basketball court, a playground, a shelter and a band concert area.


The Ivy Hill Neighborhood Association was formed several decades ago and hosts forums for public debate.[7] In 2010, concerns voiced by members included issues such as "increased police presence, job creation, failing schools, recreational facilities for children, control of the Newark watershed, and residency requirements for city employees."[7] Many city workers do not live within the city limits, according to one report.[7]


The area has many single-family, duplex homes and apartment buildings[8] of various sizes.[]

The Ivy Hill Park Apartments consists of ten fifteen-story buildings on Mount Vernon Place and Manor Drive.[9] It is a privately managed facility which spreads out for half a mile.[9] "Groundbreaking for the Ivy Hill Apartments took place in September 1951, with the first tenants moving in November of the next year. The developers were Arthur Pedula and Ralph Solow. Though forgotten today, Pedula was one of Newark's largest developers. The Ivy Hill Apartments were built with federal and city assistance. The City of Newark sold Pedula and Solow the 31 acres for the apartments, and the federal government, through the Federal Housing Administration, provided $17 million in low interest loans to the developers. Newark further facilitated the apartment buildings construction to allow for cheaper reinforced concrete, rather than structural steel.[10] It is also a nuclear fallout shelter. In 1955, the complex was sold to New York real estate investor and manager Henry Moscowitz, owner of the Argo Corporation.[11] The Ivy Hill apartments were originally solidly middle-class. Nearly a fifth of all residents were transplants from New York City and 22% of the residents commuted into the great metropolis.[10] Throughout the years, it became home to an extremely diverse resident base. In 2011, residents from over 40 countries were represented, totaling up to 10,000 residents, with the sense of the complex being like a mini "United Nations".[9] Of the 10,000 residents, 1,000 of them are Russian speakers. Due to its walking proximity to Seton Hall University, many undergraduate and graduate students live here too.[10] There are also a number of retirees. The complex is New Jersey's largest privately owned apartment complex.[12]

Notable residents

Public transportation

  • The 1 or 361X[13] connects Ivy Hill with Jersey City and Newark Penn Station. Number 1 buses run almost every half-hour starting at 4:34 am. 361X express buses run during the morning rush at 7:16, 7:23, 7:30, 7:37, 7:44, 7:51, 8:00, 8:14, 8:24, 8:40.
  • Ivy Hill is also served by the Number 3 New Jersey Transit bus lines, all of which meet at the Ivy Hill Loop "station" located at the southeast corner of Manor Drive and Mount Vernon Place.
  • Service on the 107 begins at 4:45 am on weekdays and the last bus to arrive from New York arrives at 2:49 am. It is the second stop, after the South Orange Train Station, on the number 107.[14] bus to New York.
  • The loop is the first stop on the number 37[15] bus to Newark Airport, which begins at 4:04 am on weekdays. The last bus to arrive from Newark Airport arrives at 12:12 am.


The area has been plagued by high rates of crime in the past few decades, with numerous muggings and murders.[16] There was a murder of a 26-year-old man in 2008[17] and a woman in 2011.[18]

In 2007 there was a triple execution-style murder of three college-bound students behind the Mount Vernon school which generated national attention. The murdered students became known as the Mount Vernon 3. They had been bound for Delaware State University.[19] The shooting happened in a parking lot behind the Mount Vernon School just across Manor Drive from Ivy Hill Park Apartments. It led to lawsuits against the school for inadequate security[20] as well as protests from residents about lack of police presence, an underused police facility, and lack of surveillance cameras.[21]

The Ivy Hill Park Apartment complex has had serious problems with crime, although there are conflicting reports whether the crime rate is improving.[9] Some court cases involving these apartments include Kuzmicz v. Ivy Hill Park Apartments,[22] Ivy Hill Park Apts. V. GNB Park. Corp,[23] Ivy Hill Park Apts. V Sidisin,[24] etc.

There was a homicide victim in building 55.[25] There is a report of residents who were "often afraid to approach their own apartments because of the gantlet of gang members lurking around the doorways of the buildings."[9] Some buildings were plagued by "garbage and mischief". Illegal immigrants have lived in the Ivy Hill Park Apts. According to longtime residents, the management has recently changed for the better, but it is a slow process. There are also unmarked police cars parked around the area.

According to one newspaper account:

Drug dealing nearby is hardly uncommon. Parties could get out of hand. Cars were stolen. Lights were broken. Fists could fly, and weapons could be brandished.

-- report in the New York Times,2007[9]

The complex management had trouble dealing with gang members who used the extensive complex as a hideout.[26] Security guards for the complex, including off-duty Newark police officers, gave "little resistance" to gang activity, according to one report.[9] Evictions did not seem to matter since gang members returned to the complex to menace residents.[9]

There were always problems in those apartments. I wanted to protect my sons.

-- resident of Ivy Hill Apartments in 2007[26]

The complex was described as "rough"[27] with an "atmosphere of fear."[28] Criminal gangs either lived or robbed there, sometimes who slipped through apartment doors "cracked barely open by frightened residents."[9] One gang did stickups in elevators and parking lots to extort cash from victims.[9]

In March 2018, the city opened the first police precinct in the neighborhood in 100 years.[29]


  1. ^ a b Goldway, Terry (November 14, 2004). "URBAN MYTHOLOGY; The Newark Dream". The New York Times. Retrieved . In Mr. Roth's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel American Pastoral, ...It was very family-oriented, said Eileen Smith ... lived in Vailsburg's Ivy Hill Apartments in the 1960's. My parents never had a car. We walked everywhere, and it was safe. You could take a bus downtown and come back at night without having to worry about crime. 
  2. ^ http://www.newarkhistory.com/ivyhillpark.html of those 1,000 Russian speakers, several hundred are Jewish.Mt. Sinai has been led by Rabbi Samuel Bogomilsky since 1964. Bogomilsky, a member of the Chabad movement, saw Ivy Hill as an ideal home for the thousands of low-income Soviet Jewish emigres who began arriving in the United States in the 1970s. The Jewish Federation of Metrowest agreed with Bogomilsky and began funneling Russian Jews to affordable and safe Ivy Hill. Ivy Hill's owners agreed, even hiring a special Russian Jewish renting agency to attract Russian Jewish tenants.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-10. Retrieved .  Of the forty Newark synagogues, all have either moved to the suburbs or merged with other shuls. One other congregation--Mt. Sinai, primarily composed of Russian émigrés in the Ivy Hill apartment complex in Newark's Vailsburg section--remains and conducts services daily.
  4. ^ http://www.essex-countynj.org/p/index.php?section=parks/sites/iv In 1927 land was secured from the City of Newark for the purpose of meeting the recreational needs of the rapidly growing sections of Maplewood, Newark, South Orange, and Irvington. The original tract of land measured 18.86 acres, which was added to slightly until the final acreage of 18.96 was achieved in 1938. Those first 11 years of Ivy Hill Park saw gradual development and improvements by the Works Progress Administration.
  5. ^ http://www.essex-countynj.org/p/index.php?section=parks/sites/iv Under the terms of a 1986 agreement with Seton Hall University, the County has a 25-year, no-cost lease for one acre of University property that has 6 tennis courts. This land is contiguous with the park and brings the total number of courts in the park to 10. In exchange, the County rehabilitated the tennis courts and allows Seton Hall University use of the park's facilities. Other improvements included redesign of the field area for football, soccer, baseball, and softball, and improvements to the existing basketball court and playground, along with general site work.
  6. ^ Mike Lamberti (May 21, 2011). "ESSEX SOFTBALL: Mount St. Dominic wins a thriller, 5-4, over Cedar Grove". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . Cora Ianiro and Melissa Tighe had three hits each to lead Mount St. Dominic past defending champion Cedar Grove, 5-4, in the Essex County Tournament semifinals at Ivy Hill Park in Newark. 
  7. ^ a b c David Giambusso (April 12, 2010). "Newark voters cite jobs, schools, crime as major issues in West Ward election". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . Candidates faced questions prepared by the Ivy Hill Neighborhood Association, the decades-old community group that hosted the forum, and residents. Many of the themes echoed issues facing candidates throughout the city: increased police presence, job creation, failing schools, recreational facilities for children, control of the Newark watershed, and residency requirements for city employees. 
  8. ^ apartment buildings retrieved January 1, 2014
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j SERGE F. KOVALESKI (August 15, 2007). "Wanted: A Band of Men and Boys". The New York Times. Retrieved . ... Carranza, 28, possessed of a temper and a growing rap sheet, appears to have directed the group of a half-dozen or more -- answered to like a boss. The group pulled off petty stickups in the elevators and parking lots of the sprawling Ivy Hill Park Apartments in the West Ward, according to interviews with relatives, friends and victims, who say the crew extorted people for quick cash, sometimes slipped through apartment doors cracked barely open by frightened residents. 
  10. ^ a b c http://www.newarkhistory.com/ivyhillpark.html
  11. ^ New Jersey & Company: "Juicy: Developers find "the Oranges" Ripe for Picking" By Katie Wagner June 1, 2008
  12. ^ Ivy Hill Park Apartments website retrieved January 1, 2014
  13. ^ 1 or 361X
  14. ^ 107
  15. ^ 37
  16. ^ Richard Khavkine (September 30, 2010). "South Orange neighborhood worried about rising crime". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . Although Irvington Avenue through the village is by all accounts a safe thoroughfare during the day, residents say a wave of muggings, break-ins and robberies over the last few months have turned the corridor menacing after nightfall. 
  17. ^ Chanta L. Jackson (September 9, 2008). "Man, 26, shot dead in Ivy Hill". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . 26-year-old city man was shot dead Sunday in the city's Ivy Hill neighborhood, police said. 
  18. ^ Star-Ledger staff (March 22, 2011). "Authorities investigate death of woman found in apartment in Newark's West Ward". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . Police have identified a suspect in the death of a woman found Tuesday in a West Ward apartment and expect to make an arrest soon, officials said. Newark police arrived to 55 Manor Drive near Ivy Hill after receiving information there may have been a homicide victim there... 
  19. ^ The Star Ledger, by Suleman Din and Claire Heininger/The Star-Ledger January 29, 2008 4:19 pm This article first appeared in The Star-Ledger on August 6, 2007.
  20. ^ JoAnne Sills (August 26, 2008). "Newark schools to go to court over liability in triple schoolyard murder". NJ.com. Retrieved . The survivor and the families filed a civil suit in June, alleging that the school board failed to provide adequate security in the playground, despite knowledge of serious criminal threats arising from the nearby Ivy Hill apartments. 
  21. ^ Joan Whitlow (December 11, 2009). "Newark's police work shouldn't be a secret". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . ... a supposedly empty police building on Irvington Avenue in the Ivy Hill area of Newark's West Ward.... 50 Ivy Hill residents marched in a cold rain one night calling out a list of demands that included more police presence and full staffing of that facility... 
  22. ^ a tenant of Ivy Hill Park Apartments, Inc. (Ivy Hill), sustained serious injuries when he was assaulted on a vacant lot owned by Newark Board of Education (the Board). The lot was located between the apartment complex and a grocery store owned by Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, Inc. (the A&P). Several years before the assault, Ivy Hill had erected a chain-link fence to separate its property from the Board's lot. Over the course of the years, Ivy Hill had repaired the fence three or four times. However, to gain access to the lot, which provided a shortcut to the A&P, the tenants or someone else had cut an opening wide enough for two people to walk side-by-side through the fence. Although the apartment complex abutted a lighted sidewalk leading to the A&P, Ivy Hill tenants frequently elected to cut the walk short by walking through the darkened path
  23. ^ A summary action between landlord and tenant for recovery of commercial premises due to violation of lease covenants. The case raises the novel question of whether the specificity requirements of N.J.S.A. 2A:18-53(c)(4) for the notice to terminate the tenancy and quit the premises may be satisfied if such notice incorporates by reference a sufficiently specific recent notice to cease or cure the violations. This court answers the question affirmatively.
  24. ^ In this summary dispossession action brought for non-payment of rent under N.J.S.A. 2A:18-61.1a., the trial court determined that defendant had failed to pay as additional rent under the lease $1,640 in damages to the plaintiff's property. The court determined that defendant had flushed cat litter down the toilet, that the litter had caused a blockage in the building's sewer line and that the blockage and resulting flood had caused the damage. The court also determined that the damage was the result of defendant's negligence.
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ a b ROBERT D. McFADDEN and ANNIE CORREAL (August 13, 2007). "A Life of Hardship, and Now, Two Fugitive Sons:". The New York Times. Retrieved . ... With her sons, she moved into the Ivy Hill Apartments. ... Asked why they left Ivy Hill, Ms. Gomez said: "There were always problems in those apartments. I wanted to protect my sons." 
  27. ^ "From Siberia to the MG Film Fest: Tatyana Z". The Star-Ledger. August 11, 2008. Retrieved . The family landed in Newark's rough Ivy Hill apartments 
  28. ^ Joan Whitlow (August 24, 2007). "The problem is criminals, whatever their immigration status". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved . People in the Ivy Hill Apartments say that some of the young suspects arrested in the Mount Vernon case had been strong-arming residents for money, creating an atmosphere of fear. 
  29. ^ http://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/03/long_overdue_newark_gets_new_police_precinct_as_re.html

Coordinates: 40°44?24?N 74°14?27?W / 40.74000°N 74.24083°W / 40.74000; -74.24083

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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