Jacobs Entertainment

Jacobs Entertainment, Inc. is a gaming, hospitality, and entertainment company based in Golden, Colorado.[1]


The company was formed by Cleveland real estate developer Jeffrey Jacobs.[2] In 1995, it announced a joint venture with Black Hawk Gaming & Development to build a casino hotel in Black Hawk, Colorado.[3] Jacobs was also reported to be exploring gaming opportunities in 10 other states and South Africa and Aruba.[2] Later that year, the company purchased 50 percent of Colonial Downs, a horse track under development in New Kent, Virginia, for $5 million, and was negotiating to purchase River Downs, an Ohio horse track.[4][5]

In 1996, the company made a $9 million investment in the Boardwalk Casino on the Las Vegas Strip.[6]

The Lodge Casino, the company's $73-million joint venture with Black Hawk Gaming, opened in 1998, with Jacobs owning a 25 percent share.[7]

In 2002, Jeffrey Jacobs and his father, Richard Jacobs, consolidated their gaming holdings into a reorganized Jacobs Entertainment, which simultaneously purchased all outstanding shares of Black Hawk Gaming & Development and Colonial Holdings.[8] The combined company at that point owned the Lodge Casino and Gilpin Casino in Black Hawk; the Gold Dust West Casino in Reno, Nevada; Colonial Downs racetrack; and six truck stop casinos in Louisiana.[8]

The company applied for a license to operate a casino in Orange County, Indiana in 2003, but withdrew its bid in the face of stiff competition.[9][10] It also made plans to develop a casino in D'Iberville, Mississippi, but pulled out of the project in 2004.[11]

Jacobs held discussions about buying New York racetrack Vernon Downs in 2005, and Casino Aztar Caruthersville in Missouri in 2007, but neither acquisition materialized.[12][13]

In 2006, Jacobs spent over $2 million in support of an Ohio ballot measure that would have authorized the company to open a casino at the Nautica Entertainment Complex, owned by Jeffrey Jacobs.[14] The measure failed.[15]

Jacobs purchased the Piñon Plaza casino in Carson City, Nevada in 2006 for $14.5 million, and rebranded it as the Gold Dust West Carson City.[16] The company opened its third casino under the Gold Dust West name in Elko, Nevada in 2007.[17]

In 2008 and 2009, the company bought out the shares of Richard Jacobs, leaving his son as the sole owner.[18]

The company acquired the Nautica Entertainment Complex from Jeffrey Jacobs in phases between 2008 and 2012.[19][20][21] It then purchased the Greater Cleveland Aquarium, located in the complex, in 2014.[22]

Jacobs offered itself for sale to MTR Gaming in 2013 for $145 million in stock, but withdrew the offer after MTR agreed to be acquired by Eldorado Resorts.[23][24] The Jacobses had begun purchasing shares in MTR Gaming in 2006, eventually accumulating an 18 percent stake in the company.[23][25] Later in the year, Jacobs made a competing offer to buy MTR, and then withdrew it after Eldorado increased its offer.[24][26]

Since 2008, Jacobs has pursued plans to develop a casino in Diamondhead, Mississippi.[27] The state gaming commission rejected the proposal in March 2017, but the company filed an appeal.[28]

Jacobs purchased the Sands Regency Casino Hotel in Reno, Nevada, a few blocks away from the Gold Dust West casino, for $30 million in July 2017.[29][30][31]



  1. ^ "Contact Us". Jacobs Entertainment. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b Diane Solov; Bill Sloat (February 26, 1995). "Ohio developers line up for shot at casinos". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, OH - via NewsBank. 
  3. ^ Lynn Bronikowski (January 4, 1995). "Black Hawk project to double in size". Rocky Mountain News. Denver, CO - via NewsBank. 
  4. ^ "Investor buys half of track". Daily Press. Newport News, VA. AP. November 7, 1995 - via NewsBank. 
  5. ^ John Markon (August 17, 1995). "Live racing pledged for '96". Richmond Times-Dispatch - via NewsBank. 
  6. ^ Donald Sabath (July 17, 1996). "Jeffrey Jacobs buys stake in Nevada casino". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, OH - via NewsBank. 
  7. ^ Bill Lubinger (August 30, 1998). "Casino operator is good bet". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, OH - via NewsBank. 
  8. ^ a b Form 10-K: Annual Report (Report). Jacobs Entertainment. March 31, 2003. pp. 2-3 - via EDGAR. 
  9. ^ Mike Lewis; Roger Moon (November 16, 2003). "Casino process in Orange County on a fast track". The Herald-Times. Bloomington, IN - via NewsBank. 
  10. ^ Roger Moon (December 26, 2003). "Casino applicant withdraws request". The Times-Mail. Bedford, IN - via NewsBank. 
  11. ^ Tom Wilemon; Anita Lee (October 21, 2004). "D'Iberville sees plans for casino evaporate". The Sun Herald. Biloxi, MS - via NewsBank. 
  12. ^ Glenn Coin (April 27, 2005). "Vernon Downs has new suitor". The Post-Standard. Syracuse, NY - via NewsBank. 
  13. ^ "Isle of Capri may buy Casino Aztar". Kansas City Star. March 13, 2007 - via NewsBank. 
  14. ^ Tom Breckenridge (November 4, 2006). "Issue 3 could boost downtown Developers putting money on proposal for gambling". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, OH - via NewsBank. 
  15. ^ John McCarthy (November 8, 2006). "State voters again reject gambling issue". The Cincinnati Post. AP - via NewsBank. 
  16. ^ Becky Bosshart (June 26, 2006). "Piñon Plaza changes hands; to become Gold Dust West". Nevada Appeal. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ Marianne Kobak (March 2, 2007). "Gold Dust West ready to open". Elko Daily Free Press - via NewsBank. 
  18. ^ Form 10-K: Annual Report (Report). Jacobs Entertainment. March 30, 2010. p. F-23 - via EDGAR. 
  19. ^ Form 10-Q: Quarterly Report (Report). Jacobs Entertainment. August 13, 2012. p. 15 - via EDGAR. 
  20. ^ Form 10-K: Annual Report (Report). Jacobs Entertainment. March 29, 2011. p. 7 - via EDGAR. 
  21. ^ "About Nautica Entertainment Complex". Nautica Entertainment Complex. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ "Jacobs takes over ownership of the Greater Cleveland Aquarium; new exhibits announced". Akron Beacon Journal. June 3, 2014. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ a b "Jacobs Entertainment pitches sale to W.Va. company". Denver Post. AP. May 14, 2013. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ a b "Jacobs Entertainment offers rival bid for MTR Gaming". Las Vegas Review-Journal. AP. October 3, 2013. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ Stan Bullard (July 14, 2008). "Younger Jacobs seeking bigger stake in owner of Mountaineer resort". Crain's Cleveland Business - via NewsBank. 
  26. ^ "Jacobs Entertainment, Inc. supports Eldorado's proposal to MTR Gaming" (Press release). Jacobs Entertainment. November 20, 2013 - via Marketwired. 
  27. ^ Stan Bullard (September 19, 2008). "Jacobs Entertainment pursues Miss. casino". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ Mary Perez (April 5, 2017). "Diamondhead casino developer appeals Gaming Commission decision". The Sun Herald. Biloxi, MS. Retrieved . 
  29. ^ Higdon, Mike (April 26, 2017). "Casino co. investing over $40M into Sands purchase and three blocks of downtown Reno". Reno Gazette-Journal. Retrieved . 
  30. ^ Annie Conway (June 26, 2017). "Jacobs Entertainment to acquire Sands". Northern Nevada Business Weekly. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ Location Details - Public (Report). Nevada Gaming Control Board. Retrieved . 

External links

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