|Division of Engineering|
|University of California San Diego|
|Location||La Jolla, San Diego, California, USA
The Irwin and Joan Jacobs School of Engineering is an undergraduate and graduate-level engineering school offering BS, BA, MEng, MS, MAS and PhD degrees at the University of California San Diego in La Jolla, California. The Jacobs School of Engineering is the youngest engineering school of the nation's top fifteen, the largest by enrollment in the University of California system, and the ninth-largest in the country. Thirty-one faculty have been named members of the National Academies.
Engineering programs began at UCSD during the 1964 academic year with a broad applied science department in the areas of aerospace engineering, solid mechanics, bioengineering, and materials science. The first chair of the Department of Aeronautical (later Aerospace) and Mechanical Engineering Sciences (AMES), Sol Penner, recruited numerous experts in their fields from the California Institute of Technology and other established engineering schools, such as William Prager, Forman A. Williams and Paul A. Libby. He would later recollect that "Roger Revelle's dream of building a State University with emphasis on distinguished graduate work had immediate appeal for me because it was consonant with what [he] had become familiar at the California Institute of Technology." These recruits included the second and third chairs of the department, John W. Miles and Eric Reissner. During Miles' tenure, the department would be renamed to the Department of Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences, distinguishing it from the second engineering department. Founded in 1965 by Henry G. Booker as the Department of Applied Electrophysics, it would be renamed the Department of Applied Physics and Information Science. Both departments quickly achieved international acclaim for the high-quality research they supported. Additionally, undergraduate engineering instruction began in 1968 with a BA degree in information and computer science.
Research achievements in the 1970s included faculty member Hannes Alfvén's receipt of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics and Kenneth Bowles's development of UCSD Pascal. In 1982, UCSD combined the engineering departments into the Division of Engineering, led by the first dean, Lea Rudee. Ten years passed until the Division of Engineering was renamed the School of Engineering. This time, Robert Conn, an expert in plasma physics and semiconductors was chosen to lead the new School. In 1997, when Qualcomm founder and former UCSD engineering professor Irwin Jacobs and his wife Joan Jacobs provided a $15 million endowment for the School, the School went through a final name change leading to the current name in their honor. Six years later, Irwin and Joan Jacobs added to the endowment with a $110 million gift for scholarships, fellowships, and faculty support.
The School of Engineering occupies ten buildings on 20 acres in and around Earl Warren College on the UC San Diego campus. These buildings are Jacobs Hall (Engineering Building Unit 1), Powell-Focht Bioengineering Hall, Atkinson Hall (Calit2), the Computer Science and Engineering building, Engineering Building Unit 2, the Structural and Materials Engineering Building, the Charles Lee Powell Structural Systems Laboratory, the High Bay Physics building, the Science and Engineering Research Facility, and the Center for Magnetic Recording Research. The primary thoroughfare, Warren Mall, runs from the Geisel Library Snake Path at its western end to EBU 2 at its eastern terminus. Two additional buildings, the Design and Innovation Building and Franklin Antonio Hall, are in planning.
Warren Mall features four recognizable works of public art belonging to the Stuart Collection. The oldest of these, Bruce Nauman's Vices and Virtues, was completed in 1988 as a series of neon signs superimposing the seven deadly sins and seven virtues over the Powell Structural Systems Laboratory. Alexis Smith's Snake Path was built to link Warren Mall to Geisel Library in 1992. Tim Hawkinson's 2005 work Bear frames the academic courtyard north of Warren Mall, and in 2012 Do Ho Suh's Fallen Star was mounted slightly askew on top of Jacobs Hall.
The Jacobs School of Engineering is currently home to six distinct engineering departments, offering eighteen undergraduate majors, sixteen master's degrees, and twelve Ph. D. programs. Undergraduate admission to each of these departments is capped, meaning that applicants who are not directly accepted to the major as freshmen or new transfers must apply for acceptance.
The Department of Bioengineering was founded in 1994. It began in 1965 under the leadership of Y.C. Fung as part of the Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Sciences Department, at which time it was the first biomedical engineering program in the nation. In 2016, the department housed 24 faculty, 633 undergraduates, and 245 graduate students. Undergraduates can choose from four majors within the department, namely bioengineering, biotechnology, bioinformatics, and biosystems. The first two majors are ABET-accredited. Programs for students pursuing graduate degrees include a five-year BS/MS, an MAS degree in medical device engineering, MS degrees, PhD degrees, and a joint MD/PhD with the School of Medicine.
The Department of Computer Science and Engineering is the largest engineering department in the UC system. It houses 57 faculty, 1,965 undergraduates, and 795 graduate students. The department was spun off in 1987 from the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. Undergraduate students in the department may obtain a BS or BA in computer science, a BS in computer engineering, or a BS in bioinformatics. The data science program at UCSD is jointly operated by the CSE, Mathematics, and Cognitive Science departments. Graduate students may obtain an MS, MAS, PhD, or combined BS/MS degree.
The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering was founded in 1987 as part of the former Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences' split. The department has 52 faculty members, 1,132 undergraduates, and 673 graduate students. Undergraduates may choose a BS program in electrical engineering, engineering physics, or computer engineering, or they can pursue a BA in "electrical engineering and society." Graduate students pursuing a master's or PhD can pursue a specialization in applied ocean sciences, applied physics/electronic devices and materials, communication theory and systems/magnetic recording, computer engineering, electronic circuits and systems, intelligent systems, robotics, and control, medical devices and systems, nanoscale devices and systems, photonics, or signal and image processing.
The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering was founded in 1964 as AMES, the first engineering department at UC San Diego. It was renamed to MAE in 1999. The department has 44 faculty members, 1,092 undergraduates, and 547 graduate students. Undergraduate students pursue BS degrees in aerospace engineering, environmental engineering, and mechanical engineering. Graduate students may obtain MS, MAS, and PhD degrees in the areas of applied and solid mechanics, material sciences, fluid mechanics, energy, thermal sciences, engineering physics, dynamic systems and controls, environmental engineering, biomechanics, and design.
The Department of NanoEngineering, founded in 2007, is the youngest engineering department in the Jacobs School. It has 27 faculty members, 722 undergraduates, and 174 graduate students as of 2016. The largest undergraduate major in the department is the BS in chemical engineering, which NanoEngineering took administrative control of in fall 2008. Students can also obtain a BS in nanoengineering as of fall 2010. Graduate students can obtain MS and PhD degrees in either chemical engineering or nanoengineering.
The Department of Structural Engineering split from the former Department of Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences in 1999. However, its independence from the department predates this split, as the Structural Systems Research group was separately administered beginning in 1993. Presently, the department has 24 faculty, 517 undergraduates, and 201 graduate students housed in the Structural and Materials Engineering building. Undergraduate students are limited to pursuing a degree in structural engineering. Graduate students may obtain an MS in Structural Engineering or Structural Health Monitoring, as well as a PhD in structural engineering with various specializations.
The Jacobs School is also affiliated with several academic centers and institutes. These include:
The Jacobs School of Engineering overall was ranked 14th in the United States. All six of the Jacobs School's academic departments were ranked in the top 20: The Department of Bioengineering, ranked 3rd in the nation for biomedical engineering behind Johns Hopkins and Georgia Tech. The department has ranked among the top five programs in the nation every year for the past decade. The Jacobs School of Engineering is also the 10th best in the world for engineering/technology and computer sciences, according to an academic ranking of the top 100 world universities published online in February 2008 by the Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), ranked highly in all categories surveyed: computer systems (9), computer science (13), theory (14), programming language (17) and artificial intelligence (19). The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, ranked 16th in mechanical engineering and 19th in aerospace engineering; the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), ranked 16th in electrical engineering and communications, and 17th in computer engineering; and the Department of Structural Engineering, ranked 17th in the specialty of civil engineering. The interdisciplinary Bioinformatics program, which is offered jointly by eight UCSD departments including the Jacobs School's bioengineering and computer science and engineering departments, ranked 6th in the nation.