James Braid (golfer)
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James Braid Golfer

James Braid
James Braid golf 1904.jpg
Braid in 1904
Personal information
Full name James Braid
Born (1870-02-06)6 February 1870
Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland
Died 27 November 1950(1950-11-27) (aged 80)
London, England
Nationality  Scotland
Status Professional
Professional wins 19
Best results in major championships
(wins: 5)
Masters Tournament DNP
U.S. Open DNP
The Open Championship Won: 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1910
PGA Championship DNP
Achievements and awards
World Golf Hall of Fame 1976 (member page)
Braid in 1927
Braid caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1907

James Braid (6 February 1870[1] - 27 November 1950) was a Scottish professional golfer and a member of the Great Triumvirate of the sport alongside Harry Vardon and John Henry Taylor. He won The Open Championship five times.[2] He also was a renowned golf course architect. Braid is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.

Braid was born in Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland, the son of James and Mary (née Harris). He played golf from an early age, working as a clubmaker before turning professional in 1896. Initially his game was hindered by problems with his putting, but he overcame this after switching to an aluminium putter in 1900. He won The Open Championship in 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908 and 1910. In addition, Braid won four British PGA Matchplay Championships (1903, 1905, 1907 and 1911), as well as the 1910 French Open title. He was also runner-up in The Open Championship in 1897 and 1909. His 1906 victory in The Open Championship was the last successful defence of the title by a European until Pádraig Harrington replicated the feat in 2008.[3]

In 1912, Braid scaled back his tournament golf, and became a full-time club professional at Walton Heath; he had begun a relationship with that London-area club more than a decade before. He developed a very successful career in golf course design,[4] and is sometimes regarded as the "inventor" of the dogleg, although holes of similar design had been known for centuries (for example, the Road Hole at the Old Course at St Andrews). Among his designs are the "King's Course" and the "Queen's Course" at Gleneagles, and the 1926 remodelling of The Open Championship venue Carnoustie Golf Links.

Stranraer Golf Club's course was the final one that was designed by Braid in the year that he died, 1950. He was called out of retirement to plan Creachmore, which was to be his last commission. Braid never lived to see the course completed. He died in London on 27 November 1950.[5]

Tournament wins (19)

Note: This list may be incomplete.

Major championships are shown in bold.

Major championships

Wins (5)

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up
1901 The Open Championship 5 shot lead 79-76-74-80=309 3 strokes Jersey Harry Vardon
1905 The Open Championship (2) 6 shot lead 81-78-78-81=318 5 strokes England Rowland Jones, England J.H. Taylor
1906 The Open Championship (3) 3 shot deficit 77-76-74-73=300 4 strokes England J.H. Taylor
1908 The Open Championship (4) 6 shot lead 70-72-77-72=291 8 strokes England Tom Ball
1910 The Open Championship (5) 2 shot deficit 76-73-74-76=299 4 strokes Scotland Sandy Herd

Results timeline

Tournament 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
The Open Championship T10 6 2 T10 T5
Tournament 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
The Open Championship 3 1 T2 5 T2 1 1 T5 1 T2
Tournament 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
The Open Championship 1 T5 3 T18 T10 NT NT NT NT NT
Tournament 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
The Open Championship T21 T16 T49 T18 T28 T30 T41
Tournament 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938
The Open Championship CUT

Note: Braid only played in The Open Championship

  Top 10
  Did not play

NT = No tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place

Team appearances

Golf courses designed by Braid

Braid designed over 200 courses including the following:

  • Alloa Golf Club, Alloa[6]
  • Alyth Golf Club, Perthshire
  • Belleisle Golf Club, Alloway, Ayr[7]
  • Bentra G.C, Whitehead, Northern Ireland[8]
  • Boat of Garten Golf Club, Inverness-Shire, Scotland[9]
  • Budock Vean Golf Club, Falmouth, Cornwall[10]
  • Caldwell Golf Club, Uplawmoor, East Renfrewshire
  • Charnwood Forest Golf Club, Woodhouse, Leicestershire, the oldest golf club in Leicestershire
  • Cochrane Castle, Johnstone, Renfrewshire
  • Colchester Golf Club, Colchester, Essex[11]
  • Copthorne Golf Club, Copthorne, West Sussex[12]
  • Cowglen Golf Club, Glasgow
  • Crow Wood Golf Club, Glasgow
  • Dalmahoy Golf Club (East & West Courses), Edinburgh
  • Dumfries & County Golf Club, Dumfries
  • Eaglescliffe Golf Club, Stockton-on-Tees, England
  • East Brighton Golf Club, Brighton, East Sussex[13]
  • East Renfrewshire Golf Club, Newton Mearns, Renfrewshire
  • Elderslie Golf Club, Renfrewshire
  • Erskine Golf Club, Erskine, Renfrewshire, Scotland
  • Finchley Golf Club[14]
  • Fraserburgh Golf Club, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
  • Girvan Golf Club, Ayrshire
  • Haydock Park Golf Club, Lancashire
  • Herefordshire Golf Club, Raven's Causeway, Herefordshire (1896)[15]
  • Howth Golf Club, Howth, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Hull Golf Club, Kirk Ella, East Riding of Yorkshire[16]
  • Irvine Golf Club (Bogside), Irvine, Ayrshire
  • Kilmacolm Golf Club, Renfrewshire
  • King's and Queen's Course, Gleneagles Golf Club, Perthshire, Scotland
  • Kirkhill Golf Club, South Lanarkshire[17]
  • Kirkistown Castle Links, Cloughey, Co. Down, Northern Ireland[18]
  • Kirriemuir Golf Club, Kirriemuir, Angus[19]
  • Lanark Golf Club
  • Littlehill Golf Course, Glasgow
  • Ludlow Golf Club, Shropshire
  • Middlesbrough Golf Club, Nunthorpe, Middlesbrough
  • Musselburgh Golf Club, Musselburgh, East Lothian[20]
  • Neath Golf Club, Neath, Wales[21]
  • Newton Green Golf Club, Sudbury, Suffolk[22]
  • North Shore Golf Club, Skegness, Lincolnshire[23]
  • Northcliffe Golf Club, Shipley, West Yorkshire
  • Old Ranfurly Golf Club, Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire
  • Oswestry Golf Club, Shropshire[24]
  • Perranporth Golf Club, Perranporth, Cornwall[25]
  • Peterborough Milton Golf Club, Cambridgeshire
  • Porthmadog Golf Club, Morfa Bychan, North Wales
  • Ralston Golf Club, Paisley, Renfrewshire
  • Renfrew Golf Club, Renfrew, Renfrewshire, Scotland
  • Rhyl Golf Club, Rhyl, North Wales
  • Royal Blackheath Golf Club
  • Ryston Park Golf Club
  • St Austell Golf Club, St Austell, Cornwall[26]
  • Saint Enodoc Golf Club, Wadebridge, Cornwall[27]
  • Seafield, Belleisle Park, Alloway, Ayr
  • Stranraer Golf Club, Stranraer[5]
  • Strathaven Golf Club, Lanarkshire
  • Tiverton Golf Club, Tiverton, Devon, England[28]
  • Theydon Bois Golf Club Epping Essex (1897)
  • Verulam Golf Club, St. Albans, Hertfordshire
  • Walmer and Kingsdown, Kingsdown, Kent
  • Worsley Golf Club, Greater Manchester
  • Wrexham Golf Club, Wrexham, Wales

Singapore designs

Braid disliked travel overseas, very rarely left the British Isles, and never traveled outside Europe. But he did design two 18-hole golf courses for the Singapore Golf Club in Asia, using topographic maps to plan his layouts there, which were then constructed to his orders.[29]

See also


  1. ^ "Births in the Parish of Kilconquar in the County of Fife". Statutory Births 436/00 0009. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 2015. (Subscription required (help)).
  2. ^ "James Braid". The Open. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Harrington sets 'exclusive' goals". BBC News. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ "The James Braid Golf Trail". Visit Scotland. Archived from the original on 19 May 2005. Retrieved 2009.
  5. ^ a b "History of Stranraer Golf Club". Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ "Alloa Golf Club". Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Belleisle Golf Club". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Bentra Golf Club". Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Boat of Garten Golf Club". Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Budock Vean Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ "Colchester Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  12. ^ Copthorne Golf Club
  13. ^ "East Brighton Golf Club". Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "Finchley Golf Club website".
  15. ^ "Herefordshire Golf Club website".
  16. ^ "About Hull Golf Club". Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Home". Kirkhill Golf Club. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Kirkistown Castle Links". Retrieved 2013.
  19. ^ "Kirriemuir Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  20. ^ "The Musselburgh Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  21. ^ "Neath Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  22. ^ "Newton Green Golf Club". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  23. ^ "North Shore Golf Club". Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ "Oswestry Golf Club". Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "Perranporth Golf Club". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  26. ^ "St Austell Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  27. ^ "Saint Enodoc Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  28. ^ "Tiverton Golf Club". Retrieved 2013.
  29. ^ "The Golf Course", by Geoffrey Cornish and Ronald Whitten, 1981, 'James Braid' in golf course architects section

Further reading

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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