James Randolph Spencer
|Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia|
March 25, 2014 - June 2, 2017
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia|
|Claude M. Hilton|
|Rebecca Beach Smith|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia|
October 14, 1986 - March 25, 2014
|John Ashton MacKenzie|
|M. Hannah Lauck|
James Randolph Spencer
1949 (age 68–69)
Florence, South Carolina
|Education||Clark College (B.A.)|
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Howard University (M.Div.)
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1975-1978|
James Randolph Spencer (born 1949) is a former federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.
He was born in Florence, South Carolina in 1949 and attended Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in 1971. He earned Juris Doctor in 1974 at Harvard Law School. After Harvard, he was commissioned as a captain in the United States Army JAG Corps. He served in that capacity from 1975 until 1978. After being honorably discharged from the active duty, he took a job as an Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia, serving there from 1978 until 1983. He also was recommissioned in the United States Army Reserves, serving as a Military Judge from 1981 until 1986. From 1983 until 1986, he served as an Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. In 1985, Spencer earned a Master of Divinity degree from Howard University.
James R. Spencer was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on September 9, 1986, to the a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 8, 1986, and received his commission on October 14, 1986. He was the first African American to be nominated to this position in this district. From 2004 to 2011, Judge Spencer was Chief Judge of the Eastern District of Virginia. He was succeeded as Chief Judge by Rebecca Beach Smith. He assumed senior status on March 25, 2014. He retired from active service on June 2, 2017.
His wife, Margaret Spencer is a Judge on the Richmond, Virginia Circuit Court.