Jane Kim
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Jane Kim
Jane Kim
SupervisorJaneKim.png
Member of the
San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from District 6

January 8, 2011
Gavin Newsom
Ed Lee
Chris Daly
Personal details
Born Jane Jungyon Kim
July 9, 1977 (1977-07-09) (age 40)
New York City, New York
Political party Democratic (2008-present) Green (before 2008)
Residence San Francisco, California
Alma mater Stanford University
UC Berkeley School of Law
Occupation Civil rights attorney, politician
Profession Lawyer
Website janekim.org

Jane Jungyon Kim (born July 9, 1977) is an American civil rights attorney and politician, and the first Korean American elected official in San Francisco.[1] She has represented San Francisco's District 6 on the Board of Supervisors since 2011.[2]

Prior to her election to the Board of Supervisors, Kim served as member and then president of the San Francisco Board of Education.[2] She ran for 11th District State Senate in California in 2016, but lost to Scott Wiener in a run-off election. She is a candidate for mayor in the 2018 San Francisco mayoral election.

Early life and education

Jane Jungyon Kim[3] was born on the island of Manhattan in New York City on July 9, 1977,[4] to South Korean parents who immigrated to the U.S. from Seoul in 1971.[2] Her grandfather was a prominent prosecutor in Seoul. Her father served the District Attorney's office in New York as a prosecutor. [5]

Kim grew up learning both the English and Korean languages. Her father was an executive at Kiss Products, a global cosmetics company, and she attended an elite New York prep school. [6] Her mother owned a boutique selling women's clothing.[7] At age 14, Kim began studying taekwondo, eventually earning a black belt. She was involved with community activism, especially the issue of homelessness.[2] While attending The Spence School, a Manhattan privileged all-girls K-12 academy,[8] she stopped reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in her teens--she rejected the Pledge words "with liberty and justice for all".[9]

Kim graduated from Stanford University with a bachelor's degree in Political Science and Asian American Studies.[2] She settled in San Francisco in the late 1990s and in 2005 enrolled in the UC Berkeley School of Law. Kim earned a law degree, and was admitted to the State Bar of California in December 2009.[3]

Career

Kim in 2006

After finishing her Stanford studies, Kim worked as a consumer advocate at Greenlining Institute in Berkeley. She interviewed with Reverend Norman Fong, the leader of the Chinatown Community Development Center (CCDC) in 2000. Fong was doubtful she would fit the position of youth organizer as she did not speak any Chinese.[10] However, Kim successfully led an all-volunteer effort of San Francisco Chinatown youth cleaning up alleyways.[11] Through her community organization efforts, she met power broker Rose Pak.[10]

In 2005 Kim was elected president of the San Francisco People's Organization (SFPO), made up of many notable San Francisco liberals.[2] SFPO worked against several California ballot propositions in November 2005, and assisted with health care and affordable housing measures for San Franciscans through 2006.[12]

San Francisco Board of Education

Kim joining the San Francisco Board of Education. She became the first Korean American elected official in the city's history.

In 2003 while campaigning for Green Party mayoral candidate Matt Gonzalez, Kim felt too few female Asian Americans were engaged in San Francisco politics. In 2004, she decided to run for the San Francisco Board of Education. In a field of 12 candidates seeking four seats, Kim came in seventh place; her bid failed in part because she was a member of the minority Green Party and did not have the backing of the Democratic Party.[10] In 2006, Kim mounted a stronger campaign. She was endorsed by various politicians, unions, community groups and media, and she won, gathering the most votes of 15 candidates seeking three seats.[10] In 2007 when she was sworn in she became the first Korean American elected official in San Francisco.[13] Kim's election was part of a more liberal shift in the school board. Fellow Green Mark Sanchez served as board president and progressive Kim-Shree Maufas was also elected.[14][15]

In 2006, the school board took up the issue of whether to continue the 90-year-old Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) program in San Francisco high schools. The board voted to phase out the JROTC program over two years. In December 2006, previous to taking office, Kim learned about a death threat against her that was sent from a JROTC cadet to his friend on Facebook. The cadet had also used MySpace to threaten a high school girl who argued prominently against JROTC.[16] Kim spoke to the cadet herself and reported that he sincerely regretted his actions.[17] Kim took the position that the JROTC program should not be hosted by San Francisco as long as the U.S. military continued its "don't ask, don't tell" policy.[18] In June 2008 Kim and Norman Yee submitted a proposal to accept JROTC programs as optional after-school activities, without giving students physical education (P.E.) credit toward graduation.[19] In October, Kim proposed an alternative program called Student Emergency Response Volunteers (SERV) that would train students in emergency preparedness and disaster relief.[20] The bid to remove or replace JROTC failed in a 3-4 vote held in May 2009.[21][22]

In March 2008, Kim and Sanchez traveled to Israel as members of the U.S. Green Party to investigate whether the party should continue to support the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions program targeting Israel for its occupation of Palestine. Kim complimented a youth village program near Haifa, recommending its director be brought to San Francisco to help train educators.[23]

Kim joined the Democratic Party in late 2008 after Barack Obama was elected president.[2][24] In 2010, she was elected president of the Board of Education.[13] As board president, Kim had to negotiate statewide budget cuts that resulted in a two-year shortfall of $113 million for San Francisco schools. She pushed for an ethnic studies program that had been under development for three years. Kim said that with a budget of around $400 million, there should be some "flexibility to find funding" for the program.[25]

San Francisco Supervisor

Kim had lived in various neighborhoods of San Francisco, including Polk Gulch, the Sunset and the Richmond.[26] She moved to District 6 in 2009 in order to run for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and fill the seat being vacated by Supervisor Chris Daly.[27] District 6 includes Union Square, Tenderloin, Civic Center, Mid-Market, Cathedral Hill, South of Market, South Beach, Mission Bay, Treasure Island, Yerba Buena Island, and Alcatraz. Kim announced her candidacy in January 2010,[28] then she kicked off her campaign in June, at a party attended by former mayors Art Agnos and Willie Brown, as well as the President of the Board of Supervisors, David Chiu, who knew Kim from having shared housing in the Richmond district for more than two years.[29][30] Kim ran against several candidates, including Theresa Sparks, who was endorsed by mayor Gavin Newsom, and liberal Debra Walker, who was endorsed by the Democratic Party and most labor unions.[10] When Brown contributed $5000 to the Kim campaign, some of her progressive supporters questioned whether Kim was being supported by a political machine. Kim's campaign was seen as having the approval of Rose Pak, but the California Democratic machine of the 1960s and '70s was "dormant".[31]

Kim won the race for supervisor in an upset victory.[13] When she was sworn in she became the first Korean American supervisor in the nation. She told KoreAm magazine that without the backing of labor unions and the media, and with her own Democratic Party endorsing her opponent, the only strategy she had available was the "old-fashioned" one of visiting as many constituents as possible.[13] This was called Kim's "Fifty-Nine Precinct Strategy" (referring to Howard Dean's fifty-state strategy[32]) because of the many neighborhoods of the district that were targeted.[13] Less support came from the Korean community, who participated little in the election, than from Chinese American supporters, especially senior citizens in Chinatown, and a broad base of San Francisco youth.[5]

Pledge of Allegiance

Kim stood up during the Pledge of Allegiance at Board of Supervisors meetings but refused to recite it in keeping with the decision she had made in her youth.[33] Within a few weeks of being sworn in, local and national news media carried the story of her refusal to recite the Pledge.[34][35] She said in 2011 that one example of "liberty and justice" not being available to all Americans was normal civil and political rights not federally granted to homosexuals.[9] On July 10, 2013, following the Supreme Court decision in United States v. Windsor, declaring unconstitutional the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), Kim finally recited the Pledge along with the other supervisors. Kim said that, for her, DOMA had "symbolized th[e] inequity" of American justice.[36][37]

Twitter tax break

Mayor Ed Lee and Supervisor Kim pose with Jessica Robinson Love, left

Twitter is an online social networking service that was headquartered in District 6 on Folsom Street when Kim took office. In January 2011, Twitter announced it was considering moving a few miles south to the city of Brisbane because the company was expanding and needed ten times more space.[38][39] Mayor Ed Lee indicated that he wanted Twitter to stay, so Kim led a team made up of mayoral staffers and Supervisor David Chiu to quickly shape a proposal which she sponsored in early February: Twitter would benefit from a six-year payroll tax exemption on net new jobs if it moved into the neglected and distressed mid-Market Street neighborhood of Kim's district. Talks centered on the company moving to the old Furniture Mart, a large Art Deco office building vacant since 2008.[40] Kim's tax break proposal would apply to any large company willing to settle in the economically depressed area. Observers felt that this, Kim's first proposal as supervisor, signaled a break with her previous progressive record, to show a pro-business aspect.[41][42][43][44] Former supervisor Chris Daly was critical; he said the plan could not help the city's budget shortfall, a serious problem resulting in jobs and services being cut.[43] Agreeing with this assessment, Local 1021 of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) also opposed the plan.[45] Other businesses expressed anger that they would be unable to take advantage of the tax break.[46] The city Controller's Office reported that the difference between Twitter leaving entirely or moving to mid-Market with the tax break was possibly worth $54 million in added revenue spread over 20 years.[47]

In April 2011 the Board of Supervisors voted to approve the payroll tax exemption plan.[48] Two weeks later, Twitter signed a ten-year lease on the Furniture Mart building.[49] The Twitter tax break remained a defining issue in the San Francisco mayoral election of 2011: Incumbent Lee supported the exemption while challenger John Avalos criticized it.[50] Lee retained his seat in the election. By June 2012, Twitter had settled 800 employees into the new location renamed Market Square,[51] and Kim was invited to visit. She posted a photo of Twitter's new "micro health kitchen".[52] Other tech companies such as Spotify and Yammer took advantage of the payroll tax exemption plan.[53][54]

Sheriff controversy

Kim earned a law degree from UC Berkeley School of Law

In 2010, Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi represented District 5, which shared a confusing border with District 6. Mirkarimi, a fellow ex-Green Party member and progressive politician, accompanied Kim one day during her District 6 door-to-door campaigning in the border area.[32] However, he did not fully endorse Kim--he co-endorsed both Kim and Walker, citing productive relationships with both.[55]

Mirkarimi was elected sheriff in 2011, but he was soon embroiled in a controversy regarding violence allegations that he had restrained his wife by grabbing and bruising her arm. For this he was suspended by Mayor Lee. About two out of three San Franciscans polled said they thought Mirkarimi should not be reinstated as sheriff.[56] Despite this popular sentiment, in October 2012, Mirkarimi was reinstated through the votes of four progressive supervisors: Kim, Avalos, David Campos and Christina Olague.[57] Kim said she voted to reinstate Mirkarimi because his wrongdoing was less than that described by the city charter as grounds for removal. On the other hand, she said she would support a recall election to remove Mirkarimi by popular vote.[58]San Francisco Chronicle columnist C. W. Nevius criticized Kim's position as that of a "political weathervane," unworthy of a leader.[59]San Francisco Bay Guardian editor Steven T. Jones was more supportive, describing how Kim was persistent in questioning Deputy City Attorney Sherri Kaiser to determine what misdemeanor might be considered too small for the mayor to dismiss any elected official.[60] Kim explained to her supporters that her decision was based on Mirkarimi not abusing the power of his office to commit wrongdoing, a point required by the city charter. She also expressed her worry that the case would have set a precedent allowing the mayor too much power over elected officials.[61]SF Weekly columnist Joe Eskenazi suggested that Kim's support for Mirkarimi kept her out of the running for president of the board of supervisors in 2014.[62]

Street renaming

In March 2013 after Polish labor organizer Lech Wasa made anti-gay remarks, Kim announced that she would seek to rename San Francisco's tiny Lech Walesa Street. The narrow one-way street was originally named Ivy Street but was changed in 1983 to honor Wasa. Kim suggested that Gay Games co-founder Tom Waddell be honored instead of Wasa, especially since the Tom Waddell Health Center was at that location.[63][64] The San Francisco Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to change the name as Kim proposed.

Bicycling

Kim speaking in front of City Hall on Bike-to-Work Day in 2010

Kim has tackled several issues regarding the use of bicycles in San Francisco. While serving on the Board of Education, she supported new bike racks for eight middle schools, and she promoted Bike-to-School Day.[65] Though she never rode a bike in her childhood or at college, Kim told the San Francisco Bicycle Coalition in 2010 that she had been introduced to the city's "bike culture" and was slowly learning how to ride, a process that heightened her awareness of bicycle safety concerns.[66] On two Bike-to-Work Days in 2010 and 2011 she rode as a passenger on the rear of an extended bike, but on May 10, 2012, she pedaled herself to City Hall.[67] With Mayor Lee, Kim backed the Yerba Buena Street Life Plan which was announced in 2011 for the area around Yerba Buena Gardens in District 6. The plan included new bike paths and more bike parking.[68][69] In September 2013 when the San Francisco Police Department was criticized for its investigation of a cyclist fatality that happened the previous month, Kim requested a hearing to discuss improvements for such police procedures.[70] Along with Supervisors Yee and Avalos, in January 2014 Kim called for the city to adopt a multifaceted bicycle and pedestrian safety initiative modeled after the Swedish Vision Zero program.[71]

Environmental impact appeals reform

San Francisco supervisors had previously tried unsuccessfully to reform the process by which a citizen could use the 1970 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) appeals process to challenge a building project on the basis of its environmental impact.[72] In 2012 Supervisor Scott Wiener proposed new rules that would restrict such challenges. Bicycling advocate Ben Christopher was supportive of Wiener's proposal, citing one instance in 2005 when a single citizen held up the city's comprehensive bicycle plan.[73] However, critics such as the Sierra Club said the proposed changes would weaken CEQA's protections.[74] In April 2013 Kim proposed a competing set of reform rules which Eric Brooks of the Green Party reported as "more CEQA friendly."[75] Wiener and Kim hammered out a proposal combining elements of both versions; this was passed unanimously by the Board in July 2013. Kim said the reformed rules would not prevent the public from "giving input" to construction projects.[72]

Eviction Protection 2.0

In September 2016, Kim authored the Evictions Protections 2.0 bill to protect tenants from frivolous "no fault evictions," which had seen an uptick[76]. The goal of this ordinance is to reduce evictions by fixing loopholes and gaps in the law that were exploited by landlords to expel tenants. The bill ensures tenants cannot be evicted for small infractions, dubbed "gotcha evictions[77][78]," such as leaving shoes or strollers in the hall, painting a bedroom, hanging laundry out to dry, etc. The bill also removed arbitrary restrictions on roommates created by landlords that our outside of applicable laws, such as the Housing code.[79]

This rise is in no fault evictions coincided with a spike in market rent, causing landlords to evict tenants in rent controlled units in order to rent spaces at the higher market rate. 83%[80] of the cities evictions were no fault evictions (a eviction that results from nothing the tenant has done). This not only threatened renters, but also impacted the cities growing housing crisis by removing access to affordable housing.

The legislation was co sponsored by Supervisors Campos, Mar, and Avalos and was passed on October 14 2015.[81]

Affordable housing

In April 2015, the San Francisco Giants and Mayor Lee announced a large community development proposal, Mission Rock, to replace the parking lots near AT&T Park, where the baseball team plays. The proposal required voter approval in November 2015.[82] In May 2015, the Giants announced that 33% of the project would be devoted to affordable housing, to match Mayor Lee's goal for all new construction.[83] Kim determined that a larger proportion of the project should be devoted to affordable housing, and she drafted a competing ballot initiative with the assistance of TODCO, a non-profit community housing planning group.[84] The danger of a competing ballot initiative brought the Giants to negotiate. Kim and the Giants worked out a deal to increase the project's affordable housing to 40%, and Kim dropped her own ballot initiative.[85]

Free tuition at community college

In April 2016, Kim proposed that tuition should be free at City College of San Francisco (CCSF), which had seen a 30% decline in students over the previous four years, had lost $35 million in state funding tied to attendance, and was in danger of losing its accreditation and more state funding. Some 20% of the college students had already been granted a fee waiver by the City of San Francisco; Kim said that these students should also have free books, transportation and child care.[86] Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, himself a proponent of free college tuition, voiced support for the idea.[87] To pay for this idea, Kim authored a real estate tax initiative to raise taxes on real estate sales and transfers over $5 million dollars, with the goal of increasing city revenue by about $45 million per year.[88] Voters approved Kim's Proposition W at the ballot in November 2016. CCSF's accreditation was confirmed for seven more years starting in January 2017. The next month, Mayor Lee and Kim announced a deal through which the city would pay $5.4 million per year to CCSF students who had lived in San Francisco for at least one year, so that they could pay their tuition. The deal, called Free City, also provided $250 cash per semester for each low-income student who attended CCSF full-time, as well as $100 per semester for part-time students. The cash grants were for the students to pay for books, transportation, supplies, and health care.[89] The Free City program was described by PBS as the first time that a US city made community college tuition free for all its residents.[90] In September 2017 when the program began, enrollment at CCSF increased by 6,450 students, a "huge boost".[91] Sanders spoke at CCSF to praise the successful program as "a model" for the whole country.[92]

Other elections

Kim ran for 11th District State Senate in California in 2016 against Scott Wiener. Kim's campaign was described as surging from behind in the last weeks, propelled by a mailer sent to voters saying "This daughter of immigrants will fight for you in Sacramento." The mailer was criticized as having been paid for by Golden State Leadership Fund PAC, whose major contributor in December 2015 was Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E).[93] Kim received slightly more votes than Wiener in the primary election, but neither of them achieved the required total of 50% plus one vote. A runoff election was held, and Kim was defeated by Wiener, 49% to 51%.[94]

Kim was a candidate in the 2018 San Francisco special mayoral election, held in June 2018 following the sudden death of Mayor Lee in December 2017.[95] Kim wasseen as one of the top four candidates, along with Mark Leno, London Breed and Angela Alioto.[96] At the same ballot, San Francisco voters will be deciding on a measure to augment the Preschool for All program, the proposal authored by Kim and Yee. The measure seeks to increase commercial taxes 3.5% to raise $100 million per year to be used to subsidize child care for working families. The proposed measure is intended to increase the number of subsidized children who are less than four years old, as the Preschool for All program has already succeeded with four-year-olds. The measure is sponsored by Supervisors Aaron Peskin, Hillary Ronen and Sandra Lee Fewer.[97]

Personal life and media coverage

Kim in 2007

Kim plays electric bass guitar and has performed with the all-female indie rock band Strangely at small San Francisco venues including the Brainwash Cafe and Laundromat.[11][98] In 2000 she co-founded Locus Arts in San Francisco's Japantown, a non-profit gallery and media performance space formed to support Asian American art; the gallery eventually merged with Kearny Street Workshop.[13] For the Asian American Theater Company she served on the board of directors. She helped to save Bindlestiff Studio, a place for Filipino arts in SoMa. Kim occasionally serves as a judge at poetry slam competitions held by Youth Speaks.[98] In 2004 she said her favorite musical artists included the Quannum Projects, a collective of hip-hop musicians such as rapper Lyrics Born and hip-hop duo Blackalicious.[26] In 2010 she said her favorite song was "Triumph" released in 1997 by the Wu-Tang Clan.[99]

Kim was selected by 7x7 magazine as one of "20 Hot 2010" persons in September 2010.[11][100] She was pictured on the cover of SF Weekly in October 2010.[10] Kim was featured on the cover of KoreAm magazine in February 2011.[101][102]Nark magazine interviewed Kim in June 2012, asking her about her nightlife preferences. She said she appreciated the work of San Francisco Entertainment Commissioners who ease the friction between nightlife venues and local residents. Kim said wine and single-malt whiskey were drinks she enjoyed, especially Lagavulin.[103]

In August 2016, Kim was reportedly dating California Supreme Court Associate Justice Goodwin Liu. At the time, Liu was separated from his wife, Ann O'Leary, who texted her friends that Kim was to blame for the separation, after which she released a public statement saying "Jane Kim is not the reason my marriage is ending."[104]

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External links

  • Media related to Jane Kim at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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