Jean Borotra
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Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10990, Jean Borotra.jpg
Jean Borotra in 1931
Full name Jean Laurent Robert Borotra
Country (sports)  France
Born (1898-08-13)13 August 1898
Biarritz, France
Died 17 July 1994(1994-07-17) (aged 95)
Arbonne, France
Height 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)
Turned pro 1920 (amateur tour)
Retired 1956
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF 1976 (member page)
Singles
Career record 654-127 (83.7%) [1]
Career titles 69 [2]
Highest ranking No. 2 (1926, A. Wallis Myers)[3]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1931)
Wimbledon W (1924, 1926)
US Open F (1926)
Other tournaments
WHCC SF (1922)
WCCC F (1922)
Olympic Games SF - 4th (1924)
Doubles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1925)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1925, 1928, 1929, 1934, 1936)
Wimbledon W (1925, 1932, 1933)
Mixed doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1927, 1934)
Wimbledon W (1925)
US Open W (1926)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932)

Jean Laurent Robert Borotra (French pronunciation: [ b b?.?ot?a], Basque pronunciation: [borot?a]; 13 August 1898 - 17 July 1994) was a French tennis champion. He was one of the famous "Four Musketeers" from his country who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Borotra was imprisoned in Itter Castle during the latter years of World War II and subsequently fought in the Battle for Castle Itter.

Career

Borotra was born in Domaine du Pouy, Biarritz, Aquitaine, the oldest of four children.[4]

Known as "the Bounding Basque", he won four Grand Slam singles titles in the French, Australian, and All England championships. The 1924 French Championship does not count towards his grand slam total as the French was only open to French nationals and members of French clubs. He only failed to win the U.S. Championships, as he was defeated in the final by his countryman René Lacoste in straight sets, thus missing a career Grand Slam. His 1924 Wimbledon victory made him the first player from outside the English-speaking world to win the tournament. His first appearance was in the French Davis Cup team of 1921. He also made the final of the World Covered Court Championships in 1922, losing to Henri Cochet, but won the doubles and mixed doubles. The other major he did well in was the World Hard Court Championships (played on clay) - he won the doubles with Henri Cochet there in 1922.

Borotra was ranked as high as World No. 2 by A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph in 1926.[3]

A member of François de la Rocque's Parti social français (PSF), he became 1st General Commissioner for Education and Sports from August 1940 to April 1942 during Vichy France, leading the Révolution nationales efforts in sports policy.[5]

Arrested by the Gestapo in November 1942, Borotra was deported to a concentration camp in Germany and then Itter Castle in North Tyrol until May 1945. He was freed from the castle after the Battle for Castle Itter, in which he played a courageous role by vaulting from the fortress and running to a nearby town to summon reinforcements.[6]

In 1974, Borotra was one of the last three people to be awarded the Olympic Diploma of Merit.[7][8] The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1976. In 1984, Borotra received a Distinguished Service award from the United States Sports Academy in recognition of his achievements. As the oldest living gentleman's singles champion, Borotra was invited to present the singles champion his trophy at the 100th Wimbledon Championship in 1986.[]

On 17 July 1994, Borotra, founder and president of honour of the CIFP (International Committee for Fair Play) died at the age of 95, after a short illness. He was buried at Arbonne.[9]

The International Fair Play Committee, which recognises achievements annually, awards a Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy.

Personal life

In 1938 Borotra married Mabel de Forest and they had one son.[10] The couple divorced in 1947. In 1988 he married Janine Bourdin.[11]

Grand Slam finals

Borotra at the 1924 French Championships.

Singles: 10 (4 titles, 6 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1924 Wimbledon Grass France René Lacoste 6-1, 3-6, 6-1, 3-6, 6-4
Runner-up 1925 French Championships Clay France René Lacoste 5-7, 1-6, 4-6
Runner-up 1925 Wimbledon Grass France René Lacoste 3-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-8
Winner 1926 Wimbledon Grass United States Howard Kinsey 8-6, 6-1, 6-3
Runner-up 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass France René Lacoste 4-6, 0-6, 4-6
Runner-up 1927 Wimbledon Grass France Henri Cochet 6-4, 6-4, 3-6, 4-6, 5-7
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass Australia Jack Cummings 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 5-7, 6-3
Runner-up 1929 French Championships Clay France René Lacoste 3-6, 6-2, 0-6, 6-2, 6-8
Runner-up 1929 Wimbledon Grass France Henri Cochet 4-6, 3-6, 4-6
Winner 1931 French Championships Clay France Christian Boussus 2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-4

Doubles: 12 (9 titles - 3 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1925 French Championships Clay France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
7-5, 4-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Grass France René Lacoste United States John Hennesey
United States Raymond Casey
6-4, 11-9, 4-6, 1-6, 6-3
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass France Jacques Brugnon Australia Gar Moon
Australia Jim Willard
6-2, 4-6, 6-4, 6-4
Runner-up 1927 French Championships Clay France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
6-2, 2-6, 0-6, 6-1, 4-6
Winner 1928 French Championships Clay France Jacques Brugnon France Henri Cochet
France René de Buzelet
6-4, 3-6, 6-2, 3-6, 6-4
Winner 1929 French Championships Clay France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
6-3, 3-6, 6-3, 3-6, 8-6
Winner 1932 Wimbledon Grass France Jacques Brugnon United Kingdom Pat Hughes
United Kingdom Fred Perry
6-0, 4-6, 3-6, 7-5, 7-5
Winner 1933 Wimbledon Grass France Jacques Brugnon Japan Ryosuki Nunoi
Japan Jiro Satoh
4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 7-5
Winner 1934 French Championships Clay France Jacques Brugnon Australia Jack Crawford
Australia Vivian McGrath
11-9, 6-3, 2-6, 4-6, 9-7
Runner-up 1934 Wimbledon Grass France Jacques Brugnon United States George Lott
United States Lester Stoefen
2-6, 3-6, 4-6
Winner 1936 French Championships Clay France Marcel Bernard United Kingdom Pat Hughes
United Kingdom Charles Tuckey
6-2, 3-6, 9-7, 6-1
Runner-up 1939 French Championships Clay France Jacques Brugnon United States Don McNeill
United States Charles Harris
6-4, 4-6, 0-6, 6-2, 8-10

Mixed doubles: 5 titles

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Grass France Suzanne Lenglen United States Elizabeth Ryan
Italy Uberto de Morpurgo
6-3, 6-3
Winner 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass United States Elizabeth Ryan United States Hazel Hotchkiss
France René Lacoste
6-4, 7-5
Winner 1927 French Championships Clay France Marguerite Broquedis Spain Lilí Álvarez
United States Bill Tilden
6-4, 2-6, 6-2
Winner 1928 Australian Championships Grass Australia Daphne Akhurst Australia Esna Boyd
Australia Jack Hawkes
default
Winner 1934 French Championships Clay France Colette Rosambert United States Elizabeth Ryan
Australia Adrian Quist
6-2, 6-4

References

  1. ^ "Borotra, Jean: Career Match Records Main Tournaments". thetennisebase.com. The Tennisbase. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ "Borotra, Jean: Career Match Records Main Tournaments". thetennisebase.com. The Tennisbase. Retrieved 2016. 
  3. ^ a b United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 424.
  4. ^ Adam Doster (14 June 2012). "Jean Borotra, The Most Interesting Man In Tennis, Won 19 Grand Slams And Escaped A Nazi Prison". Deadspin. 
  5. ^ Atkin, Nicholas (2014). The French at War: 1934-1944. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 45. ISBN 978-0582368996. 
  6. ^ Mayer, John G. (26 May 1945). "12th Men Free French Big-Wigs". Hellcat News. 12th Armored Division. 
  7. ^ Olympic Review, Issues 89-96. International Olympic Committee. 1975. p. 162. 
  8. ^ Olympic Charter 1983. Comite International Olympique. 1983. pp. 142-143. 
  9. ^ Christopher Clarey (18 July 1994). "Jean Borotra Is Dead at 95; One of Tennis's '4 Musketeers'". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ "Borotra married". The Sydney Morning Herald (31,065). New South Wales, Australia. 27 July 1937. p. 11 - via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ Laurie Pignon (17 July 1994). "Obituary: Jean Borotra". Independent. 

External links


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