This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Jeanne Crain in 1948
|Born||Jeanne Elizabeth Crain
May 25, 1925
Barstow, California, U.S.
|Died||December 14, 2003
Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Santa Barbara Cemetery|
|Paul Brinkman (1946-2003)|
Jeanne Elizabeth Crain (May 25, 1925 - December 14, 2003) was an American actress whose career spanned from 1943 to 1975. She received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress in the 1949 film Pinky, in which she played the leading role. She was also noted for her ability in ice skating.
Crain was born in Barstow, California to George A. Crain, a schoolteacher, and Loretta Carr, Irish Catholic parents. By 1930, the family was living in Inglewood, California at 822 S. Walnut Avenue. After her parents divorced in 1934, the family of three moved to 5817 Van Ness Ave in Los Angeles.
An excellent ice skater, Crain first attracted attention when she was crowned Miss Pan Pacific at the Pan-Pacific Auditorium in Los Angeles. Later, while still in high school, she was asked to make a screen test with Orson Welles. She did not get the part, but in 1943, at age 18, she appeared in a bit part in the film The Gang's All Here.
The Gang's All Here was produced by 20th Century Fox, who cast Crain in her first sizable role, in the romantic drama Home in Indiana (1944) with Walter Brennan, playing the love interest of Lon McAllister. The film, shot in Technicolor, was popular at the box office and established Crain as a film name.
A delighted Darryl F Zanuck, head of Fox, gave Crain top billing in In the Meantime, Darling (1944), playing a war bride, directed by Otto Preminger. Her acting was critically panned, but she gained nationwide attention. It resulted in landing the leading role in The Shocking Miss Pilgrim in October 1944, a musical film which was eventually made with Betty Grable as the star.
Crain first received critical acclaim when she starred in Winged Victory (1944). She co-starred in 1945 with Dana Andrews in the musical film State Fair, in which Louanne Hogan dubbed Crain's singing numbers. After that, Crain often had singing parts in films, and they invariably were dubbed, in most cases by Hogan.
State Fair was a huge hit. So too was Leave Her to Heaven (1945), where Crain was the "good" sister of "bad" Gene Tierney, both in love with Cornel Wilde. Crain now was established as one of Fox's bigger stars - so much so that Zanuck refused to let her play the comparative small part of Clementine in My Darling Clementine (1946)
Crain and Wilde were reunited in Centennial Summer (1946), directed by Preminger, Fox's attempt to match the success of Meet Me in St. Louis (1944). More popular was Margie (1946). Her ice skating ability was on display in this film, in which she and Conrad Janis danced around the ice rink as her boyfriend Alan Young slipped and stumbled his way along the ice.
In 1949, Crain appeared in three films. A Letter to Three Wives (1949), in which Crain was one of several stars, quickly became established as a classic, winning Joseph L. Mankiewicz two Oscars and being a solid box office hit. The Fan, directed by Preminger and based on Lady Windemere's Fan by Oscar Wilde, was received poorly. However Pinky earned Crain a nomination the Academy Award for Best Actress and was one of the more popular films of the year. Pinky was controversial because it told the story of a light-skinned African American woman who passes for white in the Northern United States. Although Lena Horne and other black actresses were considered, producer Darryl F. Zanuck chose to cast a white actress for fear of racial backlash.
Crain had another big success when she starred with Myrna Loy and Clifton Webb in the 1950 biographical film Cheaper by the Dozen, although her part was more of a supporting role. She had a cameo as herself in I'll Get By (1951) and starred in Take Care of My Little Girl (1951), a mildly popular musical about college.
Next, Crain paired with Cary Grant in the Joseph L. Mankiewicz film of the offbeat drama People Will Talk (1951). Despite Jeanne's heavily campaigning for the female lead, Anne Baxter initially was cast in the part, but when she had to forfeit due to pregnancy, Crain was given the role after all.
Shortly after, Crain starred in Charles Brackett's production The Model and the Marriage Broker (1951). Cast in May 1951, Crain was Brackett's first choice for the role. Crain was reunited with Loy for Belles on Their Toes (1952), the sequel to Cheaper by the Dozen, getting top billing this time.
While still at 20th Century Fox, Crain played a young wife quickly losing her mind amid high-seas intrigue in Dangerous Crossing (1953), co-starring Michael Rennie. She starred in Vicki (1953), a remake of I Wake Up Screaming. Fox tried her in a Western City of Bad Men (1954). The box office performance of these last few films was mild, and Crain left the studio.
Crain showed her dancing skills in 1955's Gentlemen Marry Brunettes co-starring Jane Russell, Alan Young, and Rudy Vallee. The production was filmed on location in Paris. The film was based on Anita Loos' novel, a sequel to Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Gentlemen Marry Brunettes was popular throughout Europe at the time and was released in France as A Paris Pour les Quatre (To Paris for the Four), and in Belgium as Cevieren Te Parijs. Later in the 1950s, Crain, Russell, and another actress formed a short-lived singing and dancing lounge act on the Las Vegas Strip.
Crain made the Western comedy The Second Greatest Sex (1956), then starred with Glenn Ford, Russ Tamblyn, and Broderick Crawford in The Fastest Gun Alive directed by Russell Rouse. It was a big hit. At Universal, she was in the thriller The Tattered Dress (1957).
In 1957, she played a socialite who helps a floundering singer and comedian (Frank Sinatra) redeem himself in The Joker Is Wild. She was working extensively in TV, including an adaptation of The Great Gatsby.
Film roles became fewer in the 1960s as Crain went into semi-retirement. She appeared as Nefertiti in the Italian production of Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile (1961) with Edmund Purdom and Vincent Price. During this period, Crain appeared--for the second time--as one of the mystery guests on What's My Line?, and made guest appearances on the Riverboat and Burke's Law.
At the height of her stardom, in the late 1940s and early 1950s, Crain was nicknamed "Hollywood's Number One party girl", and she was quoted as saying that she was invited to at least 200 parties a year.
Against her mother's wishes, on December 31, 1945, Crain married Paul Brinkman, a former contract player at RKO Pictures credited as Paul Brooks. Crain and Brinkman had seven children: Paul Brinkman Jr. was born in April 1947, followed by Michael (1949-1992), Timothy (b. 1950), Jeanine (b. 1952), Lisabette (b. 1958), Maria (b. 1961), and Christopher (1965-1997).
During the early 1950s, Crain was earning about $3,500 per week. Crain and her husband bought a large home for their growing family on Roxbury Drive in Beverly Hills. The home can be seen and is described by Bette Davis in candid footage of a driving sequence in the film The Star (1952).
The marriage was rocky for some years. In the mid-1950s, Crain obtained an interlocutory divorce decree, each spouse claiming the other had been unfaithful (she also claimed Brinkman had been abusive), but the couple reconciled on December 31, 1956.
Crain and her husband remained married, although they lived separately in Santa Barbara until Brinkman's death in October 2003.
Crain died a few months later, and the cause was later confirmed as a heart attack. Crain's funeral mass was held at the Old Santa Barbara Mission. She is buried in the Brinkman family plot at Santa Barbara Cemetery. The Brinkmans were survived by five adult children, including Paul Brinkman Jr., a television executive, most known for his work on the television series JAG.
Crain's career is fully documented by a collection of memorabilia about her assembled by Charles J. Finlay, a longtime publicist at 20th Century Fox. The Jeanne Crain Collection resides at the Cinema Archives at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut. These archives also hold the papers of Ingrid Bergman, Frank Capra, Clint Eastwood, and others.
|1943||The Gang's All Here||Chorus Girl/Pool Party Guest||uncredited|
|1944||Home in Indiana||'Char' Bruce|
|In the Meantime, Darling||Margaret 'Maggie' Preston|
|1945||State Fair||Margy Frake||a.k.a. Rodgers and Hammerstein's State Fair
|Leave Her to Heaven||Ruth Berent|
|1946||Centennial Summer||Julia Rogers||also Soundtrack|
|Margie||Marjorie 'Margie' MacDuff||also Soundtrack|
|1948||You Were Meant for Me||Peggy Mayhew|
|Apartment for Peggy||Peggy Taylor||also Soundtrack|
|1949||A Letter to Three Wives||Deborah Bishop|
|The Fan||Lady Margaret 'Meg' Windermere||a.k.a. Lady Windermere's Fan|
|Pinky||Patricia 'Pinky' Johnson||Nominated -- Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1950||Cheaper by the Dozen||Anne Gilbreth|
|I'll Get By||Jeanne Crain||uncredited
|1951||Take Care of My Little Girl||Elizabeth 'Liz' Erickson|
|People Will Talk||Deborah Higgins|
|The Model and the Marriage Broker||Kitty Bennett|
|1952||Belles on Their Toes||Anne Gilbreth||a.k.a. Belles on Their Toes: The Further Adventures of the Gilbreth Family|
|O. Henry's Full House||Della Young||Segment The Gift of the Magi|
|1953||Dangerous Crossing||Ruth Stanton Bowman|
|City of Bad Men||Linda Culligan|
|1954||Duel in the Jungle||Marian Taylor|
|1955||Man Without a Star||Reed Bowman|
|Gentlemen Marry Brunettes||Connie Jones/Mitzi Jones||also Soundtrack|
|The Second Greatest Sex||Liza McClure||also Soundtrack|
|1956||The Fastest Gun Alive||Dora Temple|
|1957||The Tattered Dress||Diane Blane|
|The Joker Is Wild||Letty Page||a.k.a. All the Way|
|1960||Guns of the Timberland||Laura Riley|
|1961||Twenty Plus Two||Linda Foster||a.k.a. It Started in Tokyo|
|Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile||Tenet/Nefertiti||Original title: Nefertiti, regina del Nilo|
|1962||Madison Avenue||Peggy Shannon|
|Pontius Pilate||Claudia Procula||Original title: Ponzio Pilato|
|1963||Invasion 1700||Helen||Original title: Col ferro e col fuoco
a.k.a. Daggers of Blood
a.k.a. With Fire and Sword
|1967||Hot Rods to Hell||Peg Phillips||a.k.a. 52 Miles to Terror|
|1971||The Night God Screamed||Fanny Pierce||a.k.a. Scream|
|1972||Skyjacked||Mrs. Clara Shaw||a.k.a. Sky Terror|
|1955||Star Stage||Nancy||1 episode|
|1956||The Ford Television Theatre||Joyce Randall||1 episode|
|1958||Playhouse 90||Daisy Buchanan||1 episode|
|Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Ruth Elliot||1 episode|
|1959||Meet Me in St. Louis||Rose Smith||TV movie|
|Goodyear Theatre||Lila Babrek Barnes||1 episode|
|Riverboat||Laura Sutton||1 episode|
|1960-62||G.E. True Theater||Hope/Marion Miller||3 episodes|
|1963||The Dick Powell Theatre||Elsie||1 episode|
|1964-65||Burke's Law||Amy Booth / Lorraine Turner / Polly Martin||3 episodes|
|1968||The Danny Thomas Hour||Frances Merrill||1 episode|
|The Name of the Game||Mrs. McKendricks||1 episode|
|1972||Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law||Lily MacMurdy||1 episode|
|1951||Suspense||"The Case Study of a Murderer"|
|1952||Lux Radio Theatre||Take Care of My Little Girl|
|1953||Lux Radio Theatre||You're My Everything|
|1953||Lux Summer Theatre||One More Spring|