Jinnah Family
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Jinnah Family
Jinnah family
Mazare Quaid.JPEG
Mazar-e-Quaid, the final resting place of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah.
Ethnicity Gujarati[1][2]
Place of origin Kathiawar, Gujarat, India[3]
Members Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Fatima Jinnah
Emibai Jinnah
Maryam Jinnah
Dina Wadia
Connected families Wadia family
Petit family
Distinctions Political prominence
Traditions Shia Islam
formerly Khoja Ismaili[4]
[5]
Estate(s) See Full list

The Jinnah family (Urdu: ???; Gujarati: ? , ? ?) was a political family of Pakistan. Jinnahs have played an important role in the Pakistan Movement for creation of Pakistan, a separate country for Muslims of India. The family held the leadership of All-India Muslim League, and its successor, Muslim League, until it dissolved in 1958 by martial law. Originally from a Gujarati background,[5] in the 19th century They moved to Karachi from Kathiawar, Gujarat.[1]

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (also referred to as only Jinnah) and Fatima Jinnah, have been important figures in the history of Pakistan. Jinnah was the founder and the first Governor General of Pakistan, while Fatima played an important role in the struggle for Pakistan Movement and was the founding mother of Pakistan. Jinnah and Fatima have remained extremely important and well-respected figures in Pakistan, even after their deaths.[6][7]

Members of the Jinnah family

Second generation

  • Poonjabhai "Jinno" (also referred to as Jina Poonja[8]), a Lohana (1857-1902), was married to Mithhibai.[9]
    • Poonjabhai Thakkar was a prosperous Gujarati merchant. His Gujarati-language nickname "Zino" or "Jinno" means 'Skinny.' He moved to Karachi from Kathiawar, because of his business partnership with Grams Trading Company whose regional office was set up in Karachi. He moved to Karachi before Muhammad Ali Jinnah's birth. He and his wife had 7 children:
  1. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  2. Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  3. Bunde Ali Jinnah
  4. Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  5. Shireen Bai Jinnah
  6. Fatima Jinnah

Third generation

  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
    • Jinnah is the founder of Pakistan and was the country's first Governor-General.His first marriage in 1892 was the result of his mother urging him to marry his cousin Emibai Jinnah before he left for England to pursue higher studies. However, Emibai died a few months later. His second marriage took place in 1918 to Rattanbai Petit (granddaughter of Dinshaw Maneckji Petit and Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata), a Parsi who was 24 years his junior. Rattanbai converted to Islam when she married Jinnah and took on the name Maryam Jinnah, but continued to be known as Rattanbai.[10] In 1919, she gave birth to their only daughter, Dina Jinnah.[11][12]
    • m. Rattanbai Jinnah (also known as Maryam Jinnah)
  • Ahmed Ali Jinnah
  • Bunde Ali Jinnah
  • Rahmat Bai Jinnah
  • Shireen Jinnah
  • Fatima Jinnah (1893-1967)
    • Fatima Jinnah was a dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman, and one of the leading Founding mothers of modern-state of Pakistan. She also played a pivotal role in civil rights and introduced the women's rights movement in the Pakistan Movement. After her brother's death she continued to play a pivotal role in Pakistani politics and in 1965 returned to active politics by running against Ayub Khan in the 1965 elections.
  • Maryam Bai Jinnah

Fourth generation

She had a rift with her father when she expressed her desire to marry a Parsi-born Indian, Neville Wadia. According to M C Chagla in "Roses in December", Jinnah, a Muslim, disowned his daughter after trying to dissuade her from marrying Neville. Dina Wadia was the only direct living link to Jinnah and the nation of Pakistan claiming her father as its own father of the nation is assumed to have some kind of kinship with her according to Akbar S. Ahmed.[13] His descendants through her are part of the Wadia family and reside in India as she married and stayed in India after the creation of Pakistan in 1947. Dina Wadia lived alone with staff in the New York City, United States.[14] Wadia died at her home in New York on 1st November, 2017 at the age of 98. She was suffering from pneumonia (a bacterial lung infection).[15][16][17]

Estates

Private estates
  • Wazir Mansion, Jinnah's birthplace in Karachi
  • South Court, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's former residence in Mumbai, India, currently owned by the government of India.
  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah House, Jinnah's former House at 10 Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road, New Delhi, currently the Dutch Embassy in India.
  • Quaid-e-Azam House, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's House in Karachi
Official residences

Family photos

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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