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The Jogi (also spelled Yogi) are a Hindu sect (nath sampraday), found in North India and Sindh, with smaller numbers in the southern Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They are also known as Nath, Jogi Nath, Jugi Nath, Nath Jogi, and Rawal.
Jogi is a colloquial term for the "yogi", which refers to the people who practiced yoga as part of their daily rituals. Over the time, this led to the formation of a community, and subsequently was formed into a caste.
The Jogi are followers of yoga and worshipers of the Hindu god Shiva. Gorakshanath is credited with the systemization and categorization of the practice of yoga. This system eventually led to the formation of a separate Hindu caste. As followers of the yoga, they traditionally wear saffron-coloured clothing. The community once comprised mendicants only, but now are outnumbered by those who have taken to cultivation. They and their descendants form a caste with two sub-groups, the Kanphata and Augur. In North India, they speak Hindi and its various dialects.
The term Jogi now consists of three distinct classes of persons. One is purely religious mendicants of the various Jogi orders, the second includes various people who live by fortune telling, practising exorcisms and divination. And finally, there are a number of endogamous castes.
The Jogis of Haryana are often referred to as Padha Jogi, and are divided in three groupings or orders. These are the Kanphate Jogi, Padha Jogi and Jangam Jogi. Like in other parts of North India, the Jogi started off as mendicants and holymen, but over time formed a distinct caste. This is seen by the fact that they are strictly endogamous. Most Haryana Jogis are farmers, with very few still involved in their traditional occupation.
Jogi are designated Other Backward Classes in most states, starting from 1993.
|Official name(s) listed in section||Regions
|Jogi||Andhra Pradesh10||12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993|
Jogi, Jugi Nath
|Jogi (Jugi)||Bihar44||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993|
|Jogi, Nath||Chandigarh30||12011/99/94-BCC 11 December 1997|
|Chhattisgarh22||12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010|
|Daman and Diu16||12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994|
|Jogi,||Delhi25||12011/7/95-BCC 24 May 1995|
|Nathjogi||Goa7||12011/44/96-BCC 6 December 1996|
Jogi, Nath, Jangam-Jogi, Yogi
|Haryana31||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
12011/44/99-BCC 21 September 2000 12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010
|Jogi (Jugi)||Jharkhand43||12015/2/2007-B.C.C. 18 August 2010|
|Jogi, Brahma Kapali,
Joger, Jogtin, Kapali, Raval, Ravalia Sanjogi, Jogar
|Karnataka29||12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993
12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010
|Jogi||Kerala22||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993|
|Madhya Pradesh28||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
12011/21/1995-BCC 15 May 1995
|Jogi||Maharashtra47||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993|
Balasantoshi, Kinggriwale, Nath Bava, Nath Jogi, Nath Pandhi, Davari Gosavi
|Maharashtra190||12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
12011/21/95-BCC 15 May 1995
|Orissa53||12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994|
|Jogi Nath||Punjab42||12011/68/93-BCC 10 September 1993|
|Rajasthan22||12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994|
|Jogi||Sikkim10||12011/36/99-BCC 4 April 2000|
|Jogi (including Jogis)||Tamil Nadu51||12011/68/93-BCC (C) 10 September 1993|
|Tripura35||12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994|
|Jogi||Uttar Pradesh19||12011/68/93-BCC (C) 10 September 1993|
|Jogi||Uttarakhand37||12015/13/2010-B.C.II. 8 December 2011|
|Jogi||West Bengal28||12011/88/98-BCC 6 December 1999|