Jogi
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Jogi

The Jogi (also spelled sanyasi , rishi , priest , lord , Ascetic , sadhu , hermit , jugi[1] or Yogi[2]) are a Hindu community or sect, found in North India and Sindh, Pakistan, with smaller numbers of ancient north migrants in the southern Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Jogi is a colloquial term for the "yogi", which refers to the people who practiced Yoga as part of their daily rituals. Over time, this led to the formation of a community, and subsequently was formed into a caste.[]

History and origin

The Jogi are followers of yoga an Ascetic Warriors or Jogi Kshatriya whose surname(lineage origin) is Lord Shiva himself a God of War and he is the Clan Deity (Kuladevata) of them. As followers of yoga, they traditionally wear saffron-colored clothing. They are basically Religious Protector (Dharmrakshak), They are Warriors with the motto "fight but not to gain for self". They represent their Lineage origin(gotra) Lord Shiva Where Weapon (Shastra or Astra) and Knowledge (Shaastra) are seen together. Undoubtedly this is the reason for their economical decline as compared to other Kshatriyas.

The sect once comprised lineage members only Rajputs(Raja yoga) but now are outnumbered by the other caste members.They and their descendants form a caste with two sub-groups, the Kanphata and Augur. In North India, they speak Hindi and its various dialects.[3]

The term Jogi now consists of three distinct classes of persons. One is purely religious mendicants of the various Jogi orders, the second includes various people who live by fortune telling, practising exorcisms and divination. Finally, there are a number of endogamous castes.

Jogis of Sindh

The Jogi of Sindh are both Hindus as well as Muslims; their presence is in districts and places such as Khairpur District, Tharparkar, Larkana, Shikarpur District, Sukkur, Naushahro Feroze District of Sindh province in Pakistan. The Jogi of Sindh are scattered in various parts of Sindh, the Jogi's of Mirpur Khas, Umer kot and Badin districts of Sindh are declared under common name with other tribes as Dalit by the Government of Pakistan.[4] Gogo Chohan is honored as a 'saint' of 'jogis' or snake charmers of Tharparkar.[5] The most famous flute singer Misri Jogi is from Tharparkar.[6] One of the Rajpar tribe's subcaste is Jogi who are inhabitants in Thari Mirwah Khairpur. These Jogi are landlord, businessmen and other professions.

The Rajpar Jogi

These are Muslim Jogi and follower of Islam. The Rajpar are offspring of Samma tribe and one of the sub-castes in the Rajpar is Jogi inhabited Thari Mirwah of Khairpur erstwhile princely state of Khairpur, which is nowadays a district of Sindh province of Pakistan. These Jogi (probably these Jogi have inherited the name Jogi due to their forefather named Jogi, in such cases it happens that some people or a community is known followed by their elder or a great grandfather name) are not involved in any practice of Yoga; these people are well known for contributing part in sindhi cultural game Malh, in history of khairpur state two wellknown player of jogi community Boolo khan jogi and Iqbal Jogi were famous in state for best playing skills of malh. Today these people are landlords, educated who are doing various occupations such as teaching, labor, journalism, business, engineers, doctors etc.

The Jogis of Hyderabad, Sindh

The Jogis of Hyderabad are the craftsmen making various handicrafts and chairs from the sticks near the Hyderabad Press Club on Fatima Jinnah Road (previously Gidu Bandar Road, alias Thandi Sarak).[7]

Jogis of Haryana

The Jogi are found throughout the state of Haryana and speak Haryanvi.[8]

The Jogis of Haryana are often referred to as Padha Jogi, and are divided in three groupings or orders. These are the Kanphate (pierced ears) Jogi, Padha (learned) Jogi and Jangam Yogi. Like in other parts of North India, the Jogi started off as mendicants and holymen, but over time formed a distinct caste. This is seen by the fact that they are strictly endogamous. Most Haryana Jogis are farmers, with very few still involved in their traditional occupation. The main work of jogi people are becoming a saint, wear bhagwa and do Yog sadhana.

yogis of Kerala

yogis usually worship Bhairava, a manifestation of Shiva. The Jogi families live mainly in the northern districts of Kerala, especially Kasaragod, Kannur, and parts of Kozhikode and Wayanad. Religious activities are held at Jogi madam (yogi muths). yogis in Kerala worship their lord in the way of saktheya. Saktheya puja is held at the end of every festival activity occurring in muths. kadri shiva temple at manglore is their main land for worship.

Jogis of Mangalore

There is a small population of Jogis in the Uttara Kannada(bhatkal, murdeshwar, honnavar, kumta, shirsi, siddapura, hubli total above 800 families), Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka state in Bharat(India). Going by the registration to the Jogi Sangha there could be around 600-800 families of Jogis in Mangaluru city and in villages of the district.They are northmigrants to the South centuries ago the presence of Jogi families around the Kadri Jogi Mutt(matha) indicates that they were associated with this Hindu monastery and trace their ancestry origin to the northindia. According to tradition, the Kadri Jogi(Yogi) Mutt and the nearby Manjunatha Temple were a seat of Jogi(Yogi) culture since the time of Ascetic Warriors, Matsyendranath and Gorakshanath, both of whom arrived from the Nepal and Uttar Pradesh region and established the mutt (monastery) here.

The Jogis established the permanent "rule" of the Kadri Mutt by assigning a new "Jogi Arasu" (ruler) once in 12 years and making it a part of the Bara (Twelve) Panths of the Jogi system. The bara panths or twelve mutts are spread across India. The word "ruler" is rather an exaggeration, as the Arasu, who had no military power, could hardly have ruled over any geographical or social entity.This is because Jogis(Yogi) were not supposed to have luxury desires of owning wealthy entities since they are connected with Hindu God Shiva but they are Warriors(Kshatriya)with asceticism.they were more of a "caretakers" of their Followers as well as Mutt.The Arasu has no major daily rituals to perform and is expected to spend most of his time in spiritual contemplation.but He will be the Chief Person during any festivals held in Temple.

A small group of Jogis in Mangalore are still keeping alive, the hope of a unified and powerful caste, by running a Jogi Sangha and conducting periodic meetings. But the small size of the caste and rapidly changing social norms are defeating such attempts. Eventually the caste may disappear into the potpourri of Indian and Global culture.

Jogis of Mandya and Tumkur

There is considerable amount of Jogis found in Mandya, Tumkur and Chitradurga district. Adi Chunchanagiri Temple, the most attractive destination in karanataka is part of Nathapathi community. Hence the name came to swamiji Bala gangadhara Nath.

Jogis of Shimoga

There are 700 to 900 families throughout Shimoga District. They are small landholders, with 2 to 5 acres of land. Some families conduct "Jogi Kathe" in Malenadu.

Some families are in shimoga dist for example Battemallappa, Aginabail Hosur, Horabailu, Hosakoppa, Hurali. Thilavalli. In malenadu people call them "Shiva Jogeru" because they will do " joogi kathe " in malenadu. They must and should want to some cast people in this District. These jogis followers to Chandra Gutti Mut

Jogis of Bangalore

The Jogarhalli near magadi road Bangalore and contains around 400 to 500 families of Nathapanthi community peoples with their own small temples near to their places.in jogerahalli there is a famous temple of swamy bhairaveshwara, where it is worshipped by the nath panth families. these families are invited to family functions which is organised by the sarpanchas. these people of jogerahalli are treated royal in their village. most of the people among these are zamindars and landlords..

Jogis in Hyderabad Karnataka (Ballary, Davanagere, Chitradurga)

There are significant number of jogi(nath panth) families in this region also. Most of them do agriculture, but still many people do Bhikshatana. They are followers to Sri Kala Bhairav Math Molakalmuru.

Language

Jogi, or at least the Jogi of Pakistan, is generally considered a dialect of Marwari,[9] but may be distinct enough to count as a separate language.[10]

Jogis as an Other Backward Class

Jogi are designated Other Backward Classes in most states, starting from 1993.

Official name(s) listed in section Regions
where
have
OBC status
Designation Notes
Jogi Andhra Pradesh[11]10 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993
Yogi,

Jogi, Jugi Nath

Assam[2]26 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10/09/1993
Jogi (Jugi) Bihar[1]44 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Jogi, Nath Chandigarh[12]30 12011/99/94-BCC 11 December 1997
Garpagari

Joginath, Nathjogi

Chhattisgarh[13]22 12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010
Nath,

Jogi

Daman and Diu[14]16 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi, Delhi[15]25 12011/7/95-BCC 24 May 1995
Nathjogi Goa[16]7 12011/44/96-BCC 6 December 1996
Joginath,

Jogi, Nath, Jangam-Jogi, Yogi

Haryana[17]31 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/44/99-BCC 21 September 2000 12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010

Jogi (Jugi) Jharkhand[18]43 12015/2/2007-B.C.C. 18 August 2010
Jogi, Brahma Kapali,

Joger, Jogtin, Kapali, Raval, Ravalia Sanjogi, Jogar

Karnataka[19]29 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993

12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010

Jogi Kerala[20]22 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Garpagari,

Joginath, Nathjogi

Madhya Pradesh[21]28 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/21/1995-BCC 15 May 1995

Jogi Maharashtra[22]47 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Bharadi

Balasantoshi, Kinggriwale, Nath Bava, Nath Jogi, Nath Pandhi, Davari Gosavi

Maharashtra[22]190 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/21/95-BCC 15 May 1995

Jogi, or

Yogi

Orissa[23]53 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Nath Punjab[24]42 12011/68/93-BCC 10 September 1993
Jogi,

Nath

Rajasthan[25]22 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Sikkim[26]10 12011/36/99-BCC 4 April 2000
Jogi (including Jogis) Tamil Nadu[27]51 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993
Yogi,

Jogi, Nath

Tripura[28]35 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Uttar Pradesh[29]19 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Jogi Uttarakhand[30]37 12015/13/2010-B.C.II. 8 December 2011
Jogi West Bengal[31]28 12011/88/98-BCC 6 December 1999

Notable Jogi

Note:Jogi(yogi) Nath is Clan or Community Name more than surname under this there are several surnames which is commonly shared between Brahmins as well Kshatriyas.It is not Mandatory to have surnames of all Jogis will be the same as shown below.

See also

[32][better source needed]

References

  1. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Bihar" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Assam" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ Tribes and Castes of Northwestern Provinces and Oudh Volume III by William Crook
  4. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1244684/caste-and-captivity-dalit-suffering-in-sindh
  5. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/626752/the-kathiawari-red-dress-the-saint-of-the-jogis/
  6. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1195905
  7. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1187582
  8. ^ People of India Hayana Volume XXIII edited by M.L Sharma and A.K Bhatia pages 269 to 273 Manohar
  9. ^ Marwari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Chandigarh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  13. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Chhattisgarh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  14. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Daman and Diu" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  15. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of N.C.T. Of Delhi" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  16. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Goa" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  17. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Haryana" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  18. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Jharkhand" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  19. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Karnataka" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  20. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Kerala" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  21. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Maharashtra" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  23. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Orissa" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  24. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Punjab" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  25. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Rajasthan" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  26. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Sikkim" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  27. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Tamilnadu" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  28. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Tripura" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  29. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  30. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Uttaranchal" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  31. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of West Bengal" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 2012. 
  32. ^ "Yogini - Wikipedia". en.m.wikipedia.org. Retrieved . 

External links

External links


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