Jonesboro, Arkansas
Jonesboro, AR Events Directory
About Jonesboro, AR
Jonesboro, Arkansas
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Official seal of Jonesboro, Arkansas
Nickname(s): J-boro, Jboog, J-Town
Motto(s): People, Pride, Progress
Location of Jonesboro in Craighead County, Arkansas.
Location of Jonesboro in Craighead County, Arkansas.
Jonesboro, Arkansas is located in the US
Jonesboro, Arkansas
Jonesboro, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 35°49?41?N 90°41?39?W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417Coordinates: 35°49?41?N 90°41?39?W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Craighead
Incorporated February 19, 1859
 o Mayor Harold Perrin
 o City 80.94 sq mi (209.62 km2)
 o Land 80.36 sq mi (208.13 km2)
 o Water 0.57 sq mi (1.49 km2)
Elevation 259 ft (79 m)
Population (2010)
 o City 67,263
 o Estimate (2016)[2] 74,889
 o Density 931.92/sq mi (359.82/km2)
 o Metro 124,042
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 o Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 72401-72404
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-35710
GNIS feature ID 0077389

Jonesboro is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 71,551.[3] A college town, home of the Arkansas State Red Wolves, Jonesboro is the largest city in northeastern Arkansas and the Arkansas Delta; it is the fifth-most populous city in the state.

It is the principal city of and is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2010, the Jonesboro metropolitan area had a population of 121,026[4] and a population of 163,116 in the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area.[5]

Jonesboro is home to Arkansas State University and New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine's A-State campus. It is a regional center for manufacturing, agriculture, medicine, education, and trade.


The Jonesboro area was first inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, historic tribes included the Osage, the Caddo, and the Quapaw.[6] The name of the state of Arkansas comes from the Quapaw language.[6] French and Spanish traders and trappers had relations with these groups.

After the United States acquired this territory in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, American settlers eventually made their way to the area where Jonesboro is located. They began exploring, hunting, trapping, and trading with the local Indian tribes. A permanent settlement of Jonesboro was set up shortly after 1815.

In 1859, land was taken from nearby Greene, Mississippi, and Poinsett counties and was used to form Craighead County. Jonesboro was designated as the original county seat. As the population increased in the west of the county, Lake City was named as the second seat.[7] In 1859 Jonesboro had 150 residents. It was named after State Senator William A. Jones[8] in recognition of his support for the formation of Craighead County. Originally spelled Jonesborough, the city name was later shortened to its present-day spelling.

The Bell House is one of twelve Jonesboro sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

During the late 19th century, the city tried to develop its court system and downtown infrastructure. Shortly after being named county seat, the highest point in Jonesboro was identified and a court house was planned for construction. This was delayed for several years as the locals did not want to ruin their deer hunting. The first court house was finally completed but was destroyed by a fire in 1869. A store across from this site was rented and used as a court house. It was destroyed in an 1876 fire. Another building was constructed on the same site, but it fell to a fire in 1878, a major one that destroyed most of downtown Jonesboro. Soon afterward, another court house was constructed, and it still stands.

The St. Louis Southwestern Railway, known as the Cotton Belt Railroad was constructed through Jonesboro, with its tracks passing just north of the center of the city. During the first train's journey, it became stuck and supplies had to be carried into town.[6] It connected St. Louis to points in Arkansas and Texas. Other major railways began to construct tracks to and from Jonesboro, including the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway and Missouri Pacific Railroad. Some of the rail companies still own and use the tracks that run through Jonesboro.

The city set up the Jonesboro School District in 1899.[9] In 1900, St. Bernard's Regional Medical Center was established by the Olivetan Benedictine Sisters.[10] The Grand Leader Department Store, the first department store in the city, was opened in 1900. Woodland College and two schools within the Jonesboro School District were opened in 1904. Arkansas State College (now Arkansas State University) was established in 1909,[11] a year in which the first horseless carriages were driven in the city. The two oldest churches of the city were started in the 1910s. First Baptist Church was founded in 1911, and First Methodist Church in 1916.

On September 10, 1931, Governor Harvey Parnell authorized the Arkansas National Guard to be deployed in Jonesboro to quell the Church War, a clash between the followers of Joe Jeffers and Dow H. Heard, the pastor of the First Baptist Church of Jonesboro. Jeffers' supporters also attacked the mayor and police chief, resulting in front-page coverage of the incident in The New York Times.

During the 20th century, Jonesboro began to diversify its economy, with industrial businesses that allowed it to grow beyond the cotton culture. The university attracts educated residents.

The Westside Middle School massacre occurred on March 24, 1998. Two young boys (aged 11 and 13 years) fired upon students at Westside Middle School while hidden in woodlands near the school. They killed four students and one teacher, and injured 10 persons.[]

In the 2007-2008 school year the Jonesboro Public School District elementary schools were reclassified as magnet schools.[12]


Jonesboro is located at 35°49?41?N 90°41?39?W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417 (35.828067, -90.694048)[13] atop Crowley's Ridge in northeastern Arkansas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 80.5 square miles (208.4 km2), of which 79.9 square miles (206.9 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 0.72%, is water.[3]


Jonesboro has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Jonesboro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46
Average low °F (°C) 26
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.29
Source: [14]


A flock of Canada geese at Craighead Forest Park

As of the census[16] of 2013, there were 71,551 people, 26,111 households, and 16,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 697.1 people per square mile (269.1/km²). There were 28,321 housing units at an average density of 304.7 per square mile (117.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 18.4% Black, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 5.2% of the population were Hispanic.

There were 26,111 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. There are 878 unmarried partner households: 776 heterosexual, 50 same-sex male, and 52 same-sex female households. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,196, and the median income for a family was $42,082. Males had a median income of $21,633 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,884. About 12.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.



The region is served by Jonesboro Municipal Airport. Scheduled flights between Jonesboro and St. Louis, Missouri, are offered daily by Air Choice One.

Public transport

The area is served by the Jonesboro Economic Transit System (JETS). As of 2011, JETS operates three fixed routes, as well as para-transit service for disabled persons.

List of highways


Elementary and secondary education

The Dean B. Ellis Library at Arkansas State University's main campus

There are four public school districts operating within the city limits of Jonesboro:

The North East Arkansas Career & Tech Center[21] is also located here.


Entrance into The Mall at Turtle Creek

The Mall at Turtle Creek, opened in 2006, is the largest mall in northeast Arkansas. It was the only enclosed mall opened in the United States that year.[22] Before the opening of the mall, the Indian Mall was the primary shopping destination in northeast Arkansas. In 2012, Indian Mall, named for the former mascot of Arkansas State University, was demolished. The only store to remain in its original location was Sears.

In 2012, Kiplinger's Personal Finance ranked Jonesboro ninth of the "10 Best Cities for Cheapskates".[23]

Local television and radio




  • KASU-FM 91.9 FM Public Radio
  • K224DW (KDXY-FM/HD2) 92.7 FM Sports ESPN Jonesboro
  • K237FI (KNEA-AM) 95.3 FM Sports 95.3 The Ticket
  • K253BQ (KJBX-FM/HD2) 98.5 FM Country The Outlaw 98.5
  • KEGI-FM 100.5 FM Classic Rock 100.5 The Eagle Rocks
  • K267AS (KBTM-AM) 101.3 FM News/Talk News Talk 1230
  • KIYS-FM 101.7 FM Top 40 101.7 KISS-FM
  • KDXY-FM 104.9 FM Country 104.9 The Fox
  • KJBX-FM 106.3 FM Hot AC The Mix 106.3
  • K298AV (KDXY-FM/HD3) 107.5 FM Top 40 107.5 The Party Station
  • KFIN-FM 107.9 FM Country 107.9 K-FINE
  • KLEK-LP 102.5 FM R&B/Blues/Gospel/Jazz Urban Adult Hits and Classics
  • KFLO-LP 102.9 FM Southern Gospel


  • KNEA-AM 970 AM Sports 95.3 The Ticket
  • KBTM-AM 1230 AM News/Talk News Talk 1230

Notable people


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2014. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro, AR Metro Area, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2014. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ a b c History of Jonesboro Archived 2007-12-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Craighead County Arkansas Genealogy Trails". 2006-03-03. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 170. 
  9. ^ Jonesboro Public School System
  10. ^ St. Bernard's Medical Center: History & Facts
  11. ^ About Arkansas State University Archived 2008-01-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ KAIT - Jonesboro, AR: Teachers get Ready for Magnet Schools
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Average weather for Jonesboro, Arkensas". July 2011. Retrieved 2008. 
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ Jonesboro Public Schools
  18. ^ Valley View School District, Jonesboro AR
  19. ^ Nettleton Public Schools Archived 2008-10-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Westside Schools
  21. ^ North East Arkansas Career & Tech Center
  22. ^ "The Mall at Turtle Creek to hold grand opening March 28-April 8 - Memphis Business Journal". Memphis Business Journal. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ "10 Best Cities for Cheapskates". Kiplinger. 2012-08-08. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ "Michelle Gray's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 2015. 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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