Kane County, Illinois
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About Kane County, IL
Kane County, Illinois
County
County of Kane
Fabyan Windmill-13.JPG
Seal of Kane County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Kane County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 16, 1836
Named for Elias Kane
Seat Geneva
Largest city Aurora
Area
 o Total 524 sq mi (1,357 km2)
 o Land 520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 o Water 4.1 sq mi (11 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 o (2015) 530,847
 o Density 991/sq mi (383/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website countyofkane.org
Footnotes: [1]

Kane County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 515,269,[2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Geneva,[3] and its largest city is Aurora.

Kane County is one of the collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Kane County was formed out of LaSalle County in 1836. The county was named in honor of Elias Kane, United States Senator from Illinois, and the first Secretary of State of Illinois.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county's area was 524 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5] Its largest cities are along the Fox River.

Climate

Geneva, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
29
10
 
 
1.5
 
 
35
16
 
 
2.6
 
 
46
26
 
 
3.9
 
 
59
36
 
 
3.9
 
 
71
46
 
 
4.3
 
 
81
56
 
 
4.4
 
 
84
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
82
58
 
 
3.5
 
 
75
50
 
 
2.7
 
 
63
38
 
 
3.2
 
 
47
28
 
 
2.4
 
 
34
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Geneva have ranged from a low of 10 °F (-12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of -26 °F (-32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. The average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches (39 mm) in February to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent counties

Forest preserves

Kane County has an extensive forest preserve program, with numerous nature preserves, historic sites, and trails.[7]

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Kane County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 515,269 people, 170,479 households, and 128,323 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 990.8 inhabitants per square mile (382.6/km2). There were 182,047 housing units at an average density of 350.1 per square mile (135.2/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 74.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 13.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 7.9% were Polish, 7.4% were Italian, 7.1% were English, and 2.4% were American.[14]

Of the 170,479 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 34.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $67,767 and the median income for a family was $77,998. Males had a median income of $53,833 versus $39,206 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,480. About 7.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Education

Infrastructure

Health care

There are several hospitals serving the county:

Transportation

Airport

Major highways

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 41.4% 82,734 51.9% 103,665 6.7% 13,288
2012 48.6% 88,335 49.7% 90,332 1.7% 3,058
2008 43.4% 83,963 55.2% 106,756 1.4% 2,644
2004 55.0% 92,065 44.1% 73,813 0.9% 1,419
2000 54.5% 76,996 42.5% 60,127 3.0% 4,282
1996 47.4% 54,375 41.8% 47,902 10.8% 12,416
1992 43.5% 55,684 34.8% 44,568 21.6% 27,686
1988 64.1% 66,283 35.2% 36,366 0.7% 763
1984 69.1% 72,655 30.3% 31,875 0.6% 629
1980 61.8% 64,106 28.0% 29,015 10.3% 10,663
1976 62.2% 59,275 35.7% 34,057 2.1% 2,042
1972 69.9% 64,546 29.8% 27,525 0.3% 306
1968 61.9% 54,144 30.4% 26,609 7.6% 6,667
1964 53.3% 46,391 46.7% 40,703
1960 63.8% 55,389 36.1% 31,279 0.1% 93
1956 72.8% 56,009 27.1% 20,848 0.1% 59
1952 67.8% 50,801 32.1% 24,058 0.1% 96
1948 64.4% 39,284 34.7% 21,176 0.9% 532
1944 62.2% 38,689 37.5% 23,362 0.3% 185
1940 61.8% 41,949 37.8% 25,676 0.4% 289
1936 52.6% 33,491 44.2% 28,187 3.2% 2,051
1932 56.2% 32,934 42.0% 24,638 1.9% 1,084
1928 69.9% 38,236 29.6% 16,184 0.5% 253
1924 76.3% 32,717 8.2% 3,517 15.5% 6,624
1920 82.8% 26,832 13.3% 4,323 3.8% 1,243
1916 67.7% 23,868 28.0% 9,875 4.3% 1,506
1912 12.7% 2,415 23.1% 4,394 64.3% 12,257
1908 70.3% 12,840 23.6% 4,316 6.1% 1,111
1904 75.6% 12,638 16.8% 2,799 7.6% 1,271
1900 67.6% 12,031 29.5% 5,259 2.9% 521
1896 69.9% 12,133 28.0% 4,852 2.1% 362
1892 53.8% 7,977 39.0% 5,778 7.2% 1,072

As one of the Yankee-settled and prosperous suburban "collar counties", Kane County was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party in its first few elections, being one of nine Illinois counties to give a plurality to Martin van Buren in 1848. Kane County then unsurprisingly became rock-ribbed Republican for the century and a half following that party's formation. It voted for the GOP Presidential nominee in every election between 1856 and 2004 except that of 1912 when the Republican Party was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with a majority of the vote over conservative incumbent William Howard Taft.

The gradual shift of the GOP towards white Southern Evangelicals, however, has led the generally moderate electorate of Kane and the other "collar counties" to trend towards the Democratic Party. In 2008, Illinois-bred Barack Obama became the first Democrat to carry Kane County since Franklin Pierce in 1852, and the first to ever win an absolute majority of the county's vote (the previous two Democratic winners, Pierce and James K. Polk in 1844 had both gained only pluralities due to strong Free Soil votes). Obama won a plurality in 2012, and Hillary Clinton improved upon Obama's showing to become the second Democrat to win a majority in 2016.

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kane County, Illinois
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Geneva, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "Forest Preserves". Forest Preserve District of Kane County. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
General
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: From the Twenty-One Decennial Censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links

Coordinates: 41°57?N 88°26?W / 41.950°N 88.433°W / 41.950; -88.433


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