Kashira (Russian: ?) is a town and the administrative center of Kashirsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 115 kilometers (71 mi) south of Moscow. Population: ;;.
It was first mentioned in 1356 as the village of Koshira () named after the Koshira River (today's Kashirka River). However, 1619 is considered Kashira's foundation year, when the town was transferred from the left bank of the Oka to the right bank some 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) upstream and rebuilt after it was badly damaged by the Crimean Tatars in 1592 and 1596.
The town was once home to exiled Kazan Khan Ghabdellatif. The coat of arms of Kashira contains the image of Zilant, a heraldic symbol of Kazan.
Town status was granted to Kashira in 1777.
Administrative and municipal status
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kashira serves as the administrative center of Kashirsky District. As an administrative division, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated within Kashirsky District as the Town of Kashira. As a municipal division, the Town of Kashira is incorporated within Kashirsky Municipal District as Kashira Urban Settlement.
A large thermal power plant operates in Kashira. In 1950, the terminal of the first HVDC-transmission was built in the town.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
- ^ a b c d e Law #71/2005-OZ
- ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?. 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2012.
- ^ ? ? . No107- 3 ? 2011 ?. « ? ?», ? . No271- 03 ? 2016 ?. «? ? " ? ?"». ? ? ? ? ? (6 ? 2011 ?.). : "? ", No120, 6 ? 2011 ?. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
- ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
- ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved 2014.
- ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved 2014.
- ? ? ?. ? No123- 28 2010 ?. « ? - ? ? ?», ? . ? No252- 26 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? - ? ? ?». : " ? ? ", No10, 30 ? 2010 ?. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
- ? ?. No71/2005- 28 ? 2005 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? », ? . No179/2010- 24 ? 2010 ? «? ? ? ? "? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ? ?. : "? ?. ", No44, 12 2005 ?. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #71/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Kashirsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #179/2010-OZ of December 24, 2010 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Kashirsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).