Kemerovo
Get Kemerovo essential facts below. View Videos or join the Kemerovo discussion. Add Kemerovo to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Kemerovo
Kemerovo
(Russian)
-  City[3]  -
Kemerovo1.jpg
View of Kemerovo
Map of Russia - Kemerovo Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kemerovo Oblast in Russia
Kemerovo is located in Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo
Kemerovo
Location of Kemerovo in Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo COA.svg
Kemerovo-flag.png
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthemnone[1]
City DayJune 12[2]
Administrative status (as of December 2014)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKemerovo Oblast[3]
Administratively subordinated toKemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[3]
Administrative center ofKemerovo Oblast,[4]Kemerovsky District,[3] Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[3]
Municipal status (as of December 2014)
Urban okrugKemerovsky Urban Okrug[5]
Administrative center ofKemerovsky Urban Okrug,[5] Kemerovsky Municipal District[5]
Head[6]Ilya Sereduk[7]
Representative bodyCity Council of People's Deputies[6]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)532,981 inhabitants[8]
Rank in 201030th
Population (January 2015 est.)549,159 inhabitants[9]
Time zoneKRAT (UTC+07:00)[11]
Founded[10]
Previous namesShcheglovsk (until March 27, 1932)[10]
Postal code(s)[12]650000-650004, 650010, 650014, 650016, 650021, 650023-650026, 650029, 650031-650033, 650035, 650036, 650040, 650042-650044, 650051, 650052, 650054-650056, 650060, 650061, 650064-650066, 650068, 650070, 650071, 650700, 650880, 650890, 650899, 650920, 650940-950957, 650960, 650961, 650971-650979, 650991-650993, 650997-650999
Dialing code(s)+7 3842[]
Website
Kemerovo on Wikimedia Commons

Kemerovo (Russian: , IPA: ['k?emr?v?]) is an industrial city and the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Iskitim and Tom Rivers, in the major coal mining region of the Kuznetsk Basin. Its population was 532,981 in the 2010 Census;[8] 484,754 in the 2002 Census;[13] 520,263 in the 1989 Census.[14]

History

Kemerovo is an amalgamation of, and successor to, several older Russian settlements. A waypoint named Verkhotomsky ostrog was established nearby in 1657 on a road from Tomsk to Kuznetsk fortress. In 1701, the settlement of Shcheglovsk was founded on the left bank of the Tom; soon it became a village. By 1859, seven villages existed where modern Kemerovo is now: Shcheglovka (or Ust-Iskitimskoye), Kemerovo (named in 1734), Yevseyevo, Krasny Yar, Kur-Iskitim (Pleshki), Davydovo (Ishanovo), and Borovaya. In 1721, coal was discovered in the area. The first coal mines were established in 1907, later a chemical plant was established in 1916. By 1917, the population of Shcheglovo had grown to around 4,000 people.

The area's further development was boosted by the construction of a railway between Yurga and Kolchugino (now Leninsk-Kuznetsky) with a connection between Topki and Shcheglovo. Shcheglovo was granted town status on May 9, 1918, which is now considered to be the date of Kemerovo's founding;[10] and was later known as Shcheglovsk. The town became the central location for the Kuzbass Autonomous Industrial Colony which was established there in 1921. 650 workers from 20 different countries settled there and set up what became the Kemerovo Coke Chemical Plant. Some of their descendants visited the modern factory in 2011.[15] On May 27, 1932, Shcheglovsk was renamed Kemerovo[10] and became the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast in 1943. In March 2018, 64 people were killed when a fire broke out in a shopping mall in the town.[16]

Administrative and municipal status

Kemerovo is the administrative center of the oblast[4] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Kemerovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[3] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction--an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts.[3] As a municipal division, Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Kemerovsky Urban Okrug.[5]

Economy

The industrialization of Kemerovo was driven and underpinned by coal mining and by the heavy industry based on the availability of coal. It remains an important industrial city, built up during the Soviet period, with important steel, aluminum and machinery based manufacturing plants along with chemical, fertilizer, and other manufacturing industries. Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the city's industries have experienced a severe decline, creating high levels of unemployment. Major companies based in the city include Siberian Business Union.

Transportation

Kemerovo is linked to western Russia by a branch of the Trans-Siberian Railway and has the Kemerovo Railway station.

The city is served by Kemerovo International Airport.

Local public transport is provided by buses, trolleybuses and trams.

Education

Six higher education institutions are located in Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University, Kuzbass State Technical University, Kemerovo Institute of Food Industry (University), Kemerovo State Medical Academy, Kemerovo State Institute of Culture, Kemerovo Agricultural Institute and Kuzbass Economy and Justice Institute.

Sports

The public interest for bandy is widespread in Russia. 26,000 watched the opening game of the 2011-12 Russian Bandy League when local club Kuzbass played against Dynamo Moscow[17] and Kuzbass is among the very best in the Russian Bandy League.[18] The 2007 Bandy World Championship was held in the city.[19] Female bandy only exists in a few places in Russia. Now Kemerovo is about to start it up.[20][21] Moscow already had two multi-use indoor arenas where bandy can be played. Kemerovo got the first one in Russia specifically built for bandy[22] (today also Khabarovsk and Ulyanovsk have it).[23] Kuzbass plays the matches in the league at Khimik Stadium because of the big public interest. That arena has a capacity of 32000.[24] As it also is equipped with artificial ice, Kemerovo has the best infrastructure for developing bandy in Russia.[25]

Since 2013 there has been a "bandy on boots" tournament for national diasporas living in Kuzbass.[26]

Climate

Kemerovo's position gives it a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with average temperatures varying from -17 °C (1 °F) in January to 19 °C (66 °F) in July and relatively low precipitation of around 500 mm (20 in) annually.

Climate data for Kemerovo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.8
(44.2)
14.6
(58.3)
28.3
(82.9)
34.4
(93.9)
35.1
(95.2)
38.0
(100.4)
36.3
(97.3)
33.1
(91.6)
24.5
(76.1)
13.1
(55.6)
5.8
(42.4)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) -12.2
(10)
-9.0
(15.8)
-1.2
(29.8)
7.9
(46.2)
18.7
(65.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.5
(77.9)
22.9
(73.2)
15.7
(60.3)
7.4
(45.3)
-3.5
(25.7)
-10.0
(14)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -17.0
(1.4)
-14.7
(5.5)
-7.3
(18.9)
1.9
(35.4)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.2
(61.2)
9.6
(49.3)
2.4
(36.3)
-7.4
(18.7)
-14.5
(5.9)
1.3
(34.3)
Average low °C (°F) -21.5
(-6.7)
-19.6
(-3.3)
-12.6
(9.3)
-3.0
(26.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.4
(50.7)
13.2
(55.8)
10.6
(51.1)
4.6
(40.3)
-1.4
(29.5)
-11.0
(12.2)
-19.0
(-2.2)
-3.7
(25.3)
Record low °C (°F) -47.9
(-54.2)
-47.1
(-52.8)
-39.9
(-39.8)
-32.4
(-26.3)
-12.6
(9.3)
-5.7
(21.7)
0.5
(32.9)
-1.2
(29.8)
-9.4
(15.1)
-27.9
(-18.2)
-39.5
(-39.1)
-48.4
(-55.1)
-48.4
(-55.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
19
(0.75)
19
(0.75)
26
(1.02)
40
(1.57)
68
(2.68)
72
(2.83)
62
(2.44)
41
(1.61)
45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
41
(1.61)
505
(19.88)
Average precipitation days 19.2 18.0 18.8 15.0 11.8 13.1 11.4 11.9 12.8 18.2 23.7 22.6 196.5
Average relative humidity (%) 79.4 80.3 75.6 66.4 53.6 68.6 73.3 73.8 72.4 77.9 81.5 80.4 73.6
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[27]
Source #2: Climatebase (precipitation and humidity, 1948-2011)[28]

Notable people

? (Park of Victory) or ? (Zhukov's Park) in Kemerovo
City emblem with the monument to Mikhail Volkov

Twin towns and sister cities

Kemerovo is twinned with:

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ According to Article 6 of the Charter of Kemerovo, the symbols of Kemerovo include a flag, a coat of arms, and an emblem, but not an anthem.
  2. ^ Charter of Kemerovo, Article 6
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Law #215-OZ
  4. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, Article 2
  5. ^ a b c d Law #104-OZ
  6. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo, Article 10
  7. ^ Official website of Kemerovo. Valery Konstantinovich Yermakov, Head of the City (in Russian)
  8. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. ^ Kemerovo Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. ? ? ? (in Russian)
  10. ^ a b c d Charter of Kemerovo, Article 1
  11. ^ ? ? .   No107-  3 ? 2011 ?. « ? ?», ? . No271-  03 ? 2016 ?. «? ? " ? ?"». ? ? ?  ? ? (6 ? 2011 ?.). : "? ", No120, 6 ? 2011 ?. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  12. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. ^ "Descendants of Dutch colonists visit OAO Koks". www.koksgroup.ru. KOKS group. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ "Russia fire: Children killed in Kemerovo shopping centre blaze". BBC News. 25 March 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ KuzbassBandyClub (November 29, 2009). "? - .avi" – via YouTube.
  19. ^ OrangeMaxim (August 1, 2011). " ? . 2007. ? .mpg". Retrieved 2018 – via YouTube.
  20. ^ http://www.bandynet.ru/node/7374
  21. ^ http://babelfish.yahoo.com/translate_url?doit=done&tt=url&intl=1&fr=bf-home&trurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bandynet.ru%2Fnode%2F7374&lp=ru_en&btnTrUrl=Translate
  22. ^ "? ? " «", - - ? ". rusbandy.ru.
  23. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2018.
  25. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "Weather and Climate - Climate of Kemerovo" (in Russian). ? . Retrieved 2013.
  28. ^ "Kemerovo Climate Normals". Climatebase. Retrieved 2016.

Sources

  • ?. No10- 5 ? 1997 ?. « ?», ? . No65-  8 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ?». ? ? ?  10 ? ?. : "?", No102, 11 ? 1997 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Kemerovo Oblast. #10-OZ June 5, 1997 Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #65-OZ of July 8, 2015 On Amending the Charter of Kemerovo Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).
  • . ? No253  24 ? 2005 ?. « », ? . ? No437  27 2015 ?. «? ? ». ? ? ? 1  2006 ?. : "", No28, ? "?", 8 ? 2005 ?. (Kemerovo City Council of People's Deputies. Resolution #253 of June 24, 2005 Charter of the City of Kemerovo, as amended by the Decision #437 of November 27, 2015 On Amending the Charter of the City of Kemerovo. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • ?.  No215-  27 ? 2007 ?. « - ? ?», ? . No131-  22 ? 2014 ?. «? ? ? "? ? ? ? " ? ? " - ? ?"». ? ? ? ? ?, ? ?. : "?", No243, 28 ? 2007 ?. (Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Law #215-OZ of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication date.).
  • ?.  No104-  17 ? 2004 ?. «? ? ? ? », ? . No123-  22 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? "? ? ? ? "». ? ? ?  ?. : "?", No242, 24 ? 2004 ?. (Council of People's Deputies of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #104-OZ of December 17, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations, as amended by the Law #123-OZ of December 22, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Kemerovo
 



 

Top US Cities

Like2do.com was developed using defaultLogic.com's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below:
PopFlock.com : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry