Komsomolsk-on-Amur
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Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
-- (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Komsomolsk na Amuru.jpg
View of Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Map of Russia - Khabarovsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Khabarovsk Krai in Russia
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is located in Khabarovsk Krai
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Location of Komsomolsk-on-Amur in Khabarovsk Krai
Coat of Arms of Komsomolsk-na-Amure (Khabarovsk kray) (1999).png
Flag of Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Khabarovsk kray).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKhabarovsk Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity of krai significance of Komsomolsk-na-Amure[1]
Administrative center ofcity of krai significance of Komsomolsk-na-Amure,[2]Komsomolsky District[3]
Municipal status (as of June 2004)
Urban okrugKomsomolsk-na-Amure Urban Okrug[4]
Administrative center ofKomsomolsk-na-Amure Urban Okrug,[4] Komsomolsky Municipal District[5]
Head[]Vladimir Mikhalyov[]
Statistics
Area325.10 km2 (125.52 sq mi)[6]
Population (2010 Census)263,906 inhabitants[7]
Rank in 201070th
Density812/km2 (2,100/sq mi)[8]
Time zoneVLAT (UTC+10:00)[9]
Founded[]
City status since1933[]
Postal code(s)[10]6810xx
Dialing code(s)+7 4217[]
Website
Komsomolsk-on-Amur on Wikimedia Commons

Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Russian: --, tr. Komsomolsk-na-Amure, IPA: [k?ms?'mol?sk n'mur]) is a city in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located on the left bank of the Amur River in the Russian Far East. It is located on the Baikal-Amur Mainline, 356 kilometers (221 mi) northeast of Khabarovsk. Population: ;[7];[11].[12]

Geography

The city and its suburbs stretch for over 30 kilometers (19 mi) along the left bank of the Amur River. The river at this point is up to 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) wide.

The distance to Khabarovsk--the administrative center of the krai--is 356 kilometers (221 mi); to the Pacific Ocean--about 300 kilometers (190 mi). The nearest other major town is Amursk, about 45 kilometers (28 mi) south.

It is about 3,900 miles (6,300 km) east of Moscow, and lies at the eastern end of the BAM Railway.

History

A street in Komsomolsk-on-Amur

The future site of Komsomolsk-on-Amur was conquered by Mongols in the 13th century, becoming part of Mongol Empire under the Mongol Yuan Dynasty and later Manchus held until 1858 treaty of Aigun ceded the area to the Russian Empire.

The village of Permskoye () was established on the later site of Komsomolsk in 1860 by migrant peasants from what is now Perm Krai.

The government of the Russian SFSR announced in 1931 plans to construct a shipyard on the Amur at the present site of Komsomolsk, with construction beginning in 1932.[] The town was largely built using volunteer labor from the Communist youth organization Komsomol, thus receiving the name Komsomolsk. However, the construction of the town was aided with the use of penal labour from the prison camps situated in the area.[13] The suffix on Amur was added to differentiate from other towns with the same name. It was granted town status in 1933.[]

By the end of the 1930s, the shipyards along with facilities for other heavy industry had been completed. The city developed into a regional center for industries such as aircraft manufacturing, metallurgy, machinery, oil refining, and shipbuilding. At present, Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the main center for the manufacture of Sukhoi military aircraft and the Sukhoi Superjet airliner.[14] The MiG-15bis [15] and the Lisunov Li-2[16] were both manufactured in Komsomolsk-on-Amur.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Komsomolsk-on-Amur serves as the administrative center of Komsomolsky District,[3] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of krai significance of Komsomolsk-na-Amure--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Komsomolsk-na-Amure is incorporated as Komsomolsk-na-Amure Urban Okrug.[4] The city is administratively divided into 2 okrugs (previously raion), coinciding with the historical parts: Leninsky (Dzemgi) and Central.

In the Soviet period, the administrative-territorial division of the city was different from the present. In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 19 October 1943 were formed Lenin, Stalin and Central areas. Stalinsky district included the territory of Railway Amurstali and residential community.

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR "On the Abolition of the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk Krai" on August 7, 1957 in the district division was abolished, but the decree of March 31, 1972 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the newly divided the city into two districts - Central and Leninsky.

Layout

"House with a spire" -unofficial symbol of Komsomolsk-on-Amur

Komsomolsk-on-Amur consists of two historical parts: the center, or "city", where the main enterprise - Shipyard, and the Dzemgi - an area that has formed during the construction of an aircraft factory (future KnAAPO). In fact, each of the parts is a separate town, itself a single center in the city.

Areas of the city are very different architectural appearance: Center Stalinist buildings dominated the 40-50s (exception - the residential area near the railway station), Dzemgi is built up mainly typical panel apartment blocks. The "sleeping" area Dzemgi is not, as the majority of their residents work in enterprises located here.

Climate

Komsomolsk-on-Amur has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Temperatures in the area of the city typically change by over 56 °C (100.8 °F) over the course of the year, with a daily average of -24.7 °C (-12.5 °F) in January, compared to +20.3 °C (68.5 °F) in July.

Climate data for Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
0.0
(32)
13.6
(56.5)
23.9
(75)
31.0
(87.8)
33.2
(91.8)
36.2
(97.2)
38.0
(100.4)
30.0
(86)
20.5
(68.9)
8.3
(46.9)
1.0
(33.8)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) -19.6
(-3.3)
-13.9
(7)
-4.0
(24.8)
7.5
(45.5)
16.1
(61)
22.8
(73)
25.1
(77.2)
23.4
(74.1)
17.1
(62.8)
7.4
(45.3)
-6.4
(20.5)
-17.2
(1)
4.6
(40.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) -24.7
(-12.5)
-19.8
(-3.6)
-9.5
(14.9)
2.3
(36.1)
10.4
(50.7)
17.3
(63.1)
20.3
(68.5)
18.5
(65.3)
11.9
(53.4)
2.5
(36.5)
-10.5
(13.1)
-21.8
(-7.2)
-0.6
(30.9)
Average low °C (°F) -30.8
(-23.4)
-27.2
(-17)
-17.1
(1.2)
-3.4
(25.9)
3.7
(38.7)
10.8
(51.4)
15.2
(59.4)
13.5
(56.3)
6.4
(43.5)
-2.9
(26.8)
-16.1
(3)
-27.4
(-17.3)
-6.6
(20.1)
Record low °C (°F) -47.0
(-52.6)
-42.0
(-43.6)
-33.9
(-29)
-20.8
(-5.4)
-7.5
(18.5)
-2.2
(28)
0.0
(32)
-8.9
(16)
-6.0
(21.2)
-22.0
(-7.6)
-34.0
(-29.2)
-42.0
(-43.6)
-47.0
(-52.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.18)
19
(0.75)
30
(1.18)
43
(1.69)
63
(2.48)
65
(2.56)
95
(3.74)
110
(4.33)
74
(2.91)
62
(2.44)
49
(1.93)
32
(1.26)
669
(26.34)
Average precipitation days 14 12 13 15 15 13 15 14 14 13 16 15 169
Average rainy days 0 0 1 7 14 13 15 14 14 8 1 0 87
Average snowy days 14 12 13 11 3 0 0 0 0 8 15 15 91
Source #1: climatebase.ru[17]
Source #2: Weatherbase[18]

Economy and infrastructure

Komsomolsk-on-Amur is an important industrial center of Khabarovsk Krai and of the Russian Far East.[19] It has a diversified economy where machine building, metallurgy and timber enterprises dominate.[20]

The city's most notable company is Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association, Russia's largest aircraft-manufacturing enterprise. It is among Khabarovsk Krai's most successful enterprises, and for years has been the largest taxpayer of the territory.[21] It has manufactured hundreds of civil aircraft and thousands of various-role military aircraft from the first recon aircraft to modern Su- series fighters and light amphibian aeroplanes.[22] The company is hugely important to the city's economy, contributing 45% of all payments into the local budget.[21]

Also based in the city is Amur Shipbuilding Plant, an important producer of ships and submarines.[23]

The eastern-most GLONASS telemetry and tracking station is located in Komsomolsk-on-Amur.

Two air bases are located near the city, Khurba to the south and Dzemgi to the north.

Komsomolsk-on-Amur railway station is an important rail junction of Baikal-Amur Mainline and Komsomolsk-Dezhnyovka railway line.

The city is served by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport

Public transport includes 5 tram routes, bus and fixed-taxi (marshrutka).

The first sortie of the Sukhoi Su-57 prototype occurred at the Gagarin Factory.[24]

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Komsomolsk-on-Amur is twinned with:[25]

Notable residents

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #143-pr
  2. ^ ? ? ?. ? ? , ? ? . No 019-95 1 1997 ?. « ? -? ?.  08 409», ? . No278/2015  1 2016 ?.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 08 409, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  3. ^ a b ? ? ?. ? ? , ? ? . No 019-95 1 1997 ?. « ? -? ?.  08 220», ? . No278/2015  1 2016 ?.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 08 220, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  4. ^ a b c Law #192
  5. ^ Law #264
  6. ^ " ?". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  9. ^ ? ? .   No107-  3 ? 2011 ?. « ? ?», ? . No271-  03 ? 2016 ?. «? ? " ? ?"». ? ? ?  ? ? (6 ? 2011 ?.). : "? ", No120, 6 ? 2011 ?. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved 2014.
  13. ^ Aleksander Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago: 1918-1956, 592-593
  14. ^ "Team.Aero - Sukhoi Rolls Out Superjet 100 in Aeroflot Livery". Team.Aero. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "What was the yearly number of MiG-15's produced?". aviation.stackexchange.com. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ http://www.oldwings.nl/st/li2.pdf
  17. ^ "climatebase.ru (1948-2011)". Retrieved 2012.
  18. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia". Weatherbase. 2012. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  19. ^ Komsomolsk-on-Amur city Archived August 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Komsomolsk-on-Amur Regional Overview". Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ a b Pike, John. "KNAAPO Komsomolsk na Amure Aviation Industrial Association named after Gagarin - Russian". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "Page not found". www.uacrussia.ru. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ Sputnik. "Crew member 'tampered with temperature sensor on Nerpa sub'". en.rian.ru. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "Sukhoi T-50 Prototype Flies For The First Time In 40 Minute Sortie". Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "-- ? ? ? ". October 24, 2008. Retrieved 2017.

Sources

  • ? ?. ? No143-  18 ? 2007 ?. « ? - ? ?», ? . ? No273-  28 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? ? ? 18 ? 2007 ?. No143- " ? - ? ?"». ? ? ? 13 ? 2007 ?. : " ? ?", No7(60), 12 ? 2007 ?. (Government of Khabarovsk Krai. Resolution #143-pr of July 18, 2007 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Khabarovsk Krai, as amended by the Resolution #273-pr of August 28, 2015 On Amending the Resolution #143-pr of the Government of Khabarovsk Krai of July 18, 2007 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Khabarovsk Krai". Effective as of August 13, 2007.).
  • ? ?.  No192  30 ? 2004 ?. «? -- ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", NoNo136-137, 29 ? 2004 ?. (Legislative Duma of Khabarovsk Krai. Law #192 of June 30, 2004 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the City of Komsomolsk-on-Amur and on Establishing Its Border. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • ? ?.  No264  14 2005 ? « ? ? ? ? ? ?», ? . No239  28 2012 ?. «? ? ? ? , ? ?, ? ? ?  -- ? ? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No57, 1 2005 ?. (Legislative Duma of Khabarovsk Krai. Law #264 of March 14, 2005 On the Administrative Centers of the Rural Settlements and the Municipal Districts of Khabarovsk Krai, as amended by the Law #239 of November 28, 2012 On the Transformation of the Urban Locality the Work Settlement of Tyrma, Located on the Territory of Verkhnebureinsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, by Changing Its Status to That of a Rural Locality--the Settlement of Tyrma, and on Amending Various Laws of Khabarovsk Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links


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Komsomolsk-on-Amur
 



 

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