Kontinental Hockey League
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Kontinental Hockey League
Kontinental Hockey League
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event2018-19 KHL season
KHL logo shield 2016.svg
Formerly Russian Superleague
Sport Ice hockey
Founded 2008
President Dmitry Chernyshenko
Motto - ? ?! Khokkey - nasha igra! Jääkiekko on meidän peli! (Hockey is our game!)[1]
No. of teams 25
Country
Most recent
champion(s)
Ak Bars Kazan (3rd title)
Most titles Ak Bars Kazan (3)
TV partner(s)
Related
competitions
Official website en.KHL.ru

The Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) (Russian: ? (), Kontinental'naya hokkeynaya liga) is an international professional ice hockey league founded in 2008. It comprises 25 member clubs based in Belarus, China, Finland, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, and Slovakia and it is planned to expand to more countries. It is widely considered to be the premier professional ice hockey league in Europe and Asia, and second in the world behind the NHL.[7][8] KHL has the third highest average attendance in Europe with 6,121 spectators per game in the regular season,[9] and the highest total attendance in Europe with 5.32 million spectators in the regular season.[10]

The Gagarin Cup is awarded annually to the league playoff champion at the end of each season. The title of Champion of Russia is given to the highest ranked Russian team.[11]

History

Establishment

Ak Bars Kazan after winning the Gagarin Cup in 2009

The league formed from the Russian Superleague (RSL) and the champion of the 2007-08 season of the second division, with 24 teams: 21 from Russia and one each from Belarus, Latvia, and Kazakhstan. The teams were divided into four divisions, based on the performance in previous seasons.[]

The start of the fourth season was overshadowed by the Yaroslavl air disaster on 7 September 2011 in which almost all members of the team Lokomotiv Yaroslavl lost their lives shortly after take-off for their flight to their season opening game in Minsk. The Opening Cup game in Ufa, which was already under way when news of the disaster arrived, was suspended. In memory of the disaster, 7 September remains a day of mourning on which no KHL regular season games are held.[12]

Team changes

In the 2009-10 season, Avtomobilist Yekaterinburg joined the KHL and Khimik Voskresensk was transferred to a lower league. Next season, Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk joined the league.

After several attempts by teams from Central Europe and Scandinavia to join the KHL, expansion beyond the borders of the former Soviet Union was finally realized in 2011. Lev Poprad, a newly founded team based in Poprad, Slovakia was admitted to the league. But after only one season, Lev was replaced by a team of the same name, Lev Praha, from Prague, Czech Republic, while Slovan Bratislava from Bratislava, Slovakia and Ukraine's Donbass from Donetsk joined the KHL as expansion teams for the 2012-13 season.[13] Lev and Slovan qualified for the playoffs in their first KHL season.[]

Finnish team Jokerit joined the league in 2014

In 2013, Medveak from Zagreb, Croatia, previously playing in the Austrian Hockey League, and Russian expansion team Admiral Vladivostok joined the league, thus expanding the league even further.[14] The league comprised 28 teams during the 2013-14 season, of which 21 were based in Russia and 7 located in the other countries.

In 2014, Finnish team Jokerit from Helsinki, Lada Togliatti (which previously played in the league), and newly created team HC Sochi joined the league.[15] However, HC Donbass did not play in the league for the 2014-15 season, due to the political instability in Ukraine, but had intended to rejoin later.[16] Two other teams, Lev Praha and Spartak Moscow, also withdrew from the 2014-15 season due to financial problems.[17][18]

Prior to the 2015-16 season, Atlant Moscow Oblast withdrew from the KHL due to financial issues, while Spartak Moscow returned after a one-year hiatus.[19]

The newly created Chinese club HC Kunlun Red Star from Beijing was admitted for the 2016-17 season.[20] Prior to the 2017-18 season, Medveak Zagreb withdrew from the league to rejoin the Austrian league and Metallurg Novokuznetsk was sent down to the VHL.[21]

2018 Winter Olympics

Because the National Hockey League refused to release its players to participate in the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea,[22] 92 out of 300 total players participating at the Olympic hockey tournament were playing at the KHL.

Season structure

Portrait
Portrait
Original logo in Latin script and Cyrillic script until 2016

Since 2009, the league has been divided into East and West conferences. In the current season, the Western Conference includes 14 teams divided into two divisions, 7 teams per division. The Eastern Conference has 15 teams, divided into divisions of 7 and 8 respectively. In this season, each team played every other team once at home and once on the road, giving a total of 56 games (28 at home, 28 on the road), plus 4 additional games (2 at home, 2 on the road) played by each team against rival clubs from its own conference. Thus, each team played a total of 60 games in the regular season.[23]

The eight top-ranked teams in each conference receive playoff berths. Within each conference quarterfinals, semifinals and finals are played before the conference winners play against each other for the Gagarin Cup. The division winners are seeded first and second in their conference, based on their regular season record. All playoff rounds are played as best-of-seven series. In each round, the top seeded remaining team is paired with the lowest seeded team etc.[24]

In the 2012-13 season, the Nadezhda Cup (Cup of Hope) was introduced, a consolation tournament for the teams who did not qualify for the playoffs. The winning team in the tournament wins the first overall pick in the KHL Junior Draft. The tournament is intended to extend the season and help maintain interest in hockey in the cities of these teams, and help players of national teams prepare for upcoming World Championships.[25]

Teams

Western conference teams (Divisions: Red pog.svg: Bobrov, Gold pog.svg: Tarasov, Steel pog.svg: Moscow and Moscow Oblast: see separate Map)
Moscow Oblast teams (Divisions: Red pog.svg: Bobrov, Gold pog.svg: Tarasov)
Division Team City Arena Capacity Founded Joined Head Coach Captain
Western Conference
Bobrov Dinamo Riga Latvia Riga Arena Riga 10,300 2008 Latvia ?irts Ankip?ns Latvia Lauris D?rzi
Dynamo Moscow Russia Moscow Megasport Sport Palace 12,724 1946 2008 Russia Vladimir Vorobyov Russia Ilya Nikulin
Jokerit Helsinki Finland Helsinki Hartwall Arena 13,349 1967 2014 Finland Lauri Marjamäki Denmark Peter Regin
Severstal Cherepovets Russia Cherepovets Ice Palace 6,000 1956 2008 Russia Alexander Gulyavtsev Russia Maxim Rybin
SKA Saint Petersburg Russia Saint Petersburg Ice Palace Saint Petersburg 12,300 1946 2008 Russia Ilya Vorobyov Russia Pavel Datsyuk
Spartak Moscow Russia Moscow CSKA Ice Palace 12,100 1946 2008 Russia Vadim Yepanchintsev Russia Dmitri Kalinin
Tarasov CSKA Moscow Russia Moscow CSKA Ice Palace 12,100 1946 2008 Russia Nikitin Igor Russia Sergei Andronov
Dinamo Minsk Belarus Minsk Minsk-Arena 15,000 2004 2008 Canada Gordie Dwyer Belarus Sergei Kostitsyn
Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Russia Yaroslavl Arena 2000 9,000 1959 2008 Russia Dmitri Kvartalnov Sweden Staffan Kronwall
Slovan Bratislava Slovakia Bratislava Ondrej Nepela Arena 10,115 1921 2012 Slovakia Vladimír Országh Slovakia Michal Sersen
Sochi Russia Sochi Bolshoy Ice Dome 12,000 2014 Russia Sergei Zubov Russia Nikita Shchitov
Vityaz Moscow Oblast Russia Podolsk Vityaz Ice Palace 5,500 1998* 2008 Russia [[Valeri Belov ] Russia Denis Kokarev
Eastern Conference
Kharlamov Ak Bars Kazan Russia Kazan TatNeft Arena 10,000 1956 2008 Russia Zinetula Bilyaletdinov Russia Alexander Svitov
Avtomobilist Yekaterinburg Russia Yekaterinburg KRK Uralets 5,500 2006 2009 Russia Andrei Razin Russia Sergey Gusev
Metallurg Magnitogorsk Russia Magnitogorsk Arena Metallurg 7,700 1950 2008 Canada Mike Keenan Russia Sergei Mozyakin
Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk Russia Nizhnekamsk SCC Arena 5,500 1968 2008 Russia Vladimir Krikunov Russia Maxim Rybin
Torpedo Nizhny Novgorod Russia Nizhny Novgorod Trade Union Sport Palace 5,500 1947 2008 Latvia P?teris Skudra Russia Vadim Khomitsky
Traktor Chelyabinsk Russia Chelyabinsk Traktor Sport Palace 7,500 1947 2008 Russia Andrei Nikolishin Russia Stanislav Chistov
Chernyshev Admiral Vladivostok Russia Vladivostok Fetisov Arena 7,500 2013 Belarus Alexander Andrievsky Latvia Oskars B?rtulis
Amur Khabarovsk Russia Khabarovsk Platinum Arena 7,100 1966 2008 Russia Sergei Shepelev Russia Dmitri Tarasov
Avangard Omsk Russia Omsk Omsk Arena 10,318 1950 2008 Russia Evgeny Kornoukhov Russia Denis Kulyash
Barys Astana Kazakhstan Astana Barys Arena 12,000 1999 2008 Kazakhstan Yerlan Sagymbayev United States Brandon Bochenski
Salavat Yulaev Ufa Russia Ufa Ufa Arena 8,400 1957 2008 Russia Igor Zakharkin Russia Igor Grigorenko
Sibir Novosibirsk Russia Novosibirsk Ice Sports Palace Sibir 7,400 1962 2008 Belarus Andrei Skabelka Russia Alexei Kopeikin
Red Star Kunlun China Beijing Cadillac Arena 14,000 2016 Russia Vladimir Yurzinov Jr. Finland Janne Jalasvaara

aLada Togliatti formerly played in Kontinental Hockey League from 2008/09 to 2009/10.

An asterisk (*) denotes a franchise relocation. See the respective team articles for more information.

Players

KHL match Lev Praha vs. Lokomotiv Yaroslavl in O2 Arena, Prague

Though now not as restrictive in maintaining an exclusively Russian composition of players and teams, Russian teams are still not allowed to sign more than five foreign players, while non-Russian teams must have at least five players from their respective country. Foreign goaltenders on Russian teams have a limit regarding total seasonal ice time.[26]

Prior to the inaugural season, several KHL teams signed several players from the NHL.[27] A dispute between the two leagues over some of these signings was supposed to have been resolved by an agreement signed on July 10, 2008, whereby each league would honor the contracts of the other, but the signing of Alexander Radulov was made public one day after the agreement (though it was actually signed two days prior to the agreement taking effect),[28] leading to an investigation by the International Ice Hockey Federation.[29] On 4 October 2010, the conflict between the leagues was settled when both signed a new agreement to honor one another's contracts.[30]

The league set up rules for the NHL lockout which lasted from 16 September 2012 to 12 January 2013. According to the special regulations, each KHL team was allowed to add up to three NHL players to its roster, among them at most one foreign player.[31] More than 40 NHL players, the majority of them Russians, played in the KHL during the lockout.

KHL players are represented by the Kontinental Hockey League Players' Trade Union.[32]

Nationalities of players

During the current season, players representing 16 nations have played at least one game in the KHL.[33] A player's nationality is for various reasons sometimes ambiguous. For the table presented below, the nationality "is determined based on the last country that the player represented in international competition. If a player has never played for a national team, usually the country of birth is chosen as the player nationality, unless there is strong evidence indicating otherwise".[34] For players born in former Soviet republics, the situation is often more complex due to dual citizenship and naturalization. Therefore, a list of players born in Ukraine gives case-by-case details for some of those players. In some cases, players can change their nationality registration with the league on a year-by-year basis, and their nationality with the league may not match that of their International Ice Hockey Federation registration. Non-Russians represent about 40% of the KHL players, and are mostly Central European, Nordic, and North American. In 2015-16, more than 950 players played in the league (see table below).[]

Country (current number of teams) Players active
(2012-13)[35]
Players active
(2013-14)[36]
Players active
(2014-15)[37]
Players active
(2015-16)[38]
Belarus Belarus (1 team) 33 40 45 38
Canada Canada 36 69 56 41
Croatia Croatia (1 team) - 3 2 2
Czech Republic Czech Republic 46 47 29 35
Denmark Denmark - 1 2 4
Finland Finland (1 team) 40 37 50 47
France France - - 1 1
Germany Germany 1 3 3 1
Italy Italy - - - 1
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan (1 team) 30 29 28 36
Latvia Latvia (1 team)a 35 32 29 33
Norway Norway 3 3 3 1
Russia Russia (22 teams) 540 573 594 634
Slovakia Slovakia (1 team) 51 43 32 27
Slovenia Slovenia - 2 4 4
Sweden Sweden 24 22 28 27
Ukraine Ukraineb 11 12 3 3
United States United States 13 20 27 21
Total 863 909 936 956

Trophies and awards

Gagarin Cup

The winner of the playoff is awarded the Gagarin Cup, the KHL Champion title and the Russian Champion title, regardless of the country the club represents. The team ranked first in the standings after the regular season, i.e. the winner of the regular season, is awarded the Continental Cup[39] (Russian: ?, Kubok Kontinenta). The winners of the conference finals are awarded the Eastern Conference Champion Cup (Russian: ? , Kubok Pobeditelyu konferentsii Vostok) and the Western Conference Champion Cup (Russian: ? , Kubok Pobeditelyu konferentsii Zapad).[40]

The KHL presents annual awards to its most successful players. The KHL also awards the Opening Cup annually to the winner of the first game between the Gagarin Cup winner and the runner-up of the previous season. On September 10, 2011, three days after the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash, the KHL head office decided to honor the deceased in the 2011 Opening Cup.[41]

Seasons overview

Season Gold medal icon.svg Gagarin Cup Winner Silver medal icon.svg Gagarin Cup finalist Final score Continental Cup Winner Top scorer
2008-09 Ak Bars Kazan Lokomotiv Yaroslavl 4-3 Salavat Yulaev Ufa* (129 points) Sergei Mozyakin (76 points: 34 G, 42 A)
2009-10 Ak Bars Kazan HC MVD 4-3 Salavat Yulaev Ufa (129 points) Sergei Mozyakin (66 points: 27 G, 39 A)
2010-11 Salavat Yulaev Ufa Atlant Moscow Oblast 4-1 Avangard Omsk (118 points) Alexander Radulov (80 points: 20 G, 60 A)
2011-12 Dynamo Moscow Avangard Omsk 4-3 Traktor Chelyabinsk (114 points) Alexander Radulov (63 points: 25 G, 38 A)
2012-13 Dynamo Moscow Traktor Chelyabinsk 4-2 SKA Saint Petersburg (115 points) Sergei Mozyakin (76 points: 35 G, 41 A)
2013-14 Metallurg Magnitogorsk HC Lev Praha 4-3 Dynamo Moscow (115 points) Sergei Mozyakin (73 points: 34 G, 39 A)
2014-15 SKA Saint Petersburg Ak Bars Kazan 4-1 CSKA Moscow (139 points) Alexander Radulov (71 points: 24 G, 47 A)
2015-16 Metallurg Magnitogorsk CSKA Moscow 4-3 CSKA Moscow (127 points) Sergei Mozyakin (67 points: 32 G, 35 A)
2016-17 SKA Saint Petersburg Metallurg Magnitogorsk 4-1 CSKA Moscow (137 points) Sergei Mozyakin (85 points: 48 G, 37 A)
2017-18 Ak Bars Kazan CSKA Moscow 4-1 SKA Saint Petersburg (138 points) Ilya Kovalchuk (63 points: 31 G, 32 A)

*: In the first season, Salavat Yulaev Ufa was the winner of the regular season, but the Continental Cup was not yet awarded.

Statistics

Single season records

Career records

KHL's longest match

Match time Date Match Home Visitor Result Overtime goal scorer
142.09 22.3.2018 5. Conference Semi-Finals CSKA Jokerit 1-2 Finland Mika Niemi

All-time team records

Since its foundation in 2008, 35 different clubs have played in the KHL, and 32 of them have at least once qualified for the playoffs. Of the 24 founding teams, only Metallurg Novokuznetsk and Khimik Voskresensk had never qualified for the playoffs (both are no longer in the league). The table gives the final regular-season ranks for all teams, with the playoff performance encoded in colors. The teams are ordered by their best championship results.

 [a]: Includes record of Dynamo Moscow before the merger with HC MVD in 2010

 [b]: Did not participate in the 2011-12 season due to the deadly air disaster on September 7, 2011, that killed the entire team

Attendance statistics

Jokerit - SKA in Helsinki Ice Challenge 2017, with KHL record attendance (17,645)[43]

Total and average attendance in seasons, including play-off.[44]

Season Total Attendance Average Attendance
2008-09 3,670,393 5,007
2009-10 4,211,836 5,661
2010-11 4,287,279 6,064
2011-12 4,313,455 6,127
2012-13 4,776,792 6,285
2013-14 5,195,762 6,192
2014-15 6,064,892 6,592
2015-16 5,914,666 6,429
2016-17 5,952,426 6,305

All-Star Game

The Kontinental Hockey League All-Star Game is an exhibition game held annually in the midway point (usually January or February) of the season, with the league's star players playing against each other. Previously played Russian players versus the "rest of the world", now it is Eastern versus Western Conference.

See also

Preceded by
Russian Superleague
Kontinental Hockey League
2008—present
Succeeded by
none

References

  1. ^ ? "" (in Russian). khl.ru. Archived from the original on 2010-08-09. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ "Crossing the Atlantic". khl.ru. 2010-04-20. 
  3. ^ "Kontinental Hockey League And TV Channel Sport Ratified An Agreement On KHL Championship Games Broadcast In 2009/2010 Season". en.khl.ru. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved 2009. 
  4. ^ "Kontinental Hockey League Signed An Agreement With Viasat". khl.ru. Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Jágr a KHL budou v televizi. Práva koupil Nova sport". Týden.cz. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "KHL Creates Hockey Premier League". March 22, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  7. ^ "World of difference for KHL?". iihf.com. 2012-05-07. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ "Ranking the Top Ten Hockey Leagues". The Hockey Writers. 10 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "KHL is on the 3rd place by attendance". IIHF. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ ". . ? 2016/2017 - ". Championat.com. 
  11. ^ "About the KHL". khl.ru. 
  12. ^ "Day of Remembrance in honor of Lokomotiv". 2013-09-07. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Lev from Slovakia to Prague". IIHF.com. 2012-03-30. Archived from the original on 2013-08-24. 
  14. ^ "Medveak to join the league from 2013-14 season". khl.ru. 2013-04-29. 
  15. ^ "Welcome, Jokerit and Sochi; welcome back, Lada". 2014-04-30. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ "Donbass to miss 2014-15 season". 2014-06-19. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Nad?je vyhasla. Lev Praha definitivn? kon?í v KHL". 2014-07-01. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "? ? ?". 2014-04-22. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ League confirms format for 2015-16 season
  20. ^ KHL (2016-06-25). "It's Official! Kunlun Red Star joins the KHL". en.KHL.ru. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ "League confirms list of participant clubs for 2017-18 Championship". Khl. 25 May 2017. 
  22. ^ "NHL will not participate in 2018 Pyeongchang Olympic Games - Sportsnet.ca". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ "League confirms format for 2015-16 season". 17 June 2015. Retrieved 2016. 
  24. ^ "KHL Championship - Russian Ice Hockey Championship 2012/2013. Stage 2 Guidelines" (PDF). khl.ru. 2012-06-27. 
  25. ^ "Cup of Hope". khl.ru. 22 January 2013. 
  26. ^ " , ?". khl.ru. 2012-04-11. 
  27. ^ "404". TSN. Retrieved 2015. 
  28. ^ "Sports News & latest headlines from AOL". AOL.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  29. ^ Predator inks debatable deal - iihf.com Archived 2008-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ "NHL signs agreement with KHL". ESPN.com. 2010-10-04. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ "Door opens for NHL men". khl.ru. 2012-09-17. 
  32. ^ "Kontinental Hockey League Players' Trade Union" (in Russian). Kontinental Hockey League. Retrieved 2011. 
  33. ^ "KHL Totals by Nationality - 2013-14 Stats". quanthockey.com. 
  34. ^ "QuantHockey FAQ: How is player nationality determined?". quanthockey.com. 
  35. ^ 2012-13 KHL season, Quanthockey, Retrieved 24 April 2015
  36. ^ 2013-14 KHL season, Quanthockey, Retrieved 24 April 2015
  37. ^ 2014-15 KHL season, Quanthockey, Retrieved 24 April 2015
  38. ^ 2015-16 KHL season, Quanthockey, Retrieved 28 April 2016
  39. ^ "Ufa's first trophy". khl.ru. Retrieved 2010. 
  40. ^ " ?". khl.ru. Retrieved 2010. 
  41. ^ "  : ? ()". Retrieved 2015. 
  42. ^ a b c d "Kontinental Hockey League Records". 
  43. ^ "A day for the history books. Helsinki Ice Challenge. December 2". en.khl.ru. 2 December 2017. 
  44. ^ ". . ? 2016/2017 - ". Championat.com. 

External links

Official KHL
Third party

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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