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List of Latin and Greek Words Commonly Used in Systematic Names
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List of Latin and Greek Words Commonly Used in Systematic Names

This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical languages to understand and remember the scientific names of organisms. The binomial nomenclature used for animals and plants is largely derived from Latin and Greek words, as are some of the names used for higher taxa, such as orders and above. At the time when biologist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) published the books that are now accepted as the starting point of binomial nomenclature, Latin was used in Western Europe as the common language of science, and scientific names were in Latin or Greek: Linnaeus continued this practice.

Although Latin is now largely unused except by classical scholars, or for certain purposes in botany, medicine and the Roman Catholic Church, it can still be found in scientific names. It is helpful to be able to understand the source of scientific names. Although the Latin names do not always correspond to the current English common names, they are often related, and if their meanings are understood, they are easier to recall. The binomial name often reflects limited knowledge or hearsay about a species at the time it was named. For instance Pan troglodytes, the chimpanzee, and Troglodytes troglodytes, the wren, are not necessarily cave-dwellers.

Sometimes a genus name or specific descriptor is simply the Latin or Greek name for the animal (e.g. Canis is Latin for dog). These words may not be included in the table below if they only occur for one or two taxa. Instead, the words listed below are the common adjectives and other modifiers that repeatedly occur in the scientific names of many organisms (in more than one genus).

Adjectives vary according to gender, and in most cases only the lemma form (nominative singular masculine form) is listed here. 1st-and-2nd-declension adjectives end in -us (masculine), -a (feminine) and -um (neuter), whereas 3rd-declension adjectives ending in -is (masculine and feminine) change to -e (neuter). For example, verus is listed without the variants for Aloe vera or Galium verum.

Words that are very similar to their English forms have been omitted.

Some of the Greek transliterations given are Ancient Greek, and others are Modern Greek.

In the tables, L = Latin, G = Greek, and LG = similar in both languages.


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
acaulis G, L stemless silver thistle, Carlina acaulis;

dwarf date palm, Phoenix acaulis

acaulis - acaule
acutus L sharpened, pointed American crocodile, Crocodylus acutus;

angled sunbeam (butterfly), Curetis acuta; northern pintail duck, Anas acuta

acutus - acuta - acutum
adustus L singed, burnt side-striped jackal, Canis adustus;
dark onyx cowry, Erronea adusta
adustus - adusta - adustum
africanus L African reed cormorant, Microcarbo africanus;
southern African frilled shark, Chlamydoselachus africana;

African clubhook-squid, Notonykia africanae;
pyjama shark, Poroderma africanum;

Lemon basil, Ocimum × africanum

africanus - africana, africanae - africanum
agrestis L of the field, wild field vole, Microtus agrestis;

green field-speedwell, Veronica agrestis

agrestis - agreste
alatus L ?la winged pitcher plant, Nepenthes alata;

sharpwing monkeyflower, Mimulus alatus; winged elm, Ulmus alata;

winged everlasting, Ammobium alatum; winged loosestrife, Lythrum alatum;

winged seahorse, Hippocampus alatus; winged-stem passion flower, Passiflora alata

alatus - alata - alatum
albiceps L white-headed blow fly, Chrysomya albiceps;

moth, Syngamia albiceps; wood groundling, Parachronistis albiceps;

Mexican golden red rump tarantula, Brachypelma albiceps

albidens L white-toothed white-toothed brush mouse, Coccymys albidens;
see also leucodon
albopictus L painted white Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus;
Moneilema albopictum
albopictus - albopicta - albopictum
albus L white American white ibis, Eudocimus albus;
white oak, Quercus alba;
mistletoe, Viscum album
albus - alba - album
Alpinus L alpine; of the Alps alpine aster, Aster alpinus;
alpine bearberry, Arctostaphylos alpina;
alpine feverfew, Parthenium alpinum
alpinus - alpina - alpinum
ambiguus L uncertain beautiful woolly sunflower, Eriophyllum ambiguum;
doubtful cone, Conus ambiguus;
questionable Stropharia, Stropharia ambigua;

tick bush, Kunzea ambigua

ambiguus - ambigua - ambiguum
amblys G (amblús) blunt, dull marine iguana, Amblyrhynchus cristatus amblys - All pages beginning with Ambly
americanus L American American black bear, Ursus americanus;

American hazel nut, Corylus americana; American mastodon, Mammut americanum

americanus - americana - americanum
amphi- G ? (amphí) of all kinds, on all sides amphibian; Amphipoda All pages beginning with Amphi
ampulla L bottle, flask northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus ampullatus - ampullata - ampullatum - All pages beginning with Ampulla
Amurensis L from the Amur River Amur grape, Vitis amurensis amurensis - amurense
Angolensis L from Angola African teak, Pterocarpus angolensis angolensis - angolense
angustiflorus L narrow-flowered Eastwood's bellflower, Campanula angustiflora;

narrowflower lupine, Lupinus angustiflorus

angustiflorus - angustiflora - angustiflorum
angustifolius L narrow-leaved narrowleaf cottongrass, Eriophorum angustifolium;

narrowleaf cottonwood, Populus angustifolia; narrowleaf sunflower, Helianthus angustifolius

angustifolius - angustifolia - angustifolium
angustus L narrow narrow-banded widow, Dingana angusta;
narrowleaf pansy monkeyflower, Mimulus angustatus;
slimleaf bean, Phaseolus angustissimus;
Prairie acacia, Acaciella angustissima;

Sea snail, Vexillum angustissimum

angustus - angusta - angustum - angustatus - angustissimus - angustissima - angustissimum
anthos G (ánthos) flower anthozoans, Anthozoa;

golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha;

All pages beginning with Antho
anthropo- G (ánthr?pos) man, human being Paranthropus All pages beginning with Anthropo
apis L bee honeybee, Apis mellifera;

white sage, Salvia apiana

apianus - apiana - apianum - All pages beginning with Api
aquaticus L found near water eastern mole, Scalopus aquaticus;
Wild rice, Zizania aquatic;

Water spinach, Ipomoea aquatica;
parrot's-feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum,

aquaticus - aquatica - aquaticum
arborescens L tree-like or shrub-like Artemisia arborescens;

Aloe arborescens; Hydrangea arborescens

archaeo- G ? (arkhaîos) ancient Archaeopteryx All pages beginning with Archaeo - All pages beginning with Archeo
arctos G (árktos) bear grizzly bear, Ursus arctos horribilis;

common bearberry, Arctostaphylos

arctos - All pages beginning with Arcto
arena L sand sand iris, Iris arenaria;
sand rock-cress, Arabidopsis arenosa;
sand seatrout, Cynoscion arenarius;
sand-dusted cone, Conus arenatus
arenarius - arenaria - arenarium - arenatus - arenata - arenosa
arenicolus L sand-dwelling dunes sagebrush lizard, Sceloporus arenicolus;
sand goldenrod, Solidago arenicola;
sanddwelling dewberry, Rubus arenicola;
sandy stargazer, Gillellus arenicola
arenicolus - arenicola
argentatus L silvery herring gull, Larus argentatus argentatus - argentata - argentatum
argenteus L silvery silver buffaloberry, Shepherdia argentea;
silver tree, Leucadendron argenteum;

silvery lupine, Lupinus argenteus; white mulberry, Pipturus argenteus

argenteus - argentea - argenteum
argentum L silver sea snail, Calliostoma argentum argentum
aromatica G (ár?ma) aromatic clove nutmeg, Ravensara aromatica;
Croton aromaticus;
clove, Syzygium aromaticum
aromaticus - aromatica - aromaticum
arthro- G (árthron) joint Arthropoda All pages beginning with Arthro
arvensis L in the field skylark, Alauda arvensis;
field horsetail, Equisetum arvense
arvensis - arvense
asiatica L Asian white-winged dove, Zenaida asiatica;
Caspian plover, Charadrius asiaticus, Persian buttercup, Ranunculus asiaticus
asiatica - asiaticus
astro-, astero- G (ástron) star starfish (class), Asteroidea All pages beginning with Astero - All pages beginning with Astro
ater L dull black common chuckwalla, Sauromalus ater;
Eurasian coot, Fulica atra;
black swan, Cygnus atratus;
black yarrow, Achillea atrata;
creek chub, Semotilus atromaculatus
see also niger
ater - atra - atrum - atratus - atrata - atratum
atropurpureus L deep purple, blackish-purple Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum'; Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea;
the purple-flowered cotoneaster, Cotoneaster atropurpureus
atropurpureus - atropurpurea - atropurpureum
aurantius, aurantiacus L orange-colored bitter orange, Citrus aurantium aurantius - aurantia - aurantium; aurantiacus - aurantiaca - aurantiacum
aureus L golden golden jackal, Canis aureus;
Staphylococcus aureus (bacteria)
see also chrysos
aureus - aurea - aureum
australis L southern southern right whale, Eubalaena australis australis - australe


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
baccatus L berry-bearing common yew, Taxus baccata; Conus baccatus, a sea snail baccatus - baccata - baccatum
barbatus L barba bearded bearded catasetum, Catasetum barbatum; bearded seal, Erignathus barbatus; black-chinned siskin, Spinus barbata; Bornean bearded pig, Sus barbatus; golden-beard penstemon, Penstemon barbatus barbatus - barbata - barbatum
bicolor L two-colored bicolor angelfish, Centropyge bicolor; bicolor cleanerfish, Labroides bicolor; bicolored moth, Manulea bicolor bicolor
bicoloratus L two-colored bicolored angle, Macaria bicolorata; Kenya two-headed snake, Micrelaps bicoloratus; orchid, Bulbophyllum bicoloratum bicoloratus - bicolorata - bicoloratum
bicornis L bicorne black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis bicornis
bios G ? (bíos) life amphibian; biota, all living things bios
blandus L pleasant, smooth, alluring Greek windflower, Anemone blanda; Mallos blandus, a spider blandus - blanda - blandum
borealis L northern northern right whale dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis borealis - boreale
brachion G ? (brakhí?n) arm Przewalski's gerbil, Brachiones przewalskii; Brachiopoda (phylum); Brachiosaurus All pages beginning with Brachio
brasiliensis L Brazilian Brazilian brown bat Eptesicus brasiliensis All pages with a title containing Brasiliensis
brachy- G (brakhús) short Brazilian gold frog, Brachycephalus didactylus All pages beginning with Brachy
brachyphyllus G short-leaved extinct plant genus, Brachyphyllum;
flower, Colchicum brachyphyllum;
leaf-nosed bats, Brachyphylla;
shortleaf baccharis, Baccharis brachyphylla;
see also brevifolius
brachyphyllus - brachyphylla - brachyphyllum
brady- G (bradús) slow pygmy three-toed sloth, Bradypus pygmaeus All pages beginning with Brady
branchia G (bránkhion) gills Lamellibranchia (class, syn. Bivalva); Branchiopoda (class, brine shrimps) All pages beginning with Branchi
brasiliensis L from Brazil Brazilian marsh rat, Holochilus brasiliensis; Brazilian stick mantis, Brunneria brasiliensis; rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis brasiliensis - brasiliense
brevi- L brevis short silvery-cheeked hornbill, Ceratogymna brevis brevis - breve - All pages beginning with Brevi
brevicaudatus L short-tailed bearded leaf chameleon, Rieppeleon brevicaudatus; sea snail, Lophiotoma brevicaudata; short-tailed ceratosoma, Ceratosoma brevicaudatum brevicaudatus - brevicaudata - brevicaudatum
brevicollis L short-necked short-necked oil beetle, Meloe brevicollis brevicollis - brevicolle
brevifolius L short-leaved Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia;
short-leaved dudleya, Dudleya blochmaniae subsp. brevifolia;
shortleaf sneezeweed, Helenium brevifolium;
zig-zag bog-rush, Schoenus brevifolius;
see also brachyphyllus
brevifolius - brevifolia - brevifolium
brevirostris L short beak pignosed arrowtooth eel, Dysomma brevirostre;
shortnose ponyfish, Leiognathus brevirostris
brevirostris - brevirostre
bulbus G bulb bulbous buttercup, Ranunculus bulbosus;
onion cone, Conus bulbus
bulbus - bulbosus - bulbosa


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
caecus L blind blind mole, Talpa caeca; northern eyed hawkmoth, Smerinthus caecus caecus - caeca - caecum
caeruleus L blue blue tit, Cyanistes caeruleus; blue passion flower, Passiflora caerulea caeruleus - caerulea - caeruleum
Californicus L California California blue dorid, Felimare californiensis californicus - californica - californiensis
callosus L calloused large vesper mouse, Calomys callosus; tree fern, Cyathea callosa; orchid, Paphiopedilum callosum callosus - callosa - callosum
canadensis L from Canada bighorn sheep, Ovis canadensis canadensis - canadense
candidus L brightly white, shining white Madonna lily, Lilium candidum candidus - candida - candidum
canescens L turning grey- or white-haired Geraea canescens (desert sunflower); Atriplex canescens canescens
canis L dog coyote, Canis latrans; Dipylidium caninum (a tapeworm) canis - caninus - canina - caninum
canus L gray (haired), pale gray grey-headed woodpecker, Picus canus; woolly groundsel, Senecio canus canus - cana - canum
caprae L of a goat Staphylococcus caprae caprae - capri
cauda L tail long-tailed tit, Aegithalos caudatus; thintail skate, Dipturus leptocaudus; northern short-tailed shrew, Blarina brevicauda
caulos G (kaulós) stem, stalk stemless gentian, Gentiana acaulis acaulis - acaule
cephalo- G (kephal?) head Mediterranean gull, Larus melanocephalus; blue-spotted grouper, Cephalopholis argus All pages beginning with Cephal
-ceps L caput head pygmy sperm whale, Kogia breviceps; biceps (two-headed muscle)
ceros L corn? G (kéras) horn narwal, Monodon monoceros; rhinoceros (nose horn)
cest L cestus G (kestós) girdle, belt, stitched Cestoda All pages beginning with Cest
chaetes G (khaít?) flowing hair, or mane wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou
chilensis L from Chile paradise tanager, Tangara chilensis chilensis - chilense
chinensis L from China China rose, Rosa chinensis;
Chinese onion, Allium chinense;
Chinese sumac, Rhus chinensis;
see also Sinense, below
chinensis - chinense
chloro- G (khl?rós) pale green common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus All pages beginning with Chloro
chroma G (khrôma) color clown loach, Chromobotia macracanthus All pages beginning with Chrom
chrysos G (khrusós) gold Chrysochloridae (golden moles);
golden pheasant, Chrysolophus pictus;
maned wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus
see also aureus
All pages beginning with Chryso
chrysophyllus G gold-leaved golden chinquapin, Chrysolepis chrysophylla;
golden-leaved Jerusalem sage, Phlomis chrysophylla;
satinleaf, Chrysophyllum oliviforme
chrysophyllus - chrysophylla - chrysophyllum
cilium L eyelash Ashland thistle, Cirsium ciliolatum;
bristleworm, Polydora ciliata;
eyelash gecko, Correlophus ciliatus;
queen angelfish, Holacanthus ciliaris;
Australian red cedar, Toona ciliata;
sickle-leaved cymodocea, Thalassodendron ciliatum
ciliaris - ciliare - ciliatus - ciliata - ciliatum - ciliolatum
cinereus L ash, ash-colored masked shrew, Sorex cinereus;
Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea;
gray thrasher, Toxostoma cinereum;
common gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus
cinereus - cinerea - cinereum
cirrhus G (kirrhós) orange fringe-lipped bat, Trachops cirrhosus;
mrigal carp, Cirrhinus cirrhosus;
silverspotted sculpin, Blepsias cirrhosus
cirrhosus - cirrhosa - cirrhosum
citri L citrus the citrus blossom moth, Prays citri citri
cneme G (kn?m?) shin, leg white-legged damselfly, Platycnemis pennipes
-cola L col? dweller Eurasian woodcock, Scolopax rusticola;
northern chequered skipper, Carterocephalus silvicola;
paddyfield warbler, Acrocephalus agricola;
rock thrushes, Monticola sp.
concolor L having uniform color throughout Cougar, Puma concolor; White Fir, Abies concolor
conno- G (kónnos) beard wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou All pages beginning with Conno
corax L corvus G (kórax) crow, raven common raven, Corvus corax corax
cordifolius L heart-shaped leaves heartleaf aster, Symphyotrichum cordifolium;
heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia;
Tucson bur ragweed, Ambrosia cordifolia
cordifolius - cordifolia - cordifolium
cornu L corn? horn garden snail, Cornu aspersum;
great ramshorn, Planorbarius corneus
All pages beginning with Cornu
coronatus L crowned crowned lemur, Eulemur coronatus;
crowned turban shell, Lunella coronata
coronatus - coronata - coronatum
costatus L ribbed ribbed slipper shell, Maoricrypta costata; striped Raphael catfish, Platydoras costatus costatus - costata - costatum
crassus L thick, fat creeping blueberry, Vaccinium crassifolium;
inflated spiny crab, Rochinia crassa;
mouthless crab, Cardisoma crassum
crassus - crassa - crassum
cristatus L crested aardwolf, Proteles cristatus;
blue jay, Cyanocitta cristata;
crested wheatgrass, Agropyron cristatum
cristatus - cristata - cristatum
crocos G (krókos) yellow bicoloured white-toothed shrew, Crocidura leucodon;
saffron, Crocus sativus;
spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta
All pages beginning with croc
curvirostris L curved beak boxer snipe eel, Nemichthys curvirostris;
curve-billed thrasher, Toxostoma curvirostre
curvirostris - curvirostre
cyano- G (kuanós) blue-green azure-winged magpie, Cyanopica cyanus;
big blue octopus, Octopus cyanea;
blue orchid, Aganisia cyanea
All pages beginning with Cyano - cyaneus - cyanea - cyaneum


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
dactyl-, dactylo- G (dáktulos) finger or toe black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla; Pterodactylus All pages beginning with Dactyl
deca-, deka- G ? (déka) ten alfonsino, Beryx decadactylus All pages beginning with Deca
decem L ten Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata
delphis G (delphús) womb Didelphis virginiana
derma G (dérma) skin yellow staining mushroom, Agaricus xanthodermus All pages beginning with Derm
di- G - (di-) two Christmas orchid, Dipodium punctatum Too common a letter combination for any useful search
diffusus L diffundere diffuse diffuse spineflower, Chorizanthe diffusa;
fly, Paralimnophila diffusior;
rush, Juncus diffusissimus;
spreading groundsmoke, Gayophytum diffusum;
spreading lupine, Lupinus diffusus;
spreading phlox, Phlox diffusa
diffusus - diffusa - diffusum - diffusior - diffusissimus
digitatus L having fingers the common name finger rush Juncus digitatus;
baobab, Adansonia digitata;
dead man's fingers, Alcyonium digitatum
digitatus - digitata - digitatum
dioica L dioicous common nettle, Urtica dioica dioica
dino-, deino- G (deinós) terrible dinosaur, Deinotherium All pages beginning with Dino
diplo- G (diplós) double two-eyed orange spider, Diploglena capensis All pages beginning with Diplo
disc, disk G (dískos) disc common fungus moth, Metalectra discalis All pages beginning with Disc - discalis - discale
dodeca- G (d?deka) twelve Henderson's shootingstar, Dodecatheon hendersonii All pages beginning with Dodeca
dolicho- G ? (dolikhós) elongated, long knight anole, Anolis dolichocephalus All pages beginning with Dolicho
domesticus L of the house or domestic domestic pig, Sus scrofa domestica;
house sparrow, Passer domesticus
domesticus - domestica - domesticum
dorsum L back back-striped weasel, Mustela strigidorsa All pages beginning with Dors
dubius L doubtful see also nomina dubia dubius - dubia
dulcis L sweet almond, Prunus dulcis dulcis - dulce


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
eburneus L eburneus ivory-colored ivory gull, Pagophila eburnea eburneus - eburnea - eburneum
echinatus L prickly, spiny Edisto crayfish, Procambarus echinatus; shortleaf pine, Pinus echinata echinatus - echinata - echinatum
echino- L ech?nus G (ekhînos) hedgehog, sea-urchin great globe thistle, Echinops sphaerocephalus; diadema urchin, Echinothrix diadema; San Pedro cactus, Echinopsis pachanoi All pages beginning with Echino
edulis L edible common cockle, Cerastoderma edule; king bolete, Boletus edulis; oyster, Ostrea edulis; passion fruit, Passiflora edulis edulis - edule
elatior L taller true oxlip, Primula elatior elatior
electro- G (?lektron) amber, amber-colored or

electric (modern usage)

broad-billed motmot, Electron platyrhynchum;
electric eel, Electrophorus electricus
No simple way to distinguish biological from other uses
elegans L elegant crimson rosella, Platycercus elegans ;
Granastyochus elegantissimus;
Iris iberica subsp. elegantissima; false aralia, Plerandra elegantissima;
Caecum elegantissimum
elegans - elegantissimus - elegantissima - elegantissimum
emarginatus L having no edges Phongolo suckermouth, Chiloglanis emarginatus;
Gibraltar sea lavender, Limonium emarginatum;
acerola, Malpighia emarginata; bitter cherry, Prunus emarginata
emarginatus - emarginata - emarginatum
enanti- G (enantíos) opposite, against Enantiornithes All pages beginning with Enantio
ennea- G (ennéa) nine banded sunfish Enneacanthus obesus; scurvy-grass sorrel, Oxalis enneaphylla All pages beginning with Ennea
ensatus L sword-like California giant salamander, Dicamptodon ensatus ensatus - ensata - ensatum
ensis, ensi- L sword, lance jackknife clam, Ensis minor; swordleaf rush, Juncus ensifolius All pages beginning with Ensi - ensiformis
-ensis L of, from (a place) Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat); Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis
erectus L upright Homo erectus ("upright man"); upright chickweed, Moenchia erecta erectus - erecta - erectum
erio- G (érion) wool, woolly common cottongrass, Eriophorum angustifolium All pages beginning with Erio
erosus L indented, jagged, serrated jícama, Pachyrhizus erosus; serrated hinge-back tortoise, Kinixys erosa erosus - erosa - erosum
erythro- G ? (eruthrós) red[1] spotted redshank, Tringa erythropus; dog's-tooth violet, Erythronium dens-canis All pages beginning with Erythro
esculentus L edible edible frog, Pelophylax kl. esculentus; Gyromitra esculenta esculentus esculenta esculentum
europaeus L European European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus; European owl moth, Brahmaea europaea europaeus - europaea - europaeum
excelsus L exalted African teak, Milicia excelsa; excelsior cone, Conus excelsus excelsus - excelsa - excelsum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
fallax L false false swift, Borbo fallax; green marvel, Acronicta fallax fallax
falx L sickle sickle milkvetch, Astragalus falcatus; sickle-leaved hare's-ear, Bupleurum falcatum; sicklethorn, Asparagus falcatus; wild pear, Persoonia falcata falcatus - falcata - falcatum - falciformis - falx
familiaris L domestic, common, familiar dog, Canis lupus familiaris
felis L cat black-footed cat, Felis nigripes; cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis
felinus L cat-like, feline cat gecko, Aeluroscalabotes felinus; marine otter, Lontra felina felinus - felina - felinum
ferrugo L rust ferruginous swift, Borbo ferruginea;
reddish-brown corky spine fungus, Hydnellum ferrugineum;
rusty bloodwood, Corymbia ferruginea;
rusty parrotfish, Scarus ferrugineus;
rusty pitohui, Pseudorectes ferrugineus
ferrugineus - ferruginea - ferrugineum
filum L thread desert fan palm, Washingtonia filifera; thread fern, Blechnum filiforme; thread-leaved sundew, Drosera filiformis filifer - filifera - filiformis - filiforme
flavus L golden yellow, light yellow yellow pitcher plant, Sarracenia flava; yellow-necked mouse, Apodemus flavicollis flavus - flava - flavum
floridus L flowery blue palo verde, Parkinsonia florida; floral banded wobbegong, Orectolobus floridus floridus - floridum
flor- L flos flower southern magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora; great white trillium, Trillium grandiflorum All pages beginning with flori
fodiens L fodere digging burying beetle, Nicrophorus defodiens; burying beetle, Nicrophorus infodiens; Eurasian water shrew, Neomys fodiens; lowland burrowing tree frog, Smilisca fodiens
folium L leaf American beech, Fagus grandifolia; broad-leaved sermountain, Laserpitium latifolium; Chinese elm, Ulmus parvifolia; Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia; upright snottygobble, Persoonia longifolia
fragilis L frangere breakable brittle bladder-fern, Cystopteris fragilis; brittle willow, Salix fragilis; candy cap, Lactarius fragilis; Dientamoeba fragilis; dead man's fingers, Codium fragile; fragile wart frog, Limnonectes fragilis fragilis
fuligo L soot jet black ant, Lasius fuliginosus; ruby tiger, Phragmatobia fuliginosa; sooty hairstreak, Satyrium fuliginosum; sooty milkcap, Lactarius fuliginosus fuliginosus - fuliginosa - fuliginosum
fulvus L deep yellow, tawny Pacific golden plover, Pluvialis fulva; sulphur leather coral, Rhytisma fulvum; tawny grisette, Amanita fulva; yellow ground squirrel, Spermophilus fulvus fulvus - fulva - fulvum
furcatus L forked forked viburnum, Viburnum furcatum; forked wormwood, Artemisia furcata; swallow-tailed gull, Creagrus furcatus furcatus - furcata - furcatum
fuscus L dark, dark brown dusky hopping mouse, Notomys fuscus; dusky pitcher-plant, Nepenthes fusca; rusty peat moss, Sphagnum fuscum; sooty tern, Sterna fuscata fuscus - fusca - fuscum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
gala, galum G ? (gála) milk soap plants, Chlorogalum
gaster, gastro-, gastr- L gaster G (gast?r) belly common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster; Gastropoda
geo- G ?, () Earth Conus geographus, geography cone; Geotrichum
giganteus L giganteus giant Chorus giganteus (a sea snail); Aldabra giant tortoise, Aldabrachelys gigantea giganteus - gigantea - giganteum
glaber L glaber smooth; hairless[2] naked mole-rat, Heterocephalus glaber; smooth sumac, Rhus glabra; Omphiscola glabra (a snail) glaber - glabra - glabrum
glandulosus L having kernels Tasmanian laurel, Anopterus glandulosus, Basilan Island caecilian, Ichthyophis glandulosus;
honey mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa, warty jumping-slug, Hemphillia glandulosa;
the skunk currant, Ribes glandulosum,
glandulosus - glandulosa - glandulosum
glaucus L glaucus G ? (glaukós) blue-green, blue-gray, gleaming silvery blue butterfly, Lepidochrysops glauca; Glaucidae, nudibranch family glaucus - glauca - glaucum
glyco-, glycy-, glyc- G (glukús) sweet liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra; soybean, Glycine max
gracilis, gracile L slender, graceful western spotted skunk, Spilogale gracilis; slough darter, Etheostoma gracile; Gracilisuchus gracilis - gracile
gracilipes L gr?c?l?pes[3] slender-footed slender frog, Austrochaperina gracilipes; slender-legged bushfrog, Gracixalus gracilipes; slenderstalk monkeyflower, Mimulus gracilipes; slimfoot century plant, Agave gracilipes gracilipes
graniticus L granite granite claw flower, Calothamnus graniticus;
granite poverty bush, Eremophila granitica;
granite serpentweed, Tonestus graniticus
graniticus - granitica - graniticum
graveolens L gravis strong-smelling common rue, Ruta graveolens; lippia, Lippia graveolens graveolens
gyrino-, gyrinus G ? (gurînos) tadpole spring salamander, Gyrinophilus porphyriticus; e.g. Crassigyrinus, Proterogyrinus


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
haema-, hema- G ? (haîma) blood Haemosporida; Bacteria sp., Haemophilus influenzae
hali-, halio- G (háls) of the sea, salt sea eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus; grey seal, Halichoerus grypus; black abalone, Haliotis cracherodii
haplo- G (haplóos) simple, single mountain beaver, Aplodontia rufa; Mongolosaurus haplodon
hedra- G ? (hédra) seat, facet Chinese ephedra, Ephedra sinica
helio- G (h?lios) sun sunflower, Helianthus annuus; sun spurge, Euphorbia helioscopia
hemisphaerica G Half-sphere sand laurel oak, Quercus hemisphaerica, sulphur rose, Rosa hemisphaerica Hemisphaerica
hetero- G diversely or different melancholy thistle, Cirsium heterophyllum, Leucanthemum heterophyllum, Smith's cress, Lepidium heterophyllum heterophyllum
hexa- G (héx) six water primrose, Ludwigia hexapetala
hibridus L hybrid butterbur, Petasites hybridus, brown spider monkey, Ateles hybridus; kelp goose, Chloephaga hybrida; alsike clover, Trifolium hybridum; hibridus - hybridus - hibrida - hybrida - hibridum - hybridum
hippo- G (híppos) horse seahorse, Hippocampus; lesser horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus hipposideros
hirsutus L hairy hairy bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta;
hairy fruit-eating bat, Artibeus hirsutus;
hairy St John's-wort, Hypericum hirsutum
hirsutus - hirsuta - hirsutum
homo L human, man modern human, Homo sapiens; Neanderthal, Homo neanderthalensis
hortensis L hortus from the garden broad-leaved anemone, Anemone hortensis;
garden orache, Atriplex hortensis;
Mexican longwing, Heliconius hortense;
Orphean warbler, Sylvia hortensis
hortensis - hortense
hydro- G ?, ?- (húd?r, hudro-) water Chinese water deer, Hydropotes inermis; capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris
hyper- G ? (hupér) over, above St John's wort, Hypericum perforatum
hypo-, hyp- G (hupó) under, beneath zebra pleco catfish, Hypancistrus zebra; common cat's-ear, Hypochaeris radicata


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
imbricatus L tiled Mountain owl's-clover, Orthocarpus imbricatus imbricatus - imbricata - imbricatum
indicus L Indian Malaysian tapir, Tapirus indicus indicus - indica - indicum
inaequalis L unequal variable ladybird, Coelophora inaequalis inaequalis - inaequale
inedulis L inedible fungus, Caloboletus inedulis inedulis - inedule
ingratus L offensive See Ingrata ingrata - ingratus - ingratum
innotatus L unmarked unmarked dagger moth, Acronicta innotata innotata
irregularis L unusual or irregular variable burrowing asp, Atractaspis irregularis; viper's bugloss, Hadena irregularis irregularis - irregulare
japonicus L Japanese food wrapper plant, Mallotus japonicus; Japanese pagoda tree, Styphnolobium japonicum; Japanese spiraea, Spiraea japonica; see also nipponensis japonicus - japonica - japonicum
kentuckiensis L from Kentucky Kentucky lady's slipper, Cypripedium kentuckiense; Kentucky lichen moth, Cisthene kentuckiensis kentuckiensis - kentuckiense


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
lact- L lac milk, sap, milky white Chinese peony, Paeonia lactiflora; milk-caps, Lactifluus; Lactophrys; Aspalathus lactea
laevis L smooth red-eyed assassin bug, Platymeris laevicollis; smooth bedstraw, Cruciata laevipes All pages with a title containing Laevis
lagus G (lag?s) hare European rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus; viscachas, Lagidium spp.
lancea L lance sculptured seamoth, Pegasus lancifer; swamp lousewort, Pedicularis lanceolata
lateralis L side black-flanked rock-wallaby, Petrogale lateralis
latus L flank; broad horse-eye jack, Caranx latus; wideleaf waterparsnip, Sium latifolium; wych elm, Ulmus glabra 'Latifolia Aurea'
lepis, lepido- G (lepís) scale, rind, husk, flake large-scale mullet, Liza macrolepis; Lepidoptera
lepto-, lepti- G (leptós) light Leptictidium auderiense, Leptospira kirschneri
lepus L hare black-tailed jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
leuco-, leuc- G (leukós) white white-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus
leucocephalus G white-headed bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus;
white-crowned pigeon, Patagioenas leucocephala;
white-headed marsh tyrant, Arundinicola leucocephala;
white-headed stilt, Himantopus leucocephalus;
also see albiceps
leucocephalus - leucocephala - leucocephalum
leucodon G white-toothed bicolored shrew, Crocidura leucodon;
lesser mole-rat, Spalax leucodon;
white-toothed cowry, Cypraea leucodon;
white-toothed woodrat, Neotoma leucodon;
also see albidens
leucurus G white-tailed white-tailed ptarmigan, Lagopus leucura;
white-tailed robin, Cinclidium leucurum;
white-tailed stonechat, Saxicola leucurus
leucurus - leucura - leucurum
limosus L muddy limosa harlequin frog, Atelopus limosus;
mud amnicola, Amnicola limosus
limosus - limosa - limosum
lineatus L lined or striped thirteen-lined ground squirrel, Ictidomys tridecemlineatus; Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata
lobos L lobus G (lobós) lobe three-lobe buttercup, Ranunculus trilobus
longi- L longus long frog shark, Somniosus longus, galingale, Cyperus longus;
Turmeric, Curcuma longa;
Long pepper, Piper longum,
longus - longa - longum -All pages beginning with longi
longicaudatus L long-tailed long-tailed pygmy rice rat, Oligoryzomys longicaudatus; longtail catfish; Olyra longicaudata; longtail tadpole shrimp Triops longicaudatus longicaudatus - longicaudata - longicaudatum
longicollis L long-necked eastern long-necked turtle, Chelodina longicollis longicollis - longicolle
longifolius L long-leaved long-leaf persoonia, Persoonia longifolia;
long-leaf wild buckwheat, Eriogonum longifolium; long-leaved butterwort, Pinguicula longifolia; longleaf bush lupine, Lupinus longifolius; longleaf sunflower, Helianthus longifolius
longifolius - longifolia - longifolium
longirostris L long beak longbeak buttercup, Ranunculus longirostris; longsnout blacksmelt, Dolicholagus longirostris longirostris - longirostre
luctuosus L sorrowful, mournful forget-me-not bug, Sehirus luctuosus; white-shouldered tanager, Tachyphonus luctuosus; four-spotted moth, Tyta luctuosa luctuosus - luctuosa - luctuosum
luteus L yellow, saffron-colored yellow mariposa lily, Calochortus luteus; yellow vetch, Vicia lutea; red-billed leiothrix, Leiothrix lutea luteus - lutea - luteum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
macro- G (makrós) long, large big-headed mole rat, Tachyoryctes macrocephalus; rock onion, Allium macrum; sea snail, Turbonilla macra macra - macrum
macroura G long-tailed hooded skunk, Mephitis macroura macroura
maculatus L spotted tiger quoll, Dasyurus maculatus; spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularius maculatus - maculata - maculatum
Madagascariensis L from Madagascar Madagascar day gecko, Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis; Malagasy ground boa, Acrantophis madagascariensis; Malagasy tree boa, Sanzinia madagascariensis; Madagascar fruit-bat argasid, Ornithodoros madagascariensis madagascariensis
magnus L great, large streaked spiderhunter, Arachnothera magna magnus - magna - magnum
major L greater great tit, Parus major
malabaricus L from Malabar chestnut-tailed starling, Sturnus malabaricus
marginatus L bordered gold edge Japanese euonymus, Euonymus japonicus 'Aureomarginatus' ; marginated tortoise, Testudo marginata marginatus - marginata - marginatum
maritima L of the sea sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima;
samphire, Crithmum maritimum, sea holly, Eryngium maritimum;
polar bear, Ursus maritimus, sea rush, Juncus maritimus,
maritima - maritimum - maritimus
mauro- G (maurós) dark, black dark shrew, Crocidura maurisca
maximus L largest royal tern, Sterna maxima
mega- G (mégas) large, great megalodon shark, Carcharodon megalodon
megacephalus G big-headed Andriyashev large-headed sculpin, Andriashevicottus megacephalus; big-head rush, Juncus megacephalus; big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala; big-headed tiger beetle, Megacephala megacephala; coastal plain hawkweed, Hieracium megacephalum; large-headed rice rat, Hylaeamys megacephalus megacephalus - megacephala - megacephalum
mel L honey black sage, Salvia mellifera; Nephelium melliferum; western honey bee, Apis mellifera
melano- G ? (melanós) black black-browed albatross, Thalassarche melanophris melanus - melana
melanocephalus G black-headed black-headed fleabane, Erigeron melanocephalus; black-headed snake, Tantilla melanocephala; ghost ant, Tapinoma melanocephalum melanocephalus - melanocephala - melanocephalum
melanophyllus G black-leaved Melanophylla; Melanophyllum melanophyllus - melanophylla - melanophyllum
melanops G black-eyed, black-faced black-eyed blue, Glaucopsyche melanops; black-fronted dotterel, Elseyornis melanops; gray spiny mouse, Scolomys melanops melanops
mephitis L bad odor striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis; yellow-pigmented bacteria, Luteimonas mephitis
micro- G (mikrós) small littleleaf pussytoes, Antennaria microphylla
microphyllus G small-leaved baby sage, Salvia microphylla; boxleaf azara, Azara microphylla; littleleaf box, Buxus microphylla; littleleaf mock-orange, Philadelphus microphyllus; small-leaf climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum microphyllus - microphylla - microphyllum
minimus L smallest least flycatcher, Empidonax minimus
minor L smaller great frigatebird, Fregata minor
minuta L small dwarf waterclover, Marsilea minuta, little cuckoo, Coccycua minuta;
little gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus, harvest mouse, Micromys minutus;
little willowherb, Epilobium minutum,
minuta - minutus - minutum
monile L necklace Conus monilifer
mono- G (mónos) single Swinhoe's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma monorhis; Monotreme
monoica L monoicous the sandpaper saucer-berry, Cordia monoica monoica
monospermus L Having a single sperm cell one-seed juniper Juniperus monosperma monospermus - monosperma - monospermum
monspeliensis L from Montpellier Montpellier cistus, Cistus monspeliensis monspeliensis - monspessulanus - monspessulana - monspessulanum
montanus L mons of the mountains mountain bottlebrush, Melaleuca montana; mountain mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus; mountain thistle, Acanthus montanus; tree sparrow, Passer montanus montanus
morpho- G (morph?) shape Menelaus blue morpho, Morpho menelaus
mus, mys L m?s G (mûs) mouse house mouse, Mus musculus; as rodent, e.g. Phoberomys, Telicomys
mulgere- G to milk Nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus Caprimulgus
muralis L growing on the wall annual wall-rocket Diplotaxis muralis, cushion baby's-breath Gypsophila muralis


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
nanos G (nânos) L nanus dwarf brown-capped woodpecker, Dendrocopos nanus;
dwarf birch, Betula nana;
dwarf shrew, Sorex nanus
niger, nigr- L black black skimmer, Rhrychops niger;
black pine, Pinus nigra;
black softshell turtle, Nilssonia nigricans;
black-footed albatross, Phoebastria nigripes;
black-spined Atlantic tree-rat, Phyllomys nigrispinus
See also: ater
nigra - nigras - nigrus - nigrum - nigrescens
nipponensis L from Japan freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium nipponense; Japanese bobtail squid, Sepiolina nipponensis
See also: japonicus
nipponensis - nipponense
nitidus L nitere shining Baja cape kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula nitida;
Mauritius blue pigeon, Alectroenas nitidissima;
shining pea clam, Pisidium nitidum;
shining tree iguana, Liolaemus nitidus
nitidus - nitida - nitidum
nix L snow snow buckwheat, Eriogonum niveum;
snow bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis;
snow petrel, Pagodroma nivea;
snow sheep Ovis nivicola;
snowy plover, Charadrius nivosus;
snowy primrose, Primula nivalis;
snowy sunflower, Helianthus niveus;
nivalis - niveus - nivea - niveum - nivosus
nonus L ninth honey fungus, Armillaria nabsnona
nothos G (nóthos) L nothus false, wrong bluefin notho killifish, Nothobranchius rachovii;
New Zealand red beech, Nothofagus fusca
noton G (nôton) back black-backed antshrike, Thamnophilus melanonotus
notos G (nótos) southern fawn hopping mouse, Notomys cervinus
novaehollandiae L from New Holland (Australia) emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
novaeseelandiae L from New Zealand southern boobook Ninox novaeseelandiae
noveboracensis L from New York (Novum Eboracum) margined carrion beetle, Oiceoptoma noveboracense;
New York fern, Thelypteris noveboracensis;
northern waterthrush, Seiurus noveboracensis
noveboracensis - noveboracense
novem L nine nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus;
nine-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella novemnotata
nucifera L bearing nuts butter-nut of Guiana, Caryocar nuciferum;
coconut, Cocos nucifera
All pages with a title containing nucifera
nutans L nodding nodding madia, Harmonia nutans;
nodding spurge, Euphorbia nutans


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
obscurus L dark dark bolo mouse, Necromys obscurus; dusky dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus; obscure morning glory, Ipomoea obscura; rare clubmoss, Lycopodium obscurum obscurus - obscura - obscurum
obsoletus L obsolete, degenerate Pantherophis obsoletus; Great Plains skink, Plestiodon obsoletus obsoletus - obsoletum
occidentalis L western eastern arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis; western clover, Trifolium occidentale occidentalis - occidentale
ocean G ? (?keanós) ocean oceanic gecko, Gehyra oceanica;
Mediterranean tapeweed, Posidonia oceanica
oceanicus - oceanica
octo-, octa- G ?- ?- eight common octopus, Octopus vulgaris
-odon, -odus G ? (od?n), (odoús) tooth Dimetrodon, Rhizodus
oeso- G ? (oisémen), - carry Oesophagostomum
officinalis L for the workshop; medicinal ginger, Zingiber officinale;
rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis
officinalis - officinale
oleraceus L used as a vegetable cabbage, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts, and so on, Brassica oleracea; common sowthistle, Sonchus oleraceus oleraceus - oleracea - oleraceum
oleum, olearis L oil jack o'lantern mushroom, Omphalotus olearius
ophis G ? (óphis) serpent Carphophis vermis, western wormsnake
ops G (?ps) face, eye Triceratops
-opsis G ? (ópsis) resembling Carolina parakeet, Conuropsis carolinensis
orientalis L eastern oriental cockroach, Blatta orientalis orientalisorientale
ortho- G (orthós) straight Orthoptera
oryza G (óruza) rice Asian rice, Oryza sativa; rice rats, Oryzomys
ovatus L egg-shaped shagbark hickory, Carya ovata ovatusovataovatum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
pachy- G (pakhús) thick, stout Pachycephalosaurus
pallidus L pale Dalmatian iris, Iris pallida pallidus - pallida - pallidum
palustris L paluster of the marsh mugger crocodile, Crocodylus palustris;
marsh marigold, Caltha palustris
palustris - palustre
pan- panto- G (pân) all Pancratium (a flower); Pangaea
parviflorus L small-flowered small-flowered mallow, Malva parviflora;
thimbleberry, Rubus parviflorus
parviflorus - parviflora - parviflorum
parvifolius L small-leaved Chinese elm, Ulmus parvifolia;
littleleaf ceanothus, Ceanothus parvifolius;
small-leaved lomatium, Lomatium parvifolium
parvifolius - parvifolia - parvifolium
parvus L small dwarf catshark, Asymbolus parvus;
mountain pygmy possum, Burramys parvus;
small onion, Allium parvum
parvus - parvum
pecten L comb Venus comb murex, Murex pecten
ped L p?s foot showy lady slipper, Cypripedium reginae
pelagicus L, G of the open sea pelagic cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus - pelagica - pelagicum
penn- L penna feather, wing great auk, Pinguinus impennis; Darwin's rhea, Rhea pennata
penta- G (pénte) five five-fingered skink, Chalcides pentadactylus
petro- G (pétra), L petra rock, stone rock daisy, Erigeron petrophilus; Roberts's flat-headed bat, Sauromys petrophilus
phago- G eat African scat (fish), Scatophagus tetracanthus; Ichthyophaga, the ("fish-eating") sea eagle; hematophagy
phenolicus L able to degrade phenol Pseudoalteromonas phenolica phenolicus - phenolica - phenolicum
pholis G (pholís) horny scale bluespotted grouper, Cephalopholis argus
phyllo- G (phúllon) leaf garden lupin, Lupinus polyphyllus
physi- G (phúsis) nature Symphysia ("naturally joined") (a plant)[4]
phyto- G (phutón) plant Astrophytum, Astrophytum myriostigma (a cactus); epiphyte
pictus L painted Pimelodus pictus, a catfish;
painted skipper, Hesperilla picta;
painted tunicate, Clavelina picta;
Abutilon pictum, a shrub
pictus - picta - pictum
platy- G (platús) flat and broad flathead trout, Salmo platycephalus; platypus
plumosum L feathered big tarweed, Blepharizonia plumosa; buzzer midge, Chironomus plumosus plumosus - plumosa - plumosum
pod- G ? (poús) foot, leg, stem red-footed spikesedge, Eleocharis erythropoda; Arthropoda; Gastropoda
poliocephalus G grey-headed ashy-headed goose, Chloephaga poliocephala;
grey-crowned flatbill, Tolmomyias poliocephalus;
grey-headed flying fox, Pteropus poliocephalus;
grey-headed goshawk, Accipiter poliocephalus;
hoary-headed grebe, Poliocephalus poliocephalus;
white-headed langur, Trachypithecus poliocephalus;
yellow-lored tody-flycatcher, Todirostrum poliocephalum
poliocephalus - poliocephala - poliocephalum
poly- G (polús) many, much common knotgrass, Polygonum aviculare
pomum L fruit apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella;
apple murex, Phyllonotus pomum;
codling moth, Cydia pomonella;
emu apple, Kunzea pomifera;
Osage orange, Maclura pomifera
pomum - pomifer - pomifera - pomonella
ponticus G (Póntos) Pontic; from Pontus, Turkey Black Sea field mouse, Apodemus ponticus;
Pontic adder, Vipera pontica;
Pontic rhododendron, Rhododendron ponticum;
Roman wormwood, Artemisia pontica
ponticus - pontica - ponticum
praecox L early early onion, Allium praecox;
neon rainbow, Melanotaenia praecox;
wintersweet, Chimonanthus praecox
pr?tum L meadow Inyo meadow lupine, Lupinus pratensis;
meadow foxtail, Alopecurus pratensis;
meadow sedge, Carex praticola;
meadow waxcap, Cuphophyllus pratensis
pratensis - pratense - praticola
proto- G (prôtos) first Protozoa
pruriens L itching velvet bean, Mucuna pruriens pruriens
pseudo- L G (pseud?s) false or fake pastel flower, Pseuderanthemum variabile
psychrophilus G (psukhrós) cold-loving bacterial rod, Flavobacterium psychrophilum;
bacterium, Geobacter psychrophilus;
whip-lash squid, Mastigoteuthis psychrophila
psychrophilus - psychrophila - psychrophilum
pterus, -pter G (pterón) wing, feather white-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus; Pteranodon (winged toothless); Pterodactylus (winged finger); Pteridophyta; Diptera; Coleoptera
pubescens L downy downy oak, Quercus pubescens pubescens
pugil L pugil a boxer fighting conch, Strombus pugilis pugilis
pulchellus L pretty little[5] beautiful sunbird, Cinnyris pulchella;
green pygmy goose, Nettapus pulchellus
pulchellus - pulchella - pulchellum
pumilus L dwarf Cape dwarf chameleon, Bradypodion pumilum;
dwarf cuckoo, Coccycua pumila;
dwarf mouse-ear, Cerastium pumilum;
eastern forest bat, Vespadelus pumilus;
shaggy fleabane, Erigeron pumilus;
Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila
pumila - pumilus - pumilum
punctatus L spotted, marked with punctures dotted thyme-moss, Rhizomnium punctatum;
thirteen-spotted lady beetle, Hippodamia tredecimpunctata
punctatus - punctata - punctatum
pungens L pungens pungent blue spruce, Picea pungens;
pungent slippery jack, Suillus pungens
purpurascens L somewhat purple veiled purple hygrophorus, Hygrophorus purpurascens purpurascens
purpureus L purpureus purple purple amole, Chlorogalum purpureum;
purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea;
purple finch, Haemorhous purpureus
purpureus - purpurea - purpureum
pygo- G ? (pug?) tail, rump chinstrap penguin, Pygoscelis antarcticus


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
quadri- L quattuor four, square burr grass, Festuca quadriflora (four-flowered);
four-coloured bushshrike, Telophorus quadricolor;
fourspot butterflyfish, Chaetodon quadrimaculatus;
whorled loosestrife, Lysimachia quadrifolia (four-leaved)
All pages beginning with Quadri


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
radix L root or radish taproot fleabane, Erigeron radicatus radix - radicans - radicatus - radicis
r?mus L branch branched draba, Draba ramosissima;
branched murex, Chicoreus ramosus
ramosus - ramosa - ramulosus
repandus L repandus curved upwards, turned up dragon's tongue, Hemigraphis repanda;
hedgehog mushroom, Hydnum repandum;
Peruvian apple cactus, Cereus repandus
repandus - repanda - repandum
repens L creeping, crawling (r?p?ns) creeping buttercup, Ranunculus repens
repens L unexpected (r?p?ns) white clover, Trifolium repens
reptans, rept- L creeping, crawling bugle, Ajuga reptans;
creeping cinquefoil, Potentilla reptans; Reptilia
reticulata L reticulated mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata reticulatus - reticulata - reticulatum
rhino- G (rhís) nose orange leaf-nosed bat, Rhinonicteris aurantia; rhinoceros
rhiza G ? (rhíza) root bushy seedbox, Ludwigia helminthorrhiza; Rhizobium (nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria)
rhynchos G (rhúnkhos) beak or snout mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; Rhamphorhynchus
rhytis G (rhutís) wrinkled, folded shaggy moss, Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus; Rhytidodon (syn. Rutiodon)
rigidus L rigid, stiff big galleta, Hilaria rigida rigidus - rigida - rigidum
rostr- L r?strum beak, bill, snout common crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
rostralis L with a beak buttoned snout moth, Hypena rostralis rostralis - rostrale
rostratus L r?str?tus having a beak beaked sedge, Carex rostrata;
beaked yucca, Yucca rostrata;
Caribbean sharp-nose puffer, Canthigaster rostrata;
longnose surgeonfish, Zebrasoma rostratum
rostratus - rostrata - rostratum
ruber, rubr- L ruber red red maple, Acer rubrum;
red valerian, Centranthus ruber;
ruby bolete, Hortiboletus rubellus;
summer tanager, Piranga rubra
ruber - rubra - rubrum - rubellus - rubrescens
ruder- L r?dus, r?deris rubbish Cannabis ruderalis;
Porophyllum ruderale;
ruderal bumblebee, Bombus ruderatus
ruderalis - ruderale - ruderatus
rudis, rud- L rough, rude coarse chameleon, Trioceros rudis;
pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis;
rough gecko, Naultinus rudis;
rough mabuya, Eutropis rudis
rudis - rude
rufus, ruf- L red, reddish red wolf, Canis rufus;
rufous rubber cup, Galiella rufa
rufus - rufa - rufum - rufescens


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
sanctus L sacred See sanctus (species) sanctus
sanguis L blood bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis sanguinis
sapiens L wise recent subspecies of humans: Homo sapiens sapiens ("wise, wise man")
saponaria L soapy[6][7] soapworts (Saponaria spp.), soapbark (Quillaja saponaria), Ramaria flavosaponaria saponaria
sarawakensis Malaysian from Sarawak Sarawak pygmy swellshark Cephaloscyllium sarawakensis sarawakensis
sativus L sown, cultivated oat, Avena sativa;
pea, Pisum sativum;
rice, Oryza sativa
sativus - sativa - sativum
saura, -saur G (saûros) lizard, reptile lancetfish, Alepisaurus; Maiasaura (dinosaur)
sculptus L sculpted reed-stemmed orchid, Epidendrum sculptum;
sculpted lanternshark, Etmopterus sculptus;
sculpted puffball, Calvatia sculpta
sculptus - sculpta - sculptum
septem L seven seven-spot ladybird, Coccinella septempunctata
setosus L bristly or shaggy hairy Atlantic spiny rat, Trinomys setosus;
artic iris Iris setosa,
Diadema setosum
setosus - setosa - setosum
silvestris, sylvestris L from woodland or forest; wild wildcat, Felis silvestris;
snowdrop anemone, Anemone sylvestris
silvestris, sylvestris - silvestre, sylvestre
similis L similar Callinectes similis similis
simplex L simple see List of species named simplex simplex
sinensis L from China tea, Camellia sinensis sinensis - sinense
speciosus L showy queen's crape-myrtle, Lagerstroemia speciosa;
Japanese lily, Lilium speciosum
speciosus - speciosa - speciosum
sperma G (spérma) seed African daisies, Osteospermum
sphen-, spheno- G ? (sph?n) wedge tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus
squamatus l with scales scaly francolin, Pternistis squamatus, scaled woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes squamatus
stoma G (stóma) mouth, opening stomate, Gnathostomata
striatus L striped African striped skink, Trachylepis striata;
striated heron, Butorides striatus;
striped Barbados lily, Hippeastrum striatum
striatus - striata - striatum
strictus L straight, narrow, erect chocolate lily, Dichopogon strictus;
Oxalis stricta; Babiana stricta; Nardus stricta,
bog haircap moss, Polytrichum strictum
strictus - stricta - strictum
strix, strig- L owl tawny owl, Strix aluco;
tawny frogmouth, Podargus strigoides
suber L cork cork oak, Quercus suber
suchos, -suchus G (soûkhos) crocodile (from Egyptian) Eusuchia, Koolasuchus
sulcatus L furrowed furrowed wakerobin, Trillium sulcatum;
grooved helmet-orchid, Nematoceras sulcatum
sulcatus - sulcata - sulcatum
syriacus L Syrian common milkweed, Asclepias syriacus syriacus - syriaca - syriacum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
tardus, tardi- L slow, late great bustard, Otis tarda;
Chisos Mountains oak, Quercus tardifolia
tele-, tel- G ? (têle) far, distant New South Wales waratah, Telopea speciosissima
tenax L clinging, tenacious bear grass, Xerophyllum tenax;
tough bully, Sideroxylon tenax;
tough-leaved iris, Iris tenax
tenuis L thin, slender, fine slender rush, Juncus tenuis;
plealeaf knotweed, Polygonum tenue
tenuis - tenue
tetra- G - four four-leaved allseed, Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Tetrapoda
therium, ther- G (th?ríon), (th?r) beast, wild animal giant ground sloth, Megatherium americanum;
stinkpot turtle, Sternotherus odoratus;
gelada, Theropithicus gelada
tinctorius L for dyeing woad, Isatis tinctoria tinctorius - tinctoria - tinctorium
tomentosus L furry bristle-tail filefish, Acreichthys tomentosus;
fuzzy mock-orange, Philadelphus tomentosus;
woollyleaf ceanothus, Ceanothus tomentosus
tomentosus - tomentosa - tomentosum
tri-, tris- L tri-, G - (tri-) three black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla;
three-cornered garlic, Allium triquetrum
tricho-, -thrix G ? (thríx), ?- (trikh-) hair cloud ear fungus, Auricularia polytricha
tripartitus L three-part threepart violet, Viola tripartita;
threetip sagebrush, Artemisia tripartita
tripartitus - tripartita
troglodytes L G (tr?glodút?s) cave-dweller chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes;
wren, Troglodytes troglodytes
tropicalis L tropical Candida tropicalis (yeast);
Rostraureum tropicale (fungus)
tropicalis - tropicale


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
ulmus L elm American elm, Ulmus americana; elmleaf goldenrod, Solidago ulmifolia; Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila; Ulmus
ulos G (oûlos) woolly Uloborus; Ulotrichi; Ulotrichopus All pages beginning with Ulo
unus L one Monotropa uniflora; unicolor woolly lemur, Avahi unicolor
ura G ? (ourá) of the tail mourning dove, Zenaida macroura; coral snake, Micrurus corallinus


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
variabilis L variable grey bunting, Emberiza variabilis variabilis - variabile
variegatus L variegated variegated laughingthrush, Garrulax variegatus; croton, Codiaeum variegatum variegatus - variegata - variegatum
velox, velocis L swift swift fox, Vulpes velox; Velociraptor velox
ventralis L ventral, of the belly Hispaniolan parrot, Amazona ventralis;
southern dwarf chameleon, Bradypodion ventrale
ventralis - ventrale
vernicosa L varnished varnished maxillaria, Maxillaria vernicosa vernicosus - vernicosa - vernicosum
vernus, vernalis L spring spring gentian, Gentiana verna;
spring pheasant's eye, Adonis vernalis;
spring sneezeweed, Helenium vernale
vernalis - vernale
verrucosus L rough-skinned Javan warty pig, Sus verrucosus; reef stonefish, Synanceia verrucosa verrucosus - verrucosa - verrucosum
versicolor L many-colored varied honeyeater, Lichenostomus versicolor; Vietnam mouse-deer, Tragulus versicolor versicolor
verticillata L whorled spaghetti bryozoan, Zoobotryon verticillatum; whorled plectranthus, Plectranthus verticillatus verticillatus - verticillata - verticillatum
verus L true, genuine true aloe, Aloe vera; lady's bedstraw, Galium verum verus - verum
victoriae L Victorian Victoria's bar, Cigaritis victoriae victoriae
villosus L[8] hairy, shaggy hairy nightshade, Solanum villosum;
hairy stonecrop, Sedum villosum;
hairy vetch, Vicia villosa;
hairy woodpecker, Picoides villosus;
shaggy hawkweed, Hieracium villosum;
villous deadly carrot, Thapsia villosa
villosus - villosa - villosum
virginiana L Virginia Virginia opossum, Didelphis virginiana; Rosa virginiana, the Virginia rose virginiana - virginianum
viridis L green frog orchid, Coeloglossum viride;
green alder, Alnus viridis;
green wrasse, Labrus viridis
viridis - viride
virosus L poisonous cowbane, Cicuta virosa; poisonous lettuce, Lactuca virosa virosus - virosa
L grape vine inhabitant or cultivator Phomopsis viticola; Plasmopara viticola; Schizomyia viticola viticola
volans L flying flying dragon, Draco volans; southern flying squirrel, Glaucomys volans volans
vulgaris L common common octopus, Octopus vulgaris; common privet, Ligustrum vulgare vulgaris - vulgare


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
xanthos G yellow yellow staining mushroom, Agaricus xanthodermus All pages beginning with Xanth
zoster G (z?st?r) belt, girdle white-eyes, Zosterops; Zosterophyllum; Zosterocarpus abyssicola All pages beginning with Zoster
zygos G joined Zygophyllum; Zygoptera All pages beginning with Zygo

See also


  1. ^ Chuck Griffith. "Dictionary of Botanical Epithets". 
  2. ^ "Rhus glabra L". Northern Arizona University. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ "Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, G, Gracchus, gr?c?l?pes". Retrieved . 
  4. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. CRC Press. p. 2610. ISBN 0-8493-2673-7. 
  5. ^ Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short (1879). "pulchellus". A Latin Dictionary. 
  6. ^ Saponaria. Flora of North America.
  7. ^ Griffith, Chuck (2005). "Dictionary of Botanical Epithets" (HTML). Dictionary of Botanical Epithets. Retrieved 2018. saponarius saponaria saponarium soapy sapo sapon noun/m soap (from German) arius ari adj adjective suffix for nouns or numbers: connected to or possessed by 
  8. ^ "Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, vill?sus". Retrieved . 

External links

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