Elvis Presley has inspired artistic and cultural works since he entered the national consciousness. From that point, interest in his personal and public life has never stopped. Some scholars have even studied many aspects of his profound cultural influence.Billboard historian Joel Whitburn declared Presley the "#1 act of the Rock era".
The following lists cover various media which include items of historic interest, enduring works of high art, and recent representations in popular culture. Only people and works with like2do.com resource articles are included.
For purposes of classification, popular culture music is a separate section from operas and oratorios. Television covers live action series, TV movies, miniseries, and North American animation but not Japanese anime, which appears with manga and graphic novels.
Art 2-A) Andy Warhol
- Known Andy Warhol's sikscreens featuring the image (s) of Elvis Presley and their current whereabouts, including art museums worldwide, and prices met, when applicable.
i) "Single Elvis", 1963, acquired in 2009 for a price still undetermined by billionaire Eli Broad, founder and owner of The Broad Museum, in Los Angeles, CA, where it is now located. Similar original silkscreens, all from 1963, are located at 1) the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, Germany, 2) the National Gallery of Australia in Parkes, Canberra, 3) the Akron Art Museum, in Akron OH 4) The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA and 5) the Modern Wing of the Art Institute of Chicago, in Chicago Il. Note: On May 11, 2004, a "Single Elvis " was sold at Christie's in NYC for US$3,367,500
ii) "Elvis I and II", 1963-64, one located at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada, with another also found at the Berlin Pergamon Museum of Art in Berlin, Germany.
iii) "Double Elvis", 1963, sold privately in 1989 by the Estate of Albert Grossman, (previous owner, Grossman's main client, Bob Dylan) to the New York Museum of Modern Art for US750,000. Another 21 original silkscreens similar to the aforementioned are said to exist, including those located at the 1) Seattle Art Museum, in Seattle, WA ( for which Warhol made a second, blank panel to be paired with the painting to emphasize absence and loss, 2) the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, in Bilbao, Spain ( 6 x 6.9 feet), 3) the Kunsthalle Hamburg Museum, in Hamburg Germany, 4) the Fukuoka Art Museum, in Japan, and 5) "Ghost Elvis" because it is the final and most opaque image in the series, as exhibited in July 2012 at the Halcyon Gallery in London England. See also v) below,
iv) "Double Elvis", 1963, (3.5 X 6.6 feet ) sold at New York's Sotheby's on May 9, 2012 for US$37.1 million, its buyers being billionaires Jose Mugrabi and then Steve Wynn, respectively. Six years later, on May 17, 2018 at Christie's in New York, Wynn sold it for US$37,000,000, the buyer being the British art dealer Brett Gorvy, co-owner of the Levy-Gorby Gallery in NY, London and Geneva. He in turn confirmed his purchasing of the Double Elvis being actually done on behalf of one of his clients. Another original, also quite alike the latter and entitled "Elvis 2 times" 1963, can be found at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.
v) "Elvis X2", 1963, (13 x 6.82 feet) bought for US$15.7 million. at Christie's on 13 November 2007 and currently located at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto. Canada-
vi) "Triple Elvis", 1963, purchased at Christie's in November 13, 2014 for US$81.9 million by billionaires Doris and Donald Fisher, who lent it to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Similar silkscreens, also from 1963, can be found at 1) the Richmond Art Museum in Richmond, VA, its original owners being philanthropists Frances and Sydney Lewis. It is currently in loan at the Mississippi Museum of Art in Jackson, MS and shall remain there until July 8, 2018 and 2) with two of the figures closely mixed and a third, isolated, can be found at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York.
vii) "Elvis five" located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA.
vii) "Eight Elvises", 1963, a one of a kind large silkscreen sold privately on 26 October 2008 by Italian art collector Annibale Berlingieri, for US$100 million (US$111.2 million with fees). It is thought to have been purchased by the House of Thani's Qatari Royal family.
viii) "Elvis eleven times", 1963, the largest Elvis by Warhol in existence, as well as being a unique piece, currently located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA
ix) "Campbell' s Elvis", 1962, Warhol's first painting in which he superimposed two images onto a single canvas, auctioned at Christie's on 10 November 2010 for US$1.45 million.
x) "Gold (en) Boot (Slippers) Elvis Presley", 1957. Currently in the private collection of actor Tom Lacy of the NBC TV series Law & Order
xi) "Red Elvis," 1962, bought privately in February 2000, for US$2.9 million and later adjudicated, after a Connecticut Superior Court ruling, to its original owner, multi millionaire art collector Peter Brant.
xii) "Elvis 21 times", 1962, sold at Sotheby's on 3 May 1993 for a still undisclosed amount. The seller was the Andy Warhol Foundation, the buyer being Warhol collector and actress Jane Holzer. It is now on loan at the Joseph K. Levene Fine Art Gallery in Nueva York.
xiii) "Elvis 49 times" 1964 (5 x 7 feet) Sold in late 1975 by Warhol to his friends, both of them art dealers, Messrs Todd Brasser and Stuart Puvar. In the 1980s, they sold it to art dealer Leo Castelli for US$75,000. The painting then was sold to millionaire and art dealer Charles Saatchi who more recently sold it to multi millionaire Robert Mnuchin, in whose home it now hangs.
xiv) "Elvis Presley Rock Close up", 1964, at the Art NY Gallery.
- Totals paid (at either auctions houses or privately) for the eight above silkscreens whose prices are known, as of 18 May, 2018 of 2018: US$280,000,000.
- See also List of most expensive paintings
Art 2-B) Others
- Other Elvis-related,or based on known earlier works focussing on Elvis and prices met, when applicable.
(Artists listed in alphabetical order, for ease of reference)
- Jef Aerosol's Elvis, at the Passage des Postes, Rue Blainville, Latin Quarter,Paris.
- Craig Alan's "Elvis", at the Whitewall Galleries, headquartered in High Wycombe, London.
- Bill Belew's sketch of an Elvis jumpsuit, sold at Sotheby's for US$35,000 on November 23, 2013.
- Knowledge Bennett' Elvis (Cojones series) as shown at the SCOPE Art Show in NYC in March 2017 with an estimated worth of US$17,500.
- Ashley Bickerton's "The Bar" as presented at the Art Basel in Hong Kong, after which it sold for $290,000, its foreground, on yute, copying the seamings in the pants worn by Elvis in the original color photo used by Andy Warhol in his Elvis series.
- Ryan Callahan's Hans Solo Double, as shown at the Robert Fontaine Gallery in Miami, FL
- Bonnie Daly's "Pablo Presley", 1994, 19.5" x 11", acrylic on paper currently at the Museum of Bad Art,in Dwedham, MA
- Simon Dixon's Elvis 56, 30x30 prints at Art Republic.
- Howard Finster's "Elvis", an enamel, 11-by-12½-inch painting on board depicting Elvis and his manager at the set of Love me tender. It sold at a Material Culture auction in Philadelphia, PA, for $12,500 on May 7, 2018.
- Autumn de Forest's "Elvis Warhol at age 9", as shown at Park West Gallery on 2013-06-15.
- Peter Halley's "Elvis", sold at Sotheby's on November 12, 2015 for US$262,000
- Keith Haring's Elvis,as shown in 2010, at the Tony Shafrazi Gallery in New York.
- Corinna Heumann's Warhol Meets Lichtenstein (Elvis), 2004
- Steve Kaufman's "Elvis", sold for US$4,000, after its being shownn in 2017 at the Gallery Hotel Art, in Florence, Italy
- Jeff Koons's "Triple Elvis " sold at Christie's on May 13, 2015 for US$8,565,000
- Marc Lacroix's "The White Hand of Salvador Dali wearing the shirt Elvis gave him", 1971, property of Damien Leclere, Marseille,France
- Hal Mayforth's ! Elvis has left the building" Original acrylic on wood panel - 12 x 16 inches, price met US$1,300
- Shannon Oksanen's "Blue Elvis" ,2008 Oil on linen 20 x 18 inches (Est.$5,500), as shown at the Vancouver Art Gallery
- Ronnie McDowell's "Reflections of the King", published in connexion with his TV series "Ronnie McDowell Painting America,"
- Vik Muniz's "Double Elvis" , 1999, shown at the Chicago Art Institute and later housed by Lio Malka, owner of New York's "Lio Malca Gallery". It was then sold at Sotheby's for US$ 131,000 on March 7, 2014
- Steve Payne 's "Elvis" ( dovetailing George Dawe's Russian general portraits with Payne's 2018 Replace a Face technique.
- George Dawe Guy Peellaert 's "Elvis Presley's Last Supper", in Rock Dreams (1970-1973)
- Richard Pettibone's "Andy Warhol, Elvis, 1964" (13.3 x 13.3 cm), sold in 2006 at Sotheby's London Office for US$226,818.
- Pietro Psaier's "Wounded", Elvis and Warhol, 1989
- George Rodrigue's "You Ain't Nothin' But a Blue Dog", 1996, 24x36, at the Neal Auction Company
- David Scheinmann's "Elvis/Marilyn", silkscreen located at the 21c Museum Hotel in Louisville,KY. Also, Scheinmann's "Elvis Playboy", sold for US$ 5,400 in 2018.
- Mark Stutzman, Airbrush and Acrylic for the 1993 launched Elvis US$ 0.29 stamp, part of the Legends of American Music Series as requested by United States Postal Service. The USPS issued 500 million, all of which sold, with 124 million of them having never been serviced ( kept by collectors as they were) and thus earning the USPS its biggest profit ever (US$36 million).
- Gavin Turk's Elvis, Beige and Green, sold on in Sotheby's Paris, on December 4, 2012 for US$56,000.
- David Uhl's Elvis in tune, 2007 currently at Graceland.
- Andy Warhol's "Portrait of Jean-Michel as David", (1986), a silverscreen of artist Jean-Michel Basquiat which revisits Warhol's seminal 1963 painting "Double Elvis". It was sold at Sotheby's in New York City on 14 May, 2014 for US$ 3,189,000
- David Willardson's "Elvis I &II" as shown in the Rebecca Molayem Gallery in West Hollywood, CA
- Ronnie Wood's "Elvis I 1988" , Serigraph on Paper, 30 x 23 in, Hand Signed at Lower Right
- Russel Young's "Elvis", sold at Sotheby's for US$11,875 on July 28, 2016
- A Brighter Summer Day: Sir and his friends send tapes to Elvis; film's title is from "Are You Lonesome Tonight?"
- Bubba Ho-Tep
- Elmo in Grouchland: Huxley points to a Velvet Elvis as one of his possessions
- Elvis & Nixon
- Elvis Meets Nixon
- Elvis Has Left the Building
- Finding Graceland
- Happy Feet: The character Memphis is based on Presley's personality and vocals, and he is named after Presley's infamous hometown Memphis, Tennessee. Hugh Jackman, who provides the speaking and singing voice of the character, did his own Elvis impersonation for the film's soundtrack.
- Honeymoon in Vegas: Jack is aided by a band of Elvis impersonators
- Hounddog: Lou gives Lewellen some Elvis records
- Kiss Kiss Bang Bang: Harry briefly brings Elvis back to life
- Looney Tunes: Back in Action the song "Viva las Vegas"upon arrival in Las Vegas.
- Heartbreak Hotel: Elvis is kidnapped by a fan's son
- Independence Day: upon escaping the Mother Ship, Hiller declares "Elvis has left the building!" to which Levinson imitates Elvis saying "Thank you, thank you very much"
- Let's Make Love: Elvis is satirized in an off-Broadway revue
- Lilo & Stitch: during a sequence, Stitch plays ukulele to the guitar solo of "(You're the) Devil in Disguise" twice, the second time while impersonating Elvis; Lilo, Stitch, Nani, and David pose before Graceland; Presley's songs and images are featured. All three sequel films in the franchise have also featured Presley's songs and/or images. Stitch also regularly impersonates Elvis in the TV series of the same name and makes a few references to Presley in some Disney crossover video games.
- Man on the Moon: Andy Kaufman impersonates Elvis
- Mystery Train: Elvis's ghost appears in a dream to Luisa; every room in the hotel has an Elvis portrait
- Oblivion: Jack has an Elvis bobble-head doll
- The Outsiders: the Greasers emulate Elvis
- Pulp Fiction: an Elvis impersonator performs at Jackrabbit Slim's
- This is Spinal Tap: the band visits Graceland
- 3000 Miles to Graceland: a group plans a robbery in Las Vegas dressed as Elvis impersonators
- Top Secret!: Nick performs "Are You Lonesome Tonight?"; film parodies Elvis's musicals
- Tropico: Elvis is shown in the Garden of Eden alongside Adam, Eve, Jesus, the Virgin Mary, John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe
- True Romance: Elvis's ghost mentors Clarence
- Wild at Heart: Sailor and Powermad perform "Love Me"
- Wired: John Belushi impersonates Elvis
- ALF: "Suspicious Minds", ALF and Willie suspect their new neighbor is Elvis
- Boy Meets World: "Danger Boy", Elvis eats at Chubbie's and plays poker with Alan
- Celebrity Deathmatch: "Nick In A Coma", in a morphene-induced dream, Nick dreams of a fight between Elvis and Grateful Dead vocalist Jerry Garcia.
- Civil Wars: "Pilot", an Elvis impersonator is served with divorce papers
- Crossing Jordan: "Miracles & Wonders", Nigel thinks a dead Elvis impersonator may actually be Elvis
- CSI: Crime Scene Investigation: "Blood Moon", the team encounters an Elvis vampire
- DC's Legends of Tomorrow: "Amazing Grace", the Legends encounter Elvis after he comes into possession of the Death Totem affixed to the top of his guitar
- Designing Women:
- Charlene is an Elvis fan
- "E.P. Phone Home", the ladies travel to Memphis for a tour of Graceland
- "Shovel Off to Buffalo", Mary Jo's shovel has Elvis' face impressed on it
- E Street: "Episode 385", Ernie and Sally are married by an Elvis impersonator
- Eerie, Indiana: Elvis walks of out his home to get the newspaper in several episodes
- Elvis TV series
- Elvis TV mini-series
- Father Ted: "Competition Time"
- Fireman Sam: Fireman Elvis Cridlington is named after and inspired by Elvis
- Full House : Uncle Jesse once had a job as an Elvis impersonator
- Give My Head Peace: Uncle Andy is an Elvis fan
- Hannah Montana: the title character's brother, Jackson, is an avid impersonator of celebrities, most notably of Elvis Presley and Ozzy Osbourne.
- The Golden Girls:
- "The President's Coming! The President's Coming! Part 1", the ladies encounter an Elvis impersonator
- "Sophia's Wedding: Part 1", Sophia is married before an audience of Elvis impersonators
- The Killing: "Unraveling", Holder references a Velvet Elvis
- Las Vegas: theme song is "A Little Less Conversation"
- The Last Precinct: King is an Elvis impersonator
- Married... with Children: "I'm Going to Sweatland", the Bundys are inundated with fans when a perspiration stain on Al's shirt resembles a silhouette of Elvis
- Miami Vice: Crockett owns an alligator named Elvis; Switeck is an Elvis fan
- The Miraculous Mellops: several episodes features Elvis impersonators
- The New WKRP in Cincinnati: "Long Live the King", Les's editorial denouncing a rival station's Elvis look-alike contest prompts a call from a man who claims to be Elvis
- Nightmares & Dreamscapes: "You Know They Got a Hell of a Band", Elvis is the Mayor of Oregon
- Nip/Tuck: "Joyce & Sharon Monroe", an Elvis impersonator wants to look more like Elvis
- Pizza: "Dangerous Pizza", a group of Elvis impersonators get into a fight with a group of KISS impersonators
- Quantum Leap: "Memphis Melody - July 3, 1954", Sam leaps into Elvis
- Red Dwarf: "Meltdown", Elvis is part of a group Rimmer and Kryten lead against Adolf Hitler, who has taken Lister and Cat prisoner
- Renegade: "The King and I", Reno thinks a stranger who helped him during a fight may be Elvis
- Saturday Night Live:
- 7th Heaven: "The Heart of the Matter", an anesthetized Eric thinks he's Elvis
- Shake, Rattle and Roll: An American Love Story
- The Simpsons:
- "Viva Ned Flanders"
- "Viva Los Simpsons" 2005 DVD episode collection, Homer apes Elvis on the cover
- Sledge Hammer: "All Shook Up", Hammer goes undercover as an Elvis impersonator to catch an Elvis impersonator killer
- Sliders: "Pilot", Quinn sees a billboard of an elderly Elvis in Las Vegas
- Spitting Image: Elvis parody "I'm Sure Livin' Since I Died"
- The Twilight Zone: "The Once and Future King"
- Vinyl, Richie Finestra president of record label American Century, attempts to bring Elvis to AC. The Colonel gets furious when he finds out Richie was going behind his back has Elvis point a gun at him.
- Walker, Texas Ranger: "Suspicious Minds", the daughter of an Elvis impersonator witnesses a murder
- The X-Files: "Never Again", Mulder travels to Graceland
See also: imdB Elvis Presley Character Page
- Fallout: New Vegas: one faction is called "The Kings", raiders who come across an Elvis Impersonator School.
- Bill & Ted's Excellent Video Game Adventures: Elvis is one of sixteen "historical dudes" who can be rescued.
- The SNES game Wayne's World Elvis appears as a level boss.
- The Extra-terrestrial Maian Diplomat, known as Protector1 in Perfect Dark adopts the name Elvis as he becomes enamored with terrestrial culture, going as far to own a pair of blue suede shoes during the climax of the game.
Wackel-Elvis dashboard figure from a 2001 Audi
According to several non-music magazines, channels and publications, Presley ranks among the most significant icons, both in America and worldwide:
- In 2005, BBC 2 explored how photography had influenced world events and named the people who had been photographed the most in a 10 episode television series entitled The World's Most Photographed. Other than Presley, no musician merited a separate episode, which comprised four women among a list of political leaders, thinkers, heads of state and actors.
- Also in 2005, LIFE Magazine highlighted Elvis's advent in 1956, and the rock and roll revolution he ignited and included them in a special issue published in September 2005 and which they named "The 100 events that shook our world: a history of Pictures in the last 100 years".
- In 2006, The Atlantic ranked him the 66th most influential American ever. No other individual involved in entertainment, other than Walt Disney, ranked higher.
- Also in 2006, The History Channel selected September 9, 1956, the date of the first of his three appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show], as one of the "10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America."
- In 2008, the MIT-launched "Pantheon" programme, which maps cultural production, ranked him the 117th most significant person of any nationality in recorded history. Only the Reverend Martin Luther King, a Nobel Peace prize winner, outranks him among all persons born in the United States of America.
- In 2010, LIFE Magazine ranked him #96 in their list of the 100 people who changed the world. Only Charles Chaplin and Louis Armstrong ranked higher among entertainers.
- In 2014, the Smithsonian Magazine issued a listing of the 100 most significant Americans of all time, which included Presley as well as another six singers and musicians. No rankings were provided.
- Also in 2014, Wikipedia made a study on the most popular historic figures, insofar as the number of Internet searches, with Presley landing in the #69 position, a rank higher than that of any entertainer from the 20th Century.
- In 2015, National Geographic deemed his advent (and that of Rock Music) in 1956 an event of such importance, that it ranked 79th in their list of the 100 most significant events that changed the world since time began. No other entertainer is listed separately.
- Elvis died three days before Groucho Marx; Groucho fans blamed Elvis's death for Groucho's death not getting as much publicity. Elvis and Groucho were next door neighbors in Beverly Hills, California.
- In a survey taken in 1996, a sampling of Chinese people were asked to name three famous Westerners. They chose Jesus Christ, Richard Nixon and Elvis Presley. That same year, a NYT reporter attending a Chinese-US summit, spoke of the time when the Chinese leader Jiang Zemin, then visiting the Philippines, proceeded to do a duet, in perfect English, of "Love me tender", his partner being his host, President Fidel Ramos.
- On its edition of January 21, 1998, TV Guide named Elvis' 9 minute uninterrupted stand-up session performance, from the start of "Heartbreak Hotel", till the end of "Love me tender", which was sang and performed live, in front of a studio audience on June 29, 1968 at the Burbank Studios and later shown on NBC on December 3, 1968, as the greatest rock moment in the history of television, beating the runner up, Michael Jackson's performance of the song "Billy Jean" which Jackson performed in front of a live audience on March 25, 1983 at the Civic Auditorium in Pasadena, CA, the latter while dancing to what became known as "The Moonwalk" and singing to his own pre recorded vocals. This performance was telecast by NBC on May 16, 1986 on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Motown.
- In 2006, Elvis's teddy bear Mabel, made in 1909 by Steiff, was on display at a Children's Museum near Wookey Hole Caves when a Doberman destroyed it. The insurance company had insisted that the teddy bears be protected by guard dogs.
- In September of 2013 Flavorwire named Elvis's first of three appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show as one of the 25 most memorable moments in TV history. It ranked #12, with only the Beatles' first appearance on the same show, 8 years later, outranking it, at #11 amongst those in the musical field.
- In July of 2014, the BMW Group announced that one of Elvis' two BMW 507, found in California that year and in a dire state after 5 decades of use and misuse would be put on display for a short period at the BMW Museum in Munich, before being entirely restored by its Classic department. The fully restored car, which had been painted red by Presley himself in 1959, was to be given its original white color, then put on display in the newly renovated BMW Zentrum Museum located at their US manufacturing center in Greer, SC. In 2017, it was returned to the Munich Museum, where it is now located for posterity as one of only 252 BMW 507 models ever built.
- In 2017, the Washington DC-based Museum of the Bible which opened in mid November of that year, showcased his "King James" Bible, which, according to the Vice President of the Museum and as evidenced by his own handwritten notes, proved not just that the Bible had a profound impact on him, but that he was, as well, a prime example of the unparalleled influence of the book. The Museum has received 600,000 visitors since its opening.
- On 12 May 2018, an Omega watch gifted to Elvis by RCA Records in 1961 to celebrate his sale of 75-million records, sold at a Phillips auction in Geneva for $1,812,500. The watch, retailed by Tiffany & Co. hammered for 1.5-million CHF and with buyer's premium totaled 1,812,318 CHF, or $1,812,500. As of May 12, 2018 it is the highest price ever paid for an Omega watch. Mr. Petros Protopapas, Omega's Museum Director, and who attended the auction, later confirmed the Museum he heads to have been the winning bidder.
Actors who have played Elvis Presley
||Title (year of theatrical release, unless otherwise noted)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Picasso at the Lapin Agile (2008)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Bubba Ho-Tep (2002)
||i) (fictional) young Elvis Presley
ii) The King
|i) Forrest Gump (1994)
ii) Protecting the King (2007)
||Elvis Presley, age 42.
||This Is Elvis (1981)
||young Elvis Presley
||Walk the Line (2006)
||Liberace: Behind the Music (1988) (TV-made)
||Elvis and the Beauty Queen (1981) (TV-made)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Finding Graceland (1998)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Heartbreak Hotel (1988)
||The visitor (Elvis Presley, age 21).
||Picasso at the Lapin Agile (1993, play)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Elvis Has Left the Building (2004, video release only)
||Elvis and Me (1988) (TV-made)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Hello, Darling (2008)
||(fictional) Mr. Aaron
||Lonely Street (2008)
||Elvis meets Nixon (1997) (TV-made)
||Elvis: The Early Years (2005) (miniseries)
||Elvis (1979) (TV-made)
||Are You Lonesome Tonight? (1985, play)
||Elvis and the Colonel: The Untold Story
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Angels with angles (2005)
|Michael St. Gerard
||i)and ii) young Elvis Presley
iii)(fictional) young Elvis Presley
|i) Elvis (1990) (TV mini-series)
ii) Great Balls of Fire! (1989)
iii)Heart of Dixie (1989)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley, as John Burrows
||Memphis rising, Elvis returns- (2009)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||The Twilight Zone Season 2, "The Once And Future King" (1986)
||(fictional) Elvis Presley
||Walk Hard (2007)
||Epic Rap Battles of History, episode "Michael Jackson vs. Elvis Presley" (Season 2, 2012.)
||Elvis Presley, age 35
||Elvis & Nixon (2016)
||Sun Records (2017)
- ^ Richard A. Koenigsberg, "'I MOVE, THEREFORE I AM:' Elvis Presley, Rock 'n' Roll, and the Liberation of the American Body," keynote address at the INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELVIS PRESLEY (Monday, May 19, 2008).
- ^ Fans Waiting in Line for Release of Wackel-Elvis, 06/11/2001, Die Welt (German)
- ^ Audi Wackel-Elvis commercial (2001, British version)
- ^ Audi Wackel-Elvis commercial (2001, German version)
- ^ "State Farm: Magic Jingle Elvis" The Mill Accessed May 21, 2015
- ^ List of minor The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy characters#Elvis Presley
- ^ mahmoud1882 (2007-11-24), Full house-Jesse dressed as ELvis, retrieved
- ^ Raised Eyebrows: My Years Inside Groucho's House, Steve Soliar, 1996, Stoddart Publishing