List Of College Athletics Championship Game Outcomes
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List of College Athletics Championship Game Outcomes

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), founded in 1906, is the major governing body for intercollegiate athletics in the United States and currently conducts national championships in its sponsored sports, except for the top level of football. Before the NCAA offered a championship for any particular sport, intercollegiate national championships in that sport were determined independently. Although the NCAA sometimes lists these historic championships in its official records, it has not awarded retroactive championship titles.

Prior to NCAA inception of a sport, intercollegiate championships were conducted and usually espoused in advance as competitions for the national championship. Many winners were recognized in contemporary newspapers and other publications as the "national intercollegiate" champions. These are not to be confused with the champions of early 20th-century single-sport alliances of northeastern U.S. colleges that were named "Intercollegiate League" or "Intercollegiate Association." These leagues generally included some of the colleges that later became the Ivy League, as well as an assortment of other northeastern universities.

Even after the NCAA began organizing national championships, some non-NCAA organizations conducted their own national championship tournaments, usually as a supplement to the NCAA events. A notable example is that of NCAA Division III men's volleyball. Although the NCAA Men's National Collegiate Volleyball Championship, established in 1970, was in theory open to D-III schools, none had received a berth in that tournament. As a result, a separate championship event, open only to D-III schools, was created in 1997. That event was discontinued after its 2011 edition once the NCAA announced it would sponsor an official Division III championship starting in 2012.

The historical championship event outcomes included in the Section 1 list were decided by actual games organized for the purpose of determining a champion on the field of play. Lists of other championships for collegiate athletic organizations are referenced in Sections 2.1 through 2.6 of this list. (See Table of Contents)

Championship game outcomes prior/concurrent to NCAA inception

Men's teams

Baseball

  • 1893 Yale def. Amherst, 9-0
Tournament was played at the Chicago World's Fair and included Virginia, Illinois, Wisconsin, Vanderbilt, Yale, Amherst, Wesleyan and Vermont.[1]William McKinley attended the opening game.[2] It was organized by the Columbian National Inter-Collegiate Baseball Association, notably by its secretary, Amos Alonzo Stagg, then the new head football coach at the University of Chicago.[3]

NCAA from 1947.

Basketball

  • 1904 Hiram College won the 1904 Olympic Games collegiate championship tournament, def. Wheaton College, 25-20, and Latter-Day Saints University (later, Brigham Young University), 25-18.[4][5][6][7][8][9]
  • 1908 Chicago def. Pennsylvania, 2 games to 0 (21-18, 16-15)[10][11]
  • Amateur Athletic Union annual United States championship - College teams were runners-up in 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1932, and 1934. Four college teams won the championship (final game results):[12]
  • 1916 Utah def. Illinois Athletic Club, 28-27
  • 1920 New York University def. Rutgers, 49-24
  • 1924 Butler (Indiana) def. Kansas City Athletic Club, 30-26
  • 1925 Washburn College (Kansas) def. Hillyard Shine Alls, 42-30

NCAA from 1939.

  • 1943 Wyoming, winner of NCAA tournament, def. NIT champion, St. John's, 52-47 (OT)
  • 1944 Utah, winner of NCAA tournament, def. NIT champion, St. John's, 43-36
  • 1945 Oklahoma A&M, winner of NCAA tournament, def. NIT champion, DePaul, 52-44

Boxing

  • 1924 Penn State def. 2nd-place Navy, 18-16[34][35]
  • 1925 Navy def. 2nd-place Penn State, 23-11[36]
  • 1926 Navy def. 2nd-place Penn State, 15-13[37][38]
  • 1927 Penn State def. 2nd-place Navy, 22-21[39]
  • 1928 Navy def. 2nd-place Penn State, 19-18[37][40]
  • 1929 Penn State def. 2nd-place Navy, 23-13[41]
  • 1930 Penn State def. 2nd-place Western Maryland, 19-14[42][43]
  • 1931 Navy def. 2nd-place Western Maryland, 20-16[44]

NCAA from 1932-1960.[45]

Cross country

Inter-Collegiate Cross Country Association (1899-1907)
Inter-Collegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America (1908-1937)[46][47][48]

NCAA from 1938.

Fencing

Intercollegiate Fencing Association (1894-1943)

Team Foils

Three-Weapon Championship

+ The first IFA three-weapon trophy was awarded in 1923. However, all three weapons (foil, épée, saber) were contested in the IFA tournament as early as 1920.[52]

NCAA 1941 - 42 and from 1947.

Football

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has never conducted a national championship event at the highest level of college football, currently its Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). Neither has the NCAA ever officially endorsed an FBS national champion. Since 1978, it has held a championship playoff at the next lower level of college play. Prior to 1978, no divisions separated teams, and champions were independently designated by "selectors," composed of individuals and third-party organizations using experts, polls, and mathematical methods.[92] These efforts have continued and thrived for the higher FBS level. From the beginning, the selectors' choices have frequently been at odds with each other.[93] The NCAA has documented both contemporaneous and retroactive choices of several major national selectors in its official NCAA Football Records Book.[92] These selections are often claimed as championships by individual schools.

Golf

1897-1938

See Pre-NCAA college golf champions

NCAA from 1939.

Gymnastics

  • 1899 No team title. Yale gymnasts won 4 out of 6 individual events, shared a tie for victory in one event and also won the individual all-around. 19 schools participated.[94]
  • 1900 Columbia def. 2nd place Yale, 26 - 17[95]
  • 1901 Yale def. 2nd place Columbia, 20 - 14[96]
  • 1902 Yale def. 2nd-place Columbia, 16 - 15[97]
In 1903, the Western Conference instituted an annual conference championship meet.[98] Although early interest was expressed by the Intercollegiate Association in establishing a recognized national championship event with the Western Conference,[99] that interest did not reach fruition. In later years, the University of Chicago, a perennial Western Conference power, participated in several of the annual championship meets of the Intercollegiate Association.
  • 1917 Chicago def. 2nd-place Haverford, 14½ - 10[100][101][102]
  • 1918 not held
  • 1919 not held
  • 1925 Navy def. Chicago, 33 - 12, in a dual meet between winners of the Intercollegiate and Western Conference championship meets.[103]
"[I]n the twenty year period from 1910 to (the end of 1929) ... Navy has participated in 91 tournaments and dual meets and won 87 of them, including all seven of the intercollegiate championship events entered."[104] (Those seven events were conference, not national, championships.) Navy was so strong that the Intercollegiate Association asked Navy not to participate in the 1926 championship meet.[105] Navy was not a participant in the 1926, 1927 and 1928 meets.
  • 1944 Penn State won the National AAU team title during a five-year hiatus in the NCAA championships for World War II.[106]

NCAA from 1938.

Ice hockey

  • Amateur Athletic Union conducted annual National Ice Hockey Championships during 1931-1948, except during most of the World War II years.[107] College teams won the championship on at least two occasions:
  • 1940 Minnesota[108] def. Amesbury, 9-4, and Brock-Hall, 9-1[109][110]
  • 1942 Boston College[111] def. High Standard H.C., 3-2, Massena H.C., 9-8, and defending champion St. Nicholas H.C., 6-4[112]

NCAA from 1948.

Lacrosse

  • 1881 Harvard def. Princeton, 3-0
The first intercollegiate lacrosse tournament was held in 1881 with Harvard beating Princeton in the championship game. New York University and Columbia University also participated. From 1882 through 1970 (excepting 1932-1935), the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association and the collegiate lacrosse associations from which it evolved chose annual champions based on season records. These associations were the ILA (1882-1905), IULL (1899-1905), USILL (1906-1925) and USILA (1926-1970).[113][114] In 1912 and 1921, the USILL conducted championship games between the winners of its Northern and Southern Divisions. Efforts to conduct such games in other years during its existence were unsuccessful.[113]
  • 1912 Harvard def. Swarthmore, 7-3
  • 1921 Lehigh def. Syracuse, 3-1

NCAA from 1971.

Rifle

National Rifle Association[115]

National Indoor Intercollegiate Match

1924 - 79

Men/Coed (year of conversion to Coed undetermined)

In the contemporary press, the type of competition utilized for this match was referred to as "shoulder-to-shoulder." This distinguished it from the "telegraphic" or "postal" form of competition.

NCAA from 1980.

* The Intercollegiate Rifle Team Trophy was presented to the NRA by the Sons of the American Revolution in 1928, when it was first awarded for annual rifle competition.[115]
+ NRA document[115] states that there was no competition in 1946.
NRA Intercollegiate League

1909 - 22

Competition was held in telegraphic form using the indoor ranges of each competing school.

NRA Gallery Indoor Championship

1908 - ?

The indoor intercollegiate match was a single annual indoor match open to teams of any college. It was held in telegraphic form using the indoor ranges of each competing school.

National Outdoor Intercollegiate Match

1905 - ?

Matches were initially held at Sea Girt, New Jersey; after several years Camp Perry, Ohio, became the perennial venue.

(This competition is not to be confused with the National ROTC outdoor rifle team championship for the William Randolph Hearst Team Trophy (first awarded circa 1922[156]), which was not open to all students.)

Skiing

1921 - 53

Beginning in 1921, an intercollegiate winter sports championship was held annually at Lake Placid, New York, and involved colleges from the US and Canada. It combined events from downhill and slalom skiing, cross-country skiing and ski jumping, as well as speed skating, figure skating and snowshoeing in some years. The overall winning team received the President Harding Trophy. Prior to the 1940s, in end-of-year accounts of national sporting champions, major newspapers regarded the winning team at Lake Placid as intercollegiate champion.

In the late 1930s, a major annual "four-way" (downhill, slalom, jumping and cross-country) intercollegiate event began in Sun Valley, Idaho.[170][171] From the start it attracted not only college teams from the West, but also strong teams that traditionally participated in the Lake Placid meet, such as Dartmouth.[172][173] After interruption by World War II, it usurped the older event.

Newspaper coverage referred to the 1946 and 1947 Sun Valley winners (Utah and Middlebury, respectively) as national champions.[174] A few days earlier than the 1947 Sun Valley meet, a similar skiing competition was held in Aspen, Colorado, overlapping the start date of the Sun Valley event.[175] In 1948 and 1949, Aspen, rather than Sun Valley, hosted the national "four-way" intercollegiate ski championships.[176][177][178][179]

All of these competitions were held in the middle of the ski season rather than at the end. Then in 1950, an official annual post-season national championship event was established.[180] This event served to influence the NCAA to add skiing as a sponsored sport, with the first NCAA title event occurring in 1954.[181]

The Intercollegiate Ski Union (ISU), a conference of schools primarily in the Northeast, also conducted annual championship events for its members.[182] However, its geographic reach was more limited than the other competitions described.

Lake Placid, New York

+ curtailed by bad weather (jump and snowshoe race held, last two events cancelled)
? lack of snow (cross-country and jump held, downhill and slalom cancelled)
# competition included non-collegians
? lack of snow (jump held, other events cancelled)
§ not regarded as national champion; included for completeness

Sun Valley, Idaho

Aspen, Colorado

Post-Season National Championship

  • 1950 Dartmouth (venue: Arapahoe Basin, Colorado)[180][181]
  • 1951 Denver (venue: Mt. Hood, Oregon)[244][245][246]
  • 1952 Denver (venue: Snow Basin, Utah)[247]
  • 1953 Washington State (venue: Snow Basin, Utah)[248][249]

NCAA from 1954.

Soccer

During the periods 1926-35 and 1946-58, annual champions were selected by collegiate soccer associations based on regular season records. All are considered unofficial. For the period of 1936-45, each year's outstanding teams claim unofficial national championships. See also Intercollegiate Soccer Football Association.

The Soccer Bowl[250](played in 1950-52) attempted to settle the national championship on the field for the 1949, 1950 and 1951 seasons. The Soccer Bowl championship games were played in January,1950; December, 1950; and February, 1952, respectively.

NCAA from 1959.

Tennis

1883-1945[251]

See Collegiate individual tennis champions

NCAA from 1946.

Tennis (indoor)

Intercollegiate Tennis Association (1973 - )

Track and field (indoor)

Amateur Athletic Union (1918)

Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America (1923-1964)[252]

  1. ^ a b c d In 1943 and 1947, NYU also won the AAU national senior indoor track and field meet. Villanova did so in 1957, as did the University of Pennsylvania in 1918. These are the only occasions that a college team won this open AAU title prior to collegiate sponsorship of the sport by the NCAA.[253][254]

NCAA from 1965.

Track and field (outdoor)

Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America (1876-1920)[47][256][257]

* University of Chicago won the 1904 Olympic Games collegiate championship meet, defeating Princeton, Illinois, Michigan State and Colgate.[258]

+ A contemporary source[259] states, as part of an "international athletic games" (similar to the Olympics) in Chicago on June 28--July 6, 1913, "The national intercollegiate track and field meet was won by the University of Michigan," with Southern California second and Chicago third.

NCAA from 1921.

Trampoline

Until 1969, men's trampoline was one of the events that comprised the NCAA gymnastics championships. At that time, the event was removed in order to conform to the international gymnastics itinerary. The NCAA continued to bestow a national title in trampoline for two years.[260][261][262]

  • 1969 Michigan
  • 1970 Michigan

Discontinued after 1970.

Volleyball

United States Volleyball Association (1949 - 69)[263]

NCAA from 1970

Molten Division III Men's Invitational Volleyball Championship Tournament (1997-2011)

This was a championship solely for NCAA Division III schools. It was discontinued after its 2011 edition when the NCAA announced it would organize an official Division III championship starting in 2012.

NCAA from 2012

Water polo

  • 1913 Princeton 3, Illinois 1[264]

NCAA from 1969.

Wrestling

NCAA from 1928.

Women's teams

AIAW Champions in 16 NCAA Sports

See AIAW Champions for listings of pre-NCAA champions for most of the current NCAA women's sports.

Basketball

See DGWS/AIAW Basketball Champions (1969-1982)

NCAA from 1982.

The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) has since 1926 conducted United States championship tournaments for women's amateur teams. On 28 occasions, small college teams (all from the central U.S.) have won the AAU women's basketball championship:[268]

  • 1932-33 (2) Oklahoma Presbyterian College[61]
  • 1934-36 (3) Tulsa Business College[63][64][65]
  • 1950, 58, 60, 62-69 (11) Nashville Business College
  • 1954-57, 59, 61, 70-71, 74-75 (10) Wayland Baptist College (Texas)
  • 1972-73 (2) John F. Kennedy College (Nebraska)

Bowling

United States Bowling Congress (formerly American Bowling Congress and Women's Intercollegiate Bowling Congress)[269][270]

Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion
1975 Wichita State 1984 Indiana State 1993 William Paterson (NJ) 2002 Morehead State 2011 Maryland Eastern Shore[271]
1976 San Jose State 1985 West Texas State 1994 Wichita State 2003 Central Missouri State 2012 Webber International (Florida)[272]
1977 Wichita State 1986 Wichita State 1995 Nebraska 2004 Pikeville (Kentucky) 2013 Maryland Eastern Shore[273]
1978 Wichita State 1987 West Texas State 1996 West Texas State 2005 Wichita State 2014 Robert Morris-Illinois[274]
1979 Penn State 1988 West Texas State 1997 Nebraska 2006 Lindenwood (Missouri) 2015 North Carolina A&T
1980 Erie Community College (NY) 1989 Morehead State (Kentucky) 1998 Morehead State 2007 Wichita State 2016 Webber International
1981 Arizona State 1990 Wichita State 1999 Nebraska 2008 Pikeville 2017
1982 Erie Community College 1991 Nebraska 2000 Morehead State 2009 Wichita State 2018
1983 West Texas State 1992 West Texas State 2001 Nebraska 2010 Webber International (Florida) 2019

The NCAA from 2004 has sponsored a women's team championship, apart from the USBC national championships. There were 64 schools in all divisions participating in NCAA bowling as of April, 2015.

Fencing

Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association (1929 - 63)

National Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association (1964 - 79)[275]

Until 1974, schools from the states of New York and New Jersey won every foil team title.

Year Foil Team Year Foil Team Year Foil Team
1929 New York University 1946 Hunter College 1963 Fairleigh Dickinson
1930 New York University 1947 Hunter College 1964 Paterson State College
1931 New York University 1948 Hunter College 1965 Paterson State College
1932 New York University 1949 New York University 1966 Paterson State College
1933 New York University 1950 New York University 1967 Cornell
1934 Brooklyn College 1951 New York University 1968 Cornell
1935 Hunter College 1952 Hunter College 1969 Cornell
1936 Hunter College 1953 Hunter College 1970 Hunter College
1937 Hunter College 1954 Elmira College 1971 New York University
1938 New York University 1955 Rochester Institute of Technology 1972 Cornell
1939 Hofstra University 1956 Paterson State College 1973 Cornell
1940 Hunter College 1957 Rochester Institute of Technology 1974 California State-Fullerton
1941 Brooklyn College 1958 Paterson State College 1975 San Jose State
1942 Jersey City State College 1959 Paterson State College 1976 San Jose State
1943 Jersey City State College 1960 Fairleigh Dickinson 1977 San Jose State
1944 Hunter College 1961 Paterson State College 1978 San Jose State
1945 Brooklyn College 1962 Paterson State College 1979 San Jose State

AIAW 1980 - 82 (3 years). NCAA 1982 - 89 (8 years). NCAA (Coed) from 1990.

Ice hockey

American Women's College Hockey Alliance

Year and Champion
1998 New Hampshire
1999 Harvard
2000 Minnesota

NCAA from 2001

Rifle

National Rifle Association

Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion
192? 1928 George Washington[276] 1934 Washington[63]
1923 Washington[169] 1929 ? 1935 Carnegie Institute of Tech.[64][277]
1924 Washington[169] 1930 ? 1936 Carnegie Institute of Tech.[277]
1925 Washington[54] 1931 ? 1937 Carnegie Institute of Tech.[277]
1926 ? 1932 Maryland[61] 1938-46?
1947 Penn State[278]
1927 George Washington[276][279] 1933 Washington[62] 1948-53?
1954 Monmouth[280]

NCAA (Coed) from 1980

Pre-NCAA Coed Rifle: see above

Rowing

The National Women's Rowing Association (NWRA) sponsored an annual open eights national championship from 1971-1979, among college and non-college teams. (There were no eights before 1971.) During this period, only in 1973 and 1975 did a college team win the national eights championship outright. According to US Rowing Association, contemporary news reports in 1976 and 1977 do not mention a national collegiate title.[281] Beginning in 1980, the NWRA sponsored the Women's Collegiate National Championship, including varsity eights. In 1986 the NWRA dissolved after recognizing US Rowing's assuming of responsibility as the national governing body for women's rowing.

NWRA Open National Championship, Eights top college finishers, 1971-1979 (champion in parentheses) :

  • 1971 Washington (first place - Vesper Boat Club)
  • 1972 Washington (first place - College Boat Club)
  • 1973 Radcliffe College (NWRA open champion)
  • 1974 Radcliffe College (first place - Vesper Boat Club)
  • 1975 Wisconsin (NWRA open champion)[282]
  • 1976 Wisconsin (first place - College Boat Club)
  • 1977 Wisconsin (first place - Vesper Boat Club)
  • 1978 Wisconsin (first place - Burnaby Boat Club)
  • 1979 Yale (first place - Burnaby Boat Club)[283]

NWRA / US Rowing Women's Collegiate National Championship, Varsity eights :

Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion
1980 California[284][285] 1985 Washington 1989 Cornell 1993 Princeton
1981 Washington 1986 Wisconsin 1990 Princeton 1994 Princeton
1982 Washington * 1987 Washington 1991 Boston University 1995 Princeton
1983 Washington 1988 Washington 1992 Boston University 1996 Brown
1984 Washington

* simultaneous AIAW championship, the only one conducted

Followed by NCAA from 1997, in which women currently compete in a Varsity 8, a Second Varsity 8, and a Varsity Four.

Beach volleyball

American Volleyball Coaches Association, Collegiate Nationals

Year Champion
2006 multi-school pair
2007 Nebraska (two-person team)
2008 Texas (four pairs per team)
2009 USC (four pairs per team)
2010 Loyola Marymount (two-person team)
2011 multi-school pair
2012 Pepperdine
2013 Long Beach State
2014 Pepperdine
2015 USC

NCAA from 2016

Tennis (indoor)

Intercollegiate Tennis Association

Year Champion Year Champion Year Champion
1988 Florida 1999 Florida 2010 Northwestern
1989 Stanford 2000 Stanford 2011 Stanford
1990 Stanford 2001 Stanford 2012 UCLA
1991 Florida 2002 Georgia 2013 North Carolina
1992 Florida 2003 Duke 2014 Duke
1993 Stanford 2004 Stanford 2015 North Carolina
1994 Georgia 2005 Stanford 2016 UC-Berkeley
1995 Georgia 2006 Stanford
1996 Florida 2007 Georgia Tech
1997 Florida 2008 Georgia Tech
1998 Stanford 2009 Northwestern

Track and field (outdoor)

Women's National Collegiate and Scholastic Track Association

Telegraphic meets conducted during specified dates each May

Year Champion[286]:52, 56-58
1922 ?
1923 Winthrop College
1924 Iowa
1925 Winthrop College
1926 Humboldt State College
1927 ?

Amateur Athletic Union

The AAU conducted senior women's national track and field championships for all athletes, both indoors and outdoors, beginning in the 1920s. Two college teams won numerous championships in each sport against other clubs from throughout the country.

Tuskegee Institute won the AAU national title 14 times in 1937-1942 and 1944-1951. Tennessee State won national outdoors 13 times in 1955-1960, 1962, 1963, 1965-1967, 1969 and 1978.[286]

Track and field (indoor)

Amateur Athletic Union

Tuskegee Institute won the AAU national indoor championships four times in 1941, 1945, 1946 and 1948. Tennessee State won the national title 14 times in 1956-1960, 1962, 1965-1969 and 1978-1980.[286]

Water polo

USA Water Polo[287]

Year and Champion Year and Champion Year and Champion
1984 UC Davis 1990 UC San Diego 1996 UCLA
1985 Stanford 1991 UC San Diego 1997 UCLA
1986 UC San Diego 1992 UC San Diego 1998 UCLA
1987 UC Santa Barbara 1993 UC Davis 1999 USC
1988 UC Davis 1994 UC San Diego 2000 UCLA
1989 UC Santa Barbara 1995 Slippery Rock (PA)

NCAA from 2001

Champions of collegiate athletic organizations

NCAA champions

NAIA champions

NJCAA champions

USCAA champions

ACCA champions

Other sports

References

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