We are profoundly social creatures--more than we know.Â
In Social, renowned psychologist Matthew Lieberman explores groundbreaking research in social neuroscience revealing that our need to connect with other people is even more fundamental, more basic, than our need for food or shelter.Â Because of this, our brain uses its spare time to learn about the social world--other people and our relation to them. It is believed that we must commit 10,000 hours to master a skill.Â According to Lieberman, each of us has spent 10,000 hours learning to make sense of people and groups by the time we are ten. Â Social argues that our need to reach out to and connect with others is a primary driver behind our behavior.Â We believe that pain and pleasure alone guide our actions.Â Yet, new research using fMRI--including a great deal of original research conducted by Lieberman and his UCLA lab--shows that our brains react to social pain and pleasure in much the same way as they do to physical pain and pleasure.Â Fortunately, the brain has evolved sophisticated mechanisms for securing our place in the social world.Â We have a unique ability to read other peopleâs minds, to figure out their hopes, fears, and motivations, allowing us to effectively coordinate our lives with one another.Â And our most private sense of who we are is intimately linked to the important people and groups in our lives.Â This wiring often leads us to restrain our selfish impulses for the greater good.Â These mechanisms lead to behavior that might seem irrational, but is really just the result of our deep social wiring and necessary for our success as a species. Â Based on the latest cutting edge research, the findings in Social have important real-world implications.Â Our schools and businesses, for example, attempt to minimalize social distractions.Â But this is exactly the wrong thing to do to encourage engagement and learning, and literally shuts down the social brain, leaving powerful neuro-cognitive resources untapped.Â The insights revealed in this pioneering book suggest ways to improve learning in schools, make the workplace more productive, and improve our overall well-being.
A lively and provocative look at how evolution shapes our behavior and our lives.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, our brains and bodies are hardwired to carry out an evolutionary mission that determines much of what we do, from life plans to everyday decisions.
With an accessible tone and a healthy disregard for political correctness, this lively and eminently readable book popularizes the latest research in a cutting-edge field of study-one that turns much of what we thought we knew about human nature upside-down.
Every time we fall in love, fight with our spouse, enjoy watching a favorite TV show, or feel scared--walking alone at night, we are in part behaving as a human animal with its own unique nature-a nature that essentially stopped evolving 10,000 years ago. Alan S. Miller and Satoshi Kanazawa re-examine some of the most popular and controversial topics of modern life-and shed a whole new light on why we do the things we do.
Reader beware: You may never look at human nature the same way again.
Passionate, courageous, and at times controversial,Â The Anatomy of ViolenceÂ is a ground-breaking work that will challenge your core human values and perspectives on violence.
Why do some kids from good environments become mass murderers? Is there actually such a thing as a natural born killer? And, if so, what can we do to identify and treat those born with a predisposition to criminal behavior?Â For more than three decades Adrian Raine has sought answers to these questions through his pioneering research on the biological basis for violence. In this book, he presents the growing body of evidence that shows how genetics and environmental influences can conspire to create a criminal brain, and how something as seemingly innocent as a low resting heart rate can give rise to a violent personality. Bristling with ingenious experiments, surprising data, and shocking case studies, this is also a clear-eyed inquiry into the thorny ethical issues this science raises about prevention and punishment.Â
Learn to Take Control of Your Life, Through an In-Depth Understanding of Motivation:
What is motivation? Why do we feel totally paralyzed to do certain things, and utterly unable to quit others? Too many people conclude, falsely, that they are just lazy, or lacking in willpower. But what they lack is a correct understanding of their own minds, of motivation, and the way that it operates.
This book is a self-help manual and a rigorous analysis of the psychology of motivation. It will teach you to stop procrastinating, kick your addictions, circumvent laziness, take control of your actions, and achieve your goals, by thoroughly understanding the way your mind works. In it, youâll learn:
â¢ What is the nature of motivation, on its deepest psychological level
â¢ Why addiction and procrastination are two sides of the same coin
â¢ Why thereâs no fundamental difference between a physical and psychological addiction
â¢ Why willpower is rarely the solution to anything
â¢ Why and how emotions motivate
Youâll also learn fourteen powerful strategies for motivating yourself, why they work, and how to apply them to your own life. By the end of this book, youâll possess all the tools you need to take firm control of your daily existence.
Featuring animal research, from pigeons to primates, this book explains how comparative psychology can enrich our insights into human psychological processes.
Each chapter covers a different clinical disorder or problem commonly encountered by clinical psychologists and therapists, including depression, autism and social communication disorders, substance abuse and obesity, and reviews related research into animal behaviors. Revealing how animal models can grant psychologists a better understanding of the motivations and causes for behaviors that are impossible or challenging to study in humans, the authors suggest interventions, drawn from research findings in comparative psychology, that can effectively address psychological disorders in humans.
One of Americaâs most influential social critics, Thorstein Veblen authored works deeply rooted in evolutionary biology and American philosophical naturalismâboth of which help explain his institutional economics and radical sociology. Now, one of todayâs preeminent Veblen scholars ranges widely over the manâs writings to show how evolutionary naturalism underlies his social theory and criticism, shapes his satire, and binds his work together.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Rick Tilmanâs study focuses on the intersections of social theory and social psychology, political economy and political theory, and modern philosophy and intellectual history in Veblenâs thinking. It links evolutionary naturalism for the first time to Veblenâs aesthetics, secular humanism, sociology of control, sociobiology, and sociology of knowledge, and it makes groundbreaking observations regarding the relationship of Veblenâs own life to his thinking; his place as a cultural lag theorist; and his analysis of sports, gambling, and religion.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Drawing on textual exegesis of Veblenâs work, unpublished correspondence, and selected archives, Tilman argues that only evolutionary naturalism could provide the philosophical foundations of Veblenâs thought. He also emphasizes Veblenâs role in the enhancement and embellishment of the social sciences and cultural studies, as well as his insights into the processes of change in the sociopolitical order.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Veblenâs evolutionary naturalism, with its unflattering evaluation of Americaâs self-selected special place in the international arena, casts doubt on todayâs foreign interventions, and it also provides a much-needed antidote to the resurgence of creationist thought in American culture. Tilman shows that Veblenâs ideas are still valuable to contemporary social scientistsâindeed, that his method of analysis and values are sorely needed to help us avoid wasteful consumption, predation, and the persistence of religious superstition. This work offers readers a new appreciation of Veblen and the many issues he addressed, and of Tilmanâs own masterful facility in bringing them to light.Â
âKenrick writes like a dream.ââRobert Sapolsky, Professor of Biology and Neurology, Stanford University; author of A Primateâs Memoir and Why Zebras Donât Get Ulcers
What do sex and murder have to do with the meaning of life? Everything.
In Sex, Murder, and the Meaning of Life, social psychologist Douglas Kenrick exposes the selfish animalistic underside of human nature, and shows how it is intimately connected to our greatest and most selfless achievements. Masterfully integrating cognitive science, evolutionary psychology, and complexity theory, this intriguing book paints a comprehensive picture of the principles that govern our lives. As Kenrick divulges, beneath our civilized veneer, human beings are a lot like howling hyenas and barking baboons, with heads full of homicidal tendencies and sexual fantasies. But, in his view, many ingrained, apparently irrational behaviorsâsuch as inclinations to one-night stands, racial prejudices, and conspicuous consumptionâultimately manifest what he calls âDeep Rationality.â
Although our heads are full of simple selfish biases that evolved to help our ancestors survive, modern human beings are anything but simple and selfish cavemen. Kenrick argues that simple and selfish mental mechanisms we inherited from our ancestors ultimately give rise to the multifaceted social lives that we humans lead today, and to the most positive features of humanity, including generosity, artistic creativity, love, and familial bonds. And out of those simple mechanisms emerge all the complexities of society, including international conflicts and global economic markets. By exploring the nuance of social psychology and the surprising results of his own research, Kenrick offers a detailed picture of what makes us caring, creative, and complexâthat is, fully human.
Â Illuminated with stories from Kenrickâs own colorful experiences -- from his criminally inclined shantytown Irish relatives, his own multiple high school expulsions, broken marriages, and homicidal fantasies, to his eventual success as an evolutionary psychologist and loving father of two boys separated by 26 years -- this book is an exploration of our mental biases and failures, and our mindâs great successes. Idiosyncratic, controversial, and fascinating, Sex, Murder, and the Meaning of Life uncovers the pitfalls and promise of our biological inheritance.
The study of the evolution of emotions dates back to the 19th century and has come to be known as "sensusology". Evolution and natural selection has been applied to the study of human communication, mainly by Charles Darwin in his 1872 work, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Darwin researched the expression of emotions in an effort to support his theory of evolution. He proposed that much like other traits found in animals, emotions also evolved and were adapted over time. His work looked at not only facial expressions in animals and specifically humans, but attempted to point out parallels between behaviors in humans and other animals. According to modern evolutionary theory, different emotions evolved at different times. Primal emotions, such as fear, are associated with ancient parts of the brain and presumably evolved among our premammal ancestors. Filial emotions, such as a human mother's love for her offspring, seem to have evolved among early mammals. Social emotions, such as guilt and pride, evolved among social primates. Sometimes, a more recently evolved part of the brain moderates an older part of the brain, such as when the cortex moderates the amygdala's fear response. Evolutionary psychologists consider human emotions to be best adapted to the life our ancestors led in nomadic foraging bands. This book is designed to be a general overview of the topic and provide you with the structured knowledge to familiarize yourself with the topic at the most affordable price possible. The level of discussion is that of Wikipedia. The accuracy and knowledge is of an international viewpoint as the edited articles represent the inputs of many knowledgeable individuals and some of the most currently available general knowledge on the topic, based on the date of publication.
This book summarizes the respective study path of 40 famous scholars in evolution psychology circles from America, Europe countries and Japan etc. It introduces their most important academic achievements and looks to the future research direction and challenges. They also gave their proposals on China's psychology and behavior science research. The general of the book will introduce the history of evolutionary psychology and the main research direction and give the reader a general understanding of evolutionary psychology.