List of Federal Judges Appointed by William Howard Taft
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List of Federal Judges Appointed by William Howard Taft
President William Howard Taft.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President William Howard Taft during his presidency.[1] In total Taft appointed 57 federal judges, including five Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States and the elevation of another to Chief Justice, thirteen judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 38 judges to the United States district courts. Taft also appointed judges to various specialty courts, including the first five appointees each to the United States Commerce Court and the United States Court of Customs Appeals. The Commerce Court was abolished in 1913; Taft was thus the only President to appoint judges to that body.

From the establishment of the United States courts of appeals on June 16, 1891, until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911, all United States Circuit Judges where jointly appointed to both the United States court of appeal and the United States circuit court for their respective circuit. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only on the United States court of appeal for their respective circuit.

United States Supreme Court Justices

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
Ended
1 Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton 1 Tennessee Peckham, Rufus W.Rufus W. Peckham December 13, 1909 December 20, 1909 December 20, 1909 July 12, 1914 -
2 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes 6 New York Brewer, David JosiahDavid Josiah Brewer April 25, 1910 May 2, 1910 May 2, 1910 June 10, 1916 -
3 Chief Louisiana Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller December 12, 1910 December 12, 1910 December 12, 1910 May 19, 1921 -
4 Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter 4 Wyoming White, Edward D.Edward D. White December 12, 1910 December 15, 1910 December 16, 1910 June 2, 1937 February 8, 1941
5 Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar 3 Georgia Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody December 12, 1910 December 15, 1910 December 17, 1910 January 2, 1916 -
6 Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney 8 February 19, 1912 March 13, 1912 March 13, 1912 December 31, 1922 -

Courts of Appeals/Circuits Courts

The United States circuit courts were abolished on January 1, 1912, the final day of service being December 31, 1911. Judges Frederic Dodge and John Bayard McPherson did not have any United States circuit court service, having taken office subsequent to abolition of the circuit courts.

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Warrington, John WesleyJohn Wesley Warrington Sixth March 16, 1909 March 16, 1909 March 16, 1909 October 6, 1919 May 26, 1921
2 Lanning, William M.William M. Lanning Third May 6, 1909 May 18, 1909 May 18, 1909 February 16, 1912 -
3 Knappen, Loyal EdwinLoyal Edwin Knappen Sixth January 17, 1910 January 31, 1910 January 31, 1910 April 15, 1924 May 14, 1930
4 Knapp, Martin AugustineMartin Augustine Knapp Second December 12, 1910 December 20, 1910 December 20, 1910 January 16, 1916[2] -
5 Archbald, Robert WodrowRobert Wodrow Archbald Third December 12, 1910 January 31, 1911 January 31, 1911 January 13, 1913[3] -
6 Carland, John EmmettJohn Emmett Carland Eighth December 12, 1910 January 31, 1911 January 31, 1911 November 11, 1922 -
7 Mack, JulianJulian Mack Seventh December 12, 1910 January 31, 1911 January 31, 1911 July 1, 1929[4] -
8 Smith, Walter I.Walter I. Smith Eighth January 17, 1911 January 31, 1911 January 31, 1911 January 27, 1922 -
9 Hunt, William HenryWilliam Henry Hunt Ninth December 12, 1910 January 31, 1911 February 8, 1911 January 31, 1928 November 30, 1928
10 Denison, Arthur CarterArthur Carter Denison Sixth February 25, 1911 March 2, 1911 March 2, 1911 December 31, 1931 -
11 Schofield, WilliamWilliam Schofield First May 25, 1911 June 6, 1911 June 6, 1911 June 10, 1912 -
12 McPherson, John BayardJohn Bayard McPherson Third March 16, 1912 April 3, 1912 April 3, 1912 January 20, 1919 -
13 Dodge, FredericFrederic Dodge First July 10, 1912 July 23, 1912 July 23, 1912 June 30, 1918 -

District courts

Judge Court
[Note 1]
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
Angell, Alexis CaswellAlexis Caswell Angell E.D. Mich. March 2, 1911 June 1, 1912 -
Bean, Robert S.Robert S. Bean D. Or. April 28, 1909 January 7, 1931 -
Bourquin, George M.George M. Bourquin D. Mont. March 8, 1912 March 9, 1934 November 15, 1958
Carpenter, George AlbertGeorge Albert Carpenter N.D. Ill. January 11, 1910 June 30, 1933 -
Cheney, John MosesJohn Moses Cheney S.D. Fla. August 26, 1912[5] March 3, 1913 -
Connor, Henry G.Henry G. Connor E.D.N.C. May 25, 1909 November 23, 1924 -
Cushman, Edward E.Edward E. Cushman W.D. Wash. May 1, 1912 November 3, 1939 January 25, 1944
Day, William LouisWilliam Louis Day N.D. Ohio May 9, 1911 May 1, 1914 -
Denison, Arthur CarterArthur Carter Denison W.D. Mich. January 31, 1910 October 3, 1911 -
Donworth, GeorgeGeorge Donworth W.D. Wash. May 18, 1909 March 20, 1912 -
Elliott, James DouglasJames Douglas Elliott D.S.D. June 7, 1911 January 30, 1933 -
Geiger, Ferdinand AugustFerdinand August Geiger E.D. Wis. March 20, 1912 May 22, 1939 -
Grubb, William IrwinWilliam Irwin Grubb N.D. Ala. May 18, 1909 October 27, 1935 -
Hand, LearnedLearned Hand S.D.N.Y. April 26, 1909 December 29, 1924 -
Hollister, Howard ClarkHoward Clark Hollister S.D. Ohio March 7, 1910 September 24, 1919 -
Howard, Clinton WoodburyClinton Woodbury Howard W.D. Wash. August 26, 1912[6] March 3, 1913 -
Hundley, Oscar RichardOscar Richard Hundley N.D. Ala. March 6, 1909[7] May 25, 1909 -
Killits, John MiltonJohn Milton Killits N.D. Ohio June 24, 1910 October 6, 1928 September 13, 1938
Mayer, Julius MarshuetzJulius Marshuetz Mayer S.D.N.Y. February 26, 1912 October 13, 1921 -
Morton, Jr., James MadisonJames Madison Morton, Jr. D. Mass. August 12, 1912 January 19, 1932 -
Orr, Charles PrentissCharles Prentiss Orr W.D. Pa. April 8, 1909 May 16, 1922 -
Pope, William HayesWilliam Hayes Pope D.N.M. February 20, 1912 September 13, 1916 -
Purdy, Milton DwightMilton Dwight Purdy D. Minn. March 6, 1909[8] May 1, 1909 -
Rasch, Carl L.Carl L. Rasch D. Mont. May 2, 1910 October 15, 1911 -
Rellstab, JohnJohn Rellstab D.N.J. May 18, 1909 October 10, 1928 September 22, 1930
Rose, John CarterJohn Carter Rose D. Md. April 4, 1910 December 26, 1922 -
Rudkin, Frank H.Frank H. Rudkin E.D. Wash. January 31, 1911 January 17, 1923 -
Russell, Gordon J.Gordon J. Russell E.D. Tex. June 6, 1910 September 14, 1919 -
Sessions, Clarence W.Clarence W. Sessions W.D. Mich. March 2, 1911 April 1, 1931 -
Sloan, Richard ElihuRichard Elihu Sloan D. Ariz. August 26, 1912[8] March 3, 1913 -
Smith, Henry Augustus MiddletonHenry Augustus Middleton Smith D.S.C. June 7, 1911 March 3, 1915[9] -
Thompson, Joseph WhitakerJoseph Whitaker Thompson E.D. Pa. July 16, 1912 February 3, 1931 -
Tuttle, Arthur J.Arthur J. Tuttle E.D. Mich. August 6, 1912 December 2, 1944 -
Van Valkenburgh, Arba SeymourArba Seymour Van Valkenburgh W.D. Mo. June 21, 1910 March 18, 1925 -
Veeder, Van VechtenVan Vechten Veeder E.D.N.Y. January 26, 1911 December 31, 1917 -
Willard, Charles AndrewCharles Andrew Willard D. Minn. May 18, 1909 March 13, 1914 -
Witmer, Charles B.Charles B. Witmer M.D. Pa. March 2, 1911 April 7, 1925 -
Youmans, Frank A.Frank A. Youmans W.D. Ark. June 20, 1911 April 11, 1932 -

Specialty courts

United States Commerce Court

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Archbald, Robert WodrowRobert Wodrow Archbald 1911 January 13, 1913[3]
Carland, John EmmettJohn Emmett Carland 1911 December 13, 1913
Hunt, William HenryWilliam Henry Hunt 1911 December 13, 1913
Knapp, Martin AugustineMartin Augustine Knapp 1910 December 13, 1913
Mack, Julian WilliamJulian William Mack 1911 December 13, 1913

United States Court of Customs Appeals

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Barber, Orion MetcalfOrion Metcalf Barber 1910 1930
De Vries, MarionMarion De Vries 1910 1922
Martin, George EwingGeorge Ewing Martin 1911 1924
Montgomery, Robert MorrisRobert Morris Montgomery 1910 1920
Smith, James FrancisJames Francis Smith 1910 1928

Board of General Appraisers

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Cooper, Samuel BronsonSamuel Bronson Cooper 1910 1918

Notes

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on January 1, 1916.
  3. ^ a b Removed from office due to impeachment and conviction.
  4. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit on July 1, 1929.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1912, but not confirmed by the United States Senate.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; resigned with no formal nomination having been submitted. Hundley had previously been appointed by recess appointment twice by Taft's predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, and both times his nomination was not confirmed by the United States Senate.
  8. ^ a b Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  9. ^ On January 1, 1912, Smith was reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Western District of South Carolina.

Sources


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