List Of Lighthouses In The United States
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List of Lighthouses in The United States
Boston Light, the oldest light station and second oldest lighthouse structure in the USA.
Charleston Light, the last manned lighthouse built on shore in the United States

This is a list of lighthouses in the United States. The United States has had approximately a thousand lights as well as light towers, range lights, and pier head lights. Michigan has the most lights of any state with over 150 past and present lights. Lighthouses that are in former U.S. territories are not listed here.

Most of the lights in the United States have been built and maintained by the Coast Guard (since 1939) and its predecessors, the United States Lighthouse Service (1910-1939) and the United States Lighthouse Board (1852-1910). Before the Lighthouse Board was established, local collectors of customs were responsible for lighthouses under Stephen Pleasonton. As their importance to navigation has declined and as public interest in them has increased, the Coast Guard has been handing over ownership and in some cases responsibility for running them to other parties, the chief of them being the National Park Service under the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000.

  • Note: Click on the state of your choice in the tables below to link you to lighthouses in that state.

New England

Boon Island Light in Maine is the tallest in New England
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Maine 133Boon Island Light
133 ft (41 m)
020Pond Island Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1791Portland Head Light
(1791)
Massachusetts 124Cape Ann Light
124 ft (38 m)
024Palmer Island Light
24 ft (7.3 m)
1783Boston Light
(1783)
New Hampshire 058Isles of Shoals Light
58 ft (18 m)
048Portsmouth Harbor Light
48 ft (15 m)
1865Isles of Shoals Light
(1865)
Rhode Island 066Sakonnet Light
66 ft (20 m)
013Ida Lewis Rock Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1831Poplar Point Light
(1831)
Connecticut 089New London Harbor Light
89 ft (27 m)
025Mystic Seaport Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1801New London Harbor Light
(1801)
Vermont 040Windmill Point Light
40 ft (12 m)
013Whipple Point Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1846Juniper Island Light
(1846)

New Hampshire

The state of New Hampshire only has two lighthouses both of which are located along the Atlantic coastline.

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Hampshire". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Isles of Shoals Light Lighthouse on the Rock.jpg Isles of Shoals 42°58?02?N 70°37?23?W / 42.96722°N 70.62306°W / 42.96722; -70.62306 (Isles of Shoals Light) 1865 1987 Active VLB-44 LED unit 82 ft (25 m)
Portsmouth Harbor Light Portsmouth Harbor Lighthouse.jpg New Castle 43°04?15?N 70°42?30?W / 43.07083°N 70.70833°W / 43.07083; -70.70833 (Portsmouth Harbor Light) 1878 1960 Active Fourth order Fresnel 48 ft (15 m)

Vermont

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Vermont". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

  • Note: All entries here show the current tower's status, more details can be found in the lighthouse articles
Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Burlington Breakwater North Light Burlington Breakwater North VT.JPG Burlington 44°28?50?N 73°13?47.2?W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778Coordinates: 44°28?50?N 73°13?47.2?W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778 1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 035 35 ft (11 m)
Burlington Breakwater South Light Burlington Breakwater South VT.JPG Burlington 44°28?12.1?N 73°13?32.4?W / 44.470028°N 73.225667°W / 44.470028; -73.225667 1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 012 12 ft (3.7 m)
Colchester Reef Light Colchester reef light nps.jpg Shelburne 44°22?31?N 73°13?53?W / 44.3753°N 73.2314°W / 44.3753; -73.2314 1871 Never 1933 None 035 35 ft (11 m)
Isle La Motte Light ILMLight.jpg Isle La Motte 44°54?23?N 73°20?37?W / 44.9065°N 73.3435°W / 44.9065; -73.3435 1856
(Original)
1881
(Current)
Unknown Unknown 300mm 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Juniper Island Light Juniper island light.JPG South Burlington 44°27?00?N 73°16?35?W / 44.4500°N 73.2763°W / 44.4500; -73.2763 1826
(Original)
1846
(Current)
Never 1954 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Maxfield Point Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 40 ft (12 m)
Newport Wharf Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 37 ft (11 m)
Windmill Point Light Windmill Point Light VT.JPG Isle La Motte 44°58?54?N 73°20?30?W / 44.9818°N 73.3418°W / 44.9818; -73.3418 1830
(Original)
1858
(Current)
Unknown Active
(Inactive: 1931-2002)
300 mm 025 40 ft (12 m)
Whipple Point Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown 1906 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)

Mid-Atlantic

Sandy Hook Lighthouse is the oldest still standing in the United States.
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
New York 305Statue of Liberty
305 ft (93 m)A
015Cape Vincent Light
15 ft (4.6 m)
1797Montauk Point Light
(1797)
New Jersey 171Absecon Light
171 ft (52 m)
036Ludlam's Beach Light
36 ft (11 m)
1764Sandy Hook Light
(1764)
Pennsylvania 068Presque Isle Light
68 ft (21 m)
030Turtle Rock Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1857Erie Harbor Light
(1857)
Delaware 120Liston Range Rear Light
120 ft (37 m)[2]
035Cherry Island Light
35 ft (11 m)
1858Fenwick Island Light
(1858)
Maryland 105Craighill Channel L.R.R.
105 ft (32 m)[3]
015Craighill Channel U.R.F.
15 ft (4.6 m)[4]
1825Pooles Island Light
(1825)[5]

Mid-West

Michigan has more lighthouses (still standing) than any other state with over 120 listed. Including historical lighthouse, there were 150 built.[6] (Tawas Point Light shown here)
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Illinois 113Grosse Point Light
113 ft (34 m)
035Waukegan Harbor Light
35 ft (11 m)
1873Grosse Point Light
(1873)
Indiana 055Buffington Breakwater Light
55 ft (17 m)
030Gary Breakwater Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1858Old Michigan City Light
(1858)
Michigan 124White Shoal Light
121 ft (37 m)
025Cheboygan Crib Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1825Fort Gratiot Light
(1825)
Minnesota 070Duluth South Breakwater I.L.
70 ft (21 m)
034Grand Marais Light
34 ft (10 m)
1892Two Harbors Light
(1892)B
Nebraska 100Linoma Lighthouse
100 ft (30 m)
055Lake Minatare Light
55 ft (17 m)
1939Linoma/Minatare
(1939)
Ohio 161Northwood Light
161 ft (49 m)[7]
020Port Clinton Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1821Marblehead Light
(1821)
Wisconsin 111Rawley Point Light
111 ft (34 m)
021Baileys Harbor Front RL
21 ft (6.4 m)
1853Baileys Harbor Light
(1853)C

Nebraska

The state of Nebraska has at least two lighthouses which were first lit in 1939. There is no evidence though that either were used for navigational purposes as the state has no large bodies of water that would require the need. Linoma Lighthouse is located on a privately owned recreation area which was developed around an artificial lake, while Lake Minatare Lighthouse was "built to simulate a lighthouse". Also of note is a faux lighthouse called Rock Garden Lighthouse (not listed below) which is located in Kearney. [1] [2]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Height
Linoma Lighthouse Linoma Beach 2.jpg Gretna 41°3?44?N 96°19?8?W / 41.06222°N 96.31889°W / 41.06222; -96.31889 1939 Always Active Decorative 100 100 ft (30 m)
Lake Minatare Lighthouse Lake Minatare Lighthouse.jpg Scottsbluff 41°55?50?N 103°30?05?W / 41.93056°N 103.50139°W / 41.93056; -103.50139 1939 Always Active Decorative 055 55 ft (17 m)

Pacific (states)

Clover Island Lighthouse (2010) is the first to be built in the United States since 1962.[8]
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Alaska 075Cape Decision Light
75 ft (23 m)
020Point Sherman Light
20 ft (6.1 m)D
1906Eldred Rock Light
(1906)
Washington 107Grays Harbor Light
107 ft (33 m)
020Turn Point Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1856Cape Disappointment
(1856)
Oregon 093Yaquina Head Light
93 ft (28 m)[9]
025Warrior Rock Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1870Cape Blanco Light
(1870)
California 115Pigeon Point Light
Point Arena Light
115 ft (35 m)E
020Lime Point Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1855Point Pinos Light
(1855)
Hawaii 138Moloka'i Light
138 ft (42 m)
022Kuki'i Point Light
22 ft (6.7 m)
1909Moloka'i Light
(1909)F

South

America's tallest lighthouse, Cape Hatteras Light, located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Alabama 131Sand Island Light
131 ft (40 m)[10]
054Middle Bay Light
54 ft (16 m)[11]
1873Sand Island Light
(1873)
Florida 175Ponce de Leon Light
175 ft (53 m)
023Cedar Key Light
23 ft (7.0 m)[12]
1838Amelia Island Light
(1838)
Georgia 145Tybee Island Light
145 ft (44 m)[13]
046Cockspur Island Light
46 ft (14 m)
1820Sapelo Island Light
(1820)
Louisiana Unknown Unknown 1852Pass A L'Outre Light
(1852)G
Mississippi 061Biloxi Light
61 ft (19 m)
030 Tie
30 ft (9.1 m)H
1848Biloxi Light
(1848)
North Carolina 210Cape Hatteras Light
210 ft (64 m)
N/A 1817Bald Head Light
(1817)
South Carolina 161Morris Island Light
161 ft (49 m)
018Haig Point F. R. Light
18 ft (5.5 m)
1827Cape Romain Light (Old)
(1827)
Texas 116Point Bolivar Light
116 ft (35 m)
N/A 1852Point Isabel Light
(1852)
Virginia 191Cape Charles Light
191 ft (58 m)
N/A 1792Cape Henry Lighthouse
(1792)


United States territories

One of only two remaining lighthouses built during Japanese occupation.

United States Minor Outlying Islands

This table lists lighthouses that are in insular areas of the United States. All of the islands listed below are uninhabited, and have not been formerly incorporated into the country.[14][15][16]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Height
Baker Island Light Baker Islands Tower (14571847073).jpg Baker Island 0°11?44.8?N 176°29?03.4?W / 0.195778°N 176.484278°W / 0.195778; -176.484278 1935 Never 1942 None 016 16 ft (4.9 m)
Howland Island Light
(aka: Earhart Light)
Earhart Light.jpg Howland Island 0°48?20.6?N 176°37?08.6?W / 0.805722°N 176.619056°W / 0.805722; -176.619056 1937 Never 1942 None 020 20 ft (6.1 m)
Jarvis Island Light Jarvis Island October 2003.jpg Jarvis Island 0°22?13.6?S 160°00?24.1?W / 0.370444°S 160.006694°W / -0.370444; -160.006694 1935 Never 1945 None 016 16 ft (4.9 m)
Navassa Island Light NavassaLighthouse.jpg Navassa Island 18°23?50.7?N 75°00?46.2?W / 18.397417°N 75.012833°W / 18.397417; -75.012833 1917 1929 1996 None 161 161 ft (49 m)
Sand Island Aviation Light N/A Midway Atoll 28°12?42.7?N 177°22?36.4?W / 28.211861°N 177.376778°W / 28.211861; -177.376778 Unknown Unknown Active Unknown 046 46 ft (14 m)
Wake Island Aviation Light N/A Wake Island 19°17?02.0?N 166°39?05.2?E / 19.283889°N 166.651444°E / 19.283889; 166.651444 Unknown Unknown Active Unknown 052 52 ft (16 m)

See also

Further reading

  • U.S. Coast Guard, Historically Famous Lighthouses (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1957).
  • Wagner, John L. "Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. 
  • Wagner, John L., Michigan Lighthouses: An Aerial Photographic Perspective, (East Lansing, Michigan: John L. Wagner, 1998) ISBN 1-880311-01-1 ISBN 9781880311011.
  • Weiss, George, The Lighthouse Service, Its History, Activities and Organization (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1926).
  • Wright, Larry and Wright, Patricia, Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 2006) ISBN 1-55046-399-3.

Notes

A.^ The statue of Liberty is not considered to be a "true lighthouse" by some historians. At 168 ft (51 m), Fire Island Lighthouse would be the second tallest in the state.[1]
B.^ Minnesota Point Light was built in 1858, but only half of the tower which is now in ruins remains.
C.^ The oldest light station is Pottawatomie Light which was established in 1836, the current buildings though date to 1858.[17]
D.^ The shortest height is for a skeletal tower which was placed in 1981. For "traditional" lighthouses, Point Retreat Light and Cape Spencer Light are tied at 25 ft (7.6 m) each.
E.^ These two lighthouses are tied at 115 ft (35 m) each.
F.^ Moloka'i Light was first lit a month before the still standing Makapuu Point Light.[18][19]
G.^ Pass A L'Outre Light was originally constructed in 1852 elsewhere and moved to its present location.[20][21]
H.^ Cat Island Light (First tower), Pass Christian Light, and Ship Island Light were all 30 feet tall.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Lighthouse Listing By Tower height". www.us-lighthouses.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ "Liston Range Rear Light, DE". Kraig Anderson. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ "Craighill Channel Lower Rear Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ "Historic Light Station Information & Photography Maryland". United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "Lighthouses of the United States: Maryland Western Shore". www.unc.edu. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ "No two lighthouses are alike". Tri County Times. June 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "Northwood, OH". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ Kennewick's Clover Island Lighthouse gets its lid Published 2010-01-07
  9. ^ "Yaquina Head Lighthouse". Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Sand Island". National Park Service. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Mobile Middle Bay". National Park Service. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Cedar Keys". National Park Service. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ Tybee Lighthouse website
  14. ^ U:S: Pacific remote Islands The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 6 November 2016
  15. ^ Navassa Island The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 6 November 2016
  16. ^ NGA List of Lights - Pub.111 Retrieved 6 November 2016
  17. ^ "Pottawatomie (Rock Island) Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ "Makapu`u Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ "Moloka`i (Kalaupapa) Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Lighthouse Board; Homans, Isaac Smith (November 24, 1856). Northeast Pass Lighthouse; Mouths of the Mississippi River. Hunt's Merchants' Magazine and Commercial Review. 36. p. 367. Retrieved 2017. 
  21. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Louisiana". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2017. 

External links

General

Great Lakes


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