List Of Lighthouses In The United States
Boston Light, the oldest light station and second oldest lighthouse structure in the USA.
Charleston Light, the last manned lighthouse built on shore in the United States

This is a list of lighthouses in the United States. The United States has had approximately a thousand lights as well as light towers, range lights, and pier head lights. Michigan has the most lights of any state with over 150 past and present lights.

Most of the lights in the United States have been built and maintained by the Coast Guard (since 1939) and its predecessors, the United States Lighthouse Service (1910-1939) and the United States Lighthouse Board (1852-1910). Before the Lighthouse Board was established, local collectors of customs were responsible for lighthouses under Stephen Pleasonton. As their importance to navigation has declined and as public interest in them has increased, the Coast Guard has been handing over ownership and in some cases responsibility for running them to other parties, the chief of them being the National Park Service under the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000.

New England

Boon Island Light in Maine is the tallest in New England
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Maine 133Boon Island Light
133 ft (41 m)
020Pond Island Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1791Portland Head Light
(1791)
Massachusetts 124Cape Ann Light
124 ft (38 m)
024Palmer Island Light
24 ft (7.3 m)
1783Boston Light
(1783)
New Hampshire 058Isles of Shoals Light
58 ft (18 m)
048Portsmouth Harbor Light
48 ft (15 m)
1865Isles of Shoals Light
(1865)
Rhode Island 066Sakonnet Light
66 ft (20 m)
013Ida Lewis Rock Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1831Poplar Point Light
(1831)
Connecticut 089New London Harbor Light
89 ft (27 m)
025Mystic Seaport Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1801New London Harbor Light
(1801)
Vermont 040Windmill Point Light
40 ft (12 m)
013Whipple Point Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1846Juniper Island Light
(1846)

New Hampshire

The state of New Hampshire only has two lighthouses both of which are located along the Atlantic coastline.

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Hampshire". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Isles of Shoals Light Lighthouse on the Rock.jpg Isles of Shoals 42°58?02?N 70°37?23?W / 42.96722°N 70.62306°W / 42.96722; -70.62306 (Isles of Shoals Light) 1865 style="text-align: center;"| 1987 Active VLB-44 LED unit 82 ft (25 m)
Portsmouth Harbor Light Portsmouth Harbor Lighthouse.jpg New Castle 43°04?15?N 70°42?30?W / 43.07083°N 70.70833°W / 43.07083; -70.70833 (Portsmouth Harbor Light) 1878 1960 Active Fourth order Fresnel 48 ft (15 m)

Vermont

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Vermont". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

  • Note: All entries here show the current tower's status, more details can be found in the lighthouse articles
Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Burlington Breakwater North Light Burlington Breakwater North VT.JPG Burlington 44°28?50?N 73°13?47.2?W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778Coordinates: 44°28?50?N 73°13?47.2?W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778 1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 035 35 ft (11 m)
Burlington Breakwater South Light Burlington Breakwater South VT.JPG Burlington 44°28?12.1?N 73°13?32.4?W / 44.470028°N 73.225667°W / 44.470028; -73.225667 1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 012 12 ft (3.7 m)
Colchester Reef Light Colchester reef light nps.jpg Shelburne 44°22?31?N 73°13?53?W / 44.3753°N 73.2314°W / 44.3753; -73.2314 1871 Never 1933 None 035 35 ft (11 m)
Isle La Motte Light ILMLight.jpg Isle La Motte 44°54?23?N 73°20?37?W / 44.9065°N 73.3435°W / 44.9065; -73.3435 1856
(Original)
1881
(Current)
Unknown Unknown 300mm 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Juniper Island Light Juniper island light.JPG South Burlington 44°27?00?N 73°16?35?W / 44.4500°N 73.2763°W / 44.4500; -73.2763 1826
(Original)
1846
(Current)
Never 1954 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Maxfield Point Light Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 40 ft (12 m)
Newport Wharf Light Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 37 ft (11 m)
Windmill Point Light Windmill Point Light VT.JPG Isle La Motte 44°58?54?N 73°20?30?W / 44.9818°N 73.3418°W / 44.9818; -73.3418 1830
(Original)
1858
(Current)
Unknown Active
(Inactive: 1931-2002)
300 mm 025 40 ft (12 m)
Whipple Point Light Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown 1906 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)

Mid-Atlantic

Sandy Hook Lighthouse is the oldest still standing in the United States.
State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
New York 305Statue of Liberty
305 ft (93 m)A
015Cape Vincent Light
15 ft (4.6 m)
1797Montauk Point Light
(1797)
New Jersey 171Absecon Light
171 ft (52 m)
036Ludlam's Beach Light
36 ft (11 m)
1764Sandy Hook Light
(1764)
Pennsylvania 068Presque Isle Light
68 ft (21 m)
030Turtle Rock Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1857Erie Harbor Light
(1857)
Delaware 120Liston Range Rear Light
120 ft (37 m)[2]
035Cherry Island Light
35 ft (11 m)
1859Fenwick Island Light
(1859)
Maryland 105Craighill Channel L.R.R.
105 ft (32 m)[3]
015Craighill Channel U.R.F.
15 ft (4.6 m)[4]
1825Pooles Island Light
(1825)[5]

Mid-West

State Tallest[1] (H) Shortest[1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Illinois 113Grosse Point Light
113 ft (34 m)
035Waukegan Harbor Light
35 ft (11 m)
1874Grosse Point Light
(1874)
Indiana 055Buffington Breakwater Light
55 ft (17 m)
030Gary Breakwater Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1858Old Michigan City Light
(1858)
Michigan 1825Fort Gratiot Light
(1825)
Minnesota 070Duluth South Breakwater I.L.
70 ft (21 m)
034Grand Marais Light
34 ft (10 m)
1892Two Harbors Light
(1892)B
Nebraska 100Linoma Lighthouse
100 ft (30 m)
055Lake Minatare Light
55 ft (17 m)
1939(Linoma/Minatare)
(1939)
Ohio
Wisconsin

Illinois

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Illinois". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Chicago Harbor Light Chicago-lighthouse.jpg Chicago 41°53?22?N 87°35?26?W / 41.88936°N 87.59060°W / 41.88936; -87.59060 1832 (Former)
1893 (Current)
1979 Active Unknown 082 82 ft (25 m)
Grosse Point Light Grosse Point Lighthouse.jpg Evanston 42°3?50?N 87°40?34?W / 42.06389°N 87.67611°W / 42.06389; -87.67611 1874 1934 Active
(Inactive: 1941-1946)
Second-order Fresnel 119 119 ft (36 m)
Waukegan Harbor Light Waukegan Harbor Light With.JPG Waukegan 42°21?38.5?N 87°48?48.3?W / 42.360694°N 87.813417°W / 42.360694; -87.813417 1849 (Former)
1899 (Current)
1939 Active Unknown 036 36 ft (11 m)

Indiana

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Indiana". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Buffington Breakwater Light Gary N/A
Calumet Harbor Light Chicago N/A 1851 (Former)
1995 (Current)
Unknown Active
(skeleton tower)
Unknown Unknown
Gary Harbor Breakwater Light Gary Harbor Breakwater Light.jpg Gary N/A 1911 Unknown Active "Modern" beacon Unknown
Indiana Harbor East Breakwater Light Indiana harbor east brkwtr light.JPG Hammond 41°40?51?N 87°26?28?W / 41.68083°N 87.44111°W / 41.68083; -87.44111 1920 (Former)
1935 (Current)
Unknown Active Unknown 082 78 ft (24 m)
Michigan City Breakwater Light Michigan City N/A 1904 Never 1909
(Destroyed)
None Unknown
Michigan City East Light
(East Pierhead Light)
Michigan City Lighthouse.jpg Michigan City 41°43?22?N 86°54?21?W / 41.72278°N 86.90583°W / 41.72278; -86.90583 1904 1960[6] Active 2130C 050 50 ft (15 m)
Michigan City West Pierhead Light Michigan City N/A 1875 Never 1906
(Destroyed)
None Unknown
Old Michigan City Light OldMichiganCityLight.jpg Michigan City 41°43?22?N 86°54?21?W / 41.72278°N 86.90583°W / 41.72278; -86.90583 1837 (Former)
1858 (Current)
Never 1904
(Now a museum)
None 060 60 ft (18 m)

Notable faux lighthouses:

  • Cooper Memorial (1997), on the Prairie Creek Reservoir near Muncie, is an active light but does not meet the Directory's size standard for a lighthouse.
  • Gloryland Lighthouse, near New Castle, is not on navigable water.

Michigan

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.  The Michigan.gov website has a Map of Michigan Lighthouses in PDF format.

Minnesota

Nebraska

The state of Nebraska has at least two lighthouses which were first lit in 1939. There is no evidence though that either were used for navigational purposes as the state has no large bodies of water that would require the need. Linoma Lighthouse is located on a privately owned recreation area which was developed around an artificial lake, while Lake Minatare Lighthouse was "built to simulate a lighthouse". Also of note is a faux lighthouse called Rock Garden Lighthouse (not listed below) which is located in Kearney. [6] [7]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Linoma Lighthouse Linoma Beach 2.jpg Gretna 41°3?44?N 96°19?8?W / 41.06222°N 96.31889°W / 41.06222; -96.31889 1939 Always Active Decorative N/A
Lake Minatare Lighthouse Lake Minatare Lighthouse.jpg Scottsbluff 41°55?50?N 103°30?05?W / 41.93056°N 103.50139°W / 41.93056; -103.50139 1939 Always Active Decorative N/A

Ohio

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Ohio". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Wisconsin

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Outer Island Light, Apostle Islands

Pacific

Alaska

Listed here are 18 lights. The article List of lighthouses in Alaska includes 16 Alaskan lighthouses listed by the US Coast Guard (at "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Alaska". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. ). There are 14 Alaska lighthouses (counting a lightship and a minor light not listed by the USCG) listed at Lighthouse Friends. None are located north of the Aleutian Islands.

Aleutian Islands up to Anchorage
South Alaska east of Anchorage
Alaska panhandle, southeast Alaska

Washington

Admiralty Head Light

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Washington". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Oregon

Tillamook Rock Light
Umpqua River Light

California

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: California". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Alcatraz Island Light
East Brother Island Light
Point Reyes Light

Hawaii

Lahaina Light, Maui, Hawaii

Fifteen lighthouses in Hawaii are associated with the U.S. Coast Guard.[14] Including minor lights, there are 43 lights in total, listed at LighthouseFriends.Com's list of Hawaii lighthouses.

(intended to be ordered from northwest to southeast, partially so ordered):

Kauai
Molokai
Lanai
Maui
Oahu


Kaho'olawe
  • Kaho'olawe southwest point light[36]
Hawaii (Big Island)
to be sorted

South Pacific insular areas and associated states

South

Alabama

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Year deactivated Current Lens
Battery Gladden Light Mobile Bay 30°40?3?N 88°1?22?W / 30.66750°N 88.02278°W / 30.66750; -88.02278 (Battery Gladden Light) 1872 1913 -
Choctaw Point Light Mobile 30°40?N 87°59?W / 30.667°N 87.983°W / 30.667; -87.983 (Battery Gladden Light) 1831 1862 -
Middle Bay Light Middle Bay Lighthouse.jpg Mobile Bay 30°26?N 88°40?W / 30.433°N 88.667°W / 30.433; -88.667 (Battery Gladden Light) 1885 1967 -
Mobile Point Range Lights Fort Morgan 30°22?N 88°02?W / 30.367°N 88.033°W / 30.367; -88.033 (Battery Gladden Light) 1822 1966 -
Sand Island Light Sandislandal1962 300.jpg Mobile Bay 30°11?16?N 88°03?02?W / 30.18778°N 88.05056°W / 30.18778; -88.05056 (Battery Gladden Light) 1864 (Current tower) 1933 None

Florida

Alligator Reef Light, four miles (7 km) east of Indian Key in the Florida Keys
St. Augustine Light near St. Augustine, Florida
Gasparilla Island Light, Boca Grande, Florida

Georgia

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Georgia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Year deactivated Current Lens
Cockspur Island Light Cockspur Island Lighthouse, Chatham county, GA, US.jpg Cockspur Island (on Savannah River, within Fort Pulaski National Monument) 32°1?22?N 80°52?48?W / 32.02278°N 80.88000°W / 32.02278; -80.88000 (Cockspur Island Light) 1848 1909 (was Fourth-order Fresnel)
Little Cumberland Island Light Littlecumberlandisland.jpg Cumberland Island 30°58?34?N 81°24?47?W / 30.97611°N 81.41306°W / 30.97611; -81.41306 (Little Cumberland Island Light) 1838 1915 Third-order Fresnel
Sapelo Island Light Sapelo Island Lighthouse, GA, US.jpg Sapelo Island 31°23?29?N 81°17?8?W / 31.39139°N 81.28556°W / 31.39139; -81.28556 (Sapelo Island Light) 1820 1905-1998 (relit) Had a fourth-order Fresnel but it was replaced when the lighthouse was relit
Sapelo Island Range Front Light Sapelo Island Range Light (2), GA, US.jpg Sapelo Island 31°23?24?N 81°17?3?W / 31.39000°N 81.28417°W / 31.39000; -81.28417 (Sapelo Island Range Front Light) 1877 1898
Savannah Harbor Rear Range Light Old Harbor Light, Savannah, GA, US.JPG Savannah 32°4?46?N 81°5?3?W / 32.07944°N 81.08417°W / 32.07944; -81.08417 (Savannah Harbor Rear Range Light) 1858 -
Savannah Light Savannah Light (Georgia, US State).jpg Savannah River entrance 1964 1996 DCB 24
St. Simons Island Light Lighthouse and museum, St. Simons, GA, USA.JPG St. Simons Island 31°8?3?N 81°23?37?W / 31.13417°N 81.39361°W / 31.13417; -81.39361 (St. Simons Island Light) 1872 Third-order Fresnel
Tybee Island Range Front Light Tybee Cut Front Range Light (Chatam County, Georgia).jpg Tybee Island 1878  ? (was sixth-order Fresnel)
Tybee Island Light Tybee Island Light.jpg Tybee Island 32°1?20?N 80°50?44?W / 32.02222°N 80.84556°W / 32.02222; -80.84556 (Tybee Island Light) 1867 First-order Fresnel

Kentucky

Lighthouses in Kentucky and Tennessee

Notable faux lighthouses
  • Louisville Waterfront Plaza, lighthouses on top of building

Louisiana

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Louisiana". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Mississippi

North Carolina

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: North Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

America's tallest lighthouse, Cape Hatteras Light, located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina

Oklahoma

Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Oklahoma". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

Notable faux lighthouses

South Carolina

Morris Island Light Charleston,SC

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: South Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Tennessee

Notable faux lighthouse

Texas

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Texas". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

Virginia

Old and New Cape Henry Lights

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Virginia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 

West Virginia

Other United States territories and minor islands

American Samoa

Caribbean Sea

Guam

Northern Mariana Islands

Puerto Rico

United States Minor Outlying Islands

United States Virgin Islands

See also

Further reading

  • U.S. Coast Guard, Historically Famous Lighthouses (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1957).
  • Wagner, John L. "Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. 
  • Wagner, John L., Michigan Lighthouses: An Aerial Photographic Perspective, (East Lansing, Michigan: John L. Wagner, 1998) ISBN 1-880311-01-1 ISBN 9781880311011.
  • Weiss, George, The Lighthouse Service, Its History, Activities and Organization (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1926).
  • Wright, Larry and Wright, Patricia, Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 2006) ISBN 1-55046-399-3.

Notes

A.^ The statue of Liberty is not considered to be a "true lighthouse" by some historians. At 168 ft (51 m), Fire Island Lighthouse would be the second tallest in the state.[1]
B.^ Minnesota Point Light was built in 1858, but only half of the tower which is now in ruins remains.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Lighthouse Listing By Tower height". www.us-lighthouses.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ "Liston Range Rear Light, DE". Kraig Anderson. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ "Craighill Channel Lower Rear Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ "Historic Light Station Information & Photography Maryland". United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "Lighthouses of the United States: Maryland Western Shore". www.unc.edu. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ National Park Service, Maritime History Project, Inventory of Historic Lights, Michigan City Lights.
  7. ^ William Livingstone Memorial Light
  8. ^ Minor light of Alaska - Odiak Pharos
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-23. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ Guard Island, AK, at LighthouseFriends.com
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Hawaii". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  15. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Hanapepe, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  16. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Kahala Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  17. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Kokole, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  18. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Kuki'i Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  19. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Makahu'ena Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  20. ^ Minor light of Kaua'i - Nohili Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  21. ^ Minor light of Lana'i - Kaumalapau, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  22. ^ Minor light of Lana'i - Manele Bay, HI
  23. ^ Minor light of Lana'i - Palaoa Point , HI, at LighthouseFriends.Com
  24. ^ Minor light of Lana'i - Pohakuloa Point, HI
  25. ^ Minor light of Maui - Hanamanioa , HI
  26. ^ Minor light of Maui - Hawea Point, HI
  27. ^ Minor light of Maui - Ka'uiki Head, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  28. ^ Minor light of Maui - McGregor Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  29. ^ Minor light of Maui - Nakalele, HI Archived 2012-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ Minor light of Maui - Pa'uwela Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  31. ^ Minor light of Maui - Kahului Harbor Range, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  32. ^ Minor light of Maui - Molokini, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  33. ^ [2]
  34. ^ Minor light of Oahu - Ka'ena Point, HI
  35. ^ Minor light of Oahu - Pyramid Rock, HI
  36. ^ Minor light of Kaho'olawe - Kaho'olawe Southwest Point, HI
  37. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Coconut Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.Com
  38. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Kailua, HI, at LighthouseFriends.Com
  39. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Napo'opo'o, HI
  40. ^ Cape Kumukahi, HI Archived 2010-02-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Laupahoehoe Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  42. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Kawaihae, HI
  43. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Keahole Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.Com
  44. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Mahukona, HI Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine., at LighthouseFriends.com
  45. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Pepe'ekeo Point, HI, at LighthouseFriends.com
  46. ^ Minor light of Hawai'i - Kukuihaele, HI , at LighthouseFriends.Com

External links

General

Great Lakes


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